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porcelain

Definitions

  • The Worcester Royal Porcelain Works
    The Worcester Royal Porcelain Works
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n porcelain ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Chinese Porcelain Vase Chinese Porcelain Vase
ROOM DECORATED WITH BUEN RETIRO PORCELAIN, IN THE PALACE AT MADRID ROOM DECORATED WITH BUEN RETIRO PORCELAIN, IN THE PALACE AT MADRID

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Before all-porcelain false teeth were perfected in the mid-19th century, dentures were commonly made with teeth pulled from the mouths of dead soldiers following a battle. Teeth extracted from U.S. Civil War soldier cadavers were shipped to England by the barrel to dentists.
    • n Porcelain 277 A fine translucent or semitransculent kind of earthenware, made first in China and Japan, but now also in Europe and America; -- called also China, or China ware. "Porcelain, by being pure, is apt to break."
    • n Porcelain (Bot) Purslain.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n porcelain A ceramic ware having a translucent body, and when glazed (see biscuit, 3) a translucent glaze also. It is of various kinds: Hard-paste (or natural) porcelain, of which the principal material is a peculiar clay commonly known as kaolin, with which is combined some silicious material (in China, petuntse; at Sėvres and elsewhere in Europe, white sand, and sometimes chalk, or roasted and ground flints). The glaze is of similar composition, the silicious ingredient being sometimes rock-crystal ground to powder
    • n porcelain A hard-paste porcelain made in the early part of the nineteenth century.
    • n porcelain See Petit porcelain.
    • n porcelain A modern porcelain, of which the variety best known is unglazed works of art, such as statuettes and groups. Thorwaldsen's works, especially, have been copied in this ware.
    • n porcelain Less properly, when the decoration is produced by casting or pressing the whole surface before the color is applied.
    • n porcelain A hard-paste porcelain made from 1779 to the present day. The kaolin was obtained from St. Yrieix in the neighborhood, and the ware was especially brilliant and translucent as long as this alone was used. The modern porcelain includes much of the most important ceramic production of modern France.
    • n porcelain A hard-paste porcelain made from 1769, in consequence of the discovery of deposits of kaolin in France. This manufacture has reached greater merit of late years than before the revolution: in size and perfection the pieces surpass anything produced elsewhere, and the painting shows unparalleled skill and mastery of the material, whatever may be thought of its appropriateness and good taste as decoration. The mark under the kings of the old régime was always the royal cipher L L, front to front, crossing above and below, and within the space so inclosed a letter denoting the year of manufacture, a double alphabet beginning in 1778. AA, etc. Under the republic, the word Sèvres, and R. F. for République Francaise, were used; under the empire, M. Imple. de Sevres, sometimes with the imperial eagle, was used. The restored kings used a cipher of LL and one of CC; Louis Philippe, a cipher L. P., and often the name of the palace for which the ware was made. The 1848 republic restored the R. F.; and the second empire, a crowned N, with S for Sèvres, and the date, as 56. 57. But since about 1830 all pieces are marked before decorating with the letter S, and a date in green included in a cartouche, and, when the piece is sold undecorated, this mark is cut through by a touch to a grinding-wheel.
    • porcelain Of the nature of or consisting of porcelain: as, porcelain adornments.
    • n porcelain An obsolete form of purslane.
    • n porcelain Carr porcelain, soft-paste porcelain and Parian ware produced by James Carr, of New York city, from about 1876 until 1885.
