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privilege

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v privilege bestow a privilege upon
    • n privilege a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all
    • n privilege a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right) "suffrage was the prerogative of white adult males"
    • n privilege (law) the right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Norfolk, Virginia, a woman can't go out without wearing a corset. (There was a civil-service jobfor men onlycalled a corset inspector). However, in Merryville, Missouri, women are prohibited from wearing corsets because "the privilege of admiring the curvaceous, unencumbered body of a young woman should not be denied to the normal, red-blooded American male."
    • Privilege A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise. "He pleads the legal privilege of a Roman.""The privilege birthright was a double portion.""A people inheriting privileges, franchises, and liberties."
    • Privilege (Stockbroker's Cant) See Call Put Spread, etc.
    • Privilege To bring or put into a condition of privilege or exemption from evil or danger; to exempt; to deliver. "He took this place for sanctuary, And it shall privilege him from your hands."
    • Privilege To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; to authorize; as, to privilege representatives from arrest. "To privilege dishonor in thy name."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n privilege An ordinance in favor of an individual.
    • n privilege A right, immunity, benefit, or advantage enjoyed by a person or body of persons beyond the common advantages of other individuals; the enjoyment of some desirable right, or an exemption from some evil or burden; a private or personal favor enjoyed; a peculiar advantage.
    • n privilege Specifically — In the Roman Catholic Church, an exemption or license granted by the Pope. It differs from a dispensation and from a grace in that it never refers to a single act, but presupposes and legalizes many acts done in pursuance of it, and confers on its possessor immunity in regard to every act so privileged.
    • n privilege Special immunity or advantage granted to persons in authority or in office, as the freedom of speech, freedom from arrest, etc., enjoyed by members of Parliament or of Congress. Compare breach of privilege, below.
    • n privilege An advantage yielded; superiority.
    • n privilege In law: A special and exclusive right conferred by law on particular persons or classes of persons, and ordinarily in derogation of the common right. Such grants were often sought to be justified on grounds of public utility, but were, to a greater or Jess extent, really intended to benefit the privileged person or persons.
    • n privilege The law, rule, or grant conferring such a right.
    • n privilege In the civil law, a lien or priority of right of payment, such as the artisans' privilege, corresponding to the common-law lien of a bailee or the lien under mechanics' lien-laws, carriers' privilege, inn-keepers' privilege, etc. In this sense the word is more appropriately applicable to a preference secured by law, and not to one granted by special agreement.
    • n privilege In some of the United States, the right of a licensee in a vocation which is forbidden except to licensees.
    • n privilege In modern times (since all have become generally equal before the law), one of the more sacred and vital rights common to all citizens: as, the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus; the privileges of a citizen of the United States.
    • n privilege A speculative contract covering a “put” or a “call,” or both a put and a call (that is, a “straddle”). See call, n., 15, put, n., 6, and straddle, n.
    • privilege To grant some privilege to; bestow some particular right or exemption on: invest with a peculiar right or immunity; exempt from censure or danger: as, to privilege diplomatic representatives from arrest; the privileged classes.
    • privilege To exempt in any way; free: with from.
    • privilege To authorize; license.
    • n privilege In the High Peak, Derbyshire, the land on which a house stands, including the garden, even if the garden is on the other side of the road.
    • n privilege A writ issued to apprehend a person in a privileged place.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Privilege priv′i-lej an advantage to an individual: a right enjoyed only by a few: freedom from burdens borne by others: prerogative: a sacred and vital civil right:
    • v.t Privilege to grant a privilege to: to exempt: to authorise, license
    • n Privilege priv′i-lej (Shak.) superiority
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Hobbes
    Thomas%20Hobbes
    “The privilege of absurdity; to which no living creature is subject, but man only.”
  • Anna Chennault
    Anna Chennault
    “Equal opportunity is good, but special privilege is better.”
  • Charles Evans Hughes
    Charles Evans Hughes
    “When we lose the right to be different, we lose the privilege to be free.”
  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “It is the privilege of genius that life never grows common place, as it does for the rest of us.”
  • Joseph Campell
    Joseph Campell
    “The privilege of a lifetime is being who you are.”
  • C. Everett Koop
    C. Everett Koop
    “Life affords no greater responsibility, no greater privilege, than the raising of the next generation.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. privilège, L. privilegium, an ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual; privus, private + lex, legis, law. See Private, and Legal
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. privilegiumprivus, single, lex, legis, a law.

