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scallop

Definitions

  • UNDER THE SEA BED Marine Worms, Whelk, Pecten or Scallop and Periwinkle
    UNDER THE SEA BED Marine Worms, Whelk, Pecten or Scallop and Periwinkle
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v scallop shape or cut in scallops "scallop the hem of the dress"
    • v scallop fish for scallops
    • v scallop form scallops in "scallop the meat"
    • v scallop bake in a sauce, milk, etc., often with breadcrumbs on top
    • v scallop decorate an edge with scallops "the dress had a scalloped skirt"
    • n scallop edible marine bivalve having a fluted fan-shaped shell that swim by expelling water from the shell in a series of snapping motions
    • n scallop thin slice of meat (especially veal) usually fried or broiled
    • n scallop edible muscle of mollusks having fan-shaped shells; served broiled or poached or in salads or cream sauces
    • n scallop one of a series of rounded projections (or the notches between them) formed by curves along an edge (as the edge of a leaf or piece of cloth or the margin of a shell or a shriveled red blood cell observed in a hypertonic solution etc.)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Scallops have approximately 100 eyes around the edge of its shell
    • Scallop (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Pecten and allied genera of the family Pectinidæ. The shell is usually radially ribbed, and the edge is therefore often undulated in a characteristic manner. The large adductor muscle of some the species is much used as food. One species (Vola Jacobæus) occurs on the coast of Palestine, and its shell was formerly worn by pilgrims as a mark that they had been to the Holy Land. Called also fan shell. See Pecten, 2.
    • Scallop One of series of segments of circles joined at their extremities, forming a border like the edge or surface of a scallop shell.
    • Scallop One of the shells of a scallop; also, a dish resembling a scallop shell.
    • Scallop (Cookery) To bake in scallop shells or dishes; to prepare with crumbs of bread or cracker, and bake. See Scalloped oysters, below.
    • Scallop To mark or cut the edge or border of into segments of circles, like the edge or surface of a scallop shell. See Scallop n., 2.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scallop A bivalve mollusk of the family Pectinidæ; any pecten. There are many species, recent and fossil, among them Pecten maximus, of great size, and P. jacobæus, the St. James's shell. They are used for food and for other purposes. A common scallop of the Atlantic coast of the United States is P. irradians. P. tenuicostatus is a large species of the United States, used for food, and its shells for domestic utensils. Hinnites pusio is a different style of scallop from these, very prettily marked. See also cut under Pectinidæ.
    • n scallop One of the valves of a scallop or pecten; a scallop-shell, as a utensil; also, a scallop-shell as the badge of a pilgrim. See scallop-shell.
    • n scallop In heraldry, the representation of a scallop.
    • n scallop A small shallow pan in which fish, oysters, mince-meat, etc., are cooked, or are finally browned after being cooked. This was originally a large scallop-shell: it sometimes is so still, or is made in the exact form of such a shell.
    • n scallop One of a number of small curves resembling segments of circles, cut by way of ornament on the edge of a thing, the whole simulating the outer edge of a scallop-shell.
    • n scallop A lace band or collar scalloped round the edges.
    • scallop To mark or cut the edge of into convex rounded lobes. Regularly, as for ornamental purposes. Compare invected.
    • scallop To cook in a scallop; hence, specifically, to prepare by mixing with crumbs, seasoning, and baking until browned on the top: as, to scallop fish or meat.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scallop skol′up a bivalve having a sub-circular shell with sinuous radiating ridges: one of a series of curves in the edge of anything: a shallow dish in which oysters, &c., are cooked, baked, and browned
    • v.t Scallop to cut the edge or border into scallops or curves: to cook in a scallop with crumbs of bread, &c
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. escalope, a shell, probably of German or Dutch origin, and akin to E. scale of a fish,; cf. D. schelp, shell. See Scale of a fish, and cf. Escalop

Usage

In literature:

Who could blame them for not resting content with baiting lobster pots and dredging for scallops?
"Flood Tide" by Sara Ware Bassett
Her nimble fingers ran around the edge of the upper crust with a fork and scalloped a design.
"Steve Yeager" by William MacLeod Raine
He knows what winds bring in the scallops from their beds.
"By The Sea" by Heman White Chaplin
Crab, scalloped, in shell.
"The Dude Wrangler" by Caroline Lockhart
The result of their labors was a big box of lovely-looking "mottoes," all neatly twisted into fringed or scalloped papers of bright colors.
"Marjorie's Busy Days" by Carolyn Wells
SCALLOPED POTATOES AND EGGS.
"The Community Cook Book" by Anonymous
The pier capitals are flat, with scalloped ornaments.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Rochester" by G. H. Palmer
I told a lie and I stole the white silk dress with those lovely scallops.
"Tabitha at Ivy Hall" by Ruth Alberta Brown
By and by Celia tired a little, so they sat and dangled their feet and watched the tiny scalloped blue wavelets dance in the current.
"The Adventures of Bobby Orde" by Stewart Edward White
When on the dish, smooth them with the back of a knife or scallop them, according to fancy.
"The $100 Prize Essay on the Cultivation of the Potato; and How to Cook the Potato" by D. H. Compton and Pierre Blot
When the mould is full, lay on the cover, moisten the under edge, and pinch round in tiny scallops.
"Choice Cookery" by Catherine Owen
You bend them into scallops!
"Ethel Morton and the Christmas Ship" by Mabell S. C. Smith
Flat round pans with vertical rims distorted in wide scallops or waves.
"North Devon Pottery and Its Export to America in the 17th Century" by C. Malcolm Watkins
The tunic was of silver crape, the bottom cut in scallops and trimmed with silver wheat.
"Music-Study in Germany" by Amy Fay
Scalloped potatoes are very nice for a supper dish, as they can be prepared early in the day and set away until needed.
"Cookery for Little Girls" by Olive Hyde Foster
Mix fried oysters or fried scallops, cold, with half the quantity of finely cut celery.
"The Myrtle Reed Cook Book" by Myrtle Reed
Of all the offerings then made, that silver scallop-shell is the only one preserved.
"Guy Fawkes" by William Harrison Ainsworth
In each of its little scallops a family of empty chairs sat facing the stage in solemn silliness.
"What Will People Say?" by Rupert Hughes
The flannel may be scalloped.
"Home Occupations for Boys and Girls" by Bertha Johnston
There goes the Educated Scallop out of the ring now.
"Bikey the Skicycle and Other Tales of Jimmieboy" by John Kendrick Bangs
***

