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rationalism

Definitions

  • The Ration Detail
    The Ration Detail
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n rationalism the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
    • n rationalism (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
    • n rationalism the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Cut off from rations for three days Cut off from rations for three days
Drawing Rations 051 Drawing Rations 051

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: During the First World War, cigarettes were handed out to soldiers along with their rations
    • Rationalism (Theol) The doctrine or system of those who deduce their religious opinions from reason or the understanding, as distinct from, or opposed to, revelation.
    • Rationalism (Philos) The system that makes rational power the ultimate test of truth; -- opposed to sensualism, or sensationalism, and empiricism.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The U.S. army packs Tabasco pepper sauce in every ration kit that they give to soldiers
    • n rationalism In general, adherence to the supremacy of reason in matters of belief or conduct, in contradistinction to the submission of reason to authority; thinking for one's self.
    • n rationalism In theology:
    • n rationalism In general, the subjection of religious doctrine and Scriptural interpretation to the test of human reason or understanding; the rejection of dogmatic authority as against reason or conscience; rational latitude of religious thought or belief.
    • n rationalism More specifically, as used with reference to the modern sehool or party of rationalists, that system of doctrine which, in its extreme form, denies the existence of any authoritative and supernatural revelation, and maintains that the human reason is of itself, and unaided by special divine inspiration, adequate to ascertain all attainable religious truth. As a theological system rationalism regards the reason as the sole, final, and adequate arbiter of all religious questions, and is thus opposed to mysticism, which maintains the existence in man of a spiritual power transcending observation and the reasoning faculty. As a doctrinal system, it includes the doctrines founded upon rationalistic philosophy as a postulate, and embraces a denial of the authority of the Scripture and the supernatural origin of Christianity, but maintains as at least probable opinions the existence of a God and the immortality of the soul, and as indisputable facts the great principles of the moral law. As an interpretation of Scripture, it holds that the Scriptures themselves, rightly interpreted, corroborate rationalism; and thus it eliminates from them all supernatural elements. The term is. however, one of somewhat vague import, and is used with various modified meanings in modern polemical theology.
    • n rationalism In metaphysics, the doctrine of a priori cognitions; the doctrine that knowledge is not all produced by the action of outward things upon the senses, but partly arises from the natural adaptation of the mind to think things that are true.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: During the American Civil War the Union soldiers were issued eight pounds of ground roasted coffee as part of their personal ration of one hundred pounds of food. And they had another choice: ten pounds of green coffee beans.
    • ns Rationalism the religious system or doctrines of a rationalist
    • ***

Quotations

  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    Francois%20De%20La%20Rochefoucauld
    “We never desire strongly, what we desire rationally.”
  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    Gilbert%20K.%20Chesterton
    “Happiness is a mystery, like religion, and should never be rationalized.”
  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “The more rational an institution is the less it suffers by making concessions to others.”
  • Robert Owen
    Robert Owen
    “Courts of law, and all the paraphernalia and folly of law cannot be found in a rational state of society.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “When you rationalize, you do just that. You make rational lies.”
  • George T. Hewitt
    George T. Hewitt
    “The best things in life are never rationed. Friendship, loyalty, and love. They do not require coupons.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. rationalisme,

Usage

In literature:

But this was only to be a rear-guard action, so he never saw his rations or letters again, after all.
""Contemptible"" by "Casualty"
If rationalism opposes his presentation of Christianity, he will ride full tilt against reason.
"Among Famous Books" by John Kelman
Arming ourselves with our basins we scrambled down to the cook-house for our rations.
"Sixteen Months in Four German Prisons" by Henry Charles Mahoney
They obviously had not been on short rations.
"This World Is Taboo" by Murray Leinster
The rest on short rations might hope to make their way home.
"English Seamen in the Sixteenth Century" by James Anthony Froude
Rations were reduced from three times to once and twice a day.
"Pathfinders of the West" by A. C. Laut
He give rations like dey always have.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
I was too young to build affection on any rational foundation.
"Arthur Mervyn" by Charles Brockden Brown
The Oxford Movement was, out of the very roots of its being, a rational movement; almost a rationalist movement.
"The Victorian Age in Literature" by G. K. Chesterton
One may be called a rationalizing tendency.
"Modern Skepticism: A Journey Through the Land of Doubt and Back Again" by Joseph Barker
We are to move up again at 4 A.M. Just had dinner (soup, boiled beef as tough as a cable, and ration cheese and coffee), and the 'Daily Mail.
"Diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front, 1914-1915" by Anonymous
Our supply of rations being limited and now running low, Andy for some time had been curbing our appetites.
"A Canyon Voyage" by Frederick S. Dellenbaugh
Consider the enormous weight of provisions and water which full rations to even ten thousand men would require daily.
"Martyria" by Augustus C. Hamlin
No other infinite act, and no other result, are rationally supposable.
"Know the Truth; A critique of the Hamiltonian Theory of Limitation" by Jesse H. Jones
The division was prepared with cooked rations, had wagons packed at six o'clock, and rested in the rear of General Hill's at nine A.M.
"From Manassas to Appomattox" by James Longstreet
We'll get our rations right off.
"The Lost Gold of the Montezumas" by William O. Stoddard
The stock consisted of fifty horses and two hundred sheep; and eighteen months' supply of rations were taken.
"Early Days in North Queensland" by Edward Palmer
The ceremony of the drawing of meat rations had an aspect almost comic in its desperate seriousness.
"South Africa and the Transvaal War, Vol. IV (of 6)" by Louis Creswicke
Assault came against them from the quarter of common intelligence and the rational understanding.
"Transcendentalism in New England" by Octavius Brooks Frothingham
The next morning one of our men asked the guard if he was going to get any rations.
"The Dispatch Carrier and Memoirs of Andersonville Prison" by William N. Tyler
***

