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spread

Definitions

  • I want to spread a little sunshine
    I want to spread a little sunshine
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj spread distributed or spread over a considerable extent "has ties with many widely dispersed friends","eleven million Jews are spread throughout Europe"
    • adj spread fully extended in width "outspread wings","with arms spread wide"
    • adj spread prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set out "a table spread with food"
    • v spread cause to become widely known "spread information","circulate a rumor","broadcast the news"
    • v spread become widely known and passed on "the rumor spread","the story went around in the office"
    • v spread distribute or disperse widely "The invaders spread their language all over the country"
    • v spread become distributed or widespread "the infection spread","Optimism spread among the population"
    • v spread spread out or open from a closed or folded state "open the map","spread your arms"
    • v spread distribute over a surface in a layer "spread cheese on a piece of bread"
    • v spread cover by spreading something over "spread the bread with cheese"
    • v spread move outward "The soldiers fanned out"
    • v spread strew or distribute over an area "He spread fertilizer over the lawn","scatter cards across the table"
    • v spread spread across or over "A big oil spot spread across the water"
    • n spread act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time
    • n spread decorative cover for a bed
    • n spread farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)
    • n spread a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures "gap between income and outgo","the spread between lending and borrowing costs"
    • n spread a haphazard distribution in all directions
    • n spread the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age) "she exercised to avoid that middle-aged spread"
    • n spread two facing pages of a book or other publication
    • n spread process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space
    • n spread a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed "a banquet for the graduating seniors","the Thanksgiving feast","they put out quite a spread"
    • n spread a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers or used in preparing other dishes
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Spread Feather grew more and more pleased with himself Spread Feather grew more and more pleased with himself
Two Cots Were Shoved Together Under a Spreading Tree Two Cots Were Shoved Together Under a Spreading Tree