Usage

In literature:

Jim, you know, in consideration of his elevation, was granted several privileges not allowed the others.
"The Bishop of Cottontown" by John Trotwood Moore
Cleopatra demanded Egypt for her children, and for herself she wished only the privilege of living with her grief in obscurity.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 7" by Elbert Hubbard
I think the privilege is his without asking.
"Blue Bonnet in Boston" by Caroline E. Jacobs
Such visitations of mercy are the privilege of the innocent, and the support of the infirm.
"Deerbrook" by Harriet Martineau
And privileges may be withdrawn at any time.
"Final Weapon" by Everett B. Cole
In that world, from whence I had so mysteriously emigrated, education was the privilege only of the rich.
"Mizora: A Prophecy" by Mary E. Bradley
We, therefore, request the privilege to refrain from voting on this question.
"America First" by Various
In the second patent the privileges of Oxford and Cambridge were expressly saved.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
The very name carried with it the privilege of frolicking.
"From Sail to Steam, Recollections of Naval Life" by Captain A. T. Mahan
He pleaded his privilege as a member of parliament.
"The Political History of England - Vol. X." by William Hunt
He declined the university conceded privilege of co-existence.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
If it is a privilege to vow to God, it is a privilege to observe the vow.
"The Ordinance of Covenanting" by John Cunningham
Nor should there be any room in it for professional smugness, small jealousies, and undue concern about privilege.
"The Armed Forces Officer" by U. S. Department of Defense
Betty, as the privileged one, was in the middle.
"Betty Vivian" by L. T. Meade
These privileges gave an impetus to emigration, and assisted, in a great degree, in permanently establishing the settlement of the country.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
It is esteemed a usurpation of privilege to baptize on crossing the tropics.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
If patrons in general were so privileged there would be, he thought, but little chance for clergymen.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
Why, then, if I wished, was it not my privilege to speak with the Sieur de Artigny?
"Beyond the Frontier" by Randall Parrish
We are privileged to enter that front door, and to penetrate to the domestic sanctum.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
After this they began to struggle for equal rights and privileges.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
***

In poetry:

One privilege my heart desires;
O grant me an abode
Among the churches of thy saints,
The temples of my God!
"Psalm 27 part 1" by Isaac Watts
He bids me always freely come,
And promises whate'er I ask:
But I am straitened, cold and dumb,
And count my privilege a task.
"Is This Thy Kindness To Thy Friend (Christ A Redeemer And Friend)" by John Newton
That glorious victory all who bear
The privileged name of man may share.
'Tis ours! 'tis ours! Come, join to sing
The anthem of our conquering King.
"The Resurrection" by John Bowring
I prize the privilege of prayer,
But o! what backwardness to pray!
Though on the Lord I cast my care,
I feel its burden every day:
I seek his will in all I do,
Yet find my own is working too.
"The Inward Warfare" by John Newton
Holiest and best of men! 'twas there thou walkedst,
There with thy faithful, privileged followers talkedst;
Privileged indeed, listening to truth divine
Breath'd from a heart, and taught by lips, like thine!
"Autumn: Friday Morning" by John Bowring
- Your friend looks thoughtful. Sir, when we were chill,
You clothed us warmly; all in honour! when
We starved you fed us; all in honour still:
Oh, all in honour, ultra-honourably!
Deep is the gratitude we owe to men,
For privileged indeed were we!
"A Ballad Of Fair Ladies In Revolt" by George Meredith

In news:

On Tuesday, Jan 10, I had the privilege of appearing on Beer Sessions Radio on the Heritage Radio Network, hosted by New York City-based pub owner Jimmy Carbone (Jimmy's No 43 in Manhattan's East Village).
Gregoire's claim of executive privilege off mark.
Yet, a judge is keeping the argument alive even though executive privilege is not included in the state constitution.
I have had the privilege of serving as president of the National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services (NASDPTS) for the past two years.
Hello, Hattie: She's one of the four babies profiled in Babies, and she lives a relatively privileged life in San Francisco with her family.
Visitors to Berkeley Springs who stay at a local hotel or B&B pay an extra 3% on their lodging bill for the privilege of sleeping in the area.
This summer, I had the privilege of visiting some of Europe's finest cities.
Spencer Bachus was cleared this week of allegations that he committed insider trading by using privileged information to direct his stock purchases.
While the show showcases a variety of real world products, not all of them pay for the privilege.
In my junior year, I had the privilege of being a part of my high school's production of "Hairspray".
Today it was our privilege to give three veterans reliable transportation so they can continue to make progress towards their own dreams.
Last week, I had the privilege of discussing travel writing with students in a journalism class of my colleague Dennis Aprill at Plattsburgh State.
We all know that Romney is a man born into privilege.
In the book Mr Reeve describes the life of privilege that was ended by the accident.
If he brings it up himself again, we will know that the world's most famous legacy admission truly renounced his privilege.
***

In science:

Lorentz invariance (i.e. the existence of the privileged reference frame), the parameter ζ quantifies the violation of Local Position Invariance, and the parameters α3, ζ1, ζ2, ζ3, ζ4 indicate a possible violation of the conservation of total momentum.
The experimental status of Special and General Relativity
Furthermore, these string interactions are the privileged contributors to the Lorentz violating terms of the mSME.
The experimental status of Special and General Relativity
Moreover for simplicity we will consider autonomous equations defined on a two dimensional grid so that there is no privileged position and we can write the dependent variables just in terms of the shifts with respect to the reference point un,m = u0,0 on the lattice.
Linearization through symmetries for discrete equations
Choose a frame {σi} of privileged section of the Hodge bundle associated to the variation of Hodge structure.
Degenaration of Calabi-Yau Manifold with W-P Metric
Thus ξ –directions have a privilege over η–directions.
Doubly Supersymmetric Geometric Approach for Heterotic String: from Generalized Action Principle to Exactly Solvable Nonlinear Equations
The morphological types are segregated along a privileged direction that coincides with the position angle of the ma jor axis of the outer X-ray isophotes in the cluster, just like in Coma and Perseus.
The morphological segregation of galaxies in clusters. III. The distant cluster Cl0939+4713 (Abell 851)
This is the third case, out of three studied by us, in which the primary source of the morphological segregation is not the radial or density segregation, but the presence of a privileged direction.
The morphological segregation of galaxies in clusters. III. The distant cluster Cl0939+4713 (Abell 851)
The privileged direction of the type distributions in Cl0939+4713 seems to coincide with the ma jor axis of the outer isophotes of the X-ray emission, even though it is ill defined because of the irregularity of these isophotes.
The morphological segregation of galaxies in clusters. III. The distant cluster Cl0939+4713 (Abell 851)
However we have shown, in the detailed study of three cluster (Coma, Perseus and Cl0939+4713), that the galaxies are more strongly segregated with respect to a privileged direction than in density or clustercentric distance, making a simple verification of the above prediction more difficult.
The morphological segregation of galaxies in clusters. III. The distant cluster Cl0939+4713 (Abell 851)
In conclusion I thank the organizers for the privilege of summarizing this meeting.
Specialists' Meeting on the Nucleon-Nucleus Optical Model up to 200 MeV: Conclusions and Recommendations
Tom´aˇsik with whom I had the privilege to collaborate.
Space-time analysis: HBT at SPS and RHIC
However, there still remains the ‘external’ symmetry group of automorphisms of Cm, which is SU(m) in the linear case (where the origin is a privileged point) and SU(m) ⋉ Cm in the affine case.
Constructing special Lagrangian m-folds in C^m by evolving quadrics
In such a representation, any privileged partition (down to the level of 0.1%) will appear as a peak at the corresponding ,∆Z bin.
Experimental evidence for spinodal decomposition in multifragmentation of heavy systems
The submillimeter and millimeter domains are privileged for the exploration of galaxies at high redshift, because of the negative K-correction: the peak of the dust emission at 60-100 microns is red-shifted in these domains.
Galaxy Evolution with ALMA
From the theoretical side, the simplest way to generalize the vacuum initial state, which contains no privileged scale, is to consider an initial state with a built-in characteristic scale, kb .
CMB: The ultimate test for theoretical models aiming at describing the very early universe
***