    • n porcelain Cartlidge porcelain, soft-paste porcelain and Parian, made by Charles Cartlidge, at Greenpoint, New York, from 1848 to 1856. Among his products were table-services, door-plates and hardware furnishings artistically painted, and Parian portraits, plaques, and busts of eminent men.
    • n porcelain Carved Belleek, a variety of Belleek porcelain made at Trenton, New Jersey, and carved in artistic low-relief designs while in the dry clay state, before burning. Vases and lamp-shades have been made in this style, the effect of the varying thickness of the walls, when artificial light is introduced, being that of a lithophane.
    • n porcelain Greenpoint porcelain, a name given to the hard-paste porcelain produced at the Union Porcelain Works, at Greenpoint, New York, from 1865 to the present time. The principal product has been hardware furnishings, but a large amount of decorative ware, in the form of vases, figures, groups, and busts, has also been produced there.
    • n porcelain Hemphill porcelain, a hard-paste porcelain made in Philadelphia from 1832 to 1837. See Tucker porcelain, below.
    • n porcelain Hulme porcelain, hard-paste porcelain produced in Philadelphia in 1828. See Tucker porcelain, below.
    • n porcelain Kurlbaum and Schwartz porcelain, hard-paste porcelain manufactured in Philadelphia from about 1851 to 1855. This product was of the finest quality of body and mechanical execution, the decorations being carefully painted in gold.
    • n porcelain Mead porcelain, a fine quality of soft-paste porcelain made by Dr. Mead, in New York city, during the second decade of the nineteenth century: the first soft-paste porcelain that is known to have been produced in the United States. Known vases of this manufacture are entirely white, with handles modeled in the forms of winged female figures.
    • n porcelain (10) Smith-Fife porcelain, hard-paste porcelain made in Philadelphia about 1830, somewhat resembling the Tucker porcelain of the same period, in body, decorations, and shapes, but of a more yellowish tint of paste.
    • n porcelain (11) Tucker porcelain, a true hard-paste porcelain, with a small percentage of bone-ash, of a bluish tint, made by William Ellis Tucker, of Philadelphia, from 1825 to 1832. The earliest products were decorated with brown or sepia landscapes. In 1828 Thomas Hulme formed a copartnership with Tucker, under the style of Tucker & Hulme, but retired from the firm in about one year. In 1832 Joseph Hemphill was admitted as a partner, and a few months later Mr. Tucker died. The business was then carried on by Hemphill alone for several years. In 1837, Thomas Tucker, a brother of the founder, became sole proprietor, but in the following year the manufacture ceased. During Hemphill's proprietorship the ware was greatly improved. Potters and decorators were brought from Europe, and for a few years the manufacture was eminently successful. The ware resembled the French hard-paste porcelain of the same period, in body, shapes, and painted decorations. During the best period landscapes and wreaths of flowers were painted on the glaze in refined colorings, and the quality of the gilding was superior to that of the imported wares. The products of the factory were table-services, decorative jugs, vases in the French style, fruit-baskets, ornamental figures, ornate cologne-bottles, night-lamps, and a multiplicity of shapes, both useful and ornamental. This was the first hard-paste procelain produced in America, and in many respects it has not since been surpassed.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Porcelain pors′lān a fine earthenware, white, thin, semi-transparent, first made in China: china-ware
    • adj Porcelain of the nature of porcelain
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. porcelaine, It. porcellana, orig., the porcelain shell, or Venus shell (Cypræa porcellana,), from a dim. fr. L. porcus, pig, probably from the resemblance of the shell in shape to a pig's back. Porcelain was called after this shell, either on account of its smoothness and whiteness, or because it was believed to be made from it. See Pork

