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stroke

Definitions

  • And She Was Stroking his Hair 217
    And She Was Stroking his Hair 217
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v stroke treat gingerly or carefully "You have to stroke the boss"
    • v stroke strike a ball with a smooth blow
    • v stroke row at a particular rate
    • v stroke touch lightly and repeatedly, as with brushing motions "He stroked his long beard"
    • n stroke a light touch with the hands
    • n stroke a single complete movement
    • n stroke (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand "it took two strokes to get out of the bunker","a good shot requires good balance and tempo","he left me an almost impossible shot"
    • n stroke any one of the repeated movements of the limbs and body used for locomotion in swimming or rowing
    • n stroke a mark made on a surface by a pen, pencil, or paintbrush "she applied the paint in careful strokes"
    • n stroke a punctuation mark (/) used to separate related items of information
    • n stroke anything that happens suddenly or by chance without an apparent cause "winning the lottery was a happy accident","the pregnancy was a stroke of bad luck","it was due to an accident or fortuity"
    • n stroke the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
    • n stroke a light touch
    • n stroke the oarsman nearest the stern of the shell who sets the pace for the rest of the crew
    • n stroke (golf) the unit of scoring in golf is the act of hitting the ball with a club "Nicklaus won by three strokes"
    • n stroke a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

PLATE LIII. THE NIBLICK IN A BUNKER. TOP OF AN ORDINARY STROKE WHEN IT IS INTENDED TO TAKE MUCH SAND PLATE LIII. THE NIBLICK IN A BUNKER. TOP OF AN ORDINARY STROKE WHEN IT IS INTENDED TO TAKE MUCH SAND
Gently stroking her head as her mother used to do Gently stroking her head as her mother used to do

