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rationality

Definitions

  • The Ration Detail
    The Ration Detail
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n rationality the quality of being consistent with or based on logic
    • n rationality the state of having good sense and sound judgment "his rationality may have been impaired","he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Cut off from rations for three days Cut off from rations for three days
Drawing Rations 051 Drawing Rations 051

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: During the First World War, cigarettes were handed out to soldiers along with their rations
    • n Rationality The quality or state of being rational; agreement with reason; possession of reason; due exercise of reason; reasonableness. "When God has made rationality the common portion of mankind, how came it to be thy inclosure?""Well-directed intentions, whose rationalities will never bear a rigid examination."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The U.S. army packs Tabasco pepper sauce in every ration kit that they give to soldiers
    • n rationality The rational faculty; the power of reasoning; possession of reason; intelligence.
    • n rationality The character of being rational; accordance with reason; reasonableness; congruity; fitness.
    • n rationality The exercise, result, or manifestation of reason; rational principle, motive, or causation; basis in reason.
    • n rationality In mathematics, the state of corresponding to or being producible by a rational transformation or operation.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: During the American Civil War the Union soldiers were issued eight pounds of ground roasted coffee as part of their personal ration of one hundred pounds of food. And they had another choice: ten pounds of green coffee beans.
    • n Rationality quality of being rational: the possession or due exercise of reason: reasonableness
    • ***

Quotations

  • Marcus T. Cicero
    Marcus%20T.%20Cicero
    “I add this, that rational ability without education has more often raised man to glory and virtue, than education without natural ability”
  • Norman Douglas
    Norman%20Douglas
    “A man can believe a considerable deal of rubbish, and yet go about his daily work in a rational and cheerful manner.”
  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    Francois%20De%20La%20Rochefoucauld
    “We never desire strongly, what we desire rationally.”
  • Noam Chomsky
    Noam%20Chomsky
    “I have often thought that if a rational Fascist dictatorship were to exist, then it would choose the American system.”
  • Jerome Wiesner
    Jerome Wiesner
    “Some problems are just too complicated for rational, logical solutions. They admit of insights, not answers.”
  • St. Thomas Aquinas
    St.%20Thomas%20Aquinas
    “A man has free choice to the extent that he is rational.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. rationalité, or L. rationalitas,

Usage

In literature:

The 26th rule fixed the quantity and quality of a ration.
"The History of the Great Irish Famine of 1847 (3rd ed.) (1902)" by John O'Rourke
A slight deficiency in the rations would arouse fierce indignation and mutinous utterances.
"Combed Out" by Fritz August Voigt
I have read much of a balanced ration, but I fancy a hen will balance her own ration if you give her the chance.
"The Fat of the Land" by John Williams Streeter
The stream by the camp is condemned, and all water is supplied in tiny rations from pumps.
"Ladysmith" by H. W. Nevinson
G. Angus, to form a ration party.
"The Story of the 6th Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry" by Unknown
The emergency ration of the early days of the war was much different from the emergency ration of to-day.
"Private Peat" by Harold R. Peat
The madman's explanation of a thing is always complete, and often in a purely rational sense satisfactory.
"Orthodoxy" by G. K. Chesterton
If it be ancient and genuine, or modern and rational, it will be of real value.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
Children are to be led early to believe, but this, from the nature of the case, cannot be on rational grounds.
"The English Church in the Eighteenth Century" by Charles J. Abbey and John H. Overton
Nothing would be less rational than these perpetual miracles.
"Theodicy" by G. W. Leibniz
Moreover, as regards clothing and rations they treated him especially well.
"The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism" by Bertrand Russell
In spite of this they never failed us, and rations always arrived, even in the worst of times.
"The Fifth Leicestershire" by J.D. Hills
They have rations (some say half rations) for six weeks or two months, and ammunition.
"Letters from Mesopotamia" by Robert Palmer
Has the Jew any more rational ideas than the Christian of Divine justice?
"Superstition In All Ages (1732)" by Jean Meslier
Nor do the effects and importance of these studies end here; they are also the necessary foundation of true and rational sociology.
"Myth and Science" by Tito Vignoli
The hands got their rations every Monday night.
"Slave Narratives Vol. XIV. South Carolina, Part 1" by Various
We had been on three-fourths rations for three weeks, and there remained only half rations for another ten days.
"My Attainment of the Pole" by Frederick A. Cook
The men were not paid for six months, the rations were poor, many became disheartened and desertions were frequent.
"Campaign of the Fourteenth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers" by J. Newton Terrill
The hostility towards rationalism was decided.
"Recollections and Impressions" by Octavius Brooks Frothingham
The succeeding days were passed in hard marching, with hot weather, no tents or blankets, short rations, and a poor country to forage in.
"A Narrative of Service with the Third Wisconsin Infantry" by Julian Wisner Hinkley
***

In poetry:

The Haggis, the Haggis;
Wull Wright an unco' wag is,
And he cried out wi' passion
"The smell itsel'
Might very well
Serve for a sodger's ration!"
"The Haggis" by Joseph Johnston Lee
I imagine him
Impotent as distant thunder,
In whose shadow I have eaten my ghost ration.
I wish him dead or away.
That, it seems, is the impossibility.
"The Jailer" by Sylvia Plath
Whiskered cats arointed flee,
Sturdy stoppers keep from thee
Cologne distillations;
Nuts lie in thy path for stones,
And thy feast-day macaroons
Turn to daily rations!
"To Flush, My Dog" by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
And now each work (while nature's fabric stands)
Loud for its wise and mighty Lord demands
A rent of praise, a loud and lofty song,
From every rational beholder's tongue.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. I." by Ralph Erskine
"Friends, Romans, and countrymen, lend me your ears!"
(They were all of them fond of quotations:
So they drank to his health, and they gave him three cheers,
While he served out additional rations).
"Fit The Second - The Bellman's Speech" by Lewis Carroll
A ration of rum and a biscuit was served out to each man,
And the weary night passed, and then appeared the morning dawn;
And when the lifeboat hove in sight a sailor did shout,
"Thank God, there's she at last without any doubt."
"The Wreck of the 'Indian Chief'" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

He says the Iranian regime is rational in its own way.
As rational beings, we should act rationally.
Building architectures for autonomous rational behavior requires the integration of several AI components, such as planning, learning and execution monitoring.
The gas shortage that has strained the New York region seemed to ease on Monday as lines at many pumps shrank, more gas stations reopened and mandatory rationing was enforced in some areas.
Is there a rational economic argument for mass-market brands to adopt stronger ethical standards.
Wall Street's current strategy with regard to dot-coms and other pure Internet plays echoes that dark rationalization from the days of the Vietnam War: We had to destroy the village to save it.
Rationing begun during the war continued, with sugar, bread, gasoline, potatoes and other items in short supply.
Can These Two Democrats Inject Rationalism Into the Energy Debate.
If the sole purpose of life was to be rational, we would have banned golf years ago.
I have been disturbed, however, by the fact they have made small publishing fortunes arguing atheism alone is rational, while religion is nothing more than silly magic.
The best part of election defeat is the rationalization .
My favorite part of every election is the rationalization afterward.
Too earnest to laugh and too proud to cry, the Left can only rationalize .
It's easy to rationalize why you should cheat .
Cumberland County has its full ration of stories - epic tales, at least in duration - about threats to water supply and water quality.
***

In science:

By restricting to the category of rational G-spectra, we in principal get an abelian category A0 (G) for rational stable homotopy as in the construction of Definition 2.2.
The Equivariant Generating Hypothesis
Restricting to the category of rational G-spectra for a group G greatly simplifies the structure of the category, and after this simplification the rational G-stable homotopy categories for finite and infinite compact Lie groups exhibit very different behavior.
The Equivariant Generating Hypothesis
Since the rationalized Burnside ring of a compact Lie group is von Neumann regular, one might expect the generating hypothesis to hold in the rational equivariant stable category; however, we have shown that this is not the case.
The Equivariant Generating Hypothesis
An r.e. real α is cal led T -convergent if there exists a T -convergent computable, increasing sequence of rationals which converges to α, i.e., if there exists an increasing sequence {an} of rationals such that (i) {an} is T -convergent, (ii) {an} is computable, and (iii) limn→∞ an = α.
Partial randomness and dimension of recursively enumerable reals
Thus, since α is a positive r.e. real and also Martin-L¨of T -random by the assumption, it follows from Lemma 2 below that there exist a computable, increasing sequence {an} of rationals and a rational r > 0 such that an+1 − an > rε(cn+1 − cn ) for every n ∈ N, a0 > 0, and α = limn→∞ an .
Partial randomness and dimension of recursively enumerable reals
Here Z is either a point, a rational curve or a rational surface (because a rationally connected surface over C must be rational).
Simple finite subgroups of the Cremona group of rank 3
According to [Zha06] Fano varieties with log terminal singularities are rationally connected, so our constructions give embeddings of a finite simple group into the automorphism group of some rationally connected variety.
Simple finite subgroups of the Cremona group of rank 3
If S is rational, then we are in cases (1.2) because a faithfull action of a group on a rational surface gives an embedding of this group to the Cremona group of rank 2.
Simple finite subgroups of the Cremona group of rank 3
Since X is rational, there exists a punctured rational curve C on X connecting the points a, b.
A simple construction of Grassmannian polylogarithms
Also, if the transition matrices of A had rational entries then we can choose A′ so that its transition matrices have rational entries.
On Continuous Weighted Finite Automata
Suppose that X is an affine variety X ; since the sheaf of rational functions X ) = 0, p > 0, and H 0 (X, MX ) = LX is constant, we deduce that H p (X, M l K (X ) the field of rational functions of X .
Gerbes for the Chow
Lemma 1.20 implies that we can associate to any line bundle L admitting a bounded rational section s a Cartier divisor class D(F ) := [D(s)] that only depends on the bundle L and not on the choice of the rational section s.
Chern classes of tropical vector bundles
By lemma 1.20 we can conclude that for all i these Cartier divisors differ by bounded in finite rational functions only, i.e. ϕi − ψi = hi for some bounded in finite rational function hi on eX .
Chern classes of tropical vector bundles
The generating functions, such as eg (t), that we will describe are not rational in t; however, the result just mentioned suggests that if eg is indeed rational in z0, then it should in fact be possible to recursively construct it from z0 .
Caustics, counting maps and semi-classical asymptotics
The generating functions that we will describe are not rational in s; however, as has already been mentioned, we will show that they are rational functions of a fundamental generating function z0 (s).
Caustics, counting maps and semi-classical asymptotics
***