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sink

Definitions

  • Juno asks Aeolus to send storms to sink the ships
    Juno asks Aeolus to send storms to sink the ships
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sink fall heavily or suddenly; decline markedly "The real estate market fell off"
    • v sink embed deeply "She sank her fingers into the soft sand","He buried his head in her lap"
    • v sink descend into or as if into some soft substance or place "He sank into bed","She subsided into the chair"
    • v sink pass into a specified state or condition "He sank into nirvana"
    • v sink fall or descend to a lower place or level "He sank to his knees"
    • v sink cause to sink "The Japanese sank American ships in Pearl Harbor"
    • v sink fall or sink heavily "He slumped onto the couch","My spirits sank"
    • v sink go under, "The raft sank and its occupants drowned"
    • v sink appear to move downward "The sun dipped below the horizon","The setting sun sank below the tree line"
    • n sink a covered cistern; waste water and sewage flow into it
    • n sink plumbing fixture consisting of a water basin fixed to a wall or floor and having a drainpipe
    • n sink a depression in the ground communicating with a subterranean passage (especially in limestone) and formed by solution or by collapse of a cavern roof
    • n sink (technology) a process that acts to absorb or remove energy or a substance from a system "the ocean is a sink for carbon dioxide"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Every year, Mexico City sinks about 10 inches.
    • Sink A drain to carry off filthy water; a jakes.
    • Sink A hole or low place in land or rock, where waters sink and are lost; -- called also sink hole.
    • Sink A shallow box or vessel of wood, stone, iron, or other material, connected with a drain, and used for receiving filthy water, etc., as in a kitchen.
    • Sink Figuratively: To cause to decline; to depress; to degrade; hence, to ruin irretrievably; to destroy, as by drowping; as, to sink one's reputation. "I raise of sink, imprison or set free.""If I have a conscience, let it sink me.""Thy cruel and unnatural lust of power
      Has sunk thy father more than all his years."
    • Sink Hence, to enter so as to make an abiding impression; to enter completely. "Let these sayings sink down into your ears."
    • Sink The lowest part of a natural hollow or closed basin whence the water of one or more streams escapes by evaporation; as, the sink of the Humboldt River.
    • Sink To be overwhelmed or depressed; to fall slowly, as so the ground, from weakness or from an overburden; to fail in strength; to decline; to decay; to decrease. "I think our country sinks beneath the yoke.""He sunk down in his chariot.""Let not the fire sink or slacken."
    • Sink To bring low; to reduce in quantity; to waste. "You sunk the river repeated draughts."
    • Sink To cause to sink; to put under water; to immerse or submerge in a fluid; as, to sink a ship. "The Athenians] fell upon the wings and sank a single ship."
    • Sink To conseal and appropriate. "If sent with ready money to buy anything, and you happen to be out of pocket, sink the money, and take up the goods on account."
    • Sink To decrease in volume, as a river; to subside; to become diminished in volume or in apparent height. "The Alps and Pyreneans sink before him."
    • Sink To enter deeply; to fall or retire beneath or below the surface; to penetrate. "The stone sunk into his forehead."
    • Sink To fall by, or as by, the force of gravity; to descend lower and lower; to decline gradually; to subside; as, a stone sinks in water; waves rise and sink; the sun sinks in the west. "I sink in deep mire."
    • Sink To keep out of sight; to suppress; to ignore. "A courtly willingness to sink obnoxious truths."
    • Sink To make (a depression) by digging, delving, or cutting, etc.; as, to sink a pit or a well; to sink a die.
    • Sink To reduce or extinguish by payment; as, to sink the national debt.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Mexico City sinks ten inches per year.
    • sink To fall or decline by the force of gravity, as in consequence of the absence or removal of a support; settle or be lowered from a height or surface through a medium of slight resistance, as water, air, sand, etc.; specifically, to become submerged in deep water, as in the sea.
    • sink To fall or fail, as from weakness, or under a heavy blow, burden, or strain; as, to sink into a chair; literally or figuratively, to droop; succumb.
    • sink To descend or decline toward or below the horizon; specifically, of the sun, moon, etc., to set.
    • sink To be turned downward; be downcast.
