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space

Definitions

  • "It hopped into the space between the rails."
    "It hopped into the space between the rails."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v space place at intervals "Space the interviews so that you have some time between the different candidates"
    • n space the unlimited expanse in which everything is located "they tested his ability to locate objects in space","the boundless regions of the infinite"
    • n space (printing) a block of type without a raised letter; used for spacing between words or sentences
    • n space a blank area "write your name in the space provided"
    • n space a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing "he said the space is the most important character in the alphabet"
    • n space one of the areas between or below or above the lines of a musical staff "the spaces are the notes F-A-C-E"
    • n space any location outside the Earth's atmosphere "the astronauts walked in outer space without a tether","the first major milestone in space exploration was in 1957, when the USSR's Sputnik 1 orbited the Earth"
    • n space an area reserved for some particular purpose "the laboratory's floor space"
    • n space an empty area (usually bounded in some way between things) "the architect left space in front of the building","they stopped at an open space in the jungle","the space between his teeth"
    • n space the interval between two times "the distance from birth to death","it all happened in the space of 10 minutes"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Showing central space edged with columns Showing central space edged with columns
THE EARTH AND MOON HANGING IN SPACE THE EARTH AND MOON HANGING IN SPACE
They had mounted to the high gallery that spans the space between pillar and pillar They had mounted to the high gallery that spans the space between pillar and pillar

