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term

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v term name formally or designate with a term
    • n term (architecture) a statue or a human bust or an animal carved out of the top of a square pillar; originally used as a boundary marker in ancient Rome
    • n term any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial "the general term of an algebraic equation of the n-th degree"
    • n term a word or expression used for some particular thing "he learned many medical terms"
    • n term one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition "the major term of a syllogism must occur twice"
    • n term (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement "the contract set out the conditions of the lease","the terms of the treaty were generous"
    • n term a limited period of time "a prison term","he left school before the end of term"
    • n term the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent "a healthy baby born at full term"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In terms of area, Juneau, Alaska, is the largest city in the United States, yet it can only be reached by boat or plane.
    • Term A fixed period of time; a prescribed duration
    • Term (Alg) A member of a compound quantity; as, a or b in a + b; ab or cd in ab - cd .
    • Term (Naut) A piece of carved work placed under each end of the taffrail.
    • Term (Geom) A point, line, or superficies, that limits; as, a line is the term of a superficies, and a superficies is the term of a solid.
    • Term (Arch) A quadrangular pillar, adorned on the top with the figure of a head, as of a man, woman, or satyr; -- called also terminal figure. See Terminus n., 2 and 3.
    • Term (Law) A space of time granted to a debtor for discharging his obligation.
    • Term A word or expression; specifically, one that has a precisely limited meaning in certain relations and uses, or is peculiar to a science, art, profession, or the like; as, a technical term . "Terms quaint of law.""In painting, the greatest beauties can not always be expressed for want of terms ."
    • Term (Law) In Scotland, the time fixed for the payment of rents.
    • Term In universities, schools, etc., a definite continuous period during which instruction is regularly given to students; as, the school year is divided into three terms .
    • Term (Law) Propositions or promises, as in contracts, which, when assented to or accepted by another, settle the contract and bind the parties; conditions.
    • Term That which limits the extent of anything; limit; extremity; bound; boundary. "Corruption is a reciprocal to generation, and they two are as nature's two terms, or boundaries."
    • Term (Law) The limitation of an estate; or rather, the whole time for which an estate is granted, as for the term of a life or lives, or for a term of years.
    • Term (Med) The menses.
    • Term (Logic) The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one of the three component parts of a syllogism, each one of which is used twice. "The subject and predicate of a proposition are, after Aristotle, together called its terms or extremes."
    • Term The time for which anything lasts; any limited time; as, a term of five years; the term of life.
    • Term (Law) The time in which a court is held or is open for the trial of causes.
    • v. t Term To apply a term to; to name; to call; to denominate. "Men term what is beyond the limits of the universe “imaginary space.”"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The letters in the abbreviation e.g. stand for exempli gratia – a Latin term meaning "for example."
    • n term A bound; a boundary; limit; the extremity of anything, or that which limits its extent; a confine; end; termination; completion.
    • n term In geometry, the extreme of any magnitude, or that which limits or bounds its extent: as, the terms of a line are points, the terms of a superficies are lines, and the terms of a solid are superficies. See also def. 9.
    • n term Outcome; final issue.
    • n term A figure of Terminus, the god of boundaries; a terminal figure. See terminus, 3.
    • n term In ship-building, a piece of carved work placed under each end of the taffrail, and extending to the foot-rail of the balcony. Also called term-piece.
    • n term A space or period of time to which limits have been set; the time or period through which something runs its course, or lasts or is intended to last: as, he was engaged for a term of five years; his term of office has expired.
    • n term Specifically— In universities, colleges, and schools, one of certain stated periods during which instruction is regularly given to students or pupils. At the University of Cambridge, England, there arc three terms in the university year—namely, Michaelmas or October term, Lent or January term, and Easter or midsummer term. At the University of Oxford there are four terms—namely, Michaelmas, Hilary, Easter, and Trinity. In American universities and colleges there are usually three terms, beginning in September, January, and April, and called first, second, and third, or fall, winter, and spring terms respectively.
