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ruminate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v ruminate reflect deeply on a subject "I mulled over the events of the afternoon","philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years","The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate"
    • v ruminate chew the cuds "cows ruminate"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Ruminate (Bot) Having a hard albumen penetrated by irregular channels filled with softer matter, as the nutmeg and the seeds of the North American papaw.
    • Ruminate To chew over again.
    • Ruminate To chew the cud; to chew again what has been slightly chewed and swallowed. "Cattle free to ruminate ."
    • Ruminate To meditate or ponder over; to muse on. "Mad with desire, she ruminates her sin.""What I know
      Is ruminated, plotted, and set down."
    • Ruminate To think again and again; to muse; to meditate; to ponder; to reflect. "Apart from the hope of the gospel, who is there that ruminates on the felicity of heaven?"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • ruminate To chew the cud, as a ruminant; practise rumination.
    • ruminate To muse; meditate; think again and again; ponder: as, to ruminate on misfortunes.
    • ruminate To chew again.
    • ruminate To turn over in the mind; muse on; meditate over and over.
    • ruminate In botany, appearing as if chewed: noting a structure of the endosperm (albumen) of a seed which gives a mottled appearance to its section, and which results from the infolding of a dark inner layer of the seed-coat into the lighter-colored matter of the endosperm, as in the nutmeg.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Ruminate to chew the cud: to meditate
    • ***

Quotations

  • Friedrich Schlegel
    Friedrich%20Schlegel
    “A critic is a reader who ruminates. Thus, he should have more than one stomach.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. ruminatus, p. p. of ruminari, ruminare, fr. rumen, -inis, throat, akin to ructare, to belch, erugere, to belch out, Gr., AS. roccettan,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. rumināre, -ātumrumen, the gullet.

Usage

In literature:

Now ruminating about her he began almost to desire her.
"Là-bas" by J. K. Huysmans
I fell asleep at last, lulled by the heavy breathing and monotonous ruminating of the cows.
"The Felon's Track" by Michael Doheny
The eminent plenipotentiaries, thus set at naught by a little state, ruminated on the embarrassing situation.
"The Inside Story Of The Peace Conference" by Emile Joseph Dillon
For hours he lay ruminating upon his purpose.
"The Soldier Boy; or, Tom Somers in the Army" by Oliver Optic
The girl told him, and the man ruminated for a minute or two.
"Winston of the Prairie" by Harold Bindloss
Madame sat silent, and ruminating in her place, with her rugs about her.
"Uncle Silas" by J. S. LeFanu
He filled his pipe, and sat for two hours, and until darkness settled, smoking and ruminating.
"Bobby of the Labrador" by Dillon Wallace
He leaned back in his chair, drawing on the newly lighted pipe and ruminating again.
"The Brimming Cup" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
Serene in this consciousness, the old woodsman dwelt in a certain sweet and gentle rumination of his own.
"The Silent Places" by Steward Edward White
He ruminated on his melancholy, and when eight years old attempted suicide.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece" by John Addington Symonds
He looks with affection on the mascot and ruminates.
"David Lockwin--The People's Idol" by John McGovern
Again; for another case whereon the better-favoured heart may ruminate in charity.
"The Complete Prose Works of Martin Farquhar Tupper" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
Judge Thayer left him to his ruminations, apparently knowing his habits.
"Trail's End" by George W. Ogden
In the midst of my ruminations, a light step behind me caused me to raise my head.
"The Adventures of a Dog, and a Good Dog Too" by Alfred Elwes
Alone in his study, the husband ruminated upon these topics.
"The Tyranny of Weakness" by Charles Neville Buck
Dick Varley sat before the fire ruminating.
"The Dog Crusoe and his Master" by R.M. Ballantyne
Bax was ruminating on these things when the door opened, and Guy entered, leading Lucy by the hand.
"The Lifeboat" by R.M. Ballantyne
I was at the back of the room, when my friend joined me, very ruminative and serious.
"John Forster" by Percy Hethrington Fitzgerald
He had been ruminating on the mystery.
"The Mark Of Cain" by Andrew Lang
They sat and sipped their lemonades, thoughtfully inspecting their straws, dolefully ruminative.
"Stubble" by George Looms
***

In poetry:

Darkness crept slowly o'er the East!
Upon the Barn-roof watch'd the Cat;
Sweet breath'd the ruminating Beast
At rest where DOLLY musing sat.
"Dolly" by Robert Bloomfield
The lark went up, the mower whet his scythe,
On golden meads kine ruminating lay,
And all the world felt young again and blithe,
Just as to—day.
"Victoria" by Alfred Austin
He hears them breathing, softly, fearfully,
Honey-sweet ruminations, slow respired:
Then a sharp hiss breaks time and melody--
Spittle indrawn, old kisses new-desired.
"The Louse-Hunters" by Aldous Huxley
Abner. What meditation holds thee thus engaged,
O king! and keeps thine active spirit bound;
When busy war far other cares demands
Than ruminating thought and pale despair?
"David And Goliath. A Sacred Drama" by Hannah More
Wild on the summit of the steep
She ruminated long the deep,
And felt her freezing blood;
Approaching feet she heard behind,
Then swifter than the winged wind
She plunged into the flood.
"Monimia. An Ode" by John Logan
It is good to know, now that the bell strikes noon.
In this day's sun, the hedges are Episcopalian
As noon is marked by the twelve iron beats.
The rector moves ruminantly among the gravestones,
And the sound of a dead Europe hangs in the streets.
"The Bell From Europe" by Weldon Kees

