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rhythm

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n rhythm natural family planning in which ovulation is assumed to occur 14 days before the onset of a period (the fertile period would be assumed to extend from day 10 through day 18 of her cycle)
    • n rhythm recurring at regular intervals
    • n rhythm the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements "the rhythm of Frost's poetry"
    • n rhythm the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music "the piece has a fast rhythm","the conductor set the beat"
    • n rhythm an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs "the never-ending cycle of the seasons"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Jazz began in the 20th century, when bands in New Orleans began to apply the syncopated rhythms of ragtime to a variety of other tunes. In the first days of jazz, ensemble playing was emphasized. Only gradually did jazz come to be based on improvised solos.
    • Rhythm A division of lines into short portions by a regular succession of arses and theses, or percussions and remissions of voice on words or syllables.
    • Rhythm In the widest sense, a dividing into short portions by a regular succession of motions, impulses, sounds, accents, etc., producing an agreeable effect, as in music poetry, the dance, or the like.
    • Rhythm (Mus) Movement in musical time, with periodical recurrence of accent; the measured beat or pulse which marks the character and expression of the music; symmetry of movement and accent.
    • Rhythm The harmonious flow of vocal sounds.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n rhythm Movement in time, characterized by equality of measures and by alternation of tension (stress) and relaxation. The word rhythm (ῤυθμός) means ‘flow,’ and, by development from this sense, ‘uniform movement, perceptible as such, and accordingly divisible into measures, the measures marked by the recurrence of stress.’ Examples of rhythm, in its stricter sense, in nature are respiration and the beating of the pulse, also the effect produced on the ear by the steady dripping of water. The three arts regulated by rhythm are music, metrics, and, according to the ancients, orchestic, or the art of rhythmical bodily movement. Rhythm in language is meter. The term was further extended to sculpture, etc. (compare def. 5), as when a writer speaks of “the rhythm of Myron's Discobolus.”
    • n rhythm In music: That characteristic of all composition which depends on the regular succession of relatively heavy and light accents, beats, or pulses; accentual structure in the abstract. Strictly speaking, the organic partition of a piece into equal measures, and also the distribution of long and short tones within measures, in addition to the formation of larger divisions, like phrases, sections, etc., are matters of meter, because they have to do primarily with time-values; while everything that concerns accent and accentual groups is more fitly arranged under rhythm. But this distinction is often ignored or denied, meter and rhythm being used either indiscriminately, or even in exactly the reverse sense to the above. (See meter.) In any case, in musical analysis, rhythm and meter are coördinate with melody and harmony in the abstract sense.
    • n rhythm A particular accentual pattern typical of all the measures of a given piece or movement. Such patterns or rhythms are made up of accents, beats, or pulses of equal duration, but of different dynamic importance. A rhythm of two beats to the measure is often called a two-part rhythm; one of three beats, a three-part rhythm, etc. Almost all rhythms may be reduced to two principal kinds: duple or two-part, consisting of a heavy accent or beat and a light one (often called march rhythm or common time); and triple or three-part, consisting of a heavy accent or beat and two light ones (waltz rhythm). The accent or beat with which a rhythm begins is called the primary accent. Its place is marked in written music by a bar, and in conducting by a down-beat. Each part of a rhythm may be made compound by subdivision into two or three secondary parts, which form duple or triple groups within themselves. Thus, if each part of a duple rhythm is replaced by duple secondary groups, a four-part or quadruple rhythm is produced, or if by triple secondary groups, a six-part or sextuple rhythm (first variety). By a similar process of replacement, from a triple rhythm may be derived a six-part or sextuple rhythm (second variety) and a nine-part or nonuple rhythm; and from a quadruple rhythm, an eight-part or octuple rhythm and a twelve-part or dodecuple rhythm. The constituent groups of compound rhythms always retain the relative importance of the simple part from which they are derived. The above eight rhythms are all that are ordinarily used, though quintuple, septuple, decuple, and other rhythms occasionally appear, usually in isolated groups of tones. (See quintuplet, septuplet, decimole, etc.) In ancient music a measure did not necessarily begin with a beat, and the rhythms were the same as those indicated in metrics below (3 ). While all music is constructed on these patterns, the pattern is not always shown in the tones or chords as sounded. The time-value of one or more parts may be supplied by a silence or rest. A single tone or chord may be made to include two or more parts, especially in compound rhythms; and thus every possible combination of long and short tones occurs within each rhythm. When a weak accent is thus made to coalesce with a following heavier one, especially if the latter is a primary accent, the rhythm is syncopated. (See syncopation.) The regularity of a rhythm is maintained by counting or beating time—that is, marking each part by a word or motion, with a suitable difference of emphasis between the heavy and the light accents. In written music the rhythm of a piece or movement is indicated at the outset by the rhythmical signature (which see, under rhythmical). The speed of a rhythm in a given case—that is, the time-value assigned to each measure and part—is called its tempo (which see). Rhythm and tempo are wholly independent in the abstract, but the tempo of a given piece is approximately fixed. Although regularity and definiteness of rhythm are characteristic of all music, various influences tend to modify and obliterate its form. The metrical patterns of successive measures often differ widely from the typical rhythmic pattern and from each other. Except in very rudimentary music, purely rhythmic accents are constantly superseded by accents belonging to figures and phrases—that is, to units of higher degree than measures. Indeed, in advancing from rudimentary to highly artistic music, rhythmic patterns become less and less apparent, though furnishing everywhere a firm and continuous accentual groundwork. Rhythm is often loosely called time. Also called proportion.
    • n rhythm In metrics: Succession of times divisible into measures with theses and arses; metrical movement. Theoretically, all spoken language possesses rhythm, but the name is distinctively given to that which is not too complicated to be easily perceived as such. Rhythm, so limited, is indispensable in metrical composition, but is regarded as inappropriate in prose, except in elevated style and in oratory, and even in these only in the way of vague suggestion, unless in certain passages of special character.
    • n rhythm A particular kind or variety of metrical movement, expressed by a succession of a particular kind or variety of feet: as, iambic rhythm; dactylic rhythm. In ancient metrics, rhythm is isorrhythmic, direct, or dochmiac (see the phrases below), or belongs to a subdivision of these.
    • n rhythm A measure or foot.
    • n rhythm Verse, as opposed to prose. See rime.
    • n rhythm In physics and physiology, succession of alternate and opposite or correlative states.
    • n rhythm In the graphic and plastic arts, a proper relation and interdependence of parts with reference to each other and to an artistic whole.
    • n rhythm Synonyms Melody, Harmony, etc. See euphony.
    • n rhythm A rhythm produced by alternations of clang-tint—in the simplest case, by compound tones alike in duration, pitch, and energy, but different in tint (as proceeding from different instruments, or sung by different voices).
    • n rhythm In music: Same as duple rhythm.
    • n rhythm A rhythm with only two or three beats to the measure: opposed to compound rhythm or time. See compound measure.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Rhythm rithm or rithm flowing motion: metre: regular recurrence of accents: harmony of proportion: a measure, or foot: :
    • n Rhythm (mus.) the regular succession of heavy and light accents
    • n Rhythm (phys.) the succession of alternate and opposite states
    • ***

