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square

Definitions

  • Using a Try-Square as a Guide in Boring
    Using a Try-Square as a Guide in Boring
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj square rigidly conventional or old-fashioned
    • adj square without evasion or compromise "a square contradiction","he is not being as straightforward as it appears"
    • adj square leaving no balance "my account with you is now all square"
    • adj square having four equal sides and four right angles or forming a right angle "a square peg in a round hole","a square corner"
    • adj square characterized by honesty and fairness "straight dealing","a square deal"
    • adj square providing abundant nourishment "a hearty meal","good solid food","ate a substantial breakfast","four square meals a day"
    • adv square firmly and solidly "hit the ball squarely","the bat met the ball squarely","planted his great bulk square before his enemy"
    • adv square in a square shape "a squarely cut piece of paper","folded the sheet of paper square"
    • adv square in a straight direct way "looked him squarely in the eye","ran square into me"
    • v square make square "Square the circle","square the wood with a file"
    • v square raise to the second power
    • v square turn the oar, while rowing
    • v square turn the paddle; in canoeing
    • v square position so as to be square "He squared his shoulders"
    • v square pay someone and settle a debt "I squared with him"
    • v square be compatible with "one idea squares with another"
    • v square cause to match, as of ideas or acts
    • n square a hand tool consisting of two straight arms at right angles; used to construct or test right angles "the carpenter who built this room must have lost his square"
    • n square any artifact having a shape similar to a plane geometric figure with four equal sides and four right angles "a checkerboard has 64 squares"
    • n square an open area at the meeting of two or more streets
    • n square a formal and conservative person with old-fashioned views
    • n square someone who doesn't understand what is going on
    • n square the product of two equal terms "nine is the second power of three","gravity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance"
    • n square (geometry) a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles; a four-sided regular polygon "you can compute the area of a square if you know the length of its sides"
    • n square something approximating the shape of a square
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Face of Steel Square, Octagon, 'Eight-Square,' Scale Face of Steel Square, Octagon, 'Eight-Square,' Scale
Steel Square with Rafter Table Steel Square with Rafter Table
Try-Square. Miter-Square. Sliding-T Try-Square. Miter-Square. Sliding-T
Using the Try-Square Using the Try-Square
Scribing with Knife by Try-Square Scribing with Knife by Try-Square
63 Square thrust 63 Square thrust
SCENE.-A LONELY SQUARE SCENE.-A LONELY SQUARE
Old Market Square, Upper Town Old Market Square, Upper Town

