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stone

Definitions

  • Stone-cutters Finishing the Dressing of Limestone Blocks
    Stone-cutters Finishing the Dressing of Limestone Blocks
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj stone of any of various dull tannish or grey colors
    • v stone remove the pits from "pit plums and cherries"
    • v stone kill by throwing stones at "People wanted to stone the woman who had a child out of wedlock"
    • n stone building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose "he wanted a special stone to mark the site"
    • n stone a lack of feeling or expression or movement "he must have a heart of stone","her face was as hard as stone"
    • n stone a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter "he threw a rock at me"
    • n Stone United States architect (1902-1978)
    • n Stone United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872-1946)
    • n Stone United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)
    • n Stone United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)
    • n Stone United States filmmaker (born in 1946)
    • n Stone United States jurist who was named chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1872-1946)
    • n stone the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
    • n stone an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds "a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone"
    • n stone material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust "that mountain is solid rock","stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"
    • n stone a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry "he had the gem set in a ring for his wife","she had jewels made of all the rarest stones"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Stone Set Brooches Stone Set Brooches
BROOCHES INSET WITH STONE BROOCHES INSET WITH STONE
STONE COFFIN STONE COFFIN
STONE COFFIN WITH OPEN SIDE STONE COFFIN WITH OPEN SIDE
Forty feet underground in an old stone quarry Forty feet underground in an old stone quarry
Boundary-Stone in the Louvre Boundary-Stone in the Louvre
A kitten touches its front paws to the paws of a stone lion A kitten touches its front paws to the paws of a stone lion
STONE BODY WITH BRICK MEMBERS STONE BODY WITH BRICK MEMBERS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Average age of top GM executives in 1994: 49.8 years. Average age ofthe Rolling Stones: 50.6.
    • Stone (Med) A calculous concretion, especially one in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
    • Stone A monument to the dead; a gravestone.
    • Stone A precious stone; a gem. "Many a rich stone .""Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels."
    • Stone (Print) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also imposing stone.
    • Stone A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice varies with the article weighed.
    • Stone Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones. "Dumb as a stone .""They had brick for stone, and slime . . . for mortar."
    • Stone Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness; insensibility; as, a heart of stone . "I have not yet forgot myself to stone ."
    • Stone One of the testes; a testicle.
    • Stone Something made of stone. Specifically: -
    • Stone The glass of a mirror; a mirror.
    • Stone (Bot) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a cherry or peach. See Illust. of Endocarp.
    • Stone To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins.
    • Stone To make like stone; to harden. "O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart."
    • Stone To pelt, beat, or kill with stones. "And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit."
    • Stone To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.
    • Stone To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with stones; as, to stone a well; to stone a cellar.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: It is unlawful for small boys to throw stones, at any time, at any place in the District of Columbia.
    • n stone A piece of rock of small or moderate size. The name rock is given to the aggregation of mineral matter of which the earth's crust is made up. A small piece or fragment of this rock is generally called a stone, and to this a qualifying term is frequently added: as, cobble-stone or gravel-stone. See rock.
    • n stone The hard material of which rock consists: in contradistinction to metal, wood, etc.
    • n stone A piece of rock of a determined size, shape, or quality, or used for a defined purpose: as, a grindstone; a hearthstone; an altar-stone. Specifically— A gun-flint.
    • n stone A gravestone; a monument or memorial tablet.
    • n stone A millstone.
    • n stone Iu printing, an imposing-stone.
    • n stone In glass manufacturing, a fiattening-stone.
    • n stone A precious stone; a gem. See precious.
    • n stone A small, hard, rounded object resembling a stone or pebble: as, a hail-stone; a gall-stone; an ear-stone. Specifically— A calculous concretion in the kidney or urinary bladder or gall-bladder, etc.; hence, the disease arising from a calculus.
    • n stone The glass of a mirror; a mirror of crystal.
    • n stone A common measure of weight in use throughout the northwest and central countries of Europe, but varying much in different countries. The English imperial standard stone is 14 pounds avoirdupois, and is commonly used in England in giving the weight of a man, but other values are in common use, varying with the article weighed: thus, the stone of butchers' meat or fish is 8 pounds, of cheese 16 pounds, of glass 5 pounds, of alum 13½ pounds, of hemp usually 32 pounds, though a statute of George II. made it 16 pounds, and one of Henry VIII. 20 pounds; of lead 12 pounds, though the statute de ponderibus makes it 15 pounds of 25 “shillings” each, equal to 14½ pounds avoirdupois. There were in the early part of the nineteenth century many local stones in use in England, but in the United States this unit is unknown. The stone of 14 pounds is not recognized in the statute de ponderibus, and first appears as a weight for wool. The old arithmetics call 14 pounds half a quarter, and either do not mention the stone, or define it as 8 pounds. The only legal stone in Great Britain now is that of 14 pounds.
    • n stone Synonyms and
    • n stone See rock.
    • stone Made of stone: as, a stone house; a stone wall.
    • stone Made of stoneware: as, a stone jar; a stone mug.
    • stone To throw stones at; pelt with stones.
    • stone To make like stone; harden.
    • stone To free from stones, as fruit.
    • stone To provide or fit with stones, as by lining, walling, or facing: as, to stone a well or a road.
    • stone In leather manufacturing, to work (the leather) with a stock-stone to reduce it to uniform thickness, stretch it, and make it smooth-grained.
    • n stone An imitation atone made up of red, yellow, blue, and green glass in small particles, which is cut in brilliant form and extensively sold by Armenian and Syrian dealers.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Officially, the term "boulder" is applied only to stones larger than 10 inches in diameter.
    • n Stone stōn a hard mass of earthy or mineral matter, the hard material of which rock consists: a piece of rock of a certain size or form, or for a particular purpose, as grindstone, millstone, &c.: a precious stone or gem, a crystal mirror: a tombstone: a concretion formed in the bladder: a hard shell containing the seed of some fruits: a standard weight of 14 lb. avoirdupois (other stones occur, as that of 24 lb. for wool, 22 lb. for hay, 16 lb. for cheese, &c.): torpor and insensibility
    • adj Stone made of stone, or of stoneware
    • v.t Stone to pelt with stones: to free from stones: to wall with stones
    • ***

