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top fermentation


  • WordNet 3.6
    • n top fermentation a violent kind of alcoholic fermentation at a temperature high enough to carry the yeast cells to the top of the fermenting liquid; used in the production of ale "top fermentation uses a yeast that ferments at higher temperatures than that used for bottom fermentation"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Top fermentation An alcoholic fermentation during which the yeast cells are carried to the top of the fermenting liquid. It proceeds with some violence and requires a temperature of 14-30° C. (58-86° F.). It is used in the production of ale, porter, etc., and of wines high in alcohol, and in distilling.
    • ***


In literature:

When fermentation begins, the liquor rises over the top of the board.
"Mary at the Farm and Book of Recipes Compiled during Her Visit among the "Pennsylvania Germans"" by Edith M. Thomas
Besides sauerkraut, string beans, beet tops, turnip tops, greens, kale and dandelions are adapted for fermentation with dry salting.
"Every Step in Canning" by Grace Viall Gray
Put into a jug or small keg, leaving the top open until fermentation ceases and it looks clear.
"The Whitehouse Cookbook (1887)" by Mrs. F.L. Gillette
For the former the ferment is deep down; for the latter it is on top.
"Essay on the Creative Imagination" by Th. Ribot
A hotbed is made by putting soil on top of substances that will ferment and create heat underneath the soil.
"Nature's Miracles, Volume 1" by Elisha Gray
Sometimes a bottom yeast may for a time exhibit signs of a top fermentation.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 3" by Various
Here the grapes are left for several days to ferment, the skins rising to the top.
"Rome" by Mildred Anna Rosalie Tuker
Tuba is the fermented sap of the coconut palm, obtained by incisions made at the top of the tree.
"Caybigan" by James Hopper
To aid in producing rapid fermentation, a little malt is sprinkled on the top.
"Popular Technology, Vol. I (of 2)" by Edward Hazen

In news:

MOSCOW (AP) — Russia's top health official said Monday that drinking and driving don't mix — even when the drink in question is kefir, a fermented milk beverage containing less than one percent alcohol.
Forget hoppy goodness and the power of top-fermenting (that's for real drinkers ).
It centers on a dispute between top officials in the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources that has been fermenting for months.
Consumers will be interested in making and purchasing sour, tart, acidic and bitter foods, such as fermented cherry juice and sour beer, according to the brand strategy firm Sterling-Rice Group's list of the top 10 trends for 2013.