    • sink To enter or penetrate deeply; be absorbed: either literal or figurative in use; specifically, of paint, varnish, and the like, to disappear below the surface into the substance of the body to which it is applied, so that the intended effect is lost.
    • sink To fall in; become or seem hollow: chiefly used in the past participle: as, sunken cheeks or eyes.
    • sink To become lower; slope or incline downward; slant.
    • sink To decrease or be reduced in volume, bulk, extent, amount, or the like; subside; decline.
    • sink To be lowered in pitch; fall to a lower pitch: said of musical sounds, or of a voice or instrument.
    • sink To settle down; become settled or spread abroad.
    • sink To be reduced to a lower or worse state; degenerate; deteriorate; become debased or depraved.
    • sink To be destroyed or lost; perish.
    • sink To-settle or subside, as into rest or indolence.
    • sink To swim deep, as a school of fish; specifically, to pass below a net.
    • sink To squat, crouch, or cower and draw (itself) into closest compass, as a game-bird or -animal in order to withhold the scent as far as possible. = Syn. 1–4. To drop, droop.
    • sink To lessen, dwindle.
    • sink To force or drag gradually downward; immerse; submerge; whelm; engulf.
    • sink To cause to decline or droop; hence, figuratively, to depress.
    • sink To excavate downward, as in mining: as, to sink a shaft; to sink a well.
    • sink To place or set by excavation: as, to sink a post.
    • sink To diminish or reduce in tone, volume, bulk, extent, amount, etc.; lower: as, to sink the voice to a whisper; the news of war sinks the value of stocks.
    • sink To degrade in character or in moral or social estimation; debase; lower.
    • sink To destroy; ruin; overwhelm.
    • sink To lose, as money, by unfortunate investment.
    • sink To put out of sight or knowledge; suppress; refrain from uttering, mentioning, or using.
    • sink In decorative art, to depress, or out to a lower level, as by engraving: said of a part of the design or of a panel.
    • sink Synonyms To excavate, scoop out.
    • sink To abase.
    • sink To waste, swamp.
    • n sink A receptacle and conduit for foul liquids; a kennel; a sewer; a drain; a privy.
    • n sink A kind of box or basin having an outflow-pipe leading into a drain, and used for receiving and carrying off dirty water, as in kitchens, etc.
    • n sink An abode or resort of depraved and debauched persons; slums.
    • n sink Corruption; debauchery; moral filth.
    • n sink Same as sink-hole, 3.
    • n sink An area (which may sometimes be a lake or pond, and at other times a marsh, or even entirely dry and covered with more or less of various saline combinations) in which a river or several rivers sink or disappear, because evaporation is in excess of precipitation: as, the sink of the Humboldt river, in the Great Basin.
    • n sink In theaters, one of the long, narrow trapdoors used on the stage for the raising and lowering of scenery.
    • n sink In mining, a, downward excavation not sufficiently deep or important to be called a shaft.
    • n sink A depression in a stereotype plate; a bubble of air sometimes formed below the surface of a plate, which causes the part of the surface affected to sink under impression.
    • sink To drive a mine or exploration shaft downward through the earth's surface.
    • sink To run a shaft or drift in any direction into the earth in search of mineral or ore.
    • n sink In mining: The amount by which the shaft-level is lowered by a blast in sinking operations.
    • n sink The distance inward, or depth, to which the excavation for a shaft or drift is to be carried.
    • n sink The lowest point in the shaft, toward which the drainage flows.
    • n sink In geometry, a place of transition from space of n into space n—1 dimensions.
    • n sink In electricity, in the theory of the flow of current in plane sheets, a point at which the current leaves the sheet.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The bubbles in Guiness beer sink to the bottom rather than float to the top as in other beers.
    • v.i Sink singk to fall to the bottom: to fall down: to descend lower: to fall gradually: to fall below the surface: to enter deeply: to be impressed: to be overwhelmed: to fail in strength
    • v.t Sink to cause to sink: to put under water: to keep out of sight: to suppress: to degrade: to cause to decline or fall: to plunge into destruction: to make by digging or delving: to pay absolutely: to lower in value or amount: to lessen:—pa.t. sank, sunk; pa.p. sunk, sunk′en
    • n Sink a drain to carry off dirty water: a box or vessel connected with a drain for receiving dirty water: an abode of degraded persons: a general receptacle: an area in which a river sinks and disappears: a depression in a stereotype plate: a stage trap-door for shifting scenery: in mining, an excavation less than a shaft
    • adj Sink causing to sink
    • ***