In news:

An Intellectual's Ruminative Romps: Schlesinger's Journals.
An Intellectual's Ruminative Romps: Schlesinger 's Journals.
Ruminating on Mr McMahon's return.
Today's ramen lover now is expected to differentiate among soups seasoned with shio (salt), shoyu (soy sauce), or miso, and to ruminate on the thickness and bite of the noodles he or she is slurping .
Ruminant nutritionists provide information on beef cattle nutrition-related topics.
Enough already with the ruminations about building a new Tappan Zee Bridge, Gov Andrew Cuomo said today.
Rumination, a destructive habit, can lead us to lash out at innocent people or pets.
The rumination on age, regret and unrealized dreams, played a preview day on Oct 9.
Sunbury leaders ruminate aggregator 's pitch.
A fter ruminating a bit about what to write in this month's column, I kept returning to the wild turkey.
For Republicans ruminating over why their party lost the presidential election, here's something else to digest from the swing state of Florida.
Some things merit rumination (Do we have a college fund for this kid?).
The musician ruminates on life out west.
A Monk-inspired rumination worth rejoicing over.
Do you have small ruminants or interest in the production of these animals.
***

In science:

However, one might argue, these ruminations seem to have parted far from the domain of the Ising model in 3D, 4D, or anything else.
Conjectures on exact solution of three - dimensional (3D) simple orthorhombic Ising lattices
Now, following [Ru], we will construct a map dR : ΩN (d)/I N (d) → K N +1(d) that connects the complexes (6.18) and (6.19), which we will call the Rumin map.
Irreducible Modules over Finite Simple Lie Pseudoalgebras II. Primitive Pseudoalgebras of Type K
Using the Rumin map dR, we can combine the two complexes (6.18) and (6.19).
Irreducible Modules over Finite Simple Lie Pseudoalgebras II. Primitive Pseudoalgebras of Type K
First, we show that the members of the Rumin complex (6.7) are csp ¯d-modules.
Irreducible Modules over Finite Simple Lie Pseudoalgebras II. Primitive Pseudoalgebras of Type K
Rumin, Formes diff´erentiel les sur les vari´et´es de contact, J.
Irreducible Modules over Finite Simple Lie Pseudoalgebras II. Primitive Pseudoalgebras of Type K
Along the data obtained in this way, Begall et al. also studied the angles of almost 3000 body axes of wild ruminants (red deer and roe deer), obtained by direct field glass observations and by examining the prints left behind in show by resting or sleeping wild animals.
No alignment of cattle along geomagnetic field lines found
Certainly, not all our results can be compared with the results published in, where the orientation of the heads was not included in the evaluated data, while we undertook no observation of the behavior of wild ruminants or of cows under power lines .
No alignment of cattle along geomagnetic field lines found
In this case the universal cover of (M, J ) must be compact by Rumin’s pseudohermitian version of Myers’ theorem ([Rum]), and hence CRequivalent to the standard S 3 .
Rigidity of automorphisms and spherical CR structures
Rumin, Formes diff´erentiel les sur les vari´et´es de contact, J.
Rigidity of automorphisms and spherical CR structures
For instance, ruminants (for example the cow) and colobine monkeys (for example the langur) independently developed a fermentative foregut where cellulose is digested with the help of bacteria.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Seshadri N., Some notes on analytic torsion of the Rumin complex on contact manifolds, arXiv:0704.1982 .
Future Directions of Research in Geometry: A Summary of the Panel Discussion at the 2007 Midwest Geometry Conference
MAS96], whereas a significant fraction of deer remain on their feet for 5 seconds or so until they collapse from loss of blood. In addition, ruminants (such as deer and goats) are more resistant to brain injury than humans because their pre-mating dominance rituals involve head butting [SHA02].
The Ballistic Pressure Wave Theory of Handgun Bullet Incapacitation
We are truly fortunate that a documented record of Einstein’s ruminations exists for this transitional period leading to the general theory of relativity.
Book Review: The Genesis of General Relativity
Lapidus, The Feynman Integral and Feynman’s Operational Calculus, Oxford University Press, 2000 45 John Allen Paulos, Beyond Numeracy: Ruminations of a Numbers Man, p. 196, Knopf.
The shadow interpretation versus quantum paradoxes
Following on Weyl’s speculations on the fundamental physical constants in 1919, and Eddington’s work from 1923 on (summarised in his book ) hoping to explain the numerical values of these constants,3 Dirac’s ruminations on the large number coincidences between these constants seem to have set the ball rolling.
Editorial note to "Large number coincidences and the anthropic principle in cosmology"
***