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rod

Definitions

  • The boys in the pond, fishing with rods
    The boys in the pond, fishing with rods
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n rod any rod-shaped bacterium
    • n rod a gangster's pistol
    • n rod a long thin implement made of metal or wood
    • n rod a visual receptor cell that is sensitive to dim light
    • n rod a square rod of land
    • n rod a linear measure of 16.5 feet
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Eccentric and Rod Eccentric and Rod

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There is an extra leg in the Iwo Jima memorial statue and extra hand. While the legend is that these extremedies belong to God, who is helping the Marines win, they are actually there for added support to the statue, and designed not to look like a metal rod going throught the middle of the group of Marines.
    • Rod A kind of sceptor, or badge of office; hence, figuratively, power; authority; tyranny; oppression.
    • Rod A measure of length containing sixteen and a half feet; -- called also perch, and pole.
    • Rod A member used in tension, as for sustaining a suspended weight, or in tension and compression, as for transmitting reciprocating motion, etc.; a connecting bar.
    • Rod A straight and slender stick; a wand; hence, any slender bar, as of wood or metal (applied to various purposes).
    • Rod A support for a fishing line; a fish pole.
    • Rod An instrument for measuring.
    • Rod An instrument of punishment or correction; figuratively, chastisement.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Vaseline was created by Robert Chesebrough in 1870. He developed it after visiting Titusville, PA in 1859. While there he noticed that workers were treating cuts and burns with grease that accumulated on drill rods from the oil fields.
    • n rod A shoot or slender stem of any woody plant, more especially when cut off and stripped of leaves or twigs; a wand; a straight slender stick; a cane; also, anything of similar form: as, a brass rod.
    • n rod Specifically— An instrument of punishment or correction; a single switch or stick, or a bundle of switches; hence, chastisement.
    • n rod The badge of office of certain officials who are in a sense guardians or controllers of others, or ushers, marshals, and the like. The use of rods of certain colors gives names to their bearers: as, in England, black-rod, green-rod, etc. See black-rod.
    • n rod A scepter; hence, figuratively, authority; sway.
    • n rod An enchanter's wand, or a wand possessing the power of enchantment.
    • n rod A long, light, tapering, elastic pole used in angling, to which the line is attached, now usually made in adjustable sections or joints, and fitted with guides and a reel. There are eight woods commonly used for rods, of which four are solid (greenheart, hickory, ash, and willow) and four are hollow (East Indian bamboo, Carolina and West Indian cane, white cane, and jungle-cane). Rods have also been made of hard rubber and of steel. Jointed rods are made in three or four pieces, of which the largest and heaviest is the butt, and the slenderest is the tip. The joints are fitted with metal rings or ferrules, and with small rings called guides to receive the line. The reel is stepped into the butt, near its end, or otherwise suitably attached, as by a reel-plate. The special makes of rods are very numerous, and their names almost equally so. Besides being named and classed according to the material of which they are composed, as bamboo rod, etc., they are commonly identified with the name of the fish for which they are specially designed: as, salmon-rod, trout-rod, bass-rod, etc. All rods are, however, divisible into three classes, according to their make and purpose. These are the fly-rod, which is long, slender, tapering, tough, and highly elastic; the trolling-rod, which is comparatively short, stout, and stiff; and the bait-rod, which is a mean between the other two. Fly-rods are most used, with artificial flies. Split-bamboo rods are now manufactured for all kinds of angling. See fly-rod, and cut under reel.
    • n rod An instrument for measuring.
    • n rod In mech., any bar slender in proportion to its length, particularly such a bar used as a brace or a tie between parts for connecting them, or for strengthening a connection between them. The term is used in a very indefinite manner, depending entirely upon individual judgment or caprice. What some would call a rod would by others be called a bar.
    • n rod Specifically, in a steam-engine, the pitman which connects the cross-head with the crank: also and more generally called connecting-rod. The connection is made at the cross-head to the cross-head pin, and at the crank to the crank-wrist. See cut under steam-engine.
    • n rod A measure of length equal to 5½ yards, or 16½ feet. (Also called pole and perch.) A square rod is the usual measure of brickwork, and is equal to 272¼ square feet.
    • n rod A shoot or branch of a family; a tribe or race.
    • n rod In anatomy, one of numerous slender rod-like or bacillary structures which collectively form, together with similar but conical bodies called cones, one of the layers of which the retina of the eye is composed, called the layer of rods and cones, essential to the function of vision. See cut under retina.
    • n rod In entomology, specifically, any differentiation of the anterior end of a retinal cell of the eye, which may unite to form a rhabdom. See rhabdomere.
    • n rod A fishing-rod made in sections of split bamboo strips.
    • rod To furnish with a rod or rods; specifically, in recent use, to furnish or equip with lightning-rods.
    • rod To operate upon with a rod, in any way.
    • n rod A Middle English form of road.
    • n rod A Middle English form of rode, preterit of ride.
    • n rod The central cone or peg in a gustatory cup on an insect's epipharynx.
    • n rod Any gorgonian with long, cylindrical branches.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The 1987 film "Hot Rod Harlots" was promoted with this tag line: "Unwed! Untamed! Unleaded! Backseat Bimbos meet their Roadside Romeos."
    • n Rod rod a long twig: a slender stick: anything long and slender, as a magic rod, a lightning-rod, a fishing-rod, &c.: an instrument of correction: an emblem of power or authority: a pole or perch (5½ yards, or 16½ feet)—the square rod, generally called rood, is employed in estimating masonry-work, and contains 16½ × 16½, or 272¼ sq. feet: :
    • v.t Rod to furnish with rods, esp. lightning-rods
    • n Rod rod (fig.) punishment: authority: oppression
    • n Rod rod (B.) race or tribe: one of the layers of rods composing the retina of the eye: any bar connecting parts of a machine
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bible
    Bible
    “Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him. [Proverbs 22:15]”
  • Alexander Pope
    Alexander%20Pope
    “Did some more sober critics come abroad? If wrong, I smil'd; if right, I kiss'd the rod.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. [Psalm 23:4]”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame. [Proverbs 29:15]”
  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “Fortune is the rod of the weak, and the staff of the brave.”
  • George Herbert
    George%20Herbert
    “Throw away thy rod, throw away thy wrath; O my God, take the gentle path.”