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Every square inch of the human body has an average of 32 million bacteria on it.
    • Square (Mil) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. "The brave squares of war."
    • Square A certain number of lines, forming a portion of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers.
    • Square A pane of glass.
    • Square (Geom) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles.
    • Square A square piece or fragment.
    • Square An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets. "The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large square of the town."
    • Square (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.
    • Square (Naut) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.
    • Square Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the accounts square .
    • Square Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule. "They of Galatia [were] much more out of square .""I have not kept my square ."
    • Square Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just. "She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to her."
    • Square Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level. "We live not on the square with such as these."
    • Square Forming a right angle; as, a square corner.
    • Square Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a square frame.
    • Square (Geom) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a square figure.
    • Square Hence, a pattern or rule.
    • Square Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so
    • Square Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous. "By Heaven, square eaters.
      More meat, I say."
    • Square One hundred superficial feet.
    • Square Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, square dealing.
    • Square The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel.
    • Square (Geom) The corner, or angle, of a figure.
    • Square The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered.
    • Square (Astrol) The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate.
    • Square (Arith. & Alg) The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8 × 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a2 + 2ab + b2 .
    • Square To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to conform or agree; to suit; to fit. "No works shall find acceptance . . .
      That square not truly with the Scripture plan."
    • Square To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to square our actions by the opinions of others. "Square my trial
      To my proportioned strength."
    • Square To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard.
    • Square To form with four equal sides and four right angles.
    • Square To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat surfaces; as, to square masons' work.
    • Square To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. "Are you such fools
      To square for this?"
    • Square (Astrol) To hold a quartile position respecting. "The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales."
    • Square To make even, so as to leave no remainder or difference; to balance; as, to square accounts.
    • Square (Math) To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a quantity.
    • Square (Naut) To place at right angles with the keel; as, to square the yards.
    • Square To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes with off.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Sudan is the largest country in Africa. It covers about 967,500 square miles of the continent.
    • n square In geometry, a four-sided plane rectilineal figure, having all its sides equal, and all its angles right angles.
    • n square A figure or object which nearly approaches this shape; a square piece or part, or a square surface: as, a square of glass.
    • n square Specifically— In printing, a certain number of lines forming a part of a column nearly square: used chiefly in reckoning the prices of newspaper advertisements.
    • n square A square piece of linen, cloth, or silk, usually decorated with embroidery, fringe, or lace: as, a table-square.
    • n square A quadrilateral area, rectangular or nearly so, with buildings, or sites for buildings, on every side; also, an open space formed by the intersection of streets; hence, such an area planted with trees, shrubs, or grass, and open to the public for recreation or diversion; a public park among buildings; a common; a green: as, Union Square in New York; Lafayette Square in Washington; Trafalgar Square in London.
    • n square An area bounded by four streets; a block: as, the house is four or five squares further up-town.
    • n square An instrument used by artificers, draftsmen, and others for trying or describing right angles. It consists of two rules or branches fastened perpendicularly at one end of their extremities so as to form a right angle. Sometimes one of the branches is pivoted, so as to admit of measuring other than right angles. When one rule is joined to the other in the middle in the form of a T, it is called a T-square.
    • n square Hence A true measure, standard, or pattern.
    • n square In arithmetic and algebra, the number or quantity derived from another (of which it is said to be the square) by multiplying that other by itself: thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8 × 8 = 64; xor x × x is the square of x.
    • n square Rule; regularity; exact proportion; hence, integrity of conduct; honest dealing. See phrases on the square, out of square, etc.
    • n square A body of troops drawn up in quadrilateral form. The formation used in the sixteenth century and afterward was a nearly solid body of pikemen, to which the harquebusiers, crossbowmen, etc., formed an accessory, as by being posted on the flanks, etc. In Shakspere's time troops drawn up in battle array were primarily in squares. At the present time the square is a hollow formation, composed of four fronts, each from two to five ranks deep, having the officers, colors, etc., in the center. This formation is used to repel cavalry, or to resist any superior force which outflanks or surrounds the body of troops. See hollow square, below.