Usage

In literature:

Images of them are made in porcelain, earthenware, roots, wood, metals.
"Myths and Legends of China" by E. T. C. Werner
The domes of the pavilions at the angle of the palace on the side of the Seine are in the same way covered with enamelled porcelain tiles.
"The American Architect and Building News, Vol. 27, No. 733, January 11, 1890" by Various
Strain the oyster juice, and bring to the boiling-point in a porcelain-lined kettle.
"The Easiest Way in Housekeeping and Cooking" by Helen Campbell
As Father Dryden would say, 'this is the porcelain clay of humankind.
"What Answer?" by Anna E. Dickinson
It is said that the Emperor himself possesses porcelain factories.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 2, May, 1915" by Various
What a delicate bit of porcelain she seemed!
"Mr. Pat's Little Girl" by Mary F. Leonard
That left upon the filter we make red hot in a platinum, silver, or porcelain dish.
"A System of Instruction in the Practical Use of the Blowpipe" by Anonymous
The tubes are made of wood, of lava, or of porcelain.
"Cyclopedia of Telephony & Telegraphy Vol. 1" by Kempster Miller
Mrs. Ascott was small, and finely moulded; something of the miniature grande dame in porcelain.
"The Firing Line" by Robert W. Chambers
She was a Chinese vessel laden with rice, arrack, tea, porcelain, and other commodities, bound for Amboina.
"A Continuation of a Voyage to New Holland" by William Dampier
They were wholesale agents also for French exporters of artistic china, porcelain, glass, bronze.
"The Flower of the Chapdelaines" by George W. Cable
We do not believe in using silk for ships' top-sails, or China porcelain for wash-tubs.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 12, No. 74, December, 1863" by Various
In the opposite corner stood a small, porcelain stove, which barely served to temper the coldness of the air.
"The Lost Lady of Lone" by E.D.E.N. Southworth
In another corner there was a box containing many little toilet vases and utensils of porcelain.
"The Treasury of Ancient Egypt" by Arthur E. P. B. Weigall
Unto whom was it first given to discover the divine art of porcelain?
"Some Chinese Ghosts" by Lafcadio Hearn
It is very hard, and has a glazed appearance like that of porcelain.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 421, January 26, 1884" by Various
Well mix the ingredients by sifting; keep them together for a week in a glass or porcelain jar before offering for sale.
"The Art of Perfumery" by G. W. Septimus Piesse
Then he brought the chowder in, in a big porcelain tureen which was shaped like a goose.
"The Trumpeter Swan" by Temple Bailey
In the dining room the priceless porcelains had been cheapened by her greater worth.
"The Tin Soldier" by Temple Bailey
Then, lighting a cigarette, he strolled into the bath room and started the water running into the porcelain tub.
"The Danger Mark" by Robert W. Chambers
***

In poetry:

The coral isle, the lion-coloured sand
Burst in upon the porcelain revery:
Impetuous troubling
Of his imagery.
"'The Age Demanded'" by Ezra Pound
A little remained from everything
in porcelain saucers,
in the broken dragon, in the white flowers,
in the creases of your brow,
in the portrait.
"Residue" by Carlos Drummond de Andrade
Amidst the waters of a man-made lake,
A porcelain pavilion rises high.
The way to it is lead by jasper bridge
That’s cambered like a tiger’s back.
"Porcelain Pavilion" by Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev
Light that jingles like anklet chains
On bevies of little lithe twinkling feet,
Or clingles in myriad vibrations
Like trillions of porcelain
Vases shattering…
"Broadway" by Lola Ridge
I seem to hear her speak; and back
Where lies the sun on books and piles
Of porcelain and bric-a-brac,
A tall clock ticks above the tiles,
Where Love's framed profile smiles.
"One Day And Another: A Lyrical Eclogue – Part III" by Madison Julius Cawein
Within the vale, by rock and stream,--
A fragile, fairy porcelain,--
Blue as a baby's eyes a-dream,
The bluets blow; and gleam in gleam
The sun-shot dog-woods flash with rain.
"Wood-Words" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

Their beautiful white porcelain Christmas Village pieces are accented with gold.
Jacob Petit (1796-1868) was a talented porcelain painter who worked for the Sevres factory in France, then opened his own shop.
How about some one-of-a-kind porcelain tea set and a jar of honey.
Dream-pop journeyman Mauro Remiddi's Porcelain Raft will drop debut full-length Strange Weekend on January 24 via Secretly Canadian.
Get updates on Porcelain .
News and information about Porcelain on Oprah.com.
Strauss has added new Swiss Made CeraGloss diamond porcelain polishers to its line of products.
Thomas Truxtun's Porcelain Punch Bowl.
Porcelain Raft eases out of the shadows.
Meissen, The Royalty Of Porcelain .
American Metalcraft's Miniature Porcelain Dishes Shake Things Up.
Hot Chick in Hard Rock Porcelain Black.
Crossville's Americana Series Porcelain Stone as American as Apple Pie.
Kptm.com MR Direct Makes Changes to Porcelain Sink Line.
Tortoise General Store's Hasami porcelain : A beauty in black.
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