Quotations

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Samuel%20Taylor%20Coleridge
    “Advice is like snow; the softer it falls the longer it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks into the mind.”
  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “Beware of little expenses. A small leak will sink a great ship.”
  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    Francois%20De%20La%20Rochefoucauld
    “When our hatred is violent, it sinks us even beneath those we hate.”
  • John C. Calhoun
    John C. Calhoun
    “The surrender of life is nothing to sinking down into acknowledgment of inferiority.”
  • David Hare
    David%20Hare
    “Weak minds sink under prosperity as well as adversity; but strong and deep ones have two high tides.”
  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “In the ocean of baseness, the deeper we get, the easier the sinking.”

Idioms

Everything but the kitchen sink - If people include everything but the kitchen sink, they include every possibility, regardless of whether they are useful.
***
Kitchen-sink - (UK) Kitchen-sink drama deals with ordinary people's lives.
***
Loose lips sink ships - To have loose lips means to have a big mouth, susceptible to talking about everything and everyone. Sinking ships refers to anything from small acquaintances to long and hearty relationships (with friends or a significant other). So when one says loose lips sink ships, one is basically saying if you can't shut up you are going to end hurting people, usually psychologically or emotionally.Loose lips sink ships comes from World War I and/or WWII, when sailors on leave from their ships might talk about what ship they sailed on or where it had come from, or where it was going. If they talked too much (had 'loose lips') they might accidentally provide the enemy with anecdotal information that might later cause their ship to be tracked, and bombed and sunk, hence 'Loose lips sink ships.' Later, it came to mean any excessive talk might sabotage a project.
***
Sink or swim - Of you are left to sink or swim, no one gives you any help and it's up to you whether you fail or succeed.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. sinken, AS. sincan,; akin to D. zinken, OS. sincan, G. sinken, Icel. sökkva, Dan. synke, Sw. sjunka, Goth. siggan, and probably to E. silt,. Cf. Silt

Usage

In literature:

Now there is no day in the mountains that goes back of the awful tradition concerning rain at Soda Sink.
"The Daughter of a Magnate" by Frank H. Spearman
The wind was sinking, its shriek shrinking to a whisper and then to a sigh.
"The Eyes of the Woods" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Sink, smash and generally destroy.
"The World Peril of 1910" by George Griffith
Are you pirates that would sink a working craft?
"The Wreck of the Titan" by Morgan Robertson
All other days sink to unreality like the memory of snow upon a day of August.
"Wappin' Wharf" by Charles S. Brooks
She tried afresh to make the thought of Philip sink to the lowest depth of her being.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
Before the sinking vessel became lost to sight another and a third went up.
"World's War Events, Vol. I" by Various
To prepare a ship for the purpose of sinking it.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The mineral matter sinks, while the vegetable portion remains suspended for some time.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
How amusing it would be to drop pebbles in and watch them sink.
"When the Birds Begin to Sing" by Winifred Graham
A timid look on her face caused him to sink back in silence.
"The Clansman" by Thomas Dixon
All of the prizes were in a sinking condition.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
I'd sink 'em with one shot if it wasn't for their oil; but they ain't alone!
"The Iron Pirate" by Max Pemberton
On Percy's left, over a wooden sink in the corner near the door, was a rough cupboard.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
The low woods were full of sink-holes.
"The Flaming Jewel" by Robert W. Chambers
Marching became unpleasant and difficult, sinking, as we were, deep in the mud.
"An Explorer's Adventures in Tibet" by A. Henry Savage Landor
Carolan and his mate determined to sink another shaft in the deep sinking to hit the lead again.
"Reminiscences of Queensland" by William Henry Corfield
Everything that touches its surface sinks to the depths.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
Again he called, his heart sinking with despair.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
They'd just as soon burn an unfinished ship as the Germans would sink her when she's on her way.
"The Cup of Fury" by Rupert Hughes
***

In poetry:

How many times he watch'd the sun,
And saw it sink, he never knew;
For it ne'er was more than faint twilight
In that sky of stainless blue !
"The Prophecy Of Merlin" by Anne Bannerman
"Let us sing him our shrillest and wildest,
That it may sink in his heart,
And be with him again in the city
When he turns his face to depart."
"A Whiff Of Nature" by Alexander Anderson
The songs from the mountains of vision,
They thrill my ear and depart,
But the twitter that comes from the woodland
Sinks deep down into my heart.
"The Voices Of Singers" by Alexander Anderson
By this the gallant ship goes down,
Whilst o'er her sweeping billows frown;
Some now are swimming for the shore,
Some sink, alas! to rise no more.
"The Wreck of the S. S. Penguin" by Angus Cameron Robertson
The fire burns low
Where it has burned ages ago,
Sinks and sighs
As it has done to a hundred eyes
Staring, staring
At the last cold smokeless glow.
"Old Fires" by John Freeman
But ere the light, for which he woke
His song, dawns upward, faint and dim,
He, bleeding from an unseen stroke,
Sinks in the dark, and dies like him.
"Killed On The Telegraph Wire" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Sink hole opens up on Jackson road.
Is the cult hit worth sinking your teeth into.
Illustration Sinking Debt by Alexander Hunter for The Washington Times more.
As college and university endowments everywhere sink with the economy.
Fishing boat sinks off coast.
A small commercial fishing vessel is sinking off the coast of Grays Harbor, the Coast Guard reported.
NEAH BAY — Three commercial fishermen were plucked from a sinking fishing boat by Coast Guard rescuers early Wednesday morning after their boat ran aground near Neah Bay.
View full size Aristide Economopoulos Two crew members have been sentenced to prison time for their role in trying to sink a fishing boat off the Cape May coast for insurance money in 2009.
Dale's Daily Data: Sub Sinks Fishing Boat .
Hearing into sinking of fishing vessel resumes in Warrenton.
A Coast Guard hearing into the sinking of the fishing vessel Lady Cecelia reconvenes Monday in Warrenton.
One dead, one missing after fishing vessel sinks near Kodiak.
Dale's Daily Data: Sub Sinks Fishing Boat.
This week, some questionable officiating leads to a Harlem Globetrotters victory, a WWII kitchen sink drama—with a twist—opens at the Phoenix, and blissful silliness takes center stage at Beef & Boards.
Fed's zero interest rate bails out Wall Street and Treasury, sinks middle class.
***

In science:

For the numerical calculations the Hamiltonian (1) is transformed to a random flow graph with two extra sites: the source and the sink.
Susceptibility and Percolation in 2D Random Field Ising Magnets
On the other hand, random component threads rising and sinking slices across the uniform field.
The Effect of the Random Magnetic Field Component on the Parker Instability
This proprerty implies in particular the no sink condition: d−v ≥ 1 for all v ∈ V.
Random walks on randomly oriented lattices
All graphs considered here are assumed transitive, i.e. for every u, v ∈ G0, there is an α ∈ G∗ such that s(α) = u and r(α) = v, Transitivity implies in particular the no-sink condition d− v ≥ 1, for all v ∈ G0 .
On the physical relevance of random walks: an example of random walks on a randomly oriented lattice
Proposition 3.12 A Cuntz-Krieger algebra CK associated with a graph without sinks and loops and whose vertex set is finite is a Markov L-bialgebra.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
The vertices corresponding to river sinks or sources are represented by filled circles (•).
Geometrically Constrained Statistical Models on Fixed and Random Lattices: From Hard Squares to Meanders
For diffusion limited reactions (ǫ → ∞) and a Heavyside sink, the sink term can be represented by the boundary condition: ϕ(R) = 0, for |R| ≤ a.
Non-Gaussian dynamics from a simulation of a short peptide: Loop closure rates and effective diffusion coefficients
In the WF approximation, the sink-sink correlation function in Eq.(18) can be calculated using Eq.(7).
Non-Gaussian dynamics from a simulation of a short peptide: Loop closure rates and effective diffusion coefficients
Let E be a row-finite directed graph with no sinks or sources and E 0 finite.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Let us first deal with the case when there are sinks.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Let E be a row-finite directed graph which has at least one sink.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Suppose now that v is the only sink and let J be the subalgebra of C ∗(E )γ generated by elements of the form sµs∗ ν where µ, ν ∈ E n for some n ≥ 1 are such that r(µ) = r(ν ).
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Now suppose that E 0 is infinite and E has no sinks.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Let E be a directed graph with E 0 infinite and no sinks.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Let E be a row-finite directed graph with E 0 infinite and no sinks.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
***