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precedency

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n precedency the act of preceding in time or order or rank (as in a ceremony)
    • n precedency preceding in time
    • n precedency status established in order of importance or urgency "...its precedence as the world's leading manufacturer of pharmaceuticals","national independence takes priority over class struggle"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: From 1836 to 1896, the Red Flag Act in England required that any self-propelled vehicle be preceded by a man carrying a red flag by day and a red lantern by night. In effect, this limited the speed to four miles per hour and retarded the development of all self-propelled vehicles, including the automobile.
    • Precedency The act or state of going or being before in rank or dignity, or the place of honor; right to a more honorable place; superior rank; as, barons have precedence of commoners. "Which of them [the different desires] has the precedency in determining the will to the next action?"
    • Precedency The act or state of preceding or going before in order of time; priority; as, one event has precedence of another.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, preceded by Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo.
    • n precedency Same as precedence.
    • ***

Quotations

  • James Freeman Clarke
    James Freeman Clarke
    “He who believes is strong; he who doubts is weak. Strong convictions precede great actions.”
  • Wilferd A. Peterson
    Wilferd A. Peterson
    “Big thinking precedes great achievement.”
  • Thomas A. Edison
    Thomas%20A.%20Edison
    “I find my greatest pleasure, and so my reward, in the work that precedes what the world calls success.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Our thanks to God should always precede our requests.”
  • Belva Lockwood
    Belva Lockwood
    “The glory of each generation is to make its own precedents.”
  • Robert H. Schuller
    Robert%20H.%20Schuller
    “Spectacular achievement is always preceded by spectacular preparation.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. précédence,. See Precede

Usage

In literature:

The precedent, if set, would well nigh exhaust his stock of pies, and impoverish his cash drawer.
"Red-Tape and Pigeon-Hole Generals" by William H. Armstrong
The problem of civil rights, however, did not immediately take precedence.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 7, 1922" by Various
The body of Judge WRIGHT was then brought into the hall, preceded by Rev.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
The first is as to the relation of this clause to the preceding.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
A word must be said of the humanism which preceded the Renaissance.
"A History of French Literature" by Edward Dowden
This group, like the preceding, never sets, and is always visible, opposite to the Great Bear.
"Astronomy for Amateurs" by Camille Flammarion
Many had been seen on the preceding day, and why not then?
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
She was told he had left Urach early on the preceding morning and had not been seen since.
"A German Pompadour" by Marie Hay
Three important questions, involving the establishment of precedents, were discussed and decided early in the session of 1790.
"Washington and the American Republic, Vol. 3." by Benson J. Lossing
In most instances it has been preceded or accompanied by partial or complete suppression of the renal functions.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
Same records as preceding.
"Birds of the Rockies" by Leander Sylvester Keyser
Every suffrage convention for the last twelve years had been preceded by a handsome reception at the Riggs House.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
Similar to the preceding in general appearance are a number of bowls or deep pans, embellished with the heads of animals.
"Ancient Pottery of the Mississippi Valley" by William H. Holmes
On some occasions, he even took precedence of the monarch.
"History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain." by William H. Prescott
Compare the number of errors made on this test with those made on the preceding test.
"Lippincott's Horn-Ashbaugh Speller" by Ernest Horn
I can find necessity for preceding them.
"A Gentleman Player" by Robert Neilson Stephens
One reason why this is so will appear from the point made with reference to "money-prices" in the preceding paragraph.
"The Value of Money" by Benjamin M. Anderson, Jr.
Several naval officers had preceded me to the seat of the new government, and others were arriving.
"Memoirs of Service Afloat, During the War Between the States" by Raphael Semmes
The preceding theories give us statements applicable to the system at any one instant of its motion.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 9" by Various
For an hour and a half the spectator could watch the progress of this novel eclipse, which as yet was without a precedent in those parts.
"Travels in the Steppes of the Caspian Sea, the Crimea, the Caucasus, &c." by Xavier Hommaire de Hell
***

In poetry:

The little red-breast, ere he wets his bill,
To his Creator chirps his morning pray'r,
Who kept him the preceding night from ill,
Though cold his lodging, and tho' coarse his fare.
"A Warning, Or Admonition, To Every Man, To Think On God In The Morning" by Rees Prichard
Yet all who shall with joy succeed me
In their turn must thy charms resign,
When, as to all who now precede me,
Death shall have made the fatal sign
To join the ever-lengthening line.
"My Garden" by John Lawson Stoddard
As when idle talk with her is like a swallows' flight­
Having its course yet straying everywhere, A sign of looming thunder
Before lightning precedes the tremor­ So...
...but I say nothing in sorrow.
"As When..." by Cyprian Kamil Norwid
Not in thy numbers, wealth or might,
Proud mistress of a continent!
For rival nations, at the sight
Of thy resources, view with fright
Thy progress without precedent;
Not there is seen thy swift descent.
"Fallen" by John Lawson Stoddard
The way he scaled that steep ascent
Was quite against all precedent,
While others said he could but choose
To do it on those demon shoes;
They talked in vain, for Carl the Dane
Was never seen in flesh again.
"The Demon Snow-Shoes (A Legend of Kiandra)" by Barcroft Henry Boake
I could not tell you how disease hid here a hideous germ,
Precedence slowly claiming and so slowly fixing firm.
And when I broke our plighted troth and would not tell you why,
I loved you, thinking, "time enough when I have come to die."
"One Day And Another: A Lyrical Eclogue – Part IV" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

She was preceded in death by her maternal grandmother, Thelma Moore, and her paternal grandparents, Leslie and Jo Ann Gamache.
AT&T's U-Verse and DSL Data Caps: Good Deal, Bad Precedent.
In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband, Francis Eck, in 1974.
On May 25, 1946 she married Eugene L Marchetti, Jr who preceded her in death on August 22, 2002.
She was born April 7, 1926, in Auglaize County, the daughter of Matilda (Volbert) and Bernard Watercutter, who preceded her in death.
She was preceded in death by one son, Jessie Hicks.
Ernestine ("Teeny" to her friends and family) was preceded in death by her loving husband, F.L.
She was preceded in death by her parents, George and Mable Crabtree Ervin.
Researchers will also explore when Alzheimer's begins, and why, examining which brain changes, or biomarkers, precede symptoms, Dr Reiman said.
The death of Ted Kennedy precedes by three weeks the end of John Sweeney's 14-year tenure as president of the AFL-CIO.
She was preceded in death by her husband, Joseph A Gray, in 2000.
She is preceded in death by her husband, James Lewis Ramey.
She was preceded in death by her husband, Charles, after 50 years of marriage.
Mary is preceded in death by her parents, Oliver (Od) and Vada (Etta) Mason.
The daughter of Carmal and Clema (Linton) Horsman, who preceded her in death.
***

In science:

We would like to take the supremum over u in the preceding expression.
Large deviations for Brownian motion in a random scenery
Next we apply these methods to the study of the real Lie algebras corresponding to the involutions in the preceding subsection.
On simple real Lie bialgebras
We are going to use the preceding considerations to discuss the Wilson and Wilson experiment.
Eppur, si muove !
The (S, G) structure on T is complete if and only if the developing map defined on the preceding Artin cover space is a surjective etale map.
Geometric structures on fields
In the above relations, symbol (β ↔ γ ) represents the term with exchange two index β and γ of the preceding term.
Problems on Foundations of General Relativity
Then the preceding statement implies that for µ almost all φ, the measures νφ,n,x converge to νx in the τ -topology (i.e., the smallest topology in which ν 7→ ν (A) is open for each Borel set A ⊂ E ).
Random Surfaces
We shall extend most of the preceding features of the quadratic spray—linear connection correspondence to the general setting.
Generalized Sprays and Nonlinear Connections
Using the selfconsistency approach, both direct and exchange terms are determined from the ’preceding’ iteration and then the eigenvalue problem can be separately solved for each spin subset.
Symmetry breaking and the random-phase approximation in small quantum dots
We have analyzed the RPA ground state for the same dots whose excited states have been discussed in the preceding sections.
Symmetry breaking and the random-phase approximation in small quantum dots
U reproduces exactly the one obtained in the preceding section, equation (26).
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
Our conclusion is therefore that, when the wave packets recombine, coherence is not likely to play a role in these experiments; this justifies our discussion in the preceding section.
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
The first two terms of the preceding equation are linear in the T matrix, the last is quadratic.
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
T (−k, k′ In the preceding equation, we note the appearance of the square of delta functions of the energy δ(Ek )δ(k) ∝ [δ(Ek )]2 .
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
We now consider a general matrix element of the preceding commutator.
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
Example: In the example we gave in the preceding subsection, the coset space G∗/K = SL(n, R)/SO(n) ≃ P ∗ = eiP consists of real positive–definite symmetric matrices.
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
***