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The space between your eyebrows is called the Glabella
    • Space A quantity or portion of extension; distance from one thing to another; an interval between any two or more objects; as, the space between two stars or two hills; the sound was heard for the space of a mile. "Put a space betwixt drove and drove."
    • Space A short time; a while. "To stay your deadly strife a space ."
    • Space (Print) A small piece of metal cast lower than a face type, so as not to receive the ink in printing, -- used to separate words or letters.
    • Space Extension, considered independently of anything which it may contain; that which makes extended objects conceivable and possible. "Pure space is capable neither of resistance nor motion."
    • Space (Mus) One of the intervals, or open places, between the lines of the staff.
    • Space Place, having more or less extension; room. "They gave him chase, and hunted him as hare;
      Long had he no space to dwell [in]."
      "While I have time and space ."
    • Space Quantity of time; an interval between two points of time; duration; time. "Grace God gave him here, this land to keep long space .""Nine times the space that measures day and night.""God may defer his judgments for a time, and give a people a longer space of repentance."
    • Space that portion of the universe outside the earth or its atmosphere; -- called also outer space.
    • Space (Print) The distance or interval between words or letters in the lines, or between lines, as in books, on a computer screen, etc.
    • v. t Space (Print) To arrange or adjust the spaces in or between; as, to space words, lines, or letters.
    • v. i Space To walk; to rove; to roam. "And loved in forests wild to space ."
    • Space Walk; track; path; course. "This ilke [same] monk let old things pace,
      And held after the new world the space ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Astronauts get taller when they are in space
    • n space The general receptacle of things; room.
    • n space as a character of the universe
    • n space as a cognition or psychological phenomenon
    • n space as a mathematical system. That which is real about space is that the manifoldness of the universe is subject to certain general laws or limitations. In this respect it is like any other uniformity of nature; it is peculiar only in the peculiar way in which we view it—namely, in this, that instead of thinking it, as we do other laws, as abstract and general, we seem to see it, we individualize it and its parts. This peculiarity does not, however, constitute the cognition of space as entirely sui generis, for there is a tendency to individualize other laws. The conception of space is formed, or at least connected with objects, by means of the so-called local signs, by which the excitation of one nerve-terminal is distinguishable from a similar excitation of another, and which are analogous to the signs by which we distinguish present experiences from memories, imaginations, and expectations. These local signs are also the origin of our idea of individuality; so that it is not strange that this mode or being becomes attributed not merely to moving objects, but to the space and time that constitute the law of motion. The celebrated doctrine of Kant was that space is a form of pure intuition—that is, is an idea imported by the mind into cognition, and corresponding to nothing in the things in themselves (though he did not hold that special spatial relations were altogether illusory)—just as color is a quality of sensation which in its generality corresponds to nothing in the object, though differences of color correspond to differences in objects. That this intuition of space is individual, not general, and that no outward intuition is possible except under this form, were points also insisted upon by Kant. At present there are, broadly speaking, two views of space-perception. One is the great doctrine of Berkeley—worked out in different directions by J. S. Mill, Helmholtz, Lotze, Wundt, and others—that the idea of space is evoked under the combined influence of retinal sensations and of muscular sensations of motion, in a manner analogous to that by which the laws of dynamics have been evolved from experience. This is the theory which, under one modification or another, is held by almost all modern scientific psychologists. Some competent writers, however, oppose this, holding that “all our sensations are positively and inexplicably extensive wholes.” This opinion conflicts with the usual one only in so far as it clings to the inexplicability and irrationality of space. The vulgar conception of space as a sort of thing or substance of a different category from material things, through which the latter move without sensible resistance, is acceptable to mathematicians, who find that such a construction lends itself remarkably to their diagrammatic reasoning. For the geometer, space is primarily a system of points having the following properties: It is continuous. See continuity, 2. It is unlimited, whether the part at a finite distance from a given point be limited or not. It has three dimensions—that is, a set of three numbers varying continuously may be placed in continuous one-to-one correspondence with the points of space. By a continuous correspondence is meant one in which a continuous variation in one member will correspond in every case to a continuous variation in the other. All the points of space have perfectly similar spatial relations. It is possible for a rigid body to move in space, and such a body is fixed by the fixation of three points, but not fewer. Any figure may be magnified while preserving the proportionality of all its lines. Geometers often imagine these properties to be modified. In particular, they use the hypothesis of a space of four or more dimensions. They also often suppose the principle of similar figures, or, what is the same thing, the doctrine of parallels, to be false, thus producing what is known as the non-Euclidean geometry. This is of various kinds.
    • n space The interval between any two or more objects, or between terminal points; distance; extent, as of surface: as, the space of a mile.
    • n space The interval between two points of time; quantity of time; duration.
    • n space A short time; a while.
    • n space Hence, time in which to do something; respite; opportunity; leisure.
    • n space A path; course (?).
    • n space In printing, one of the blank types which separate the words in print. The thicknesses most used are one third, one fourth, and one fifth of the square body of the text-type. Hair-spaces, still thinner, are also made. Spaces as thick as one half the square body and all thicker are known as quadrats.
    • n space In musical notation, one of the degrees between the lines of the staff. In the usual staff there are four spaces within the staff, but in the Gregorian staff there are only three. The name and significance of a space depend on the clef and the key-signature. See staff.
    • n space In ornithology, an unfeathered place on the skin between pterylæ; an apterium, Coues, Key to N. A. Birds, p. 87.
    • space To move at large; expatiate.
    • space To set at intervals; put a space between; specifically, in printing, to arrange the spaces and intervals in or between so that there may be no obvious disproportion: as, to space a paragraph; to space words, lines, or letters.
    • space To divide into spaces.
    • space To measure by paces.
    • n space The clearance-space in a steam-engine cylinder between the head of the cylinder and the end of the piston when the crank is on its dead center.
    • n space The difference between the readings of the mercurial thermometer when the temperature is rising and when it is falling, due in part to the change in the curvature of the meniscus and in part to the expansion of the bulb from the change in pressure of the vertical capillary column. The general effect is analogous to that of the dead motion of the micrometer-screw.
    • n space Euclidean space.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Astronauts become between two and three inches taller when in space.
    • n Space spās extension as distinct from material substances: room: largeness: distance between objects: interval between lines or words in books: quantity of time: distance between two points of time: opportunity, leisure: a short time: interval
    • v.t Space to make or arrange intervals between
    • ***

Quotations

  • Philip Johnson
    Philip Johnson
    “Architecture is the art of how to waste space.”
  • Virginia Woolf
    Virginia%20Woolf
    “That great Cathedral space which was childhood.”
  • Belva Davis
    Belva Davis
    “Don't be afraid of the space between your dreams and reality. If you can dream it, you can make it so.”
  • William S. Burroughs
    William%20S.%20Burroughs
    “Language is a virus from outer space.”
  • Helen Sharman
    Helen Sharman
    “There is very little difference between men and women in space.”
  • Joseph Joubert
    Joseph Joubert
    “Space is the stature of God.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. space, F. espace, from L. spatium, space; cf. Gr. spa^n to draw, to tear; perh. akin to E. span,. Cf. Expatiate