    • n term In law, the period during which a court of justice may-hold its sessions from day to day for the trial of causes; a part of the year in which the justices of the superior common-law courts of general jurisdiction hold sessions of the courts, as distinguished from vacations, during which, on religious and business grounds, attendance at the courts cannot be required from parties or witnesses. The importance of the distinction between term time and vacation, in both American and English law, is in the fact that for the just protection of the public a court can only exist and exercise its powers within the time as well as at the place prescribed by law; and, while many ministerial acts, such as the bringing of actions, and the course of pleading, the entry of judgment, the issue of process, etc., can be carried on in the clerk's office upon any secular day, actual sessions of the court itself can only be held during term time. In England, before the present judicature act, the law terms were four in number—namely, Hilary term (compare Hilarymas), beginning on the 11th and ending on the 31st of January; Easter term, from about the 15th of April to the 8th of May; Trinity term, from the 22d of May to the 12th of June; and Michaelmas term, from the 2d to the 26th of November. These have now been superseded as terms for the administration of justice by “sittings,” bearing similar names. For the High Court of Justice in London and Middlesex the Hilary sittings extend from the 11th of January to the Wednesday before Easter, the Easter sittings from the Tuesday after Easter week to the Friday before Whitsunday, the Trinity sittings from the Tuesday after Whitsun week to the 8th of August, and the Michaelmas sittings from the 2d of November to the 21st of December.
    • n term An estate or interest in land to be enjoyed for a fixed period: called more fully term of years, term for years.
    • n term The period of time for which such an estate is held.
    • n term In Scots law, a certain time fixed by authority of a court within which a party is allowed to establish by evidence his averment.
    • n term An appointed or set time.
    • n term Specifically— A day on which rent or interest is payable. In England and Ireland there are four days in the year which are called terms, or more commonly quarter-days, and which are appointed for the settling of rents—namely, Lady day, March 25th; Midsummer, June 24th; Michaelmas day, September 29th; and Christmas, December 25th. The terms in Scotland corresponding to these are Candlemas, February 2d; Whitsunday, May 15th; Lammas, August 1st; and Martinmas, November 11th. In Scotland houses are let from May 28th for a year or a period of years. The legal terms in Scotland for the payment of rent or interest are Whitsunday, May 15th, and Martinmas, November 11th, and these days are most commonly known as terms.
    • n term The day, occurring half-yearly, on which farm and domestic servants in Great Britain receive their wages or enter upon a new period of service.
    • n term The menstrual period of women.
    • n term In mathematics: The antecedent or consequent of a ratio.
    • n term In algebra, a part of an expression joined to the rest by the sign of addition, or by that of subtraction considered as adding a negative quantity. Thus, in the expression x + b—y + z (u + v), the first term is x + b, the second is—y, and the third is z (u + v), equivalent to the sum of two terms zu and zv.
    • n term In logic, a name, especially the subject or predicate of a proposition; also, a name connected with another name by a relation; a correlative. The word term, in its Latin form terminus, was used by Boëthius to translate Aristotle's ο+ρος, probably borrowed by him from the nomenclature of mathematical proportions. Aristotle says: “I call a term that into which a proposition is resolved, as the predicate or that of which it is predicated.” The implication is that a proposition is composed of two terms; but this is incorrect. For, on the one hand, no complex of terms can make a proposition; for a term expresses a mere abstract conception, while a proposition expresses the compulsion of a reality, and so is true or false; and, on the other hand, a proposition need contain but one term, as [the fool has said in his heart] “There is no God”; and indeed the abstract or conceptual part of any proposition may be regarded as a single complex term, as when we express “No man is mortal” in the form “Anything whatever is either-non-man-or-mortal.”
    • n term Hence A word or phrase expressive of a definite conception, as distinguished from a mere particle or syncategorematic word; a word or phrase particularly definite and explicit; especially, a word or phrase used in a recognized and definite meaning in some branch of science. Thus, a contradiction in terms is an explicit contradiction; to express one's opinion in set terms is to state it explicitly and directly.
    • n term plural Propositions stated and offered for acceptance; conditions; stipulations: as, the terms of a treaty; hence, sometimes, conditions as regards price, rates, or charge: as, board and lodging on reasonable terms; on one's own terms; lowest terms offered.
    • n term plural Relative position; relation; footing: with on or upon: as, to be on good or bad terms with a person.
    • n term plural State; situation; circumstances; conditions.
    • n term [Shakspere uses terms often in a loose, periphrastical way: as, “To keep the terms of my honour precise.” M. W. of W., ii. 2. 22 (that is, all that concerns my honor); “In terms of choice I am not solely led by nice direction of a maiden's eye” (that is, with respect to the choice). In other cases it is used in the sense of ‘point.’ ‘particular feature,’ ‘peculiarity’: as, “All terms of pity,” All's Well, ii. 3. 173.]
    • n term In astrology, a part of a zodiacal sign in which a planet is slightly dignified; an essential dignity.
    • n term In modes of: a common misuse as applied to modes of thought (properly, a term is opposed to an idea).
    • term To name; call; denominate; designate.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The term Y2K was invented by David Eddie in June 1995 through the email.
    • n Term tėrm any limited period: the time for which anything lasts: the time during which the courts of law are open: certain days on which rent is paid: that by which a thought is expressed, a word or expression: a condition or arrangement (gener. in pl.):
    • v.t Term to apply a term to: to name or call
    • n Term tėrm (alg.) a member of a compound quantity
    • ***

