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reproduction

Definitions

  • Reproduction of a document
    Reproduction of a document
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n reproduction the sexual activity of conceiving and bearing offspring
    • n reproduction the act of making copies "Gutenberg's reproduction of holy texts was far more efficient"
    • n reproduction copy that is not the original; something that has been copied
    • n reproduction recall that is hypothesized to work by storing the original stimulus input and reproducing it during recall
    • n reproduction the process of generating offspring
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Most snails are hermaphrodites, meaning they have both female and male reproductive organs
    • Reproduction That which is reproduced.
    • Reproduction (Biol) The act or process of reproducing; the state of being reproduced
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If the population of China walked past you in single file, the line would never end because of the rate of reproduction
    • n reproduction The act or process of reproducing, presenting, or yielding again; repetition.
    • n reproduction The act or process of restoring parts of an organism that have been destroyed or removed.
    • n reproduction Specifically The process whereby new individuals are generated and the perpetuation of the species is insured; the process whereby new organisms are produced from those already existing: as, the reproduction of plants or animals. The reproduction of plants is effected either vegetatively or by means of spores or of seeds. Vegetative reproduction consists in the individualizing of some part of the parent organism. In low unicellular plants this is simply a process of flssion, one cell dividing into two or more, much as in the formation of tissue, save that the new cells become independent. In higher plants this method obtains by the shooting and rooting of some fraction of the organism, as a branch, a joint of a rootstock, in Begonia even a part of a leaf; or through specially modified shoots or buds, as the gemmæ of some algæ, mosses, etc., the bulblets of some mosses, ferns, the tiger-lily, etc., the corms, bulbs, and tubers of numerous annual plants. The cells engaged in this mode of reproduction are simply those of the ordinary tissues. Very many, but not all, plants propagate in this manner; but all are capable of reproduction in other methods Included under the term spore-reproduction, which is reproduction most properly so called This is accomplished througn special reproductive cells, each of which is capable of developing into an individual plant. These are produced either independently, or through the conjunction of two separate cells by which their protoplasm coalesces. These may also in a less perfect sense be called reproductive cells. Reproduction through the union of two cells is sexual; through an independent cell, asexual. Sexual reproduction proceeds either by conjugation (that is, the union of two cells apparently just alike, which may be either common vegetative cells or specialized in form) or by fertilization, in which a smaller but more active sperm-cell or male cell impregnates a larger, less active germ-cell or female cell. In cryptogamous plants both methods are common, and the reproductive cells are termed spores, or when of the two sexes gametes, the male being distinguished as antherozoids, the female as oöspheres. In flowering plants spore-reproduction is always sexual, fertilization becoming pollination, the embryo-sac in the ovule affording the female cell and the pollen-grain the male cell. But the union of these cells produces, instead of a detachable spore, an embryo or plantlet, which, often accompanied by a store of nutriment, is inclosed within an integument, the whole forming a seed. The production of seeds instead of spores is the most fundamental distinction of phanerogams. Spore-reproduction is consummated by the germination of the Spore or seed, which often takes place after a considerable interval.
    • n reproduction That which is produced or revived; that which is presented anew; a repetition; hence, also, a copy.
    • n reproduction In psychology, the act of repeating in conseiousness a group of sensations which has already been presented in perception.
    • n reproduction In forestry: The process by which a forest is renewed, whether natural or artificial.
    • n reproduction Seedlings or saplings from sprouts or from self-sown seed.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest cell in the human body is the female reproductive cell, the ovum. The smallest is the male sperm.
    • n Reproduction the act of producing new organisms—the whole process whereby life is continued from generation to generation: repetition
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ruth Bader Ginsberg
    Ruth Bader Ginsberg
    “The emphasis must be not on the right to abortion but on the right to privacy and reproductive control.”
  • Jean Giraudoux
    Jean Giraudoux
    “The flower is the poetry of reproduction. It is the example of the eternal seductiveness of life.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. reproduction,

Usage

In literature:

The reproduction of the parasite in the human blood is not a sexual reproduction; that takes place in the body of the mosquito.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Between the outlet of bladder and bowels is the inlet to the reproductive organs.
"What a Young Woman Ought to Know" by Mary Wood-Allen
Reproductions of some characteristic outdoor and car-card advertisements are to be found in these pages.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
My sun-ship is not a mechanical reproduction of a bird.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
Sufficient evidence has now been advanced to prove that animals when first confined are eminently liable to suffer in their reproductive systems.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
Modelling in clay, in plaster, he produced beautiful reproductions, really beautiful.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
The spores are the seeds or reproductive bodies of the mushroom.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
The regularity with which each animal reproduces its kind is no more surprising than the faithfulness of that reproduction.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors.
"Nature" by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transparent, colorless, it contains within itself the mystery of reproduction.
"Sex=The Unknown Quantity" by Ali Nomad
The rugs are reproductions, for the most part, of famous antiques belonging to the Sultan.
"Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern" by Rosa Belle Holt
These plates are covered on all sides with a delicate membrane, upon which the reproductive organs are developed.
"Fungi: Their Nature and Uses" by Mordecai Cubitt Cooke
Diseases of the generative organs are practically confined to animals which are kept for reproduction and the dairy.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Another difficulty might be supposed to arise between animals which produce themselves other than by sexual reproduction.
"Was Man Created?" by Henry A. Mott
On one hand was promised extinction through lack of reproduction.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, December 1930" by Various
But he is real beyond words in his reproduction of the way in which such dreadful things must stamp themselves upon the mind.
"Renaissance Fancies and Studies" by Violet Paget (AKA Vernon Lee)
The instinct for reproduction is intricately involved in the struggle for existence.
"The Women of Tomorrow" by William Hard
REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS OF RIVERS.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
Reproduction by budding also occurs.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
Magazine reproduction accepts it in all its forms.
"From Xylographs to Lead Molds; A.D. 1440-A.D. 1921" by H. C. Forster
***

