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transit

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v transit cause or enable to pass through "The canal will transit hundreds of ships every day"
    • v transit revolve (the telescope of a surveying transit) about its horizontal transverse axis in order to reverse its direction
    • v transit pass across (a sign or house of the zodiac) or pass across (the disk of a celestial body or the meridian of a place) "The comet will transit on September 11"
    • v transit make a passage or journey from one place to another "The tourists moved through the town and bought up all the souvenirs"," "Some travelers pass through the desert"
    • n transit a journey usually by ship "the outward passage took 10 days"
    • n transit a surveying instrument for measuring horizontal and vertical angles, consisting of a small telescope mounted on a tripod
    • n transit a facility consisting of the means and equipment necessary for the movement of passengers or goods
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Arnold Schwarzenegger began his transition from Austrian bodybuilder into an American film star when he made his screen debut in 1970 under the name "Arnold Strong" in "Hercules Goes Bananas."
    • Transit A line or route of passage or conveyance; as, the Nicaragua transit .
    • Transit An instrument resembling a theodolite, used by surveyors and engineers; -- called also transit compass, and surveyor's transit.
    • Transit The act of passing; passage through or over. "In France you are now . . . in the transit from one form of government to another."
    • Transit The act or process of causing to pass; conveyance; as, the transit of goods through a country.
    • Transit (Astron) The passage of a heavenly body over the meridian of a place, or through the field of a telescope.
    • Transit (Astron) The passage of a smaller body across the disk of a larger, as of Venus across the sun's disk, or of a satellite or its shadow across the disk of its primary.
    • v. t Transit (Astron) To pass over the disk of (a heavenly body).
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n transit in astronomy, the passage or transit of a star across the meridian at the point opposite to the point of culmination. In the case of a circumpolar star it is often called lower culmination or transit sub polo.
    • transit On a surveyors’ transit, to turn (the telescope) over so as to make it point, in the opposite direction.
    • n transit The act of passing; a passing over or through; a passage; the act of moving, or the state of being conveyed; also, the act or process of causing to pass; conveyance: as, the transit of goods through a country; the problem of rapid transit in cities.
    • n transit A line of passage or conveyance through a country: as, the Nicaragua transit.
    • n transit In astronomy: The passage of a heavenly body aeross the meridian of any place. The right ascension of such a body is the sidereal time of its upper transit.
    • n transit The passage of a celestial body (specifically either of the planets Mercury and Venus) across the sun's disk, or of a satellite, or the shadow of a satellite, across the face of its primary. The passage of the moon across the sun's face, however, is called an eclipse. The planet Mercury passes across the sun's face usually at intervals either of 13 or of 7 years, transits at the planet's ascending node occurring in November, and those at the descending node in May. November transits have occurred or will occur in 1651, 1664, 1677, 1690, 1697, 1710, 1723, 1736, 1743, 1756, 1769, 1776, 1782, 1789, 1802, 1815, 1822, 1835, 1848, 1861, 1868, 1881, 1894, 1907, 1914, 1927, 1940, 1953, 1960, 1973, 1986, 1999, and May transits in 1674, 1707, 1740, 1753, 1786, 1799, 1832, 1845, 1878, 1891, 1924, 1937, 1970, 2003. Owing to the proximity of Mercury to the sun, its transits do not have the astronomical importance of those of Venus, as they are less suitable for determining the solar parallax. Transits of Venus occur at intervals of 8, 122, 8, 105, 8, 122, … years, and always in June or December. They are of great importance to the astronomer, for they afford an excellent method of determining the sun's parallax. The actual calculation of this from a transit is very intricate, as many slight corrections and sources of error have to be considered. The principle involved, however, will be understood from the diagram, in which AB represents the earth, and V and S Venus and the sun. Observers at A and B see Venus projected on the sun's disk at A' and B' respectively, the observations being made simultaneously. The apparent positions A', B' are carefully determined by photography, by micrometric measures, or otherwise; and a subsequent comparison of notes gives the angle adjective If R and τ denote the respective distances of the earth and Venus from the sun, the angle β is given by the equation α: β = τ: R. The ratio τ: R is known with great precision from the sidereal periods of Venus and the earth, and since a was found by observation, the foregoing equation determines β. The angle AB'B (being the angle subtended by the earth's diameter at the sun's distance) is equal to double the solar parallax, or to 2π. From the triangle AVB' it follows that . The transit of 1769 was observed by expeditions sent out expressly for the purpose by the British, French, Russian, and other governments. The celebrated expedition of Captain Cook to Otaheite was one of them. The transits of December 8th, 1874, and December 6th, 1882, were also observed by various government expeditions. The next two transits of Venus will take place on June 8th, 2004, and June 6th, 2012, respectively. The satellites of Mars, Uranus, and Neptune are too small to be seen in transit, and even Titan is an unsatisfactory object to follow across the face of Saturn. Great interest attaches, however, to transits of the satellites of Jupiter, or of the shadows of these satellites. When one of them crosses a dark belt it can usually be followed entirely across the disk as a round shining spot. The brightness of the satellites is variable, however, and sometimes they look like dusky or even black spots when seen against the disk of the planet The transit of a satellite's shadow is readily observed. The shadow may be on the disk when the satellite casting it is off, or the two may be seen on the disk at the same time. The shadows are not always black, but are sometimes so bright as to be invisible. They are often, and perhaps usually, different in size from the satellites casting them; and they have repeatedly been seen elliptical in outline. On a few occasions comets are thought to have been seen in transit.
    • n transit An abbreviation of transit-circle or transitinstrument.
    • n transit An instrument used in surveying for measuring horizontal angles. It resembles a theodolite, but is not intended for very precise measurement. Most transits read only to the nearest minute of arc, though some read to the nearest half-minute, or twenty seconds, or even ten seconds.
    • transit To pass over the disk of, as of a heavenly body.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Transit tran′sit a passing over: conveyance:
    • n Transit tran′sit (astron.) the passage of a heavenly body over the meridian of a place: the passage of a planet over the sun's disc: a transit circle, or instrument, for observing the transit of a heavenly body across the meridian
    • ***