Quotations

  • Dante Alighieri
    Dante%20Alighieri
    “I wept not, so to stone within I grew.”
  • Jules Favre
    Jules Favre
    “Not an inch of our territory not a stone of our fortress.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Gifts make their way through stone walls.”
  • Antoine De Saint-Exupery
    Antoine%20De%20Saint-Exupery
    “We say nothing essential about the cathedral when we speak of its stones. We say nothing essential about Man when we seek to define him by the qualities of men.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Language is a city to the building of which every human being brought a stone.”
  • Ursula K. Le Guin
    Ursula%20K.%20Le%20Guin
    “Love does not just sit there, like a stone; it had to be made, like bread, remade all the time, made new.”

Idioms

A rolling stone gathers no moss - People say this to mean that an ambitious person is more successful than a person not trying to achieve anything. Originally it meant the opposite and was critical of people trying to get ahead.
***
As cold as stone - If something is as cold as stone, it is very cold. If a person is as cold as stone, they are unemotional.
***
Blood out of a stone - If something is like getting blood out of a stone, it is very difficult indeed.
***
Etched in stone - Something, especially rules and customs, that cannot be changed at all is said to be etched in stone.
***
Kill two birds with one stone - When you kill two birds with one stone, you resolve two difficulties or matters with a single action.
***
Leave no stone unturned - If you look everywhere to find something, or try everything to achieve something, you leave no stone unturned.
***
People who live in glass houses should not throw stones - People should not criticize other people for faults that they have themselves.
***
Set in stone - If something is set in stone, it cannot be changed or altered.
***
Sticks and stones may break my bones, but names will never hurt me - To be resistant to criticism. This is often said to young children upset over the fact that another child called them something that they did not like.
***
Stone dead - This idiom is a way of emphasizing that there were absolutely no signs of life or movement.
***
Stone deaf - Someone who is stone deaf is completely deaf.
***
Stone's throw - If a place is a stone's throw from where you are, it is a very short distance away.
***
Written in stone - If something is written in stone, it is permanent and cannot be changed.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. ston, stan, AS. stān,; akin to OS. & OFries. stēn, D. steen, G. stein, Icel. steinn, Sw. sten, Dan. steen, Goth. stains, Russ. stiena, a wall, Gr.,, a pebble. √167. Cf. Steen

Usage

In literature:

Another curiosity is the so-called Devil's Stone, or Treasure Stone.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
Yet not a stone, because he wouldn't wrap a dirty stone in his nice clean cloth.
"The Lilac Fairy Book" by Andrew Lang
The immutability of the huge mound of stone was a prophecy.
"Heart of the Blue Ridge" by Waldron Baily
Earth, hills and stones, all fell down from the sky, and thus the earth was made.
"Eskimo Folktales" by Unknown
The steel tomahawks that the pale eyes traded for furs could shatter a stone-headed Sauk tomahawk into fragments.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Below the spot where he sat, the stones ran down into a gulf obscured by rolling mist.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
At 12.30 a foam of white faces broke over the roofs of the lofty buildings around, protected by stone balustrades.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
Tying a huge stone to my body.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Stone, Lucinda Hinsdale, on Dr. Stone's early belief in wom.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
There you will find a yellow stone, and I will be by that yellow stone.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
He put the one stone safely back in his watch-pocket.
"The Wealth of Echindul" by Noel Miller Loomis
When you go, lock the door and put the key under the flat stone out by the step.
"Old Crow" by Alice Brown
Hands, gentle human hands, groped on him, felt the blanket, felt his bare feet, and his head, pillowed on stones.
"Cudjo's Cave" by J. T. Trowbridge
One hundred and twenty thousand tons of stone went to its formation.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
The stone is four miles beyond Upernavik.
"The Story of Extinct Civilizations of the West" by Robert E. Anderson
The shop had thick stone walls.
"The Price of the Prairie" by Margaret Hill McCarter
The mob of panting men poured over the stones.
"Last Words" by Stephen Crane
Upon this bed spread a layer of five or six inches of broken stone, which stone should be free from any earthy mixture.
"The Future of Road-making in America" by Archer Butler Hulbert
The corridors were paved with stone, the ceilings were lofty.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
Shortly after his home-coming his mother died and his father became stone-blind.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
***

