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sack

Definitions

  • Sacking the Rear
    Sacking the Rear
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sack put in a sack "The grocer sacked the onions"
    • v sack make as a net profit "The company cleared $1 million"
    • v sack plunder (a town) after capture "the barbarians sacked Rome"
    • v sack terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position "The boss fired his secretary today","The company terminated 25% of its workers"
    • n sack the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)
    • n sack the plundering of a place by an army or mob; usually involves destruction and slaughter "the sack of Rome"
    • n sack a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
    • n sack a hanging bed of canvas or rope netting (usually suspended between two trees); swings easily
    • n sack a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases
    • n sack a woman's full loose hiplength jacket
    • n sack any of various light dry strong white wine from Spain and Canary Islands (including sherry)
    • n sack the quantity contained in a sack
    • n sack an enclosed space "the trapped miners found a pocket of air"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Nothing on But a Flour Sack 119 Nothing on But a Flour Sack 119
Two Thieves with Sack Two Thieves with Sack

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Charles Dickens grew up in extreme poverty. At the age of 10, his father was sent to debtor's prison, his mother forced into menial labor, this brothers and sisters worked in factories, and Dickens himself had to tie and label sacks of lamp black. He would later draw on these experiences in his novels.
    • Sack A bag for holding and carrying goods of any kind; a receptacle made of some kind of pliable material, as cloth, leather, and the like; a large pouch.
    • Sack A measure of varying capacity, according to local usage and the substance. The American sack of salt is 215 pounds; the sack of wheat, two bushels.
    • n Sack săk A name formerly given to various dry Spanish wines. "Sherris sack ."
    • Sack A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam.
    • Sack Originally, a loosely hanging garment for women, worn like a cloak about the shoulders, and serving as a decorative appendage to the gown; now, an outer garment with sleeves, worn by women; as, a dressing sack .
    • Sack (Biol) See 2d Sac, 2.
    • n Sack The pillage or plunder, as of a town or city; the storm and plunder of a town; devastation; ravage. "The town was stormed, and delivered up to sack, -- by which phrase is to be understood the perpetration of all those outrages which the ruthless code of war allowed, in that age, on the persons and property of the defenseless inhabitants, without regard to sex or age."
    • Sack To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders.
    • v. t Sack To plunder or pillage, as a town or city; to devastate; to ravage. "The Romans lay under the apprehensions of seeing their city sacked by a barbarous enemy."
    • Sack To put in a sack; to bag; as, to sack corn. "Bolsters sacked in cloth, blue and crimson."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Coffee sacks are usually made of hemp and weigh approximately 132 pounds when they are full of green coffee beans. It takes over 600,000 beans to fill a coffee sack.
    • n sack A bag; especially, a large bag, usually made of coarse hempen or linen cloth. (See sackcloth.) Sacks are used to contain grain, flour, salt, etc., potatoes and other vegetables, and coal.
    • n sack A unit of dry measure. English statutes previous to American independence fixed the sack of flour and meal at 5 bushels or 280 pounds, that of salt at 5 bushels, that of coal at 3 bushels (the sacks to measure 50 by 26 inches), and that of wool at 3¼ hundred weight or 364 pounds. Since 1870 the British sack has been 4 imperial bushels. locally, sacks of 2, 3, 3½, and 4 bushels were used as measures in England. The sack has been a widely diffused unit, varying in different countries, from 2 to 4 Winchester bushels. Thus, it was equal to 2 such bushels at Florence, Leghorn, Leyden, Middel-burg, Tournon, etc.; to 2⅛ at Zealand and Beaumont; to 2¼ at Haarlem, Goes, Geneva, Bayonne; to 2⅜ at Amsterdam; to 2½ at Agen, Utrecht, etc.; to 2⅔ at Dort and Montauban; to 2¾ at Granada and Emden; to 2⅞ at Ghent; to 3 at Strasburg, Rotterdam, The Hague, and in Flanders (the common sack); to 3¼ at Brussels; and to 3⅔ at Basel. The sack of Hamburg was nearly 6 bushels, that of Toulon still greater, while the sack of Paris, used for plaster, was under a bushel.
    • n sack Sackcloth; sacking.
    • n sack [Also spelled sacque.] A gown of a peculiar form which was first introduced from France into England toward the close of the seventeenth century, and continued to be fashionable throughout the greater part of the eighteenth, century. It had a loose back, not held by a girdle or shaped into the waist, but hanging in straight plaits from the neck-band. See Watteau.
    • n sack The loose straight back itself. The term seems to have been used in this sense in the eighteenth century.
    • n sack [Also spelled sacque.] A kind of jacket or short coat, cut round at the bottom, fitting the body more or less closely, worn at the present day by both men and women: as, a sealskin sack; a sack-coat.
    • n sack In anatomy and zoology, a sac or saccule.
    • sack To put into sacks or bags, for preservation or transportation: as, to sack grain or salt.
    • sack To inclose as in a bag; cover or incase as with a sack.
    • sack To heap or pile as by sackfuls.
    • sack To give the sack or bag to; discharge or dismiss from office, employment, etc.; also, to reject the suit of: as, to sack a lover.
    • n sack The plundering of a city or town after storming and capture; plunder; pillage: as, the sack of Magdeburg.
    • n sack The plunder or booty so obtained; spoil; loot.
    • sack To plunder or pillage after storming and taking: as, to sack a house or a town.
    • n sack Originally, one of the strong light-colored wines brought to England from the south, as from Spain and the Canary Islands, especially those which were dry and rough. These were often sweetened, and mixed with eggs and other ingredients, to make a sort of punch. The name sweet sack was then given to wines of similar strength and color, but requiring less artificial sweetening. In the seventeenth century the name seems to have been given alike to all strong white wines from the south, as distinguished from Rhenish on the one hand and red wines on the other.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Hacky Sack was invented by a football player in the mid 1970's who used it to stregthen tendons he had torn in his knee.
    • n Sack sak a large bag of coarse cloth for holding grain, flour, &c.: the contents of a sack: (also Sacque) a woman's gown, loose at the back, a short coat rounded at the bottom: a measure of varying capacity
    • v.t Sack to put into a sack:
    • v.t Sack sak to plunder: to ravage
    • n Sack the plunder or devastation of a town: pillage
    • adj Sack bent on pillaging
    • n Sack sak the old name of a dry Spanish wine of the sherry genus, the favourite drink of Falstaff
    • v.t Sack (slang) to dismiss
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jewish Proverb
    Jewish Proverb
    “It is easier to guard a sack full of fleas than a girl in love.”