Quotations

  • George Steiner
    George%20Steiner
    “The immense majority of human biographies are a gray transit between domestic spasm and oblivion.”
  • Alfred North Whitehead
    Alfred%20North%20Whitehead
    “In every age of well-marked transition, there is the pattern of habitual dumb practice and emotion which is passing and there is oncoming a new complex of habit.”
  • John Ousterhout
    John Ousterhout
    “The best performance improvement is the transition from the nonworking state to the working state.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Nothing is secure but life, transition, the energizing spirit.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. transitus, from transire, to go over: cf. F. transit,. See Transient

Usage

In literature:

White serves as an admirable break, and prevents the appearance of violent transition.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 2, August, 1864" by Various
The Book of Acts marks the clear establishing of the transition from the second to the third of these three periods.
"Quiet Talks on Power" by S.D. Gordon
The colon marks the place of transition in a long sentence consisting of many members and involving a logical turn of the thought.
"Punctuation" by Frederick W. Hamilton
Germany, says Lamprecht, was seeking, in this transition period, a new dominant, a new religion and a new philosophy.
"The Psychology of Nations" by G.E. Partridge
That certain fossil transitional forms are absent, which might have been expected to be present.
"On the Genesis of Species" by St. George Mivart
For a moment there was a chaos of strangeness, the wrench to my sense of the transition.
"Wandl the Invader" by Raymond King Cummings
Yet something very like this extraordinary transition takes place in British history at the end of the purely Roman period.
"A Short History of England" by G. K. Chesterton
The upper stages are Transitional in character, but they carry on the idea of the Norman design below.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ely" by W. D. Sweeting
Between any two well-defined species, if one be derived from the other, there must be countless transition forms.
"At the Deathbed of Darwinism" by Eberhard Dennert
In the life of every man there are sudden transitions of feeling, which seem almost miraculous.
"Book of Wise Sayings" by W. A. Clouston
The transition from the natural to the perfect use of the voice is gradual and imperceptible.
"The Psychology of Singing" by David C. Taylor
Now, this is a startlingly sudden transition.
"John Knox" by A. Taylor Innes
There is not much local trade in Birjand, but quite a brisk transit trade.
"Across Coveted Lands" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
At times tripod and transit seem revolving belcher of deadly hail.
"Oswald Langdon" by Carson Jay Lee
In accordance with the mathematical hypnoses of his era, he studied these six transits.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
His transition from interest in literary matters to interest in religious matters is not in the nature of a process of conversion.
"Erasmus and the Age of Reformation" by Johan Huizinga
Four others proceeded to a favourable distance from the fort, where Cook himself proposed to await the transit of the planet.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
Whenever the transition from potentiality to actuality occurs, there must be a cause.
"Jewish Literature and Other Essays" by Gustav Karpeles
The earlier Neolithic culture is at best transitional.
"Progress and History" by Various
Find ten full sentence transitions outside of the transition paragraphs.
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
***

In poetry:

There was no tragic transit,
No catch of breath,
When silent seasons inched me
On to this death….
"The Dead Man Walking" by Thomas Hardy
Archbishop Odo
Was just in the middle of ‘Dodo’,
When he was reminded that it was Sunday.
Sic transit gloria mundi
"Clerihew – Odo" by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
The merchant-men, 'tis they say so,
That trade across the western seas,
In hurried transit to and fro,
About Hesperides.
"Hesperides" by Richard Le Gallienne
Another wise Solomon cries, as he passes —
"There, let him alone, and the fit will soon cease;
The beast has been fighting with other jack-asses,
And this is his mode of "transition to peace"."
"The Donkey and His Panniers" by Thomas Moore
Oh, give us a transit, a tube or an "el--",
Not leagues from the surface below;
As if we were never in Heaven to dwell,
As if we were all being fired to--well,
The place where we don't want to go!
"The Subway" by Hattie Howard
How the queen bore his upbraiding;
How his death in hunting came,
Tell the verses here translated:
Lights are they, in transit fading,
Scattered sparks, oblivion fated,
Memories from a mighty flame!
"Preface To Diarmid's Story" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell

In news:

Late bloomers add vitality as garden transitions to fall.
Our weather might be in transition.
Bev was not the only bookseller to make the transition, after the Schwartz stores closed, to a new bookshop.
How was the transition back.
Page 4 of 5 We in many ways caught the market transition on data center virtualization, and our large peers, by surprise.
Page 5 of 5 Three-to-five years down the line, look at the next big transition.
Opening of classes a day of transition for students, teachers.
Construction is scheduled to begin next spring on a regional transit hub near the Interstate 680 and Highway 4 interchange in Pacheco.
A public broadcaster in Juneau is getting a $483,000 federal grant to complete the station's transition to digital.
Improving Atlanta's traffic and broadening transit will bring better access to jobs.
Republican National Convention could expose Tampa's transit troubles.
King County Metro Transit and Sound Transit bus routes operate on Sunday schedules Monday for Independence Day.
Transit police and Snoopy the K-9 prepare to board a MAX train at the Gateway Transit Center in Northeast Portland on Tuesday, Oct 30, 2012.
The new rapid transit line will include dedicated transit lanes along much of Sahara Avenue, one of the busiest transit corridors in the Las Vegas Valley.
Coast Transit Authority is preparing to build a $1.9 million French Market Super Stop transit center in downtown D'Iberville.
***

In science:

V(G) and to be quasi-transitive if there are only finitely many orbits in V(G). A graph G is transitive or quasi-transitive according as whether the corresponding action of Aut(G) is.
Processes on Unimodular Random Networks
This transition is, in strict thermodynamic terms, not a chiral symmetry breaking transition, but the chiral condensate does jump by a finite amount so for simplicity we will refer to it as a chiral transition.
Chiral Transition of N=4 Super Yang-Mills with Flavor on a 3-Sphere
Aharony et. al. studied the same theory at small but finite coupling and found that the deconfinement transition could be either a single first-order transition or two continuous transitions.
Chiral Transition of N=4 Super Yang-Mills with Flavor on a 3-Sphere
No first-order transition occurs below the T = TH P vertical deconfinement transition line. A linear fit indicates that the chiral transition line has slope ≈ 5.8.
Chiral Transition of N=4 Super Yang-Mills with Flavor on a 3-Sphere
If (X, T ) is total ly transitive and if x ∈ X is a bi-transitive point, then x is bi-transitive for (X, T n ).
Genericity in Topological Dynamics
An action ϕ ∈ A1 (R2, N ) is called transitive if it admits a dense orbit in N . ϕ is robustly transitive if it admits a C (1,1) neighborhood U of transitive actions.
Robustly transitive actions of $R^2$ on compact three manifolds
The subgroup K = stabG (o) of G equals BW0B = Sw∈W0 BwB (see [17, Theorem 5.4(iii)]), and since G acts strongly transitively and B ∩ N is transitive on the chambers of A0, it follows that K is transitive on each set Vλ (o), λ ∈ Q ∩ P + .
Isotropic random walks on affine buildings
Curvature transitions (and Bianchi VII0 solutions) differ from frame transitions in one important respect: the Kasner parameter u changes under the transition.
The cosmological billiard attractor
It is evident that the behavior of double curvature transitions is fundamentally different from the behavior of Bianchi type II transitions (single and mixed curvature transitions); compare (42) with the Kasner map (40).
The cosmological billiard attractor
Henceforth, unless otherwise stated, a sequence of transitions ST always denotes a sequence where double curvature transitions are excluded, i.e., it is an infinite concatenation of frame transitions and single and mixed curvature transitions.
The cosmological billiard attractor
Consider, for instance, the case of TR2 transitions: for a given TR2 transition the quantity |R2 | goes through a finite maximum r along the transition orbit, which can be computed via the Gauss constraint (35j).
The cosmological billiard attractor
Since a billiard sequence BT on OB is a concatenation of transitions of the types TN1, TR1, TR3, TR3R1, TN1R1, an asymptotic billiard sequence ABT is a concatenation of approximate transitions, i.e., ABT = (Ti )i∈N, where each Ti denotes an approximate transition in the present context.
The cosmological billiard attractor
Applying the rotation transformation and the Gowdy-to-Ernst transformation to the Kasner solutions successively generates solutions describing the frame transition, the curvature transition, the false spike transition, and the (true) spike transition.
New explicit spike solution -- non-local component of the generalized Mixmaster attractor
It has been proved above. (4): By the definition of random chain transitive component, it is clear that L is constant on each random chain transitive component and L takes different values on different random chain transitive components.
The random case of Conley's theorem: II. The complete Lyapunov function
Then the order-disorder transition in SF networks resembles the continuous transitions in equilibrium critical phenomena, while the transition in random networks is discontinuous-like.
Phase synchronization on scale-free and random networks in the presence of noise
***