Idioms

Make a rod for your own back - If you make a rod for your own back, you make something difficult for yourself.
***
Spare the rod and spoil the child - This means that if you don't discipline children, they will become spoilt.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
The same word as rood,. See Rood
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. ród; Dut. roede, Ger. ruthe; L. rudis.

Usage

In literature:

Barret handed him his rod, put the basket under his feet, and sprang up on the seat behind.
"The Eagle Cliff" by R.M. Ballantyne
Ascending the bank, he crawled through the grass, which for a rod or two from the river was very high and rank.
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 7" by Charles H. Sylvester
Rods and tackle were overhauled, and every preparation made for a serious expedition on the morrow.
"Freaks on the Fells" by R.M. Ballantyne
And what became of the knee I crossed, And the rod and the child they would not spare?
"The Book of Humorous Verse" by Various
The forest line was within a hundred and fifty rods of the river.
"Field and Forest" by Oliver Optic
I'll have the rod here, and you can try him.
"The Fifth Form at Saint Dominic's" by Talbot Baines Reed
He wanted a few minutes to examine the situation; but the enemy were within fifty rods of him.
"A Lieutenant at Eighteen" by Oliver Optic
Well, Rod Palmer took to dancin' attendance on her.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1902 to 1903" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
He would have liked to shake hands with Rod, and make it all up, but Rod was not to be found.
"Bert Lloyd's Boyhood" by J. McDonald Oxley
Now, I put that rod in the boat carefully myself, because I knew how much Uncle Dick thought of it.
"The Young Alaskans" by Emerson Hough
A rod or two further, and something red gleamed, among the trees and undergrowth.
"Camp-fire and Wigwam" by Edward Sylvester Ellis
A French measure of land, equal to 100 square rods or perches, each of 18 feet.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Add double the volume of distilled water to the stain on the film, and mix with glass rod or platinum loop.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
A rod farther the depth had not materially increased, and, turning his head, he signified to his wife to follow.
"The Young Ranchers" by Edward S. Ellis
The rods are kept apart by putting a band, B, around each end of both rods.
"How Two Boys Made Their Own Electrical Apparatus" by Thomas M. (Thomas Matthew) St. John
They had gone scarcely more than a rod, however, when something brushed against Jack Harvey, and a hand was laid lightly on his arm.
"The Rival Campers Ashore" by Ruel Perley Smith
Mothers used the rod to subdue their children.
"Dickens As an Educator" by James L. (James Laughlin) Hughes
How many times was he not punished for it, and heaven knows how much he feared the rods.
"The House of the Dead or Prison Life in Siberia" by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
As to the rod and line, you will never get it too light.
"Game Birds and Game Fishes of the Pacific Coast" by Harry Thom Payne
Harry shook his fishing rod at him threateningly.
"The Boy Ranchers of Puget Sound" by Harold Bindloss
***

In poetry:

And his little gold-haired daughter
Took up the sprinkling-rod,
And smeared with blood the temple
And the wide lips of the god.
"The Dole Of Jarl Thorkell" by John Greenleaf Whittier
When some were slain, the rest returned
And sought the Lord with tears;
Under the rod they feared and mourned,
But soon forgot their fears.
"Psalm 78 part 3" by Isaac Watts
Although to-day I walk in tedious ways,
To-day His staff is turned into a rod,
Yet will I wait for Him the appointed days
And stay upon my God.
"From House To House" by Christina Georgina Rossetti
They bound me to the scourging-stake,
They laid their whips of thorn on me;
I wept to see the green rods break,
Though blood be beautiful to see.
"The World's Lover" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
'Tis vain to cry, when thou art slain,
When thou'rt condemn'd, to pray is vain,
'Tis vain, to try to break the rod,
When thou hast been chastis'd by God.
"Another On The Same Occasion" by Rees Prichard
Thank God for the bitter and ceaseless strife,
And the sting of His chastening rod!
Thank God for the stress and the pain of life,
And Oh, thank God for God!
"Thanksgiving" by Alfred Joyce Kilmer

