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  • WordNet 3.6
    • n substrate an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
    • n substrate any stratum or layer lying underneath another
    • n substrate a surface on which an organism grows or is attached "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
    • n substrate the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Substrate A substratum.
    • a Substrate Having very slight furrows.
    • v. t Substrate To strew or lay under anything. "The melted glass being supported by the substrated sand."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n substrate A substratum.
    • substrate To strew or lay under anything.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. substratus, p. p. of substrahere,. See Substratum


In literature:

Matter is that first being which is substrate for generation, corruption, and all other alterations.
"Essays and Miscellanies" by Plutarch
As to the nature of this supposed combination of substrate and enzyme, two theories are held.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Matter is the indefinite substrate, form gives it definiteness.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
The texture of the substrate is the most important factor limiting vertical distribution.
"Natural History of the Ornate Box Turtle, Terrapene ornata ornata Agassiz" by John M. Legler
Seemingly there is little difference between species in preference of nesting sites; a sandy substrate is probably preferred.
"North American Recent Soft-shelled Turtles (Family Trionychidae)" by Robert G. Webb
This steady state of growth is temporary and ceases when nutrient substrate or gas concentrations drop to limiting values.
"Significant Achievements in Space Bioscience 1958-1964" by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

In news:

How Does the Metal Substrate Affect the Choice of Adhesive.
The use of photopolymer letterpress plates allows dot reproduction on the tube substrate.
More than lipstick blotter, quicker picker upper, makeshift bib (gross) or bar fly's little black book, it's the art world's hippest new substrate.
Mobile-communications systems have inspired the increasing development of high-dielectricconstant (K) microwave substrates.
A New Substrate to Measure SPF.
A New Substrate to Measure SPF
Many commercial substrates are formulated with a startup nutrient charge.
Substrates created with compost have this feature built in.
Another alternative is to brand the substrates .
The ability of a surfactant to wet substrates rapidly is a key performance property in many applications.
When an effective wetting additive is present, adhesives will wet any contaminants and/or low-energy substrates, thus creating a strong, unimpeded bond.
Moisture compromised the effectiveness of water-based glue that once secured carpet tiles to a concrete substrate.
With adhesive coat weights typically ranging from 1–1.15 lb/ream, these adhesives offer good adhesion to a wide variety of substrates.
That being said, what if your customers want to explore a more integrated approach, offering the best of both electronic and ink-on-substrate worlds.
Understanding some of the key microwave substrate materials parameters can help when trying to weigh the cost and performance of various choices for different frequencies and applications.

In science:

The random variables ζ (s) are now attributed to the substrate.
Localization of a random heteropolymer onto a surface
In the case of wetting the condition ζ 6= 0 means that on average the interface interacts with the substrate.
Localization of a random heteropolymer onto a surface
In addition to providing an analytic framework for calculating topological properties of networks, such as typical path lengths or distributions of cluster sizes, random graphs form a useful substrate for studying the behaviour of phenomena that take place on networks.
Random graphs as models of networks
For pure water as the substrate, the last two terms in Eq. (1) vanish.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
We used the other measurements to gauge the throughput of the quartz substrate and the Lyot stop.
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
The character of a scale-free network as a substrate for random walks, thus, cannot be described as purely infinite-dimensional.
Random walk and trapping processes on scale-free networks
For this model the corresponding k-point correlations have recently been computed by Ferrari [9, Lemma 5.2], in the context of the polynuclear growth model from a flat substrate.
Correlation functions for random involutions
Polynuclear growth on a flat substrate and edge scaling GOE eigenvalues.
Correlation functions for random involutions
In this context, the model described above is known as the RSA model for hard spheres on a continuum substrate.
Gaussian limits for random measures in geometric probability
It is a growth model on a one-dimensional substrate.
One-dimensional stochastic growth and Gaussian ensembles of random matrices
Ferrari, Polynuclear growth on a flat substrate and edge scaling of GOE eigenvalues, Comm.
One-dimensional stochastic growth and Gaussian ensembles of random matrices
Sasamoto, Spatial correlations of the 1D KPZ surface on a flat substrate, J.
One-dimensional stochastic growth and Gaussian ensembles of random matrices
With these implantation and annealing conditions a substrate with a controlled carrier trapping time constant was produced.
Detecting the full polarisation state of terahertz transients
Ferrari, Polynuclear growth on a flat substrate and edge scaling of GOE eigenvalues, Commun.
Application of Random Matrix Theory to Multivariate Statistics
The links points from the substrate to the product.
Models and average properties of scale-free directed networks