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A honey bee strokes its wings about 11,500 times a minute
    • Stroke A gentle, caressing touch or movement upon something; a stroking.
    • Stroke A mark or dash in writing or printing; a line; the touch of a pen or pencil; as, an up stroke; a firm stroke . "O, lasting as those colors may they shine,
      Free as thy stroke, yet faultless as thy line."
    • Stroke A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished; also, something done or accomplished by such an effort; as, a stroke of genius; a stroke of business; a master stroke of policy.
    • Stroke A sudden attack of disease; especially, a fatal attack; a severe disaster; any affliction or calamity, especially a sudden one; as, a stroke of apoplexy; the stroke of death. "At this one stroke the man looked dead in law."
    • Stroke A throb or beat, as of the heart.
    • Stroke Appetite. "The oars where silver,
      Which to the tune of flutes kept stroke ."
    • Stroke Hence, by extension, an addition or amandment to a written composition; a touch; as, to give some finishing strokes to an essay.
    • Stroke One of a series of beats or movements against a resisting medium, by means of which movement through or upon it is accomplished; as, the stroke of a bird's wing in flying, or an oar in rowing, of a skater, swimmer, etc.
    • Stroke Power; influence. "Where money beareth [hath] all the stroke .""He has a great stroke with the reader."
    • imp Stroke Struck.
    • Stroke The act of striking; a blow; a hit; a knock; esp., a violent or hostile attack made with the arm or hand, or with an instrument or weapon. "His hand fetcheth a stroke with the ax to cut down the tree.""A fool's lips enter into contention and his mouth calleth for strokes .""He entered and won the whole kingdom of Naples without striking a stroke ."
    • Stroke (Mach) The movement, in either direction, of the piston plunger, piston rod, crosshead, etc., as of a steam engine or a pump, in which these parts have a reciprocating motion; as, the forward stroke of a piston; also, the entire distance passed through, as by a piston, in such a movement; as, the piston is at half stroke .
    • Stroke (Rowing) The oar nearest the stern of a boat, by which the other oars are guided; -- called also stroke oar.
    • Stroke (Rowing) The rate of succession of stroke; as, a quick stroke .
    • Stroke The result of effect of a striking; injury or affliction; soreness. "In the day that Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound."
    • Stroke (Rowing) The rower who pulls the stroke oar; the strokesman.
    • Stroke The striking of the clock to tell the hour. "Well, but what's o'clock?
      - Upon the stroke of ten. -- Well, let is strike."
    • Stroke (Masonry) To give a finely fluted surface to.
    • Stroke To make smooth by rubbing.
    • Stroke To rib gently in one direction; especially, to pass the hand gently over by way of expressing kindness or tenderness; to caress; to soothe. "He dried the falling drops, and, yet more kind,
      He stroked her cheeks."
    • Stroke To row the stroke oar of; as, to stroke a boat.
    • Stroke To strike. "Ye mote with the plat sword again Stroken him in the wound, and it will close."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Touching and stroking a plant will aid in it growing healthy
    • n stroke A sweeping movement of a sustained object; the moving of something held or supported through a limited course; in mech., one of a series of alternating continuous movements of something back and forth over or through the same line: as, the strokes of an oar; a stroke of a pen in writing; the strokes of a file, a saw, a piston-rod, or a pump-handle; the length of stroke of a pendulum.
    • n stroke In rowing, specifically— The manner or style of moving the oars or making strokes; the handling of the oars: as, to set the stroke for the race; the stroke was very rapid or exhausting.
    • n stroke The guiding-stroke: as, to pull stroke in a race.
    • n stroke The rower who sets the stroke; the stroke-oar or strokesman.
    • n stroke A line or mark impressed by or as if by a sweeping movement; hence, a part of an impression of any kind appearing as if so made: as, the hair-strokes, curved strokes, or up-and-down strokes of a letter; fine or coarse strokes in an engraving. See cut under type.
    • n stroke A throb; a pulsation; a beat.
    • n stroke In musical instruments with a keyboard, the range of motion of a key.
    • n stroke A striking of one body or mass upon another; a sudden impact of an object moved or hurled through space; a blow or concussion, especially one administered or effected by design or in some definite manner: as, a stroke of the fist or of a sword; the strokes of a hammer; the stroke of a bat, a cue, or a mallet against a ball (in various games).
    • n stroke A sudden or special effect produced upon an object as if by a striking movement; a result or consequence of the action of some rapidly working or efficient agency or cause: as, a stroke of lightning; a stroke of paralysis (for which the word stroke is often used absolutely, both colloquially and by physicians): the stroke of fate or of death: used in the Bible especially of a divine chastisement or judgment.
    • n stroke A sound of striking; a resonant concussion; a giving out of sounds by striking: as, the strokes of a bell or a hammer; the clock is on (that is, on the point of giving out) the stroke of twelve.
    • n stroke An effective movement, action, or expression; an energetic touch, effort, or exertion; a piece or course of activity: as, a good stroke of business; he will not do a stroke of work; a bold stroke for liberty.
    • n stroke A trait; a feature; a characteristic.
    • n stroke A feat; a thing successfully done; a coup.
    • n stroke Capacity for doing anything; effective ability; skill in action or manipulation.
    • n stroke Moving or controlling power; influence; sway; ascendancy; standing; importance.
    • stroke To act as stroke or strokesman to; handle the stroke-oar for or of.
    • stroke To pass the hands or an instrument over (something) lightly or with little pressure; rub, or rub down, with a gentle movement in a single direction: an action often performed for soothing or caressing a person or an animal, also for smoothing or polishing an object, etc., and sometimes as a curative process.
    • stroke Hence, figuratively, to soothe; flatter; pacify; encourage.
    • stroke To affect in some way by a rubbing action.
    • stroke In masonry, to work the face of (a stone) in such a manner as to produce a sort of fluted surface.
    • n stroke An act of stroking; a stroking caress.
    • n stroke An obsolete form of the preterit of strike.
    • n stroke In golf, any movement of the ball caused by the player, except as provided for in the rule, or any downward movement of the club made with the intention of striking the ball.
    • n stroke In function-theory, a directed sect in an assigned plane. Two strokes are equal when they are of equal lengths and drawn along parallel lines in the same sense.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: People that suffer from gum disease are twice as likely to have a stroke or heart attack
    • n Stroke strōk a blow: a sudden attack: calamity: the sound of a clock: a dash in writing: the sweep of an oar in rowing, the aftmost oar of a boat: the movement of the piston of a steam-engine: the touch of a pen or pencil: any characteristic feature: an effective action, a feat, a masterly effort: a mental act, the action of any faculty of the mind
    • v.t., v.i Stroke to act as stroke for, to row the stroke-oar of a boat
    • v.t Stroke strōk to rub gently in one direction: to rub gently in kindness
    • pa.p Stroke strōk obsolete of strike.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Francis Bacon
    Francis%20Bacon
    “I do not believe that any man fears to be dead, but only the stroke of death.”
  • William James
    William%20James
    “We forget that every good that is worth possessing must be paid for in strokes of daily effort. We postpone and postpone, until those smiling possibilities are dead.”
  • Joe Laurie Jr.
    Joe Laurie Jr.
    “Magellan went around the world in 1521, which is not too many strokes when you consider the distance.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “There are no days in life so memorable as those which vibrate to some stroke of the imagination.”
  • John Lyly
    John Lyly
    “Many strokes overthrow the tallest oaks.”
  • Adlai E. Stevenson
    Adlai%20E.%20Stevenson
    “The Republicans stroke platitudes until they purr like epigrams.”