In poetry:

That's why fuisilliers wear to this moment
A badge which they think's a grenade.
But they're wrong … it's a brass reproduction,
Of the pudding Sam's mother once made.
"Sam's Christmas Pudding" by Marriott Edgar

In news:

They grow toxic spores from their backs as one mean of reproduction.
Maybe women could protect their reproductive organs from unwanted medical intrusions with vagina mangers .
'Second Impressions,' a sequel to 'Pride and Prejudice,' a masterly reproduction of Jane Austen.
Mother Jones has a post that gets at the heart of the efforts to provide reproductive healthcare to Memphis.
Black Keys singer-guitarist Dan Auerbach opens his first solo outing with an acoustic country blues ("Trouble Weighs a Ton") that sounds utterly authentic but signifies mainly as a museum-quality reproduction.
The first of its kind, the IDEXX milk-based test optimizes reproductive efficiency and helps milk recording laboratories expand their services.
This is what the progressive left's idea of women's empowerment looks like: For the past two weeks, radical feminists from the group Code Pink have paraded across the fruited plain in giant female reproductive organ costumes.
Reproduction courtesy of the Supreme Court Historical Society.
Once again, women reduced to their reproductive organs .
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the.
Means of Reproduction no 807.
Means of Reproduction no 804.
Why attack women's reproductive health and rights during a health care crisis.
Other signs are scours, respiratory problems, poor gains and poor reproduction.
Sharp's Aquos LC-57D90U 57-inch LCD HDTV boasts blazing fast pixel response and enhanced color reproduction.
***

In science:

Observe that the ratio between adjacent reproduction levels, ǫǫ ↑ 1 as l → ∞.
Capacity and Random-Coding Exponents for Channel Coding with Side Information
This expression can be considered as the probabilistic reproduction of the general relativistic and quantum mechanical average value of the spins product P (aL, bRL ) by means of the hidden variables.
A General Relativistic Generalization of Bell Inequality
Indeed, the probability of reaching 0 starting from any configuration in Ak is uniformly different from 0 (remember that the reproduction rate is bounded from above in a bounded degree multigraph), hence the claim follows.
Weak survival for branching random walks on graphs
If λMw < 1 then this sum is finite, hence the number of reproduction trails is a.s. finite and there is no weak survival.
Weak survival for branching random walks on graphs
Chudnovsky, B¨acklund transformation as a method of decomposition and reproduction of two-dimensional nonlinear systems, Phys.
On a new integrable nonlinear Schroedinger equation with a simple external potential and its explicit solutions
This T2 -model is in fact another example of stringy inflation with self-reproduction. (See for another case.) If other higher-energy moduli are frozen out, most inflationary tra jectories would emerge from this quantum domain.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
In § 7 we investigate the diffusion/drift boundary and the possibility of self-reproduction.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
We now show that in the model (18) there is region of (τ, θ) space where the regime of self-reproduction operates.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
The criterion for self reproduction is actually that scalar perturbations are at least weakly nonlinear and that perturbation theory breaks down.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Although asymptotic flatness and self-reproduction may be destroyed by induced masses, the observable window at significantly smaller τ may still allow inflations with enough e-foldings.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Reproduction, by any means, of the entire article for noncommercial purposes is permitted without charge.
Functional CLT for random walk among bounded random conductances
This reproduction process is iterated on L generations, until the variable nodes at graph distance L from the initial root i have been generated.
On the freezing of variables in random constraint satisfaction problems
Various themes concerning D0-branes on A1 are given in this subsection to illustrate the farreaching/power of the Polchinski-Grothendieck Ansatz for D-branes, in particular the reproduction of D-brane properties in the work of Polchinski.
Azumaya-type noncommutative spaces and morphisms therefrom: Polchinski's D-branes in string theory from Grothendieck's viewpoint
The process BRW(Xn ) can be seen as the BRW(X ) with the constraint that reproductions outside Xn are deleted and the ones from x to y (x, y in Xn ) are removed with probability 1 − µn (x, y)/µ(x, y).
Approximating critical parameters of branching random walks
Z (β ) = Xˆx∈C with x being the source vector, { ˆx} being the reproduction codevectors, and dH (x, y ) being the Hamming distortion measure, then the same analysis takes place.
The Generalized Random Energy Model and its Application to the Statistical Physics of Ensembles of Hierarchical Codes
***