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theology

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n theology the learned profession acquired by specialized courses in religion (usually taught at a college or seminary) "he studied theology at Oxford"
    • n theology the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
    • n theology a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings "Jewish theology","Roman Catholic theology"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Christian theology there are nine choirs of angels. From highest to lowest, they are: seraphim, cherubim, thrones, dominions, virtues, powers, principalities, archangels, and angels.
    • n Theology The science of God or of religion; the science which treats of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly understood) “the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of Christian faith and life.” "Many speak of theology as a science of religion [instead of “science of God”] because they disbelieve that there is any knowledge of God to be attained.""Theology is ordered knowledge; representing in the region of the intellect what religion represents in the heart and life of man."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Saint Isidore, or Seville, who lived in the 17th century, was believed to have written the world's first encyclopedia, the Etymologies. It included entries on medicine, mathematics, history and theology.
    • n theology The science concerned with ascertaining, classifying, and systematizing all attainable truth concerning God and his relation to the universe; the science of religion; religious truth scientifically stated. The ancient Greeks used the word to designate the history of their gods; early Christian writers applied it to the doctrine of the nature of God; Peter Abelard, in the twelfth century, first began to employ it to denote scientific instruction concerning God and the divine life. Theology differs from religion as the science of any subject differs from the subject-matter itself. Religion in the broadest sense is a life of right affections and right conduct toward God; theology is a scientific knowledge of God and of the life which reverence and allegiance toward him require. Theology is divided, in reference to the sources whence the knowledge is derived, into natural theology, which treats of God and divine things in so far as their nature is disclosed through human consciousness, through the material creation, and through the moral order discernible in the course of history apart from specific revelation, and revealed theology, which treats of the same subject-matter as made known in the scriptures of the Old and the New Testament. The former is theistic merely; the latter is Christian, and includes the doctrine of salvation by Christ, and of future rewards and punishments. In reference to the ends sought and the methods of treatment, theology is again divided into theoretical theology, which treats of the doctrines and principles of the divine life for the purpose of scientific and philosophical accuracy, and practical theology, which treats of the duties of the divine life for immediate practical ends. Theology is further divided, according to subject-matter and methods, into various branches, of which the principal are given below.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Theology thē-ol′ō-ji the science which treats of God, and of man's duty to Him—Natural, as discoverable by the light of reason alone; or Positive or Revealed, based on the study of divine revelation
    • v.i Theology to make a system of theology
    • ***

Quotations

  • Karl Barth
    Karl Barth
    “The best theology would need no advocates; it would prove itself.”
  • Martin Luther
    Martin%20Luther
    “Next to theology I give music the highest place of honor.”
  • Denis Diderot
    Denis%20Diderot
    “Do you see this egg? With this you can topple every theological theory, every church or temple in the world.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “Theology is a science of mind applied to God.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “Theology is but our ideas of truth classified and arranged.”
  • Robert Green Ingersoll
    Robert%20Green%20Ingersoll
    “Let us put theology out of religion. Theology has always sent the worst to heaven, the best to hell.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. theologia, Gr. ; God + discourse: cf. F. théologie,. See Theism, and Logic

Usage

In literature:

WHITE, A.D.: A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology.
"A Short History of Monks and Monasteries" by Alfred Wesley Wishart
He wrote in prose and verse, his subjects embracing educational, theological, and historical matters.
"A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature" by John W. Cousin
Thence also arise the fears which philosophy inspires in theology and the hostile attitudes which they assume towards each other.
"The Worlds Greatest Books, Volume XIII." by Various
He graduated with honor in 1855, and soon after entered the Episcopal theological seminary at Alexandria, Virginia.
"Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol 6" by Various
ADOLF DEITZMANN, Professor of Theology, Berlin.
"New York Times, Current History, Vol 1, Issue 1" by Various
He was versed in medicine and the law as well as in theology.
"The Art of Letters" by Robert Lynd
The atmosphere was charged with theology.
"Little Journeys To the Homes of the Great, Volume 3 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
In theological conversations with Hindus, three doctrines very frequently show themselves as a theological background.
"New Ideas in India During the Nineteenth Century" by John Morrison
But the gist of the matter was, that we were taught Professor Park's theology.
"McClure's Magazine, March, 1896, Vol. VI., No. 4." by Various
They had expected at least to have the control of the articles on theology.
"Diderot and the Encyclopaedists (Vol 1 of 2)" by John Morley
In fact, we must distinguish sharply between ecclesiasticism, theology, and religion.
"Outspoken Essays" by William Ralph Inge
Bull's theology was the only theology on which the English Church could stand.
"Apologia Pro Vita Sua" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
Mechanics and manufacturers were undermining theology.
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 3 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Lectures" by Robert G. Ingersoll
He taught philosophy, theology and canon law.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 8" by Various
The theological theory contains a part.
"A Review of the Systems of Ethics Founded on the Theory of Evolution" by C. M. Williams
Theological science has explored and defined them, and illuminated them on many sides, but cannot reach to their inmost mystery.
"The Expositor's Bible: Ephesians" by G. G. Findlay
Catholic theology has to reclaim this as its own property.
"The Catholic World; Volume I, Issues 1-6" by E. Rameur
He also considered the possibility of a political and theological alliance with the Lutheran princes of Germany.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 3" by Various
So it became in Jewish theology the technical term for the coming King and the Captain of salvation.
"The Book of Isaiah, Volume I (of 2)" by George Adam Smith
Because of certain theological beliefs aside from Chiliasm, the Montanists aroused the antagonism of the Church authorities.
"The Transformation of Early Christianity from an Eschatological to a Socialized Movement" by Lyford Paterson Edwards
***