Quotations

  • Plato
    Plato
    “Beauty of style and harmony and grace and good rhythm depends on simplicity.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Progress has not followed a straight ascending line, but a spiral with rhythms of progress and retrogression, of evolution and dissolution.”
  • Isadora Duncan
    Isadora%20Duncan
    “It seems to me monstrous that anyone should believe that the jazz rhythm expresses America. Jazz rhythm expresses the primitive savage.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The rhythm of the weekend, with its birth, its planned gaieties, and its announced end, followed the rhythm of life and was a substitute for it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. rhythme, rythme, L. rhythmus, fr. Gr. measured motion, measure, proportion, fr. "rei^n to flow. See Stream
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. rhythmosrhein, to flow.

Usage

In literature:

We refer all who would not like to hear the hiss of escaping arrogance, to Herbert Spencer's chapters upon the rhythm of all phenomena.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
Rhythm to teach a singing-school was discussed.
"Winning His Way" by Charles Carleton Coffin
It is one perpetual gymnastic show of grammar, rhythm, and fancy.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 18, No. 105, July 1866" by Various
Rhythm is the great thing.
"Contemporary American Composers" by Rupert Hughes
He was rather a sentimentalist to whom study and practice had given an exceptional command of rhythm.
"American Men of Mind" by Burton E. Stevenson
We have wheels within wheels, and rhythm within rhythm.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
Of all national musics it is the grandest and the most developed: we see this in the position it gives to rhythms.
"Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 26, August, 1880" by Various
While we were at table we heard the drum beating a Saracen rhythm and went to the window.
"Castellinaria and Other Sicilian Diversions" by Henry Festing Jones
Rubato must be introduced in a very sparing manner, and always in such a way as not to destroy the rhythm of the period as a whole.
"The Masters and their Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
It has a perfection of rhythm and structure not attainable by modern imitators.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
The rhythm of these wasps was very different.
"Edge of the Jungle" by William Beebe
She had discovered the secret and the rhythm of its life.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
It does not appear whether I shall live in a gay rhythm around it or drop dead in the flame, and it no longer matters.
"The Jessica Letters: An Editor's Romance" by Paul Elmer More
Rhyme in a thumping rhythm seems to be not merely his trade but his morning exercise.
"Modern British Poetry" by Various
The sensuous harmony of words, and still more the effects of rhythm, are indispensable at this height of emotion.
"The Sense of Beauty" by George Santayana
The rhythm thus discovered wakens an accordant rhythm in the spirit of man.
"The Gate of Appreciation" by Carleton Noyes
He found that the brain emits a definite pulse of activity, which was then known as the 'Berger rhythm.
"The Electronic Mind Reader" by John Blaine
The rhythm of the work carried him away again, as she was coming near.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
He also recognized interior rhythms, the result of color rather than articulate movement.
"Melomaniacs" by James Huneker
Lambert was already internationally famous for his unique and astounding experiments in the realm of sound and rhythm.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
***