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Albert Einstein was cremated and his ashes were spread over a river located in New Jersey
    • Spread imp. & p. p. of Spread v.
    • Spread A cloth used as a cover for a table or a bed.
    • Spread A privilege which one person buys of another, of demanding certain shares of stock at a certain price, or of delivering the same shares of stock at another price, within a time agreed upon.
    • Spread A table, as spread or furnished with a meal; hence, an entertainment of food; a feast.
    • Spread (Finance) An arbitrage transaction operated by buying and selling simultaneously in two separate markets, as Chicago and New York, when there is an abnormal difference in price between the two markets. It is called a back spreadwhen the difference in price is less than the normal one.
    • Spread (Geom) An unlimited expanse of discontinuous points.
    • Spread Expansion of parts. "No flower hath spread like that of the woodbine."
    • Spread Extent; compass. "I have got a fine spread of improvable land."
    • Spread (Gems) Surface in proportion to the depth of a cut stone.
    • Spread To be extended by drawing or beating; as, some metals spread with difficulty.
    • Spread To be made known more extensively, as news.
    • Spread To be propagated from one to another; as, the disease spread into all parts of the city.
    • Spread To diffuse, as emanations or effluvia; to emit; as, odoriferous plants spread their fragrance.
    • Spread To divulge; to publish, as news or fame; to cause to be more extensively known; to disseminate; to make known fully; as, to spread a report; -- often accompanied by abroad . "They, when they were departed, spread abroad his fame in all that country."
    • Spread To extend in length and breadth in all directions, or in breadth only; to be extended or stretched; to expand. "Plants, if they spread much, are seldom tall.""Governor Winthrop, and his associates at Charlestown, had for a church a large, spreading tree."
    • Spread To extend in length and breadth, or in breadth only; to stretch or expand to a broad or broader surface or extent; to open; to unfurl; as, to spread a carpet; to spread a tent or a sail. "He bought a parcel of a field where he had spread his tent.""Here the Rhone
      Hath spread himself a couch."
    • Spread To extend so as to cover something; to extend to a great or greater extent in every direction; to cause to fill or cover a wide or wider space. "Rose, as in a dance, the stately trees, and spread Their branches hung with copious fruit."
    • Spread To prepare; to set and furnish with provisions; as, to spread a table. "Boiled the flesh, and spread the board."
    • Spread To propagate; to cause to affect great numbers; as, to spread a disease.
    • Spread To strew; to scatter over a surface; as, to spread manure; to spread lime on the ground.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1991 Procter & Gamble won a $75,000 lawsuit against James & Linda Newton who were found responsible for spreading rumors that the company supported the Church of Satan. The two were distributors of Amway Products, a competitor of Proctor & Gamble.
    • spread To scatter; disperse; rout.
    • spread To distribute over a surface as by strewing, sprinkling, smearing, plastering, or overlaying.
    • spread To flatten out; stretch or draw out into a sheet or layer.
    • spread To extend or stretch out to the full size; unfold; display by unfolding, stretching, expanding, or the like.
    • spread To lay or set out; outspread; display, as something to be viewed in its full extent.
    • spread To reach out: extend.
    • spread To send out in all directions; scatter or shed abroad; disseminate; diffuse; propagate.
    • spread To overspread; overlay the surface of.
    • spread Hence—9. To cover or equip in the proper manner; set; lay: as, to spread a table.
    • spread To set forth; recount at full length; hence, in recent use, to enter or record.
    • spread To push apart: as, the weight of the train spread the rails.
    • spread Synonyms To scatter, circulate, publish.
    • spread To become scattered or distributed.
    • spread To stretch one's self out, especially in a horizontal position.
    • spread To be outspread; hence, to have great breadth; be broad.
    • spread To become extended by growth or expansion; increase in extent; expand; grow.
    • spread To be extended by communication or propagation; become diffused; be shed abroad.
    • spread To be pushed apart, as the rails of a cartrack.
    • spread To set a table; lay the cloth or dishes for a meal.
    • n spread The act of spreading or extending; propagation; diffusion: as, the spread of knowledge.
    • n spread The state, condition, quality, or capability of being outspread; expansion: as, the tail of the peacock has an imposing spread.
    • n spread The amount of extension or expansion, especially in surface; expanse; breadth; compass.
    • n spread Hence—4. See the quotation.
    • n spread A stretch; an expanse.
    • n spread Capacity for spreading or stretching.
    • n spread That which is spread or set out, as on a table; a meal; a feast; especially, a meal, more or less elaborate, given to a select party.
    • n spread A cloth used for a covering, as of a table or bed; a coverlet.
    • n spread The privilege of demanding shares of stock at a certain price, or of delivering shares of stock at another price, within a certain time agreed on.
    • n spread A saddle.
    • n spread Among lapidaries, a stone which has a large surface in proportion to its thickness.
    • n spread In zoology, the measure from tip to tip of the spread wings, as of a bat, a bird, or an insect; the expanse or extent.
    • n spread In mathematics, a continuous manifold of points: thus, space is a three-way spread.
    • spread Extended in area; having a broad surface; broad.
    • spread Shallower than the standard; having insufficient depth or thickness for the highest luster: said of a gem.
    • spread Nautical, a sailor or other person lashed in the rigging or elsewhere with arms and legs outspread: a form of punishment.
    • spread In cookery, a fowl split open down the back and broiled.
    • spread In the language of the stock exchange, a straddle.
    • n spread In mathematics: A continuous or discontinuous connected aggregate, assemblage, or manifold of elements: thus, for instance, a two-spread may be considered as a surface with points or lines as elements.
    • n spread In bacteriology, same as smear, 6.
    • n spread A misère or grando, in any game of cards in which the single player's cards are placed face up on the table. See skat and boston.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Persians first began using colored eggs to celebrate spring in 3,000 B.C. 13th century Macedonians were the first Christians on record to use colored eggs in Easter celebrations. Crusaders returning from the Middle East spread the custom of coloring eggs, and Europeans began to use them to celebrate Easter and other warm weather holidays.
    • v.t Spread spred to scatter abroad or in all directions: to stretch: to extend: to overlay: to shoot out, as branches: to circulate, as news: to cause to affect numbers, as a disease: to diffuse: to set with provisions, as a table
    • v.i Spread to extend or expand in all directions: to be extended or stretched: to be propagated or circulated:—pa.t. and pa.p. spread
    • n Spread extent: compass: expansion of parts: that which is spread out, a feast: a cover for a bed or a table
    • adj Spread having a broad surface: shallower than the standard
    • n Spread (naut.) a person seized in the rigging, a passenger thus made to pay his entrance forfeit
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Butler Yeats
    William%20Butler%20Yeats
    “But I, being poor, have only my dreams; I have spread my dreams under your feet; Tread softly because you tread on my dreams.”
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
    Dante Gabriel Rossetti
    “Was it a friend or foe that spread these lies? Nay, who but infants question in such wise, 'twas one of my most intimate enemies.”
  • R. Emmett Tyell
    R. Emmett Tyell
    “Women's liberationists spread the word that the only peaceful family is one in which either the wife is enslaved or the husband is androgynous.”
  • Simone Weil
    Simone%20Weil
    “Who were the fools who spread the story that brute force cannot kill ideas? Nothing is easier. And once they are dead they are no more than corpses.”
  • Edith Wharton
    Edith%20Wharton
    “There are two ways of spreading light: to be the candle or the mirror that reflects it.”
  • Sister Corita Kent
    Sister Corita Kent
    “Love the moment and the energy of the moment will spread beyond all boundaries.”