In poetry:

"Who fastens his belt?
"I," said Short-Rations,
" I know all the fashions
"Of tightening a belt!"
"The New Knighthood" by Rudyard Kipling
You'd laughed to seen Lucinda Grange
Upon her husband's track;
When he sold his vote for rations
She made him take 'em back.
"The Deliverance" by Frances Ellen Watkins
Now, I had no drinking companions —
I only had one chum,
And he was a staunch teetotaller —
So gave me his ration of rum (!)
"The Bugle Calls? (Rat-a-tat! Plonk! Plonk!)" by T W Connor
Two children together in palmroof shade
Stare at me no word is said
Rice ration, lentils one time a week
Milk powder for war weary infants meek
"September On Jessore Road" by Allen Ginsberg
"Friends, Romans, and countrymen, lend me your ears!"
(They were all of them fond of quotations:
So they drank to his health, and they gave him three cheers,
While he served out additional rations).
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
Chorus: Tramp, tramp, tramp, etc.
You ask me if they want men, you ask for rations then,
If they don't stump up a warning should be made;
To teach them better sense — why, "Set fire to their fence"
Is the war cry of the Wallaby Brigade.
"The Wallaby Brigade" by Anonymous Oceania

In news:

New York begins gas rationing.
A Practical Guide to Product Rationalization.
Josette Sheeran of the World Food Program holds up a cup to illustrate the food ration given to children.
The Olympic Peninsula already meets one of two criteria for a drought declaration and, if irrigators are forced to ration their water, it will meet the second.
Rationalism, Novecento, neo-Classicism, neo-Baroque and monumentalism are among the varied avant-garde styles played with here.
Every Last One by Anna Quindlen is a wonderful novel, complete with compassion, suspense, horror, and a rational recovery.
Replenish the pantry with plenty of Tang and rations.
In an interview with Haaretz, Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Benny Gantz acknowledged the threat of a nuclear Iran but said Tehran wasn't likely to go there, citing its 'rational' leadership.
Before last Saturday, the Cali Trio was something not many rational Sooner fans could fully attach themselves to.
Alfalfa (40% NDF) and orchardgrass (60% NDF) hays supported similar milk production levels when they replaced corn grain in rations at the University of Minnesota.
Alfalfa was fed at levels ranging from 15% to 35% of ration dry matter.
Bringing rationality to regulation rhetoric is not easy.
Tehran couldn't have made itself into the world's foremost exporter of terror and extended its tentacles throughout the Middle East without resorting to rational calculation.
An Assault on Rationality .
Alarm Rationalization Quality Assurance Guide.
***

In science:

If φs > 0, let 0 < δ ≪ 1 be a rational number such that φu > 0 for u ∈ U with ku − sk ≤ δ, set φ = min{φu : u ∈ U, ku − sk ≤ δ} and let 0 < ε ≪ δ be a rational number such that (Cs/φ + 1)ε(KX + ∆s) + A is ample.
Towards finite generation of the canonical ring without the MMP
Let 0 < δ ≪ 1 be a rational number such that φv > 0 for v ∈ W with kv − tk ≤ δ, set φ = min{φv : v ∈ W, kv − tk ≤ δ} and let 0 < ξ ≪ min{δ, ε} be a rational number such that (Ct/φ + 1)ξ (KX + ∆t ) + A is ample.
Towards finite generation of the canonical ring without the MMP
By Step 1 there is a rational cone C = Pk i=1 R+gi with gi ∈ SQ Z is linear on C and s = P αigi with all αi > 0. and k > 1 such that λ♯ Consider the rational point g = Pk i=1 gi .
Towards finite generation of the canonical ring without the MMP
Namely, we work with coring which is a member of rational pairing whose associated rational functor is exact.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
In Section 1, we give a brief review on rational pairings and rational functors.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
Given T = (C, B, h−, −i) any right rational pairing over A, one can define a functor called a right rational functor as follows.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
An element m ∈ M is called rational if there exists a set of right rational parameters {(ci, mi )} ⊆ C×M such that mb = Pi mi hci, bi, for all b ∈ B .
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
Let T = (C, B, h−, −i) be a right rational pairing over A, and RatT : ModB → ComodC the associated rational functor.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
Let T = (C, B, h−, −i) be a right rational pairing over A with exact rational functor.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
Let T = (C, B, h−, −i) be a right rational pairing over A with exact rational functor.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
We show that the coinduction functor in group-graded modules involves a rational functor associated to a suitable rational pairing.
Coinduction functor and simple comodules
The rational point 1 − T T−1 ∈ K× (Kp ) corresponds to the rational point (−T + T, −1) ∈ UK (Kp ) × Z(Kp ).
Some remarks on the local class field theory of Serre and Hazewinkel
This diagram gives two morphisms Spec Kp → JP1, or equivalently, two Kp -rational points of JP1 . A simple calculation shows that the difference of these two rational points is in JP1 ((pK )p ).
Some remarks on the local class field theory of Serre and Hazewinkel
These groups also arise as iterated monodromy groups of rational endomorphisms of the Riemann sphere, which, for instance, led to a recent solution of an old problem from rational dynamics [BN06].
Self-similarity and random walks
If T is linear real arithmetic (LRA), then this decision procedure must decide whether a set of linear inequalities with rational or integer coefficients has rational solutions.
On using floating-point computations to help an exact linear arithmetic decision procedure
***