Quotations

  • Larry Adler
    Larry Adler
    “The long term versus the short term argument is one used by losers.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “Those who attain to any excellence commonly spend life in some single pursuit, for excellence is not often gained upon easier terms.”
  • Melvin Powers
    Melvin Powers
    “The uncommon man is merely the common man thinking and dreaming of success in larger terms and in more fruitful areas.”
  • Woodrow T. Wilson
    Woodrow%20T.%20Wilson
    “You cannot be friends upon any other terms than upon the terms of equality.”
  • James Van Fleet
    James Van Fleet
    “Always think in terms of what the other person wants.”
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
    Mary Wollstonecraft
    “Children, I grant, should be innocent; but when the epithet is applied to men, or women, it is but a civil term for weakness.”

Idioms

In no uncertain terms - Clearly; precisely; emphatically without doubt.
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On good terms - If people are on good terms, they have a good relationship.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. terme, L. termen, -inis, terminus, a boundary limit, end; akin to Gr., . See Thrum a tuft, and cf. Terminus Determine Exterminate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. terme—L. terminus, a boundary.

Usage

In literature:

The term was generally applied to him.
"The Political History of England - Vol. X." by William Hunt
In philosophy there was the term "Sceptic," and in relation to religion the term "Atheist" was ready to hand.
"Theism or Atheism" by Chapman Cohen
A plan is a term assigned to a labor: it closes the future whose form it indicates.
"Creative Evolution" by Henri Bergson
He used to be my chum at Quelch's, but he left there a term ago, and went to Garside.
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
We wish to live on good terms with her.
"The Political History of England - Vol XI" by George Brodrick
The French refused all terms but the absolute liberation of the King.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
It's just as well you can't start till next term, since you didn't get here at first.
"The Wind Before the Dawn" by Dell H. Munger
Even before the war the necessity of coming to terms with the Hungarians had been recognized.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
The terms of such a proposal must be discussed by us.
"The Peace Negotiations" by J. D. Kestell
A new term, "intelligent thrift," has come into its possession.
"Tuskegee & Its People: Their Ideals and Achievements" by Various
The term is properly applicable to a physical objective when the context makes the meaning clear.
"Sound Military Decision" by U.s. Naval War College
I was very energetic during this term, and at the same time very quiet.
"Godfrey Marten, Undergraduate" by Charles Turley
What is the more exact term for the proper course regarding evil indulgences?
"English Synonyms and Antonyms" by James Champlin Fernald
We read science in its own terms; we read Genesis in its own terms.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Whittier, the uncompromising advocate of liberty for woman as well as for man, was eulogized in fitting terms.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
This first day of the new term had seemed fortunate to Lesbia.
"Loyal to the School" by Angela Brazil
The next step is to measure the composition not in terms of the vengeance to be bought off but in terms of the injury.
"An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law" by Roscoe Pound
Vologaeses, however, thought it better to come to terms.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
When Lily Anderson left last term, she certainly thought Vivien was going to be her successor.
"The Head Girl at the Gables" by Angela Brazil
Representatives served terms of four years but could be recalled at any time before the expiration of their terms.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
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In poetry:

At whatever source we drink it,
Art or life or faith or wine,
In whatever terms we think it,
It is common and divine.
"Praise The Generous Gods" by William Ernest Henley
Drop down, mine eyes, and never tire,
Cease not on any terms,
Until I have my heart's desire,
My Lord within mine arms.
"The Believer's Soliloquy; Especially in Times of Desertion, Temptation, Affliction, &c." by Ralph Erskine
Hard by, were challenges to wrangle
On any themes, or all—
From the trisection of the angle
To what they termed the Fall.
"Two Visions" by Alfred Austin
She oft will heave a secret sigh,
Will shed a lonely tear,
O'er feelings nature wrought so high,
And gave on terms so dear.
"To Sensibility" by Helen Maria Williams
Beside me aged mothers bent,
Whose lives had reach'd their term;
And one sweet bride in fondness leant
Upon her husband's arm.
"In Kirkconnel Old Churchyard" by Alexander Anderson
"But if they cannot bear their agonies,
Or if they will not bear, and seek a term;
Or if they bear, and be, as this man is,
Too weak except for groans, and so still live,
And growing old, grow older, then what end?"
"The Light of Asia: Book the Third" by Edwin Arnold

In news:

The other operators in the region also use the term ' alighting .
What will determine the core success of President Obama's second term is progress - or the lack thereof - in reducing long-term unemployment.
The term "hole in the wall" is like the term "dive bar".
Short-term renewals at the SBA, rather than the government committing to the program long-term, are causing some business owners to fall through the cracks of the lending process.
Preventative maintenance is a term normally associated with our health, but it should also be a common term associated with our equipment.
The rating is far below the final ratings of recent two-term presidents Bill Clinton and Ronald Reagan, who both ended their terms with a 68 percent approval rating, according to CBS News polling.
Doesn't pledging to make this his last term mean he serves that term.
Seeking her second term in the US Senate, Minnesota's Amy Klobuchar has proven she deserves voters' approval for another six-year term.
Terms like severe thunderstorm WATCH and flood WARNING are terms that meteorologists take as given.
Add + before a required term, or - to exclude a term.
The Standard Repayment Terms is a document that provides an explanation of Ex-Im Bank's repayment terms applicable to the Insurance and Medium and Long-term Loan and Guarantee.
Rep Betty Sutton, a three-term Democrat whose district was eliminated by redistricting, was locked in a tight race with first-term US Rep James Renacci in one of the most closely watched and costliest races in the country.
Restructuring the loan terms would improve Lodging Investors' chances for long-term success, including meeting the November 2014 deadline, Fitzgerald said.
Ten-term Republican Rep Jim Walsh of Syracuse said today that he won't seek another term in the 25th Congressional District, AP reports.
BUILDING UP Robin Curry also has a long-term approach to investing, but short-term events will have an impact on her goals.
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In science:

As noncommutativity of the Dp′ -brane worldvolume originates from the term proportional to the sign function ǫ(τ1 − τ2 ) in the above equation, we will also refer to this term as noncommutativity term in what follows.
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
Like the term in Eq. (112) above, this angular momentum term couples to the component T −i ∼ F 3 of the matrix theory stress-energy tensor through terms of the form ˆJ ij ˜T −i rj /r9 .
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
Certain “end-point terms” and other terms which vanish in the BMN limit are neglected in (11), and we note that the omitted terms actually vanish in the channel which is symmetric under exchange φ ↔ ψ of the two impurities, so (11) is exact in this channel.
Instability and Degeneracy in the BMN Correspondence
The first two terms are C-S term and Coulomb interaction term for + gauge field which take exactly the same forms as in a single layer system35 .
Mutual Composite Fermion and composite Boson approaches to balanced and imbalanced bilayer quantum Hall system: an electronic analogy of the Helium 4 system
The authors of have performed an expansion of the second term in r.h.s. of Eq. (2) to order φ0 and failed to reveal a term of order φd−2 that exactly cancels the first term in r.h.s. of (2).
Comment on "First-order phase transitions of type-I superconducting films" [Phys. Rev. A 322 (2004) 111]
Note that when the local terms commute with the nonlocal term, we can drop the local terms and the tra jectory is unchanged.
Generation of quantum logic operations from physical Hamiltonians
As mentioned in the introduction, however, the first term ˆδ l LL and the contribution of the A−term δ l LR,RL (Eq. (13)) are found to dominate over the second term (as long as ln(M ∗/MGU T ) ∼ 1).
Lepton Flavor Violation within a realistic SO(10)/G(224) Framework
The third term in the above has variance tending to zero by (6.10); the second term has variance α2 and is independent of the first term.
Gaussian limits for random measures in geometric probability
We define the GLSM at a scale µ by a Lagrange density L µ given by a sum of two terms, the K¨ahler term L µ K and the twisted superpotential term L µ .
A-Model Correlators from the Coulomb Branch
Open/Closed Terms: Terms of the type ¯ψ[µ Γ(j) ψν ], i.e. with al l spinor indices con¯ψν ]Γ(j) open. tracted, are cal led closed terms.
Basics of M-Theory
The contribution of the cubic term is then larger than that of the quadratic term only for field strengths large enough so that the quartic term is of at least comparable size.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
Consider the linear term in (4.2), that is the term with m = 1, which turns out to be the dominant term in the expansion.
Multiscale analysis of exit distributions for random walks in random environments
All further terms in the sum are integer powers of the first term, then a finite sum of factorized and symmetrical terms is obtained.
Real symmetric random matrices and replicas
There is also a term from the variation of the first term that is linear in gauge fields, which of course could never be cancelled by the second term.
Linearizing Generalized Kahler Geometry
When the tachyon is lightlike, the worldsheet potential vanishes, but the Yukawa coupling (the second term in Eqn. (3.1)), the F -terms and the interaction terms all grow as X + → ∞.
Charting the landscape of supercritical string theory
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