Idioms

Spread the word - If you spread the word about something, you let as many people know about it as you can.
***
Spread yourself too thin - If you spread youself too thin, you overextend yourself and take on too many things to deal with them properly.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. spreden, AS. sprædan,; akin to D. spreiden, spreijen, LG. spreden, spreen, spreien, G. spreiten, Dan. sprede, Sw. sprida,. Cf. Spray water flying in drops

Usage

In literature:

Then the ice-sheet of Tralee's nearest neighbor planet spread out in the vision-port's range of view.
"Talents, Incorporated" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
The branches of a panicle are usually loose, spreading or drooping in most grasses.
"A Handbook of Some South Indian Grasses" by Rai Bahadur K. Ranga Achariyar
The spread of liberal principles and Western progress goes on apace.
"The New World of Islam" by Lothrop Stoddard
Then the spirit spread among our people, like the flames among our masters' canes.
"The Hour and the Man" by Harriet Martineau
Fashions now spread through all civilized nations by contact and contagion.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
Did deluge all; and avarice creeping on, Spread, like a low-born mist, and hid the sun.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
On two surfaces of a cube are spread these bright red powders, without varnish of any kind.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
The French gradually spread their authority over the country, bringing the Mississippi tribes under their influence.
"Historical Tales, Vol. 2 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
The first flame was thus spread with great rapidity.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 03" by Various
Are the leaves spread out flat or curled up?
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
With permission granted, a spread would not be a spread.
"Elizabeth Hobart at Exeter Hall" by Jean K. Baird
When cool, spread on the cake.
"The Cookery Blue Book" by Society for Christian Work of the First Unitarian Church, San Francisco, California
She spread out her apron, as a clucking hen spreads out her wing to defend her chickens from injury.
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
Spread the drop of emulsion evenly over the cover-slip in the form of a square film to within 1 mm.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
The new theology spread with a rapidity never known before.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
It is said to be a broad, flat-topped tree, spreading its top over other trees.
"Trees of the Northern United States" by Austin C. Apgar
Detached, feathery clouds spread across the sky, and he was climbing for them.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
He spread the teachings of Tao abroad mightily, so that from that time on Taoism flourished greatly.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
The dome-roof was a distant spread three hundred feet up in the dimness.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
The view that the disease is spread to any great degree in this way has been largely discredited.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
***

In poetry:

Tum-ti-tum,
Ti-tum-tum-tum!
The turkey-cock's tail
Spreads to the sun.
"Ploughing On Sunday" by Wallace Stevens
Wouldst be free from the dominions
That control;
Spreading all thy golden pinions
Toward the goal?
"My Heart" by Effie Afton
There are always curtains and flowers
And candles and baked bread
And a cloth spread
And a clean house.
"Poem in Prose" by Archibald MacLeish
To it the tear-drop goes,
To spread the smiling form
It is the Goal of Life,
And Peace -- its only home!
"Peace" by Swami Vivekananda
Sons of Liberty, arise!
Who your country's glory prize,
Spread your banner to the skies!
Wake from apathy!
"Sons of Liberty" by John Pierpont
COME, spread your wings, as I spread mine,
And leave the crowded hall
For where the eyes of twilight shine
O'er evening's western wall.
"After A Lecture On Wordsworth" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

It spread to players' siblings, parents and the community at large.
It's a distortion that's been around for a while, but has spread like a weed over the past few months.
"When they did the pet scan, it had already spread to my liver and I was stage 4," says Gilliam.
A carport fire spread, leaving a family of four temporarily without a home.
Large carmakers can help niche manufacturers stay competitive by spreading development costs across brands and models.
It's there on Lindy's OMFG burger—all three pounds of it, spread across 12 juicy, messy, delicious patties.
Carport fire spreads to home in Katy.
Crews were able to prevent the flames from spreading to the house but a vehicle parked near the garage was destroyed.
The discovery of the invasive spin water flea in Lake George has given new urgency to efforts to block its spread to Lake Champlain .
My job, or some say calling, is spreading the word about corporate social responsibility.
Dump the pie filling and pineapples in the cake pan, spread them evenly.
Dump cake mix on top and spread it out.
Spreading TV's wealth, cheaply .
Savory Cheddar cheese gets an extra kick from spicy horseradish and Dijon mustard in this low-fat holiday spread.
The Spread of Cheese Dip .
***

In science:

Quantum mechanically, the Thouless energy can be interpreted as the spreading width of the exact eigenstates over the states of the noninteracting Hamiltonian [245, 246].
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Such a random walk corresponds to random spread of information on the network.
Random spread on the family of small-world networks
This uncertainty is much smaller than the already existing typical spread in the log-energies or the typical log-energies themselves, which are both of order Γ.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
The nature of this spreading is not well understood.
Oscillations During Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts
In our numerical simulations we generated a large number of SU (1, 1) random polynomials of degree N, calculated the zeros using standard techniques, and counted the number of zeros in annuli of fixed width, which are concentrically spread around the origin, per one polynomial.
SU(1,1) Random Polynomials
This implies that in d > 2 the density of defects inside the spreading cone does not reach a constant.
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
The spreading, ∆n(t), of the walker can be evaluated as well.
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
So w(ξ, t) saturates to ξ, and the spreading scales as w(ξ, t) = ξg (t1/2/ξ ) with g (x) ∼ x for small x and g (x) constant for large x.
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
This implies that hNv i simply scales with the spreading volume (∆n)d ∼ td/z .
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
Crossover scaling in the EVRW. (a) and (b) Spreading of the EVRW in d = 1 and d = 2. (c) and (d) Scaling of the data according to Eq. (29).
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
Excepting GRB 980425, the observed spread in equivalent energy then corresponds to a spread θ ≈ 0 to θmax ≈ 2.4/γ .
Optical and X-ray Afterglows in the Cannonball Model of GRBs
They not only can spread in one household, but also can spread from one household to another.
The Spread of Infectious Disease with Household-Structure on the Complex Networks
This spread is con firmed although is less than before, and is at variance w ith the lack of spread observed in the other elements shown before.
The chemical evolution of the Milky Way: from light to heavy elements
Weinberger has proved that solutions with general non-negative compactly supported initial data spread with the speed c∗ in the sense of (1.3)-(1.4), though the spreading rates to the left and right may now be different.
Traveling waves in a one-dimensional random medium
Rosenthal, “Spread code s and spread decoding in network coding,” Proc.
Recursive Code Construction for Random Networks
***