Usage

In literature:

Same as room and space, or timber and space.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
As always, it was a dream of space, black empty space, and he was floating alone in the immense depths of it.
"The Memory of Mars" by Raymond F. Jones
Miss 1 space, 4 trebles in next, miss 1 space, fasten in next; repeat.
"Handbook of Wool Knitting and Crochet" by Anonymous
Each space is ornamented with a broad border, like a picture-frame.
"The Care of Books" by John Willis Clark
An almost identical space of time occurred before the red reappeared.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
The simplest way is by idealism, which distinguishes between space as actual and space as potential.
"The Will to Believe" by William James
It does not therefore afford sufficient space for mounting large guns.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
Space is opening its doors to us.
"Get Out of Our Skies!" by E. K. Jarvis
Ugh-lomi stood watching for a space, and snarled at the sight of Uya.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
Weave first on one side of the center and then on the other, until the entire 6x8-inch space is covered.
"Construction Work for Rural and Elementary Schools" by Virginia McGaw
For a space she vacantly watched the workmen tearing down the speakers' stand.
"Counsel for the Defense" by Leroy Scott
Crain's men still wore their space-suits, but, like Kent's companions, were without space-helmets.
"The Sargasso of Space" by Edmond Hamilton
They had all a delightful sense of space and liberation, space and light and air.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
Within the space of a month, thirteen safes and three million dollars worth of money or property had disappeared.
"The Einstein See-Saw" by Miles John Breuer
Should it close, however, it would take only a couple of hours to open it again to allow the space flyer to return.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
In an open space near the center stood a Hadley space ship, toward which Jim led the way.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
A surge of annoyance swept over the returned wanderer from the far spaces.
"Slaves of Mercury" by Nat Schachner
She is four thousand miles away in our three-dimensional space, but in space-time, as you see, she is only a few yards away.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
Half a dozen couples danced lazily in the central dancing space.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science January 1931" by Various
Might as well have made 'em space-ships, while he was at it!...
"The Passing of Ku Sui" by Anthony Gilmore
***

In poetry:

But well I know they have gone from me
Into the silent depths of space,
Across a vast, uncharted sea,
Whose shores I cannot trace.
"My Lost Friends" by John Lawson Stoddard
We would adore Thee, God sublime,
Whose power and wisdom, love and grace,
Are greater than the round of time,
And wider than the bounds of space.
"Evening Praises" by John Bowring
If a husbandman you be, then come along with me,
I'll help you as soon as I can
Unto a gallant place, where in a little space,
You shall be a servingman.
"God Speed The Plow, And Bless The Corn-Mow. A Dialogue Between The Husbandman And Servingman" by Anonymous British
I tell of the free blue spaces,
Of flow'rs, and the flashing wings
Of birds, and the murmurings
Of bees in the sunny places;
Of smiles and of kindly faces.
"The Great Secret" by David Gow
Fondly we seek the dawning bloom
On features wan and fair,
The gazing eye no change can trace,
But look away a little space,
Then turn, and lo! 'tis there.
"Fourth Sunday In Lent" by John Keble
Oh, comfort all who grieve
Beside the sacred urn,--
For brief our space to wail or sigh,
Like grass we fade, like dreams we fly,
And rest with those we mourn.
"Mrs. Margaret Walbridge," by Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney

In news:

With no NASA administrator in place, it could be quite a while before Marshall Space Flight Center gets a permanent replacement for outgoing director Dave King, a space expert said Friday.
Space agency leaders gather to discuss the future of the International Space Station.
The space agency is looking for the best way to analyze and electronically catalog a precious collection of notes that chronicle the early history of the human space flight program.
The hotel will feature 5,140 square feet of indoor meeting space as well as pre-function space, a rooftop terrace, event lawn, and outdoor amphitheater.
When Richard Garriot de Cayeux, the founder of the Ultima series of computer games and the world's sixth space tourist, went to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2008, he didn't just kick back and bask in zero gravity.
National Space Society Statement on "Summary Report of the Review of US Space Flight Plans Committee".
Now NASA has to figure out how to keep a hail of space junk from bringing down the shuttle, the space station, and a lot of satellites.
The company, which shows in Space 2401, now has more than 16,000 square feet of space, making it one of the largest exhibitors in the building.
Gundlach Bundschu Winery is once again hosting its annual harvest party, which this year brings a Space Age theme so come dressed as a favorite space traveler.
His book, Space Cadet, (Ace Books, 1948) inspired the popular television and comic-strip series, Tom Corbett: Space Cadet .
Space Cowboy or Space Cadet .
Sara Cook didn't win the Space Needle 's Space Race competition yesterday.
Tucson man wins space trip in Space Needle contest.
Watch Saxena's Space Needle Space Race 2012 entry video and vote at the Space Needle 's Facebook page, facebook.com/ spaceneedle .
Saurabh Saxena, of Issaquah, has made it from 50,000 entrants into a group of 20 semifinalists trying to earn a trip into space in a contest held for the 50th anniversary of the Space Needle and Seattle's Century 21 Exposition.
***

In science:

Such spaces can be classical Lie groups or algebras, symmetric spaces or their tangent spaces.
Integrable Lattices: Random Matrices and Random Permutations
The Teichm¨uller space is simply connected and is in fact the universal covering space of moduli space.
Conformal field theory, boundary conditions and applications to string theory
Note that the moduli space N contains the moduli space M of semi-stable bundles, equivalently the moduli space of EH or anti-self-dual connections on a K¨ahler surface M .
Higgs Bundles and Four Manifolds
The standard spaces used in this context are the Sobolev spaces of L2 type, i.e. the spaces of functions which are square integrable together with their derivatives up to a specified order s.
Applications of the theory of evolution equations to general relativity
The space (X ×EG)/G is traditionally called the Borel space of the G-space X .
Orbispaces and Orbifolds from the Point of View of the Borel Construction, a new Definition
The space P M is cal led the Borel space and QM the underlying space of M .
Orbispaces and Orbifolds from the Point of View of the Borel Construction, a new Definition
The degenerate ground states span the Hilbert space H which is the product space of the spin spaces S 1, S, and S 4 .
Thermodynamics of strongly disordered spin ladders
In Witten shows that, for the case of Σ a Riemann surface bounded by ∂Σ = S 1, the Hilbert space for the theory should be thought of as a space of sections of a bundle P f ∗ over the space of maximal isotropic subspaces of the space of spinor field restricted to boundary ∂Σ.
Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory: A Sketch
We use the following notation: X (G) = the space of additive characters G → R; QX (G) = the space of quasicharacters; P X (G) = the space of pseudocharacters; B (G) = the space of bounded functions.
Boundedly Simple Groups Have Trivial Bounded Cohomology
This approach further complicates the problem, since the governing equations are now defined in (much) higher dimensional spaces, composed of both the physical space and the space accounting for the parameterization of the medium randomness (the random space).
Equation-free, multiscale computation for unsteady random diffusion
Obviously in the space D(S ) there is the 1The space D(S ) is a finite dimensional space of test functions on the ultrametric space X and is an analogue of the Bruhat–Schwartz space of test functions of p–adic argument.
Replica symmetry breaking related to a general ultrametric space I: replica matrices and functionals
S . 1The space D(S ) is a finite dimensional space of test functions on the ultrametric space X and is an analogue of the Bruhat–Schwartz space of test functions of p–adic argument.
Replica symmetry breaking related to a general ultrametric space III: the case of general measure
Definition 2.1. A Gaussian Linear space, G, is a linear space of random variables, defined on a probability space (Ω, dν ), such that each variable in the space is Gaussian random variable.
The zeros of Gaussian random holomorphic functions on $\C^n$, and hole probability
For instance, p1 space is simply pspace, the class of functions computable in space nk for some constant k, and p2 space is the class of functions computable in space n(log n)k .
Dimension Extractors and Optimal Decompression
The first one is that of bicompleteness. A quasi-metric space (X, ρ) is called bicomplete if the associated symmetric metric space (X, ρs ) is complete. A bicomplete asymmetric normed space (X, p) is called also a biBanach space.
Compact operators on spaces with asymmetric norm
***