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tongue

Definitions

  • Fig. A.—Tongue of Butterfly
    Fig. A.—Tongue of Butterfly
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v tongue lick or explore with the tongue
    • v tongue articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments
    • n tongue metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the side
    • n tongue the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boot
    • n tongue a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
    • n tongue a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
    • n tongue a manner of speaking "he spoke with a thick tongue","she has a glib tongue"
    • n tongue the tongue of certain animals used as meat
    • n tongue a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea
    • n tongue any long thin projection that is transient "tongues of flame licked at the walls","rifles exploded quick knives of fire into the dark"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Tonguing-and-Grooving Plane Tonguing-and-Grooving Plane
60 Double tongue miter 60 Double tongue miter
THE TONGUE-CUT SPARROW THE TONGUE-CUT SPARROW
THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat Group in Museum of Natural History THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat...
"MADE HER PUT OUT HER TONGUE" "MADE HER PUT OUT HER TONGUE"

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The average elephant weighs less than the average blue whale's tongue
    • Tongue A language; the whole sum of words used by a particular nation; as, the English tongue . "Whose tongue thou shalt not understand.""To speak all tongues ."
    • Tongue A people having a distinct language. "A will gather all nations and tongues ."
    • Tongue A point, or long, narrow strip of land, projecting from the mainland into a sea or a lake.
    • Tongue A projection on the side, as of a board, which fits into a groove.
    • Tongue A projection, or slender appendage or fixture; as, the tongue of a buckle, or of a balance.
    • Tongue A short piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays, etc.; also. the upper main piece of a mast composed of several pieces.
    • Tongue (Anat) an organ situated in the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates and connected with the hyoid arch. "To make his English sweet upon his tongue ."
    • Tongue (Zoöl) Any small sole.
    • Tongue Discourse; fluency of speech or expression. "Much tongue and much judgment seldom go together."
    • Tongue Honorable discourse; eulogy. "She was born noble; let that title find her a private grave, but neither tongue nor honor."
    • Tongue Same as Reed n., 5.
    • Tongue Speech; words or declarations only; -- opposed to thoughts or actions. "My little children, let us love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed and in truth."
    • Tongue That which is considered as resembing an animal's tongue, in position or form.
    • Tongue The clapper of a bell.
    • Tongue (Zoöl) The lingua of an insect.
    • Tongue (Zoöl) The lingual ribbon, or odontophore, of a mollusk.
    • Tongue The pole of a vehicle; especially, the pole of an ox cart, to the end of which the oxen are yoked.
    • Tongue The power of articulate utterance; speech. "Parrots imitating human tongue ."
    • Tongue (Zoöl) The proboscis of a moth or a butterfly.
    • Tongue To chide; to scold. "How might she tongue me."
    • Tongue To join means of a tongue and grove; as, to tongue boards together.
    • Tongue (Mus) To modulate or modify with the tongue, as notes, in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
    • Tongue To speak; to utter. "Such stuff as madmen tongue ."
    • Tongue To talk; to prate.
    • Tongue (Mus) To use the tongue in forming the notes, as in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The tongues of chameleons are twice the length of their bodys.
    • n tongue The principal organ of the special sense of taste or the gustatory faculty; the lingual apparatus, or lingua. It is usually a fleshy and freely movable mass which partly tills the mouth, and has important functions in the acts of talking and eating. Together with the lips, teeth, and checks, the tongue serves to articulate, modulate, or qualify sounds produced in the windpipe, and in man is thus an organ of speech; it is equally concerned in the many natural cries of animals, the songs of birds, etc. It is a direct aid in the process of mastication, in directing food between the teeth, and in the act of swallowing or deglutition, by forcing food and drink from the mouth through the fauces into the pharynx. It is concerned in spitting, and in almost every action in which the mouth takes part. The tongue is often a prehensile organ, as for lapping or licking; sometimes a rasp or file, as in the lion and the snail; sometimes a dart or spear, as in woodpeckers, and in chameleons and many other reptiles. The tongue is rarely rudimentary or wanting in vertebrates, as in some birds and the aglossal batrachians. It is forked in serpents. Its structure and mechanism are more elaborate in some of the lower vertebrates, especially in birds and reptiles, than in mammals. In these last the tongue is chiefly a mass of muscle attached to the hyoid bone and lower jaw, and covered with mucous membrane.
    • n tongue Specifically, in cookery, a beef's tongue prepared for the table: as, smoked tongue.