Idioms

Broad strokes - If something is described or defined with broad stokes, then only an outline is given, without fine details.
***
Different strokes for different folks - (USA) This idiom means that different people do things in different ways that suit them.
***
In one stroke - If something happens in one stroke, it happens immediately.(In a stroke, at a stroke and at one stroke are also used.)
***
Little strokes fell great oaks - Meaning: even though something may seem impossible, if you break it up into small parts and take one step at a time, you will succeed.
***
On the stroke - If you arrive somewhere on the stroke of 2 o'clock, you arrive at exactly that time.(At the stroke is also used.)
***
Stroke of luck - When something fortunate happens unexpectedly, it is a stroke of luck.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. stroken, straken, AS. strācian, fr. strīcan, to go over, pass. See Strike (v. t.), and cf. Straggle

Usage

In literature:

Each pulled a long but quick stroke.
"The Young Oarsmen of Lakeview" by Ralph Bonehill
But he would "do," it was in the air: some stroke of luck, who could tell?
"The Bill-Toppers" by Andre Castaigne
The academy bell struck ten long, lingering strokes.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
Why had Stroke set so wretchedly slow a stroke that defeat was certain?
"Two Daring Young Patriots" by W. P. Shervill
It was Mabel who untied the string and soothed his terrors with strokings and tender love-words.
"The Magic World" by Edith Nesbit
A few more strokes of the paddle, and the pirogue shot out into the bright sunlight.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
So I advise every golfer to get hold of the game stroke by stroke, and never be too ambitious at the commencement.
"The Complete Golfer [1905]" by Harry Vardon
He took one tremendous splashing stroke, and, as he did so, he felt a strange, sharp pain in his right arm.
"The End of the Rainbow" by Marian Keith
That was a stroke of Providence, shall we say?
"Christopher Hibbault, Roadmaker" by Marguerite Bryant
Noiselessly, savagely determined, Nibet lifted his arm for a murderous stroke.
"Messengers of Evil" by Pierre Souvestre
Every stroke had meant to their minds, then, just so much of their journey accomplished.
"The Rival Campers Ashore" by Ruel Perley Smith
In a moment he had filled a sheet of parchment with the short, unadorned black strokes of a chancery hand.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
It was certainly a good stroke of business.
"Red Men and White" by Owen Wister
Redbird wriggled closer to him, her hand stroking his chest as his stroked hers.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Be in the barracks on the stroke of the hour.
"A Nest of Spies" by Pierre Souvestre
The "stroke" of a steam-engine depends upon the length of the cylinder; really, the stroke is the distance travelled by the piston.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
Rick went to the bottom and began the long swim, counting his leg strokes.
"The Flying Stingaree" by Harold Leland Goodwin
He was keeping stroke with Chutney's paddle, sharing with him the outlook ahead.
"Guy in the Jungle" by William Murray Graydon
He looked about him in terror, for the people must have heard me; the strokes of their axes ceased.
"A Struggle for Rome, Vol. 2 (of 3)" by Felix Dahn
Cethegus dismounted and stroked the neck of his noble charger.
"A Struggle for Rome, v. 3" by Felix Dahn
***

In poetry:

"And, Scotland, thou may'st veil thy head
In sorrow and in pain;
The sorest stroke upon thy brow
Hath fallen this day in Spain!
"The Heart Of The Bruce" by William Edmondstoune Aytoun
"Through all my ways of being; like the stroke
Wherewith God threw all men upon the face
When he took Enoch, and when Enoch woke
With a changed body in the happy place.
"King Arthur's Tomb" by William Morris
Ever since ending of the summer weather.
When last the thunder and the lightning broke,
Shatt'ring themselves upon it at one stroke,
The Silence has not stirred, there in the heather.
"The Silence" by Emile Verhaeren
I keep my eyes upon the clock;
It nears the stroke of eight.
I think how bravely Bill will walk
To meet his gallows fate . . .
His loaded gun is in the tent,—
I know now what he meant.
"Gypsy Jill" by Robert W Service
The dreams of boyhood's hours awoke,
That long had silent slept;
Old memories their fetters broke,
And o'er his spirit swept,
He bowed beneath grim sorrow's stroke--
He bowed his head and wept.
"The Soldier's Brother--A Ballad" by Peter John Allan
She, ending, waved her hands: thereat the crowd
Muttering, dissolved: then with a smile, that looked
A stroke of cruel sunshine on the cliff,
When all the glens are drowned in azure gloom
Of thunder-shower, she floated to us and said:
"The Princess (part 4)" by Alfred Lord Tennyson

