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polyp

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n polyp one of two forms that coelenterates take (e.g. a hydra or coral): usually sedentary with a hollow cylindrical body usually with a ring of tentacles around the mouth "in some species of coelenterate, polyps are a phase in the life cycle that alternates with a medusoid phase"
    • n polyp a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: An individual coral animal is called a polyp
    • n Polyp (Zoöl) One of the feeding or nutritive zooids of a hydroid or coral.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n polyp In zoology, an animal with many feet or foot-like processes, specifically— An octopus, or eight-rayed cephalopod: an old usage, often in the form polypus, still found in poulp or poulpe.
    • n polyp In pathology, same as polypus, 2.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Polyp pol′ip a name usually applied to an animal like the fresh-water hydra, having a tubular body, and a wreath of many tentacles round the mouth: something with many feet or roots: a pedunculated tumour attached to the surface of a mucous membrane—in the nose, &c
    • Polyp also Pol′ypus:—pl. Polypes (pol′ips), Polypi (pol′i-pī)
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. polypus, Gr.,, literally, many-footed; poly`s many +,, foot: cf. F. polype,. See Poly- and Foot, and cf. Polypode Polypody Poulp

Usage

In literature:

All these formations are composed of the compact limestone remains of coral polyps.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
I push on the end of the hog's bristle, which continues to invest the polype.
"Country Walks of a Naturalist with His Children" by W. Houghton
The polyp, which reproduces by a division of itself, is in one sense more complete than we are.
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
In my submarine glimpses I saw spaces free from seaweed on which hundreds of tall polyps were growing, some singly, others in small tufts.
"The Log of the Sun" by William Beebe
He did not observe Vertigo, who stood in the air behind him, trying to lay hold of him with his outstretched polypous arms.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
I wanted some one to come and live on me; then I should be equal to the island of the polypes.
"Aunt Jo's Scrap-Bag VI" by Louisa M. Alcott
A crab or a lobster, or a polype's molecules are clever enough for this, a man's not.
"Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics" by William Thomas Thornton
Polyps are usually fibromas or myxomas, occurring on the mucous membrane of the nasal passages or genital tract.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
It is in the most beautiful azure depths of the limpid water that this hideous, voracious polyp delights.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
Indeed, the peninsula was built by coral polyps.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
These animals are nearly all composite, and the individual polyps have mostly eight tentacles.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
If a small animal comes in contact with the tentacles of the polyp, it instantly becomes paralysed.
"Freshwater Sponges, Hydroids & Polyzoa" by Nelson Annandale
This polyp with its tentacles is cut up and fried, and reduced to the consistency of boiled celluloid.
"Sea and Sardinia" by D. H. Lawrence
Long ago, Trembley attempted to cause, by grafting, the union of two pieces of hydroid polyps into a single individual.
"The Biological Problem of To-day" by Oscar Hertwig
He was only a polyp, remember.
"Aileen Aroon, A Memoir" by Gordon Stables
This he did on the hypothesis of a gradual subsidence of the sea-floor whilst the polyps are at work.
"Victorian Literature" by Clement K. Shorter
The coral-polypes are working still with great energy.
"Omphalos" by Philip Henry Gosse
The polyp may be solitary, but more usually produces polyps by budding and forms a polyp-colony.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 2" by Various
Thus a polyp may produce a medusa or jellyfish which, however, produces not a new jellyfish, but a polyp.
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
The polyp can neither suffer much nor enjoy much.
"The Bible and Life" by Edwin Holt Hughes
***

In poetry:

Sweep, sea, over his form
Gently down uncharted lanes;
Wrap his lovely body warm
In polyp-silken skeins.
"Irish Fisher Dirge" by Benjamin Musser
Sits deftly, folding elegant thighs, and takes
Her time. She skins her little leather hands,
Conscious that wavering towards her like tame snakes
The polyp eyes converge.... The prophet stands
"Morning Coffee " by A D Hope

In news:

He says he'll be undergoing surgery to remove a polyp that formed during his most recent tour with Jake Owen.
As expected, both corals bleached and, after 30 days, the scientists measured the polyps' remaining energy stores.
If possible, people should undergo one of the tests that find both polyps and cancer.
Finger limes, a citrus variety originally from Australia, have tiny, caviarlike juice polyps that burst in your mouth, releasing slightly sweeter lime flavors that go great with grilled salmon, raw oysters, and salads, and in cocktails.
Icelandic singer Bjork says she has had successful surgery to remove a vocal cord polyp.
According to her website, Björk has had successful surgery to remove a vocal cord polyp .
Icelandic singer Bjork says she has had successful surgery to remove a vocal cord polyp .
A panel from David Mazzucchelli's Asterios Polyp .
Mazzuccheilli is himself a masterful paper architect, and his subtly color-coded narrative takes numerous formal twists and turns as it recounts Polyp 's journey back to his spouse – complete with blockbuster surprise ending.
According to her website, Björk has had successful surgery to remove a vocal cord polyp.
For the first time, a new study has shown that removing polyps by colonoscopy not only prevents colorectal cancer from developing, but also prevents deaths from the disease.
Public awareness campaign prompts La Grande woman to obtain screening that reveals precancerous polyp.
Colonoscopy screenings can prevent about two-thirds of colorectal cancers from developing by detecting precancerous polyps, said Dr Ted Gansler, director of medical content for ACS.
The reef is formed when coral polyps secrete limestone.
After spending three full weeks on vocal rest to recover from surgery to remove a polyp from his vocal cord, Keith Urban is back and ready to take the stage (and the mic) again.
***

In science:

Contrast that with other approaches to generic programming such as PolyP and Generic Haskell which usually require(d) several man years of design and (prototype) implementation.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
PolyP - a polytypic programming language extension.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
These animals have two phases of life, medusid and polyp.
Possible Implications of the Quantum Theory of Gravity
Medusids produce polyps, which produce medusids.
Possible Implications of the Quantum Theory of Gravity
Analogically, intelligences are the medusids, and black holes/universes are the polyps of a single evolutionary process.
Possible Implications of the Quantum Theory of Gravity
In 1990, the Arizona Cancer Center initiated a multicenter trial to determine whether wheat bran fiber can prevent the recurrence of colorectal adenomatous polyps [Alberts et al. (2000), Hsu (2007)].
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
Sub jects with previous history of colorectal adenomatous polyps were recruited and randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups, low fiber and high fiber.
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
The researchers noted that adenomatous polyp data are often sub ject to unobservable measurement error due to misclassification at colonoscopy.
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
It can be assumed that patients with a positive polyp count were diagnosed correctly, whereas it is unclear how many persons with zero-count of polyps were falsenegatively diagnosed.
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
Table 2 shows the polyp frequency data for the two different treatment groups; the (overall) maximum frequency is 77.
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
Despite the goodness-of-fit test in the latter case, though, residuals plots for both polyps data sets indicate reasonable conformity with the linear model, as shown in Figure 3.
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
Residual plot (fx − ˆfx )/q ˆfx versus x for both treatment groups in the adenomatous polyps data set.
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
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