In poetry:

It is as if a silver chord
Were suddenly grown mute,
And life's song with its rhythm warred
Against a silver lute.
"To A Dead Friend" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
I falter, flag in the great rhythm
That thunders up to bliss:
I tremble, in this chime of worlds
One little voice to miss.
"Immortal Eve - IV" by Manmohan Ghose
I sit by the narrow window,
Ere the summer sunlight dies,
And before me the "Faust" of Goethe,
In its strange, sweet rhythm lies.
"Gretchen" by Alexander Anderson
They all are dreamers; in the day and night
Ever across their souls
The wondrous mystery of the dark or bright
In mystic rhythm rolls.
"Poets" by Abram Joseph Ryan
Yet all my thoughts to rhythms run,
To rhyme, my wisdom and my wit?
True, I consume my life in verse,
But wouldst thou know how that is writ?
"Mother Mind" by Julia Ward Howe
The language of her signs lie knew,
What notes her cloudy clarion blew;
The rhythm of autumn's forest dyes,
The hymn of sunset's painted skies.
"The Chapel of the Hermits" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

Cicada Rhythm's train rolls into town.
The old-school Rhythm and Blues sounds of a true 21st century diva, Sharon Jones and her unstoppably fierce band, the Dap -Kings -- live from Sasquatch 2011.
Painkillers Linked to Heart Rhythm Abnormalities Now Banned.
CJ Hobgood, perfectly in rhythm with the tricky conditions at Restaurants.
'I'm just trying to find my rhythm,' Bulls forward says.
Returning starters could disrupt successful rhythm.
Communicators plan a Halloween double feature at Rhythm & Brews.
We fell into the natural rhythms of " Down East, " rising with the sun at 5:30, and finding ourselves slipping into a crisp, cool slumber by 9:30.
Sleepwalking to Dreamy Rhythms in Sumptuous Rio.
Still finding his 'rhythm,' reigning MVP leads Bulls' frantic rally in fourth to victory.
So, Wayne Shorter remembers how he'd step up to the mic and the rhythm section — that's Herbie Hancock on piano, Ron Carter on bass, Tony Williams on drums — would mostly or even almost wholly drop out, leaving him hanging, as we say today.
Laughing In Rhythm / Serenade To A Poodle.
How often do you hear a hip-hop album open with samples of a pygmy tribe splashing rhythms on water.
How do our brains assemble the complexities of rhythm, melody, timbre, and pitch into a pleasing whole.
Live Reviews Roxanne Butterfly & Worldbeat + Noche Flamenca World Music at Global Rhythm.
***

In science:

We already know from section 2 what happens if the candidate produces a rhythm: if its length is smaller than 1.7N the perceptron can learn it perfectly, without errors.
Predicting and generating time series by neural networks: An investigation using statistical physics
The hypothesis that the “Universe is lawful” is supported by our daily observations: the rhythm of day and night, the pattern of planetary motion, the regular ticking of clocks.
Incompleteness, Complexity, Randomness and Beyond
Rhythm has been converted into more meaningful data sets by Su and Wu, and studies on clustering patterns of these data points have been done to understand the fractal nature of music [8, 9].
Analysis of music: controlled random music and probability distribution function of recurrence time of amplitude peaks
To understand the origin of the power law correlations, the three factors, melody, rhythm and loudness are randomized separately.
Analysis of music: controlled random music and probability distribution function of recurrence time of amplitude peaks
The role of melody, loudness variations, and rhythm in giving rise to these correlations is studied.
Analysis of music: controlled random music and probability distribution function of recurrence time of amplitude peaks
Dealing with continuous daylight in summer can be more of a problem, but this is only a matter of upsetting circadian rhythms.
Astronomy in Antarctica
Chaos and order Journal of the Brazilian in biomedical rhythms.
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
It is a combination of pitch and rhythm, simply put. A good melody has something inevitable; it possesses a distinctive profile, a quality of aliveness.
Music in Terms of Science
Rhythm denotes the controlled movement of music in time.
Music in Terms of Science
Rhythm releases our motor reflexes, causing people to fall in step when the music is on, to nod or tap with the beat.
Music in Terms of Science
Upon the tick-tock of the clock we automatically impose a pattern, and we organize our perception of time by means of rhythm.
Music in Terms of Science
As well as perceiving rhythm we must be able to anticipate it.
Music in Terms of Science
Rhythm perturbations in acoustically paced treadmill walking after stroke.
Effect of rhythmic auditory cueing on gait stability during treadmill walking: an experimental study in healthy individuals
Correlates of rhythm in written texts of Brazilian and European Portuguese.
Testing statistical hypothesis on random trees and applications to the protein classification problem
Levin, G.V.; P.A. Straat, H.P.A. Van Dongen, and J.D. Miller (2004), Circadian rhythms and evidence for life on Mars. Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology, SPIE Proceedings 5555, 35, August.
Analysis of evidence of Mars life
***