    • n tongue In conchology, the lingual ribbon, or odontophore, bearing the radula, or rasping surface. a structure highly characteristic of those mollusks which have heads, as gastropods. See the technical names (with cuts under radula and ribbon).
    • n tongue In entomology, some mouth-part or conformation of mouth-parts serving as a tongue or suggesting one; a proboscis; a haustellum; an antlia: as, the long spirally rolled tongue of a butterfly or moth; specifically, the central lobe of the ligula of a mandibulate insect. See the technical words, and cut under haustellum.
    • n tongue In various figurative uses, the faculty or mode of speech; speech. The faculty or power of speech; capacity of expression.
    • n tongue The act or habit of speaking; utterance; discourse; sometimes, fluency of speech; talk.
    • n tongue The manner of speaking as regards sound; voice; tone; specifically, in sporting language, the voice of a hound or other dog: as, to give tongue.
    • n tongue The character of speech with regard to meaning or intention.
    • n tongue The mode or form of expression; especially, the sum of the words used by a particular nation; a language.
    • n tongue Words or declarations only; mere speech or talk, as opposed to thoughts or actions.
    • n tongue A people or race, as distinguished by its language.
    • n tongue (h ) Mention; fame; eulogy.
    • n tongue A vote; a voice.
    • n tongue Anything considered to resemble an animal's tongue in shape, position, or function.
    • n tongue Especially— A long narrow strip of land running out into a sea or lake; also, a gulf or outstretched bay (Isa. xi. 15).
    • n tongue A tapering jet of flame.
    • n tongue The pin or tang of a buckle or brooch which pierces the strap, ribbon, or object to be fastened.
    • n tongue The short movable rail of a switch by which the wheels are directed to one or the other line of rails.
    • n tongue The pole of a carriage, car, or other vehicle, to which the horses are fastened.
    • n tongue A projecting strip worked on the edge of a board, used to form a joint by fitting into a corresponding groove in another board.
    • n tongue The pointer or pin of a balance. See cut under balance.
    • n tongue (h ) Nautical, a short piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays to form an eye; also, the upper piece of a built inast.
    • n tongue The vibratile reed of a musical instrument of the reed group, particularly if made of metal, as in the harmonium, the concertina, etc. Compare cuts under reed.
    • n tongue The clapper of a bell.
    • n tongue That part of the blade of a sword on which the grip, shell, and pommel are fixed.
    • n tongue A narrow strip of leather or kid, over which the uppers or sides of a boot or shoe are laced together.
    • n tongue A young or small sole. Compare tongue-fish.
    • n tongue The sting of a bee.
    • n tongue The movable arm of a bevel, the principal member being the stock, which forms the case when the instrument is closed. E. H. Knight. See cut under bevel.
    • n tongue A current-of water, narrow, deep, and smooth, running rapidly between rocks without breaking or twisting; a sled-run. A tongue is well-known to anglers as a favorite resting-place of salmon in their laborious ascent of rapid streams.
    • n tongue One of the seven (later eight) divisions or “nations” composing the order of the Hospitalers; also, a meeting of a division.
    • n tongue A fever which prevailed in the western United States in the winter of 1842–3.
    • n tongue An inflammation of the tongue occurring in some forms of epidemic erysipelas.
    • n tongue Synonyms . Tongue is the Anglo-Saxon equivalent for language. See language.
    • tongue To chide; scold; reproach.
    • tongue To speak; utter.
    • tongue In playing on musical wind-instruments, to modify or interrupt the tone of by means of a stroke of the tongue, so as to produce a marcato or staccato effect, as in the flute, the cornet, etc. See tonguing. Also tip.
    • tongue To join or fit together by means of a tongue and groove. See the phrase.
    • tongue To talk; prate: with indefinite it.
    • tongue In music, to use the tongue for the purpose of modifying sounds in playing the flute and some other wind-instruments.
    • tongue To run out; project: as, a point of land tongues out into the sea.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The chameleon has a tongue that is 1.5 times the length of its body.
    • n Tongue tung the fleshy organ in the mouth, used in tasting, swallowing, and speech: power of speech: manner of speaking: speech: discourse: a language: anything like a tongue in shape: the catch of a buckle: the pointer of a balance: a point of land
    • ***

Quotations

  • Giuseppe Garibaldi
    Giuseppe Garibaldi
    “Give me the ready hand rather than the ready tongue.”
  • Tennessee Williams
    Tennessee%20Williams
    “The most dangerous word in any human tongue is the word for brother. It's inflammatory.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Art made tongue-tied by authority.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Conversation is an exercise of the mind; gossip is merely an exercise of the tongue.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “To speak kindly does not hurt the tongue.”
  • Francis Quarles
    Francis%20Quarles
    “Heaven finds an ear when sinners find a tongue.”