In poetry:

"A daisy crisp and snowy
Would be the choice for school;
A fresh hat every morning,
With scallops starched and cool.
"June" by Nancy Byrd Turner
Their scallop-shells so many bring
The fabled founts of song to try,
They've drained, for aught I know, the spring
Of Aganippe dry.
"My Namesake" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The harpers ceased the acclaiming lay, When, with descending beard,
Scallop, and staff his steps to stay,
As, foot-sore, on his weary way,
A pilgrim wan appeared.
"The Harp Of Hoel" by William Lisle Bowles
"Nay, Gertrude, repeat not thy sorrowing tale!
"Behold in my casque the scallop-shell,—
"And see on my shoulder the Holy Rood—
"The pledge of my emprize—bedyed in blood!
"Sir Raymond And The False Palmer" by Thomas Cooper
How it scallops its basin and shimmers and shines
Like a salver of silver encompassed with vines,
In crystal illusion reflecting the skies
And the mountain that seems from its bosom to rise.
"Holiday Home." by Hattie Howard
Donned she now the pilgrim scallop,
Took the pilgrim staff in hand;
Like a cloud-shade flitting eastward,
Wandered she o'er sea and land;
And her footsteps in the desert
Fell like cool rain on the sand.
"The Captive" by James Russell Lowell

In news:

Sharp cheese and fresh pumpkin make a healthy alternative to scalloped potatoes.
Farmed bay scallops (best choice) or sea scallops.
The sophisticated flavors of this lovely scallop starter will surely impress your guests.
And Wasabit and Saffron Idaho Mashed Potato es with Sea Scallop.
Tagliolini with rock shrimp, bay scallops, and pea puree.
Scallop season approaching in northwest Florida.
Carrabba's Seared Scallops with Orzo .
Smoked beef rib, pan-seared Gulf shrimp and sea scallop, asparagus and bacon twice-baked potato.
The scalloped sides of a tart pan lend a decorative touch to the cake wedges.
5 oz.fresh bay scallops 1 /2 tsp.
Everything you need to know about scallops, including a summertime recipe.
Untitled Document Many years ago, I bought some sea scallops.
Seared Scallop Salad with Apple Wedges.
The first sight of the shimmering scallop-shaped bay will sweep you off your feet.
Start your love-day dinner with a simple avocado bruschetta or an elegant seared scallop dish from chef Robert Weland.
***

In science:

Its extended reflection nebula has a variety of structures including knots and condensations, ray-like features and numerous arcs and scalloped loops which in the outer parts closely resemble the arcs observed in VY CMa’s ejecta.
High Resolution, Long - Slit Spectroscopy of VY CMa: The Evidence for Localized High Mass Loss Events
This is known as Purcell’s scallop theorem .
The random walk of a low-Reynolds-number swimmer
As required by the scallop theorem, a low Reynolds number swimmer must undergo cyclic shape deformations that are non-reciprocal requiring at least two degrees of freedom.
Dynamics and interactions of active rotors
Computations are done with the program scallop, available from .
Certifying incompressibility of non-injective surfaces with scl
Disk galaxies often harbour a lot of ’beautiful and conspicuous’ mostly non-axisymmetric patterns in the form of the spectacular spiral structures, bars, rings, warps, lopsidedness, scalloping.
Low frequency m=1 normal mode oscillations of a self-gravitating disc
The second idea is a global constraint that says that the periodic actuation of the filament needs to be sufficiently subtle to generate non-zero forces on average; this property is generally known as Purcell’s scallop theorem .
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Note here that in order to demonstrate this result, we do not need to assume anything about the geometry of the fluid surrounding the swimmer, so the scallop theorem remains valid near solid walls, and more generally in confined environments.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
A real scallop actually swims at high Reynolds number, a regime for which the constraints of the theorem of course do not apply.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Finally, it is worth emphasizing that the scallop theorem is strictly valid in the limit where all the relevant Reynolds numbers in the swimming problem are set to zero.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Since the flagellar filaments of E. coli and S. typhimurium are relatively stiff, a helical shape is necessary to escape the constraints of the scallop theorem as a straight rod rotating about its axis generates no propulsion.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Note that our discussion of flexibility may be generalized to other situations; for example, the deformation of a flexible wall near a swimmer is not reversible, leading to a breakdown of the scallop theorem even for a swimmer that has a reciprocal stroke [135].
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
The nonlinearity of the equations of motion for a polymeric liquid generally implies that the scallop theorem does not hold.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Note that the explicit presence of the time derivatives as well as the nonlinear terms in Eqn. (59) spoils kinematic reversibility and violates the assumptions of the scallop theorem.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
The nonlinear dependence of the swimming speed on the frequency signals the breakdown of the scallop theorem.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
Finally, because there is no “many-scallop” theorem [276], two reciprocal non-swimmers can exploit hydrodynamic interactions to swim collectively (Fig. 16f ).
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
***