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quantity

Definitions

  • Much, quantity. Apache
    Much, quantity. Apache
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n quantity how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
    • n quantity an adequate or large amount "he had a quantity of ammunition"
    • n quantity the concept that something has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Jamestown cooper was a busy craftsman. Many barrels, hogsheads, and casks were needed in the colony, and large quantities of barrel staves were made for shipping to England. (Painting by Sidney E. King.) The Jamestown cooper was a busy craftsman. Many barrels, hogsheads, and casks were needed in the colony, and large...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Wild Flamingos are pink because they consume vast quantities of algae and brine shrimp
    • Quantity A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount; a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in quantities, that is, in large quantities. "The quantity of extensive and curious information which he had picked up during many months of desultory, but not unprofitable, study."
    • Quantity That which can be increased, diminished, or measured; especially Math, anything to which mathematical processes are applicable.
    • Quantity The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property of being measurable, or capable of increase and decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more concretely, that which answers the question “How much?”; measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent; size.
    • Quantity The extent or extension of a general conception, that is, the number of species or individuals to which it may be applied; also, its content or comprehension, that is, the number of its constituent qualities, attributes, or relations.
    • Quantity The measure of a syllable; that which determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable.
    • Quantity The relative duration of a tone.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The original meaning of the word grocer was referring to a person who traded food in wholesale. These people would usually sell in large quantities, or by the "gross."
    • n quantity The being so much in measure or extent; technically, the intrinsic mode by virtue of which a thing is more or less than another; a system of relationship by virtue of which one thing is said to be more or less than another; magnitude.
    • n quantity In the concrete, an object regarded as more or less; a quantum; any amount, magnitude, or aggregate, in a concrete sense: as, a quantity of water: sometimes erroneously used to denote that which should be enumerated rather than measured: as, a quantity of people. Any perfectly regular system of objects whose relations are definable in advance, and capable of construction in the imagination, forms a system of quantity capable of being dealt with by mathematical reasoning. The quantities of the mathematician, being constructed according to a definition laid down in advance, are imaginary, and in that sense abstract; but as being objects of the imagination, and not merely of the discursive reason, they are concrete. Mathematical quantities are either discrete (as whole numbers) or continuous. They may also be multiple, as vectors.
    • n quantity A large or considerable amount.
    • n quantity A piece or part, especially a small portion; anything very little or diminutive.
    • n quantity Proportion; correspondent degree.
    • n quantity In anc. orthoëpy, pros., and metrics, the relative time occupied in uttering a vowel or a syllable; that characteristic of a vowel or a syllable by which it is distinguished as long or short; syllabic measure or time; prosodic length. In ancient Greek and Latin pronunciation a long vowel or syllable occupied nearly, or in deliberate enunciation fully, twice the time of a short vowel or syllable, and the grammarians accordingly assumed the average short vowel or syllable as the prosodic unit (mora), and taught that a long vowel or syllable was equal to two short ones. Some vowels or syllables varied in time between these two limits and were called common, admitting of metrical use as either longs or shorts. In certain situations (elision, ecthlipsis) vowels were much shorter in pronunciation than the average short, and, although audible, were disregarded in metrical measurement. A syllable was long either by nature or by position (see long, adjective, 5 ). In the English pronunciation of Latin and Greek, quantity in the proper sense is entirely disregarded, except in so far as the length of the penult affects the accent according to the Latin rule; and English writers use the phrase false quantity for a false accentuation. Thus, to pronounce vec-tī'gal vec'ti-gal is called a “false quantity,” but to pronounce the a alike in păter and māter is not so designated.
    • n quantity In logic, that respect in which universal and particular propositions differ. See proposition, and logical quantity, below.
    • n quantity In electricity, the amount of electricity which passes through any section of a circuit in a unit of time: more exactly termed the strength of the current. A battery is arranged for quantity when the positive poles of all the cells are connected and all the negative poles are connected, so that the current is the maximum when the external resistance is small.
    • n quantity Quantity of comprehension or intension, or logical depth, a relative character of a term such that when it is in excess the term has all the predicates of another term, and more besides; or a relative character of a proposition such that when it is in excess the proposition is followed by all the consequents of another proposition, and more besides.
    • n quantity Quantity of science (Aquinas) or of information, a relative character of a concept such that when it is in excess it has all the subjects and predicates of another concept, and more besides, owing to its being in a mind which has more knowledge. Logical quantity is to be distinguished from the quantity of a proposition.
    • n quantity Specifically, same as duration or time-value: said of musical tones or notes.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A few years back, a Chinese soap hit it big with consumers in Asia. It was claimed in ads that users would lose weight with Seaweed Defat Scented Soap simply by washing with it. The soap was sold in violation to the Japanese Pharmaceutical Affairs Law and was banned. Reportedly, the craze for the soap was so great that Japanese tourists from China and Hong Kong brought back large quantities. The product was also in violation of customs regulations. In June and July 1999 alone, over 10,000 bars were seized.
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti the amount of anything: bulk: size: a determinate amount: a sum or bulk: a large portion: : : : : :
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti (logic) the extent of a conception
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti (gram.) the measure of a syllable
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti (mus.) the relative duration of a tone
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti (math.) anything which can be increased, divided, or measured
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti (Shak.) a small part
    • n Quantity kwon′ti-ti (Shak.) proportion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Voltaire
    Voltaire
    “It is far better to be silent than merely to increase the quantity of bad books.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “It is quality rather than quantity that matters.”
  • William Ellery Channing
    William%20Ellery%20Channing
    “It is not the quantity but the quality of knowledge which determines the mind's dignity.”
  • Count Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna
    Count Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna
    “The quantity of books in a person's library, is often a cloud of witnesses to the ignorance of the owner.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “There is a great discovery still to be made in literature, that of paying literary men by the quantity they do not write.”
  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “The strength and power of a country depends absolutely on the quantity of good men and women in it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. quantite, L. quantitas, fr. quantus, bow great, how much, akin to quam, bow, E. how, who,. See Who
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. quantitas, quantitatisquantus, how much—quam, how.