Idioms

Hit the sack - When you hit the sack, you go to bed.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. seck, F. sec, dry (cf. Sp. seco, It. secco,), from L. siccus, dry, harsh; perhaps akin to Gr. 'ischno`s, Skr. sikata, sand, Ir. sesc, dry, W. hysp,. Cf. Desiccate

Usage

In literature:

There was nothing the matter with Copley's wing, for he nailed Stone fully five feet from the second sack.
"Rival Pitchers of Oakdale" by Morgan Scott
The same night they made another trip, filled the same sack again, and went away.
"Italian Popular Tales" by Thomas Frederick Crane
Sack, the drink of Shakespeare's day, beloved and praised of Falstaff, was passing out of date in Sewall's time.
"Customs and Fashions in Old New England" by Alice Morse Earle
No man would ever grab the mail sack from Lakota's back.
"Land of the Burnt Thigh" by Edith Eudora Kohl
For the three days' sack of the royal city Timur was not personally responsible.
"The Panjab, North-West Frontier Province, and Kashmir" by Sir James McCrone Douie
On the Pacific coast states it is used for wheat-sacks.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
He drove it far over Barking's head, clearing the sacks and coming home himself, thus winning the game by a single run.
"Frank Merriwell's Son" by Burt L. Standish
Our little sack won't last forever.
"The Young Alaskans" by Emerson Hough
I had been enough about my uncle's barn to know the feel of a sack.
"The Boy Tar" by Mayne Reid
If he did," she muttered, peering into the empty sack, "they're gone, now.
"The Gold Girl" by James B. Hendryx
Two and a half sacks of flour disappeared.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Then Little Claus trod again upon his sack, and it squeaked as before.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
Thereafter the grain sack became virtually a curiosity.
"Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology" by John T. Schlebecker
The porridge did not taste good to him, so he trod upon his sack, and the dry skin in the sack squeaked loudly.
"The Yellow Fairy Book" by Leonora Blanche Alleyne Lang
I shall certainly not 'sack' her, as you call it.
"In Brief Authority" by F. Anstey
Lorraine left him to his cabbages and followed the man with the mail sack.
"Sawtooth Ranch" by B. M. Bower
For twenty-four stivers one could buy a big sack full.
"Walter Pieterse" by Multatuli
The ruptured corner had been tied with a string, and the sack bulged heavily in the coroner's hand.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
We makes beds out of posts and slats across 'em and fills tow sacks with shucks in 'em for mattress and pillows.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
And the first thing Wunpost knowed the mine was worked out and he was left holding the sack.
"Wunpost" by Dane Coolidge
***

In poetry:

"Go empty all thy sacks of grain
Into the nearest sea,
And never show thy face again
To make a mock of me."
"The Proud Lady" by Henry Van Dyke
Homer, this health to thee,
In sack of such a kind
That it would make thee see
Though thou wert ne'er so blind.
"To Live Merrily, And To Trust To Good Verses" by Robert Herrick
Yet not the wishèd death,
That hathe noe plainte nor lacke,
Which, making free the better parte,
Is onely nature's sacke.
"A Fancy" by Edward Dyer
Make it so large that, filled with sack
Up to the swelling brim,
Vast toasts on the delicious lake
Like ships at sea may swim.
"Upon His Drinking a Bowl" by Lord John Wilmot
The West's astir, the binders whirr
Around the settler's shack;
The threshers hum, lest winter come
Before the wheat's in sack.
"The Orgy Of Thor" by Abner Cosens
And they allowed the Sexton the shroud
And they put the coffin back,
And nose and knees they then did squeeze
The Surgeon in a sack.
"The Surgeon's Warning" by Robert Southey

In news:

Multiple breakdowns by the Redskins resulted in quarterback Robert Griffin III's sack and fumble in the second quarter against the Chicago Bears on Saturday.
USC quarterback Matt Barkley is sacked by Stanford's Drew Terrell and Bo McNally in the first half during their Pac 10 Conference game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum on Saturday, Nov 14, 2009.
A New View of the Brain by Israel Rosenfield, Introduction by Oliver Sacks Basic Books, 240 pp.
Despite leading the league with 31 sacks, Big Blue has only three in the past five games.
Cowboys' Victor Butler: I'd like to sack Jets QB Mark Sanchez and whisper sweet nothings in his ear.
My buy-and-hold strategy feels like trying to tread water while holding a sack of hammers.
Buffalo "D" finishes with five sacks and three forced turnovers in big win over Chiefs.
I ranked the Colts defensive end first in what I thought was an impossible ballot in which I found 17 players worthy of spots and where I might have leaned a little less on total sack numbers than some of my colleagues.
William Perlman/The Star-Ledger Johnson had 2 INTs (both against the 49ers) and one sack in 2008.
Chicago Bears' Lance Briggs (55) celebrates a sack by Henry Melton (69) against Dallas Cowboys quarterback Tony Romo during an NFL football game Monday in Arlington, Texas.
No-budget indie feature has little more going for it than its sad-sack protagonist.
Jarvis Jones smiled when he answered the question: Has he informed David Pollack that Pollack 's single-season sack record is going down.
Dolphins linebacker Joey Porter celebrates a sack Sunday.
Brett Favre still has been sacked only once in 15-plus quarters, but the Packers have had no answer for the pressure Dallas has brought constantly tonight.
Rams get 9 sacks, bust Cardinals' unbeaten run.
***

In science:

The first result in this area is due to Sacks.
Ordinal Recursion Theory
Jensen extended Sacks’ result to countable sequences of countable admissibles.
Ordinal Recursion Theory
Theorem 7 (a) (Sacks [1976]) αKPn (R), R ⊆ ω, can be any countable Σn -admissible ordinal greater than ω . (b) (David [1982], Beller in Beller, Jensen and Welch [1982]) αZF (R), R ⊆ ω, can be any countable α such that Lα |= Z F .
Ordinal Recursion Theory
Friedman [1978] Negative solutions to Post’s Problem, I, in Generalized Recursion Theory II, Fenstad-Gandy-Sacks, Eds., North-Holland S. D.
Ordinal Recursion Theory
Sacks [1966], Post’s problem, admissible ordinals, and regularity, Trans.
Ordinal Recursion Theory
Sacks [1976] Countable admissible ordinals and hyperdegrees, Advances in Math.
Ordinal Recursion Theory
With these notation, let us state the following proposition without proof, as it is just a special case of Theorem 2 of Chernoff and Section V of Kiefer and Sacks .
Decentralized Two-Sided Sequential Tests for A Normal Mean
Sacks, “Asymptotically optimal sequent ial inference and design,” Ann.
Decentralized Two-Sided Sequential Tests for A Normal Mean
General protocol improvements from experimental methods are listed below. - The use of selective acknowledgements in TCP SACK or partial acknowledgements in NewReno can successfully tackle multiple packet losses within a single window.
TCP over 3G links: Problems and Solutions
Such an extension can be used supportively to the TCP SACK scheme, as is implemented in the Forward Acknowledgement algorithm .
TCP over 3G links: Problems and Solutions
End to End Solutions: End to end solutions comprise mechanisms like Selective Acknowledgements (SACK), which is an enhancement of the fast recovery scheme in TCP.
A Near-Optimal Scheme for TCP ACK Pacing to Maintain Throughput in Wireless Networks
In the SACK scheme, the duplicate ACK contains the sequence number of the packet that triggered the duplicate ACK.
A Near-Optimal Scheme for TCP ACK Pacing to Maintain Throughput in Wireless Networks
Sacks, “Asymptotically optimal sequential inference and design,” Ann.
Asymptotic Optimality Theory For Decentralized Sequential Multihypothesis Testing Problems
However, the proof that the CS iteration of this forcing has the n–localization property was left to the reader as “similar to that for Sacks”.
n-localization property
This result covers examples like the n– Sacks forcing notion Dn or the suitable Geschke forcings PG .
n-localization property
***