In poetry:

"Here dwell in safety,
Here dwell alone,
With a clear stream
And a mossy stone.
"Spring Quiet" by Christina Georgina Rossetti
'TWAS a little man in green,
And he sat upon a stone;
And he sat there all alone,
Whispering.
"The Little Man In Green" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
My life’s burden’s for me light and shone,
I won’t you to be baffled or wound;
And not God, who had thought on a stone –
I do pity the stone he’s found.
""My Life's Burden..."" by Innokentii Fedorovich Annensky
But there stretches between us an uncrossable line.
In vain my feelings I tried to awaken.
The lips that brought the news were made of stone,
And I listened like a stone, unshaken.
"Under The Blue Skies..." by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
It is not they are old, but stone by stone
Into another lifetime they have grown,
The life of memories an old man has:
They dream upon what things have come to pass,
And know that stones grow friendly with the grass.
"At Cashel" by Padraic Colum
A cart that went creaking along the road,
And another cart that kept coming a-near;
A man breaking stones; for bits of the day
One stroke and another would come to you clear,
And then no more from that stone-breaker.
"Dublin Roads" by Padraic Colum

In news:

Making memories at the Thunder Rocks, Picnic on top of Stone Tower and a memorable day at Alleghany State Park.
He tells paper he had been suffering since he stoned two canines to death.
Ronnie Wood To Auction Off Rolling Stones Memorabilia.
Stoned wallabies blamed for crop circles in Australia.
It's not as if Demi Moore or Sharon Stone were about to turn up on the balance beam .
The group will perform at 8:45 am worship at St John Lutheran Church, 117 Stone St, then at the 10:30 am service at St Paul Lutheran Church, 541 Church Road.
When the Stones start recording, a tour isn't far off.
Two hundred years of tradition cling to the stone fortresses that make up the United States Military Academy here.
Zac Efron and Emma Stone.
Mick Jagger, Keith Richards Producers: The Glimmer Twins Released: June '78, Rolling Stones 13 weeks.
8 By 1978, the Stones were in turm.
Big Ben is bedrock of 'Rosetta Stone' attack.
0 A variety of beers at the Stone Brewing World Bistro & Gardens in Escondido.
Fire Stone Home Products has introduced its French Colonial Lantern, adding an elegant look to the Fire Stone Outdoor GreatRoom.
This bracelet has a yellow stone at center, but there are multiple stone colors available.
***

In science:

Step 2t() is the key stone for a topology with two t–channel propagators.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
Let βX be the Stone- ˇCech compactification of (X, T ).
On Cebotarev sets
The Stone-von Neumann theorem tells one that up to equivalence this representation is unique and implies that linear symplectic transformations act (pro jectively) on H.
Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory: A Sketch
Hence the Wallman compact extension of M (which may be identified with Φ(B ) according to definitions) is homeomorphic to its Stone- ˇCech compactification.
Classification of Banach Spaces --its Topological and Cardinality Properties
Thus, the Stone- ˇCech compactification βΦ(B ) contains the Stone- ˇCech compactification of naturals βN and is of cardinality 2c because of card βN = 2c .
Classification of Banach Spaces --its Topological and Cardinality Properties
The topological spaces hΦ(B ), T i, hf (B ), Tf i and hξ (B ), Tξ i may be regarded as corresponding compactifications of M. E.g., hΦ(B ), T i is just the Stone- ˇCech compactification of hM, T |M i .
Classification of Banach Spaces --its Topological and Cardinality Properties
It is well-known that e−i−1 tHψ gives a solution of (W) by Stone’s theorem.
An extension of the method of characteristic to a system of Partial Differential Operators-- an application to the Weyl equation with external field by "Super Hamiltonian path-integral method"
Stone, Infinitely divisible processes and their potential theory (First Part), Ann.
Degrees of transience and recurrence and hierarchical random walks
Stone, Applications of the theory of Boolean rings to general topology, Trans.
On positive maps, entanglement and quantization
Kochen, S. and Stone, C. (1964). A note on the Borel-Cantelli Lemma.
Random Walks in Varying Dimensions
Since K is a compact metric space (as noted in Section 2), this fact will follow by the Stone-Weierstrass theorem, if we verify that L separates points in K.
A Thinning Analogue of de Finetti's Theorem
Since L separates points by itself, it is clear that the algebra generated by L satisfies the hypotheses of the Stone-Weierstrass theorem.
A Thinning Analogue of de Finetti's Theorem
Then the conjecture would follow, the Stone-Weierstrass theorem.
The spectrum of a random geometric graph is concentrated
For Heisenberg groups, there are Stone-Von Neumann Theorem and Weil’s acta paper.
Mackey Theory for $p$-adic Lie groups
This is a direct consequence of Stone-Weierstrass theorem.
Zeta functions and Dynamical Systems
***