Usage

In literature:

As the numbers of men increased, they used greater and greater quantities of wood.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
It takes about the same quantity of seed to the acre, and gives much the same returns.
"First History of New Brunswick" by Peter Fisher
Even with this contrivance the visual quantities to be measured remain exceedingly minute.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
The clysters should be large in quantity, that they may pass high in the rectum, as two drams of tobacco boiled a minute in a pint of water.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
The water in igneous and other dense rocks is ordinarily in more limited quantity.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
Another substance was separated also, but in too small a quantity to permit complete identification.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
If the liquor be too salt, only use half the quantity, and the rest water.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
Let a small quantity of milk stand till it be sour, then put a sufficient quantity of it to new milk, to turn it to a soft curd.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
This quantity will make three quarts.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
Take an equal quantity of turnip and three small onions, cut in a similar manner.
"Nelson's Home Comforts" by Mary Hooper
The quantity of milk given was greater with good ventilation.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Then again, while rain is needed in fair quantity, too much of it is followed by rot and myriads of pests.
"The Story of the Cotton Plant" by Frederick Wilkinson
How the Quantity and Strength of the Electrolyte Affect the Capacity.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
This will make a sufficient quantity for a family of 10 persons.
"Desserts and Salads" by Gesine Lemcke
It will be observed, of course, that, for larger quantities, larger utensils of all sorts will be wanted.
"Cottage Economy" by William Cobbett
Use altogether about one and one half pints of milk to this quantity of oysters and crackers.
"Civic League Cook Book" by Anonymous
These improvements absolutely enable us to obtain the same produce from a smaller quantity of land.
"On The Principles of Political Economy, and Taxation" by David Ricardo
It is believed that when sucrose is eaten in very large quantities, it is sometimes absorbed from the stomach.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
Each mess had a measure holding a little less than that quantity.
"The Story of a Strange Career" by Anonymous
Water, then, in exceedingly small quantity at a time, was permitted; but it was to be given by stealth.
"Forty Years in the Wilderness of Pills and Powders" by William A. Alcott
***

In poetry:

The farmer once again -
I learn from one who knows it -
Takes quantities of grain,
And walks about and sows it.
"A Pastoral" by P G Wodehouse
These two physicians did agree
To open him, that they might see
What cut him off so suddenly,
To fulfil law;
Then poison, a great quantity,
They quickly saw.
"The Death Of Thomas Stoddart" by Susannah Hawkins
Teach us the love of kindness to each other,
To aid the suff'rer, though we aid the foe;
And, looking on each neighbour as a brother,
Lessen the quantity of human wo.
"To Charity" by Thomas Odiorne
FARDORROUGHA
The corn is here that I will give you, Shaun,
For wool and loom; open, you, the bin,
And see what's in it. (SHAUN opens .front of bin. A very great quantity of corn gushes out.)
"The Miracle Of The Corn" by Padraic Colum
But by the way of nourishment and strength,
Thou creep'st into my breast;
Making thy way my rest,
And thy small quantities my length;
Which spread their forces into every part,
Meeting sinnes force and art.
"The Holy Communion" by George Herbert
Then women and children were first put into them,
Also a quantity of provisions, then followed the men;
And as soon as the boats were loaded they left the steamer's side,
To be tossed to and fro on the ocean wide.
"The Burning of the Steamer 'City of Montreal'" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