In poetry:

"Ego-theism":
This trouble seems to be
Chief in theology:
Each thinks the hymn should be, --
Nearer, my God, to Thee.
"Poetry" by Edmund Vance Cooke
We did much as we chose to do;
We'd never heard of Mrs. Grundy;
All the theology we knew
Was that we mightn't play on Sunday;
"Gemini And Virgo" by Charles Stuart Calverley
Such is the outcome of your attack on the cat:
A theological, Augustinian grimace,
Which makes difficult our walking on this eart.
"To Mrs. Professor In Defense Of My Cat's Honor And Not Only" by Czeslaw Milosz
The second appears, a melancholy splurge
Of theological colours;
Taps heavily about like a healthy vulture
Distributing deep-frozen hope.
"Ten Types of Hospital Visitor" by Charles Causley
By now I've got the whole place clearly charted.
Our garden, first: where I did not invent
Blinding theologies of flowers and fruits,
And wasn't spoken to by an old hat.
And here we have that splendid family
"I Remember, I Remember" by Philip Larkin
His sermons were tremendous things, and thunder-bolts would drop;
The trouble with poor Father Pat was when and how to stop.
Theology? don't mention it! he'd talk the bishop flat;
One half was Father Gury, and the rest was Father Pat.
"Vale` - Father Pat" by John O Brien

In news:

Couple's donation aids Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.
A $1 million donation from a Houston couple will help fund an exhibit of fragments from the Dead Sea Scrolls scheduled to open in July at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.
A Clash of Theological Proportions.
This was the opening of southern California's Claremont Lincoln University, which describes itself as America's first interreligious school of theology, one that will train pastors, rabbis, and eventually Muslim imams all on one campus.
New Christian Theological Seminary president embracing the arts.
Nothing new so far– theology is a discipline whose practitioners disagree, sometimes profoundly.
Indeed it will be a joyful occurrence, even though I will have to admit that I was wrong about Rapture theology .
Theological Study focuses on 'Thees, Thous and the King James Bible'.
The next Theological Study at Sanibel Congregational United Church of Christ will focus on "Thees, Thous and the King James Bible" on Wednesday, May 4 and Wednesday, May 11.
In LDS theology, the first "Mormon" on earth was Adam, not Joseph Smith.
Memphis Theological Seminary gives new life to former Newburger mansion in 'heart of Midtown'.
Benedict XVI, the pope known for his hefty volumes of theology, is now trying brevity - spreading the faith through his own Twitter account.
A lifelong resident of Richmond, he holds degrees form Southern Baptist Theological Seminary and Eastern Kentucky University, where he taught mathematics until retiring.
James Cone, a pioneer of black liberation theology, was born in Fordyce and reared in Bearden, Arkansas.
New York Theological Seminary, NY.
***

In science:

Gr ¨unbaum, A. (2000). A new critique of theological interpretations of physical cosmology.
New remarks on the Cosmological Argument
The author, a schoolmaster with a classics background who was interested in literature and theology, wrote his science fiction fantasy in pure mathematics for entertainment.
A Collection of Exercises in Two-Dimensional Physics, Part 1
At the beginning of this timeline scholars were mainly concerned with theological considerations that were not amenable to experimental confirmation.
MESON2000 Conference Summary
And finally, as if to close the circle, at the end of the millennium many theoreticians have again turned to theological speculations which are not amenable to experimental confirmation.
MESON2000 Conference Summary
Allen, Paul, 2001, Philosophical Framework with the Science-Theology Dialogue: A Critical Reflection on the Work of Ernan McMul lin, unpublished Ph.D dissertation, St.
Retroduction, Multiverse Hypotheses and Their Testability
Luhmann alternates between this meta-biological model using concepts of functional differentiation and structural coupling for the explanation, and a meta-theological one where meaning seems to be given transcendentally as a substance analogous to life (Luhmann, 1986).
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
The meta-theological metaphor is pursued by Luhmann by grounding his theory on the operation of the distinction (that is, on a paradox).
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
Following an example of non-overlapping theories is found when contemplating the results of science in contrast with the results of theological reflection.
Informal Control code logic
Moritz concludes, however, that NOMA inadequately describes the relation between science and theology because according to him overlaps between these areas cannot be excluded.
Informal Control code logic
Theology In most religions god is considered to be outside of the space-time continuum.
Efficiency Theory: a Unifying Theory for Information, Computation and Intelligence
Misner 1977, in Cosmology, History, and Theology W.
Particle Astrophysics after COBE: Blois92 Summary Talk
Recent theologies concerning God’s death after Auschwitz are mathematically formalized through a suitable temporalization of G¨odel’s Ontological Proof.
An interesting temporalization of G\"odel's ontological proof
The logical problem of theodicy, namely the problem of bypassing the logical incompatibility between the definition of God as the maximally good entity and the existence of evil in the world was first raised by Epicurus and has been at the center of Rational Theology from Leibniz’s treatise to recent time.
An interesting temporalization of G\"odel's ontological proof
These philosophical remarks much in the spirit of the contemporary theologies of God’s death may be mathematically formalized as a time-reversal symmetry breaking within the formal system IV.4.
An interesting temporalization of G\"odel's ontological proof
Philosophical and theological considerations, sometimes quite remote from the economic theory and practice of the day, have mostly driven the moves towards interest prohibition.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
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