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RNA

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n RNA (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
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Usage

In literature:

Changes in the composition of the RNA could not be shown by these techniques.
"Significant Achievements in Space Bioscience 1958-1964" by National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The synthesis of proteins is under the control of deoxyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid, abbreviated by the symbols DNA and RNA.
"Smithsonian Institution - United States National Museum - Bulletin 240" by Anonymous
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In news:

The NEBNext Ultra DNA and Ultra RNA Library Kits produce high-yield libraries from 5 ng to 1 ug of input DNA, or as little as 10 ng of input RNA .
The RNA 's Woodbury medal.
WaferGen Biosystems Picks Up RNA QC Technology from Rutgers.
New portable device enables RNA detection from ultra-small sample in only 20 minutes.
RNA Chapter 30 members make baskets.
Smallest, Fastest RNA Switches Give New Drug Targets.
What is the best approach for collecting RNA only from plasma.
Taylor Made to Hold Annual RNA Sale at Farm.
Taylor Made Sales Agency will hold its annual " RNA Party" on Tuesday, Sept 18, at the yearling complex at Taylor Made Farm in Nicholasville, Kentucky.
Sunburn pain results from damage to RNA .
Expression Analysis Stakes Claim on RNA -Seq.
Virtual look at UAlbany's planned RNA Institute.
RNA spurs melanoma development.
Stem Cells Made with RNA .
Newly Explored Bacteria Reveal Some Huge RNA Surprises.
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In science:

Dezzy ’s k ärna är ett nyutvecklat system f ör formulering, v ärdering och presentation av hypoteser, grundade p å os äkra observationsdata.
Beslutst\"odssystemet Dezzy - en \"oversikt
We compute explicitly several abstract metrics for RNA secondary structures defined by Reidys and Stadler.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
Keywords: RNA secondary structure, metric, symmetric group.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
In the cell and in vitro each RNA molecule folds into a three-dimensional structure, which determines its biochemical function.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
RNA secondary structures to reduce the output of alternate structures when suboptimal solutions, and not only optimal, are considered [10, §IX].
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
Stadler introduced three abstract metrics on the set of RNA secondary structures of a fixed length based on their algebraic models and independent of any notion of graph edition, and they discussed their biophysical relevance.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
They ended that paper by asking, among other questions, whether there exists any relation between the metrics for RNA secondary structures they had defined.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
Definition 1 An RNA secondary structure of length n is an undirected graph without multiple edges or self-loops Γ = ([n], Q), for some n ≥ 1, whose arcs {j, k} ∈ Q, cal led contacts, satisfy the fol lowing two conditions: i) For every j ∈ [n], {j, j + 1} /∈ Q. ii) For every j ∈ [n], if {j, k}, {j, l} ∈ Q, then k = l.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
This rather unnatural condition is usually required in order to enable the use of dynamic programming methods to predict RNA secondary structures, but real secondary structures can contain knots and thus we shall not impose this restriction here.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
Let Sn stand for the set of all RNA secondary structures of length n and let Sn be the symmetric group of permutations of [n].
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
Reidys and Stadler also proved in that the mapping G : Sn → Sub(Sn ) is injective, and then they used this representation of RNA secondary structures as permutation subgroups to define the following subgroup metric.
On Reidys and Stadler's metrics for RNA secondary structures
RNA chain are Gloop = −U0 − Sloop and Gopen = −Sopen, respectively.
Ribosome recycling, diffusion, and mRNA loop formation in translational regulation
The influence of symmetric internal loops on the flexibility of RNA. J.
Ribosome recycling, diffusion, and mRNA loop formation in translational regulation
To start with, RNA does not have a T (thymine) but a U (uracil), and the authors compare an A-T binding with a U-A binding; and although the usual naming of a C-G and a G-C binding suggests symmetry, also this symmetry is broken by the different backbones of RNA and DNA.
Comment on: ``Solving the riddle of the bright mismatches: Labeling and effective binding in oligonucleotide arrays"
DNA/DNA and RNA/RNA, it turns out that ∆H and ∆S can be well approximated by sums of sequence dependent local terms taking into account the contribution of hydrogen bonds and stacking interactions between neighboring bases.
Comment on: ``Solving the riddle of the bright mismatches: Labeling and effective binding in oligonucleotide arrays"
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