New liquid quantity rules prompt man's decision to drink entire bottle.
Made Especially for You, In Industrial Quantities.
Had it up to here with the quantity and quality of job applicants you get from Craigslist.
Collectors have been taking advantage of the event by purchasing quantities of the envelopes to save or sell at a later date.
Radiation Quantities a Exposure b.
First and foremost is the dramatically declining American presence — both from a quantity and quality perspective.
So these are the coins and quantities that must be reported .
Out in the desert, rust is practically an unknown quantity.
Think QUALITY over quantity this year.
Previously, running a small-quantity, four-color process order was simply not cost effective.
Coach values quality of opponent over quantity of easy wins.
With the Patriots' 2012 draft class, it's about quality over quantity.
Whether they're K-12 or college students, both quality and quantity matter.
While some good quality forage has been harvested, the quantity or tonnage harvested is much reduced.
Sure, downloads and streaming are great for discovering and purchasing new music, but for quality, quantity and affordability it's tough to beat record shows.
***

In science:

For example, if x is chosen to be the independent parameter, then using the fact that the dimension of a physical quantity is always expressed as power monomial, we can define the dimensionless quantity ξ = t xα .
Transition from random to ordered fractals in fragmentation of particles in an open system
However, the quantity I given by Eq. (2.17) does not give the correct formulation of the variational principle if we wish to specify the value of some other physical quantity on the boundary, say the derivative of the temperature.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
When the angle α is small, it has a tendency to increase by a quantity of order roughly 1/d, and d tends to decrease by a quantity of order α.
Random walks that avoid their past convex hull
All these quantities can be written as coordinate-based geometric quantities in the standard basis {γµ} .
The Proof that the Standard Transformations of E and B are not the Lorentz Transformations. Clifford Algebra Formalism
D quantity, basis and components, leaving the whole quantity unchanged.
The Proof that the Standard Transformations of E and B are not the Lorentz Transformations. Clifford Algebra Formalism
All these quantities can be written as coordinate-based geometric quantities in the standard basis {γµ} .
The Proof that the Standard Transformations of E and B are not the Lorentz Transformations. Clifford Algebra Formalism
It appears in particular when bounding the quantity S2 in (3.13) in the proof of Lemma 3.1, and is an element in the quantity η2 (l), which contributes to the bound on H (l) in Theorem 2.1.
Random Combinatorial structures:the convergent case
The physical quantity ˙m/ηtot has the dimension of length and this quantity may be identified with rvisc .
Viscosity in spherically symmetric accretion
Since the parameter functions pρq (n) are the defining quantities, some of their particular properties become “global” and hold true for the GHS and all quantities derived on their basis.
Generalized Hypergeometric Coherent States
The quantity T a µν is the torsion tensor and the quantity Rab µν is the curvature tensor of the connection A defined by the equation (1).
Schwarzschild solution on a space-time with torsion
The set of equations (4), (10) and (11) reveals that we have essentially two independent equations for three dynamical quantities G, ρd and a (assuming that κ is the function of these quantities and time).
Generalized phantom energy
The relevant quantity with respect to the stability of the bound structures is the analogue of the gravitational potential proportional to the quantity G(ρd + 3pd ) = (−2 + 3κ)Gρd .
Generalized phantom energy
One can now argue that as k → ∞ we have a.s. convergence of these variant quantities to the original quantities in Theorem 25.
Two recursive decompositions of Brownian bridge
In the language used here this means that for most experimental values of physical quantities, the value of n is almost independent of the magnitude of the quantity being measured.
Towards a Coherent Theory of Physics and Mathematics: The Theory-Experiment Connection
Note that when we define the energy momentum tensor as above, the fluid quantities (σ, pr, pϕ ) are not the “true” fluid quantities (˜σ, ˜pr, ˜pϕ ).
On the stability of general relativistic geometric thin disks
***