In news:

He didn't have the money to fix the rusty green paint job at the time, and by the time he did, Smith had grown fond of the "rat rod" look.
To get a wicked signature look for his hot rod, Dorr worked with Gas Axe Garage in Grand Rapids, Michigan, to give it plenty of attitude.
Comedy Rod Lott Coming from a family of doctors, yet being nothing more than a bar bouncer, Doug Glatt (Seann William Scott, American Reunion ) feels down in the dumps, because he lacks "a thing".
A friend just alerted me to this, but the American Conservative's Rod Dreher weighed in on the Pussy Riot verdict a few days back.
Rod has so many kids, he needs baby and kid-friendly items.
From the June, 2011 issue of Rod & Custom.
Rod Eccles is celebrating the 25th anniversary of his practice in Plainfield.
JIMS Twin Cam 02 sensor wrenches (tool No 755) allow users to reach the wide band 02 sensors on 2012 Harley-Davidson Dynas, V-Rods and Softails (front sensor only).
From the July, 2012 issue of Popular Hot Rodding.
Television series Rod Lott Werewolves, exorcisms, vampires — and how's your family doing.
2010 Amsoil Street Rodder Road Tour Shadow Rods Xl27 Roadster Pickup.
On Thursday, RedEye took a crack at Rod Blagojevich's " Fakebook " profile.
Drama Rod Lott Hysteria is the feel-good movie of the summer — not for any feelings invoked in its audience, but because it's a romantic comedy about the birth of the vibrator.
Comedy Rod Lott If you don't know Cthulhu from Shinola, don't bother watching this comedy.
A-Rod's fender-bender and other Yankee news from Fla. A brolog in the age of Bieber.
***

In science:

For example, the spiral arms were assumed to be straight “rods”. A much bigger effect could however arise from the approximation that the diffusion coefficient is the same everywhere.
The Spiral Structure of the Milky Way, Cosmic Rays, and Ice Age Epochs on Earth
Entropy, like the length of a rod or the temperature in the room, is a physical quantity that is measurable.
From Knowledge, Knowability and the Search for Objective Randomness to a New Vision of Complexity
Uk, equivalently the corresponding Green’s function GP ROD (z), from the spectral density ρH (θ) for the generator H .
Multiplying unitary random matrices - universality and spectral properties
This result shows that SP ROD depends only on the second moment m2 of H .
Multiplying unitary random matrices - universality and spectral properties
This metric represents, in Weyl coordinates, a uniform rod of length b − a at a distance a below the z = 0 plane along the negative z axis.
On the stability of general relativistic geometric thin disks
If ψ were a Newtonian potential, its particular expression (2.1) would correspond to the sum of the potential of two rods both endowed with linear mass density σ = 1/2, and lying on the z -axis.
The physical meaning of the "boost-rotation symmetric" solutions within the general interpretation of Einstein's theory of gravitation
One of the rods extends itself from z = 0 to z = −∞, while the other one covers the segment between z1 and z2 .
The physical meaning of the "boost-rotation symmetric" solutions within the general interpretation of Einstein's theory of gravitation
When z is negative α diverges when the limit r → 0 is taken, i.e. when the world line of absolute rest is drawn closer and closer to the horizon produced by the semiinfinite rod.
The physical meaning of the "boost-rotation symmetric" solutions within the general interpretation of Einstein's theory of gravitation
Indeed, one criticism of the latter models – and other rigid-rod models – is that the smectics are too well ordered.
Dipolar interactions, molecular flexibility, and flexoelectricity in bent-core liquid crystals
The polymer itself may consist of small rods or bonds whose length provides us with a small scale cut-off.
Directed polymers and Randomness
Here, we treat only the case when we have a pressure perturbation at R ≈ 0 and along the z axis, i.e. some kind of a rod perturbation.
Stability of general relativistic static thick disks: the isotropic Schwarzschild thick disk
In the simplest liquid crystal phase, the nematic phase, the constituent rod-like molecules tend to align along a locally preferred direction.
Topology and Bistability in liquid crystal devices
It is because an oscillating rigid rod should be obtained when the number of masses in the multiple pendulum is tending to infinity.
Oscillations bounded by the simple pendulum and the oscillating rigid rod
Furthermore from figure 4, increasing the number of masses, the curve is going asintotically to the value T = 1.737 which is the value of the coefficient for an oscillating rigid rod.
Oscillations bounded by the simple pendulum and the oscillating rigid rod
For this case, the limit would be 44 masses, and using equation (9), the period is 1.747 s, which is deviated 0.6 % from the oscillating period of the rigid rod.
Oscillations bounded by the simple pendulum and the oscillating rigid rod
***