In news:

They are available in stroke ranges from 1.8 to 4.2 in.
Besides causing tooth loss and bad breath, it has recently been shown to be a possible risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
Designing a compactor to work on extension and return strokes doubles its throughput while using the same amount of energy.
Draw Stroke With Ken Whiting video.
Foundation for Neuroscience, Stroke and Recovery hosts fundraiser for healing musical programs.
Miyazaki, Japan – Luke Donald carded a 3-under 68 on Sunday and that helped him win the Dunlop Phoenix by five strokes.
Luke Donald managed an even-par 71 on Saturday and remained four strokes clear of the field after three rounds of the Dunlop Phoenix.
Luke Donald shot a 7-under 64 to take a four-stroke lead after the second round of the Dunlop Phoenix on Friday.
Luke Donald fired a 7-under 64 on Friday to take a 4-stroke lead after 36 holes of the Dunlop Phoenix.
Despite the prevalence of epilepsy among stroke sufferers, researchers have had little idea why the two are connected.
New study says stroke risk is less when women stop taking estrogen .
Walt Gonske Brush Strokes of Life.
It was a spin-off from "Different Strokes".
A YEAR ago, the idea of selling furniture on the Internet seemed a stroke of genius.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a dangerous condition associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart disease, and kidney failure.
***

In science:

Of particular note is the persistence of the association of sunscreen use with lower risk of MI and stroke even after adjustment for confounders.
Statistical adjustment for a measure of healthy lifestyle doesn't yield the truth about hormone therapy
It is highly unlikely that sunscreen use prevents MI or stroke.
Statistical adjustment for a measure of healthy lifestyle doesn't yield the truth about hormone therapy
These kinds of solutions are limited to a maximum stroke of a few microns ≈ 5µm), that implies the necessity to correct the tip-tilt error with a separate mirror.
Calibration of force actuators on an adaptive secondary prototype
As there is no contact between the two components, this wavefront corrector has less limits in stroke with respect to the previous techniques, and allows to include in a unique entity both the tip-tilt and high oders correctors.
Calibration of force actuators on an adaptive secondary prototype
When a new stroke is produced, the measured angle is again close to zero giving rise to a peak around zero.
The random walk of a low-Reynolds-number swimmer
This is a reasonable estimate considering that flagella are not exactly perpendicular and parallel to the flow during power and recovery strokes.
The random walk of a low-Reynolds-number swimmer
Let’s now assume that a power stroke (respectively a recovery stroke) results from the friction length ξ⊥ (resp. ξ(cid:107) ) of the flagella moving perpendicular (resp. parallel) to its long axis.
The random walk of a low-Reynolds-number swimmer
The essence of the matter can be captured in a few strokes.
Origins of Mass
These problems can be solved at one stroke in the framework of inflationary cosmology [37, 38].
Models of universe with a polytropic equation of state: I. The early universe
Analogous pictorial feature definitions can be found in, where authors use curvature extremes and sign changes in order to define strokes, corners, endpoints and junctions.
Optimization in Differentiable Manifolds in Order to Determine the Method of Construction of Prehistoric Wall-Paintings
Treadmill exercise activates subcortical neural networks and improves walking after stroke: A randomized controlled trial. Stroke.
Effect of rhythmic auditory cueing on gait stability during treadmill walking: an experimental study in healthy individuals
One of the most important predictors of clinical success in stroke is time to treatment.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Davis S., Lees K. and Donnan G. (2006) Treating the acute stroke patient as an emergency: current practices and future opportunities.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Fisher M. (1997) Characterizing the target of acute stroke therapy.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Marchal G., Beaudouin V., Rioux P., de l. S., V, Le D. F., Viader F., Derlon J. M. and Baron J. C. (1996) Prolonged persistence of substantial volumes of potentially viable brain tissue after stroke: a correlative PETCT study with voxel-based data analysis.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
***