Idioms

A still tongue keeps a wise head - Wise people don't talk much.
***
Bite your tongue - If you bite your tongue, you refrain from speaking because it is socially or otherwise better not to.
***
Cat got your tongue? - If someone asks if the cat has got your tongue, they want to know why you are not speaking when they think you should.
***
Hold your tongue - If you hold your tongue, you keep silent even though you want to speak.
***
On the tip of your tongue - If a word is on the tip of your tongue, you know you know the word, but you just can't quite remember it at the moment.
***
Slip of the tongue - If you say something accidentally, it is a slip of the tongue.
***
Speak with a forked tongue - To say one thing and mean another, to lie, to be two-faced
***
Tongue in cheek - If something is tongue in cheek, it isn't serious or meant to be taken seriously.
***
Tongue-lashing - If you give someone a tongue-lashing, you scold them.
***
Tongue-tied - If someone is tongue-tied, they are speechless or cannot say what they want, often through shyness or embarrassment.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. tunge, tonge, AS. tunge,; akin to OFries. tunge, D. tong, OS. tunga, G. zunge, OHG. zunga, Icel. & Sw. tunga, Dan tunge, Goth. tuggō, OL. dingua, L. lingua,. √243 Cf.Language Lingo.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. tunge; Ice. tunga, Ger. zunge, the tongue; L. lingua (old form dingua).

Usage

In literature:

A still tongue, a clear head and a sharp blade are the tools of Fortune.
"The Black Wolf's Breed" by Harris Dickson
His heart would speak if his tongue had words to represent it.
"An Outcast" by F. Colburn Adams
It didn't take him long to discover that no one else had such a wonderful tongue.
"Mother West Wind "How" Stories" by Thornton W. Burgess
But the first man found his tongue directly.
"In Honour's Cause" by George Manville Fenn
By degrees tongues began to loosen.
"The Lonely Island" by R.M. Ballantyne
When the cloth was drawn and the banquet put on, tongues were loosened.
"Prisoners of Hope" by Mary Johnston
All it says is in the tongue of the blue-coated white men of the North.
"The Talking Leaves" by William O. Stoddard
This Jewish and Christian argument fills all heads, and clamors on every tongue.
"Aurelian" by William Ware
I have not the command of the language that I have of my native tongue.
"Harvard Classics Volume 28" by Various
In the office of Dr. Pauli Mach, the professional tongue was freed.
"The Best Short Stories of 1920" by Various
The tongue by day may lie, but the tongue by night speaks truth.
"Nicanor - Teller of Tales" by C. Bryson Taylor
The man growled something in his native tongue, but none the less he moved toward the corral.
"Oh, You Tex!" by William Macleod Raine
And sure his tongue had more express'd But that his tears forbade the rest.
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
A short and hurried conversation ensued in the strange tongue.
"Lavengro The Scholar - The Gypsy - The Priest, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by George Borrow
Mrs Pansey tossed her turban and snorted, but seeing very plainly that she had gone too far, held for once her virulent tongue.
"The Bishop's Secret" by Fergus Hume
It appeared to him he was but an unprofitable servant, unready, tongue-tied, lacking in resource.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
This is one of the few words in our tongue directly derivable from the ancient Britons.
"In Convent Walls" by Emily Sarah Holt
Everybody that took tongue had got tongue.
"Somehow Good" by William de Morgan
He sang a song to her in a tongue she did not recognize, and he told her it was Provencal, the language of the troubadours.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
But he held his tongue and hated himself for even thinking what he had almost said.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
***

In poetry:

Sing to the Lord,
Ye tribes of ev'ry tongue;
His new discover'd grace demands,
A new and nobler song.
"Lutzen" by Martin Luther
Above the dying exile hung
The vision of the bard,
As faltered on his failing tongue
The song of good Bernard.
"Norembega" by John Greenleaf Whittier
O bless the Lord, my soul!
Let all within me join,
And aid my tongue to bless his name
Whose favors are divine.
"Psalm 103 part 1" by Isaac Watts
God of my mercy and my praise,
Thy glory is my song,
Though sinners speak against thy grace
With a blaspheming tongue.
"Psalm 109" by Isaac Watts
I am the only being whose doom
No tongue would ask no eye would mourn
I never caused a thought of gloom
A smile of joy since I was born
"I Am The Only Being Whose Doom" by Emily Jane Bronte
All hail, bright spring, celestial maid!
Who fill'st my singing heart;
But never tongue or lyre shall speak
The Transport which thou art!
"To Spring" by James Avis Bartley

In news:

The five members of the Saint Louis Brass have mastered the art of playing with tongue firmly in cheek.
CHARLOTTE, NC — Cory Booker's golden tongue may not be enough to get him out of the Democratic doghouse.
The tongue-in-cheek stunt by Pawngo.com drew takers for the candy and a citation from the city for commercial dumping.
Cactus, tongue and cacao .
Mandarin, Cantonese top immigrant tongues in Metro Vancouver.
A patient presented with acute-onset, painless, unilateral enlargement of the tongue.
The best way to get tongues wagging is to say nothing at all, and it's a skill Rihanna has down to a science.
Tongue base cyst in a 6-week-old boy.
WHEN controversial radio host Tarsha "Jonesy" Jones "likes" a business that advertises with Power 99, her listeners trust her "because Miss Jones doesn't hold her tongue," the station says.
Buckley Jr flicks his tongue and skewers his guests one last time.
And the words themselves should flow off the tongue - perfect for reading out loud over and over again.
Speaking with forked tongues on Walmart.
BUILDERS of Manhattan condominiums are rolling a new word off their tongues these days as readily as "luxury," the reigning favorite.
Taylor, Cecil Abyss Silent Tongues.
The poetry of our glorious English tongue should reside in a special shrine.
***

In science:

Fig. 3 – The synchronization tongue of the non-autonomous modified system under the external harmonic signal on the (ωd, ε) plane.
Generalized synchronization onset
In this case the behavior of the modified system (and the response one, respectively) may be different qualitatively inside the synchronization tongue and outside it.
Generalized synchronization onset
The synchronization tongue of the non-autonomous modified system (7) on the (ωd ; ε) plane is shown in Fig. 3.
Generalized synchronization onset
One can see easily, that the behavior of the response system differs essentially inside and outside the synchronization tongue of the modified system.
Generalized synchronization onset
Therefore, for the considered coupled R¨ossler systems the GS regime starts being destroyed with the growth (inside the synchronization tongue) of the ε parameter.
Generalized synchronization onset
Therefore, this synchronization tongue on the (ωd, ε) plane has only the qualitative character allowing to explain the mechanisms resulting in the GS onset features.
Generalized synchronization onset
Arnol’d or mode-locked tongues consisting of ‘interlocking’ bubbles and open regions of multistability, nonsmooth bifurcations, and strange nonchaotic attractors.
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
The synchronization region (λmax < 0) is composed of several V-shape regions, called Arnol’d tongues (phase- or frequency-locking), originating at 1, 2, 3, etc. times the forcing period TF .
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
In order to perform an accurate validation of the synchronization region given by the LLE (λmax < 0) method, we computed the main Arnol’d tongues boundaries with the more accurate numerical continuation methods such as AUTO [Doedel et al., 2009].
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
The region with λmax < 0 corresponds to synchronization; we recognize its underlying Arnol’d tongue structure.
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
The bifurcation boundaries of the Arnol’d tongues obtained with the more accurate numerical continuation method AUTO are superimposed, for validation purposes (white curve), and match perfectly.
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
Now the region inside the synchronization tongues is colored in function of N .
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
For the tongue corresponding to a frequency-locking n : 1, we have n attracting trajectories.
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
The two main polarities have typically some tongue shape during the emergence phase (L´opez Fuentes et al., 2000; Chandra et al., 2009; Luoni et al., 2011, see Figure 4 top left).
Solar filament eruptions and their physical role in triggering Coronal Mass Ejections
Jonker L. : The scaling of Arnol’d’s tongues, Commun.
Critical circle maps near bifurcation
***