    • n square A name given to various squared projections or shanks to which other parts of machines may be fitted.
    • n square Level; equality: generally with the. See on the square, below.
    • n square In astrology, quartile; the position of planets distant 90 degrees from each other. See aspect, 7.
    • n square Opposition; enmity; quarrel, See square, intransitive verb, 2.
    • n square A part of a woman's dress The yoke of a chemise or gown: so called because often cut square or angular.
    • n square A square opening in the upper part of the front of a bodice, or other garment covering the throat and neck. It is usually filled in with another material, except for evening dress.
    • n square A puzzle or device consisting of a series of words so selected that when arranged in a square they may be read alike across and downward. Also called word-square.
    • n square In bookbinding, the parts of the cover of a bound book that project beyond the edge of the leaves.
    • n square The square end of the arbor designed to receive the winding-key of a watch, or the similar part by which the hands of the watch are set.
    • n square In flooring, roofing, and other branches of mechanical art, an area 10 feet square; 100 square feet.
    • n square In heraldry, a bearing representing a carpenters' square. (See def. 5.) It is represented with or without the scale.
    • n square In organ-building, a thin piece of wood, in or nearly in the shape of a right-angled triangle, pivoted at the right or largest angle and connected with trackers at the other angles. It serves to change the direction of the tracker-action from vertical to horizontal, or vice versa.
    • n square On an equality; on equal terms.
    • n square Honest; just; fairly; honestly.
    • n square Out of order; out of the way; irregular; incorrect or incorrectly.
    • square Having four equal sides and four right angles; quadrate; rectangular and equilateral; as, a square room; a square figure.
    • square Forming a right angle; having some part rectangular: as, a table with square corners.
    • square Cut off at right angles, as any body or figure with parallel sides: as, a square apse or transept; a square (square-headed) window.
    • square Having a shape broad as compared with the height, with rectilinear and angular rather than curved outlines: as, a man of square frame.
    • square Accurately adjusted as by a square; true; just; fitting; proper.
    • square Hence Equitable; just; fair; unimpeachable.
    • square Even; leaving no balance: as, to make the accounts square; to be square with the world.
    • square Absolute; positive; unequivocal: as, a square refusal; a square contradiction; a square issue.
    • square Leaving nothing; thorough-going; hearty.
    • square Hence Solid; substantial; satisfying.
    • square Nautical, noting a vessel's yards when they are horizontal and athwartships, or at right angles to the keel.
    • square A man who is fair-dealing, straightforward, and trustworthy.
    • square To make square; form with four equal sides and four right angles: as, to square a block; specifically (military), to form into a square.
    • square To shape by reducing accurately to right angles and straight lines.
    • square To reduce to any given measure or standard; mold; adjust; regulate; accommodate; fit.
    • square In astrology, to hold a quartile position in relation to.
    • square To balance; counterbalance; make even, so as to leave no difference or balance; settle: as, to square accounts.
    • square To make angular; bring to an angular position.
    • square In mathematics, to multiply (a number or quantity) by itself.
    • square To form into a polygon: a loose use of the word.
    • square To make “square” or “all right”; “fix”—that is, to make a corrupt bargain with; bribe; suborn: as, to square a subordinate before attempting a fraud.
    • square To find the equivalent of in square measure; also, to describe a square equivalent to.
    • square To accord; agree; fit: as, his opinions do not square with mine.
    • square To quarrel; wrangle; take opposing sides.
    • square To take the attitude of a boxer; prepare to spar: usually with a qualifying adverb: as, to square up; to square off.
    • square To strut; swagger.
    • square Squarely; at right angles; without deviation or deflection: as, to hit a person square on the head.
    • n square A dialectal form of squire.
    • n square A strong iron frame to which the carriages of a spinning-mule are fastened and coupled, and in which is carried some of the mechanism for giving motion to the spindles and for building the cops.
    • n square The three to five (often four) leaf-like heart-shaped bracts surrounding the flower of the cotton plant, taken collectively. They are fringed or cut in different degrees in different species, of which they thus become distinctive.
    • square In golf, said of a game when both sides are all oven, neither being ahead.
    • square Analogous to the side of a square, as in the phrase square root.
    • square See degree.
    • square To mark with lines forming squares, as paper for mathematical use; mark off in squares. See coördinate paper.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are 6,272,640 square inches in an acre.
    • adj Square skwār; having four equal sides and angles: forming a right angle: having a straight front or an outline formed by straight lines: exact suitable, fitting: true, that does equal justice, fair, honest: even, leaving no balance, settled, as accounts: directly opposed, complete, unequivocal: solid, full, satisfying
    • n Square that which is square: a square figure: a four-sided space enclosed by houses: a square body of troops: the length of the side of any figure squared: an instrument for measuring right angles:
    • v.t Square to form like a square: to form with four equal sides and angles: :
    • v.i Square to suit, fit: to accord or agree: to take an attitude of offence and defence, as a boxer
    • n Square (arith.) the product of a quantity multiplied by itself: due proportion, order, honesty, equity, fairness
    • v.t Square (arith.) to multiply by itself: to reduce to any given measure or standard, to adjust, regulate
    • v.t Square (naut.) to place at right angles with the mast or keel
    • ***

Quotations

  • Woody Allen
    Woody%20Allen
    “Comedy just pokes at problems, rarely confronts them squarely. Drama is like a plate of meat and potatoes, comedy is rather the dessert, a bit like meringue.”
  • Frank Dane
    Frank%20Dane
    “A conservative is a fellow who thinks a rich man should have a square deal.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Courage is an everyday thing. When we look reality squarely in the eye and refuse to back away from our awareness, we are living courage.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “A man finds room in the few square inches of the face for the traits of all his ancestors; for the expression of all his history, and his wants.”
  • E. Joseph Cossman
    E. Joseph Cossman
    “Square meals often make round people.”
  • Lawrence Durrell
    Lawrence Durrell
    “Now stiff on a pillar with a phallic air nelson stylites in Trafalgar square reminds the British what once they were.”

Idioms

All square - If something is all square, nobody has an advantage or is ahead of the others.
***
Back to square one - If you are back to square one, you have to start from the beginning again.
***
Fair and square - If someone does something fair and square, they do it correctly, following any rules or laws.
***
Four-square behind - If someone stands four-square behind someone, they give that person their full support.
***
Square meal - A square meal is a substantial or filling meal.
***
Square Mile - (UK) The Square Mile is the City, the financial area of London.
***
Square peg in a round hole - If somebody's in a situation, organisation, etc, where they don't fit in and feel out of place, they are a square peg in a round hole.
***
Square the circle - When someone is squaring the circle, they are trying to do something impossible.
***
Squared away - Being prepared or ready for business or tasks at hand. Having the proper knowledge, skill and equipment to handle your assignment or station. 'He is a great addition to the squad; he is squared away.'
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. esquarre, esquierre, F. équerre, a carpenter's square (cf. It. squadra,), fr. (assumed) LL. exquadrare, to make square; L. ex + quadrus, a square, fr. quattuor, four. See Four, and cf. Quadrant Squad Squire a square

Usage

In literature:

Her nose was straight, rather short, and delicately square at the tip.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
They reached the corner of the market square and caught sight of Mr.
"General John Regan" by George A. Birmingham
Altogether Siwalik deposits in the Panjab cover an area of 13,000 square miles.
"The Panjab, North-West Frontier Province, and Kashmir" by Sir James McCrone Douie
A column or a square would have to move this distance, or more, according to its depth.
"A Treatise on the Tactical Use of the Three Arms: Infantry, Artillery, and Cavalry" by Francis J. Lippitt
The rooms were very pleasant apartments, situated on the front side of the house, and looking out upon a beautiful square.
"Rollo in Scotland" by Jacob Abbott
The cloth should not be pulled or stretched, but should be kept as square as possible.
"Elements of Plumbing" by Samuel Dibble
Just by the lions in Trafalgar Square he met Ontario Moggs.
"Ralph the Heir" by Anthony Trollope
Any player thus waiting for his bag may linger near the boundaries of the center square.
"Games for the Playground, Home, School and Gymnasium" by Jessie H. Bancroft
The Square's name might well have been changed to Honeymoon Square.
"The Kingdom Round the Corner" by Coningsby Dawson
You found it wherever you wanted it, planted fairly and squarely, with a look of having grown there.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
Straight young trees after they are felled and squared; a beam or timber used for temporary purposes, and under 8 inches square.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
She was a large, heavy woman, with a square forehead and a square chin, and she had brought up seven children most successfully.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
Union square was a barren waste.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
They were all built of stone, around three sides of a square, the side opposite the main building being left open.
"Ancient America, in Notes on American Archaeology" by John D. Baldwin
His square jaws set.
"Penguin Persons & Peppermints" by Walter Prichard Eaton
Red field, blue square.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
With surprising suddenness he hit the big Dick square on the nose.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
In Belsize Square stands the Church of St. Peter, with a square pinnacled tower.
"Hampstead and Marylebone" by Geraldine Edith Mitton
The Nelson Monument in Trafalgar Square, then newly arrived, is as it was in the days of Dickens' early life.
"Dickens' London" by Francis Miltoun
Randall saw that it was lit by squares inset in the walls that glowed with crimson light.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
***

In poetry:

At night his window casts a square
Of light upon the lawn;
I sometimes walk and watch it there
Until the chill of dawn.
"A Tragedy" by Edith Nesbit
Now I climb up alone to the high room
Above the darkened square
Where among stones and roots, the other
Unshattered lovers are.
"The Room Above the Square" by Stephen Spender
If Nature built by rule and square,
Than man what wiser would she be?
What wins us is her careless care,
And sweet unpunctuality.
"Nature And the Book" by Alfred Austin
But the ensign that had mocked us
With its symbol of the dead
Fluttered and dropped to the bloody deck,
And a white square spoke instead.
"The Pirates" by DuBose Heyward
Not less thy pulse of trade shall beat,
Nor less thy tall fleets swim,
That shaded square and dusty street
Are classic ground through him.
"Fitz-Greene Halleck" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Till the taut air like a cold hand
Clasped to cold hand and bone to bone
Seals them up in their icy land
(A few square feet) where into stone
"The Paradigm" by Allen Tate

In news:

New 55,000-square-foot plant to service 16 million pounds annually.
All told, Artemis bought roughly 500,000 square feet.
So, NOLA legend Dr John will headline tonight's free Live on the Green event at Public Square Park.
The widow of TV producer Aaron Spelling can afford to be patient for someone to make an offer on her 56,500-square-foot Holmby Hills mansion.
Somerville Police are investigating an indecent assault and battery that occurred in theDavis Square area Monday evening.
At about 8 pm, a 32-year- old woman was walking from the Davis Square MBTA station to a nearby address.
What the botched Times Square bombing can teach us about becoming American.
Strange, isn't it, that the terror attempt on Times Square hasn't so far made its way into the broader debate on immigration.
At the E-Walk, the Lincoln Square, others.
ART IN THE SQUARE happens this weekend in Highland Square.
If you have been to Jackson Square in the last several months, you have seen the renovation being done to 231 Jackson Square, the building just beside the Oak Ridge Playhouse.
Cut 20 two-inch squares from three of them and 21 two-inch squares from the fourth (the extra square will serve as the center of your quilt).
Starbucks today announced a partnership with mobile-payment platform Square that will soon allow customers to use Square's payer app to expedite the process.
The current square footage of just the planetarium is 1,868 square feet.
Starting today, Joe Squared is serving its square, coal-fired-oven pizzas at the Power Plant Live complex in addition to its original North Avenue location.
***

In science:

Suppose that x is without squares in αt and that τ m t (x) has a square in αs .
The solution to a conjecture of Tits on the subgroup generated by the squares of the generators of an Artin group
Suppose that x is without squares in αs for al l s ∈ S and that w(x) has a square in αt .
The solution to a conjecture of Tits on the subgroup generated by the squares of the generators of an Artin group
Define Sν,π as the class of all meromorphic functions S (z) on the unit disk for which the kernel KS (w, z) has ν negative squares and π positive squares (thus Sν,π is a subclass of Sν ).
A note on interpolation in the generalized Schur class
If S (z) belongs to Sν,π, similar remarks apply not only to the number of negative squares but also to the number of positive squares.
A note on interpolation in the generalized Schur class
The numbers of positive squares of KS (w, z), K ˜S (w, z), and DS (w, z) thus coincide, with the numbers of negative squares of K1/S (w, z), K1/ ˜S (w, z), and D1/S (w, z), respectively.
A note on interpolation in the generalized Schur class
Here 12 is not square free; it is divisible by the square of 2.
Factorization of integers and arithmetic functions
Residuals from a linear fit to the (V −I )0 –Mg2 relation are plotted against the V -band Galactic extinction value from SFD for ellipticals (filled squares) and S0s (open squares).
A Synthesis of Data from Fundamental Plane and Surface Brightness Fluctuation Surveys
The fol lowing two conditions are equivalent: (i) Rc generates a subgroup of finite index of X and the Hc -module M is ζ square integrable; (ii) the H -module M P is ζ -square integrable.
Classification of unipotent representations of simple p-adic groups,II
The fol lowing two conditions are equivalent: (i) the ¯H -module ¯M is τ -square integrable; (ii) the H -module ¯M † is ζ -square integrable.
Classification of unipotent representations of simple p-adic groups,II
Using [L5, 3.6], we see that the condition that ¯M is τ -square integrable (as given in 1.5) is in our case equivalent to the condition that ¯M is τ -square integrable according to the definition in [L5, 1.20].
Classification of unipotent representations of simple p-adic groups,II
The triangular lattice case was implemented on the computer using a square lattice with additional edges along the positive diagonal of each square.
Area distribution of the planar random loop boundary
We may also view K as a squared complex with one square cell for each edge of ∆ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
It follows that the squares Q, Q′, g(Q) and g(Q′ ) form a larger square with the vertex p at its centre.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
We are left with A such that the inclusion of the upper right square would complete a k-assignment (that clearly doesn’t involve the lower left square).
Exact expectations for random graphs and assignments
If [f, g ] is parabolic then it has only one square root; if [f, g ] is hyperbolic or elliptic, then [f, g ] has exactly two square roots h and h in PSL(2, C).
Discrete RP groups with a parabolic generator
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