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parallelism

Definitions

  • MR. PUNCH'S HISTORICAL PARALLELS
    MR. PUNCH'S HISTORICAL PARALLELS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n parallelism similarity by virtue of corresponding
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Babe Ruth was able to throw two baseballs in such a way that the balls remained parallel to each other all the way from his hand to the catcher's glove. Ruth was famous for this stunt and would demonstrate it on request.
    • Parallelism Resemblance; correspondence; similarity. "A close parallelism of thought and incident."
    • Parallelism Similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g.:At her feet he bowed, he fell: Where he bowed, there he fell down dead. Judg. v. 27.
    • Parallelism The quality or state of being parallel.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: URanus' axis is at 97 degrees. which means that it orbits on its side. (Most of the planets spin on an axis nearly perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic but Uranus' axis is almost parallel to the ecliptic.)
    • n parallelism A parallel position, in any sense of the word parallel.
    • n parallelism The retention by a moving line of positions parallel to one another.
    • n parallelism Analogy.
    • n parallelism Specifically The correspondence resulting from the repetition of the same sentiment or imagery, sense, or grammatical construction: a marked feature of Hebrew poetry.
    • n parallelism A parallel or comparison.
    • n parallelism The opinion that the relation between the brain and the mind, although it is one of concomitant variation, is not the relation of cause and effect; the opinion that mental process and brain process are parallel events, and that they do not interact. Metaphysically, parallelism may be either dualistic or monistic; in the latter case, the relation of mind and brain may be figuratively described as that of the concave and convex aspects of a circle. Psychologically, parallelism may be held to imply a special law of mental causation, or it may be content to appeal to the body for the explanation of mind without relating mental processes among themselves. Specifically called psychophysical parallelism, which see below.
    • n parallelism In evolution, the independent development of similar species or types of animals in different regions.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Parallelism state of being parallel: resemblance: comparison: likeness of form or meaning, as of two statements, clauses, or verses
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bonstettin
    Bonstettin
    “To resist the frigidity of old age, one must combine the body, the mind, and the heart. And to keep these in parallel vigor one must exercise, study, and love.”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Faith. Belief without evidence in what is told by one who speaks without knowledge, of things without parallel.”
  • Henry Brooks Adams
    Henry%20Brooks%20Adams
    “One friend in a lifetime is much, two are many, three are hardly possible. Friendship needs a certain parallelism of life, a community of thought, a rivalry of aim.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr., fr. to place side by side, or parallel: cf. F. parallélisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. parallelus—Gr. parallēlospara, beside, allēlōn, of one another—allos, another.

Usage

In literature:

Two joists are laid over them parallel to each other.
"Unknown Mexico, Volume 1 (of 2)" by Carl Lumholtz
Why, their sides are perfectly parallel!
"All Around the Moon" by Jules Verne
And there has not only thus been a simultaneous and parallel genesis, but there is also a parallelism of results.
"Essays on Education and Kindred Subjects" by Herbert Spencer
Three parallel lines are made around a hollow square not less than 25 to 40 feet in dimensions.
"School, Church, and Home Games" by George O. Draper
Rivers wander just as cracks do and parallel rivers like parallel cracks are unknown.
"The Birth-Time of the World and Other Scientific Essays" by J. (John) Joly
Even in form the inscriptions recording the foundation of the two Asramas show a remarkable parallelism.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
In this respect it runs entirely parallel with Hebrew history.
"Companion to the Bible" by E. P. Barrows
Again the irrevocableness of time does not seem to have any parallel for space.
"The Concept of Nature" by Alfred North Whitehead
It would be difficult to parallel such Lucretian passages in Greek poetry.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Vol III." by John Symonds
It offers in all points a curious parallel to Cellini's account of his own homicides and hair-breadth escapes.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
A golden gleam is radiated from parallel ranges of serrated mountains.
"The North Pole" by Robert E. Peary
It is intended that the men are then to stand parallel with the gun, and facing in-board.
"Ordnance Instructions for the United States Navy." by Bureau of Ordnance, USN
The city is quite regularly laid out, the main streets running parallel to the river.
"The Andes and the Amazon" by James Orton
This principle of parallelism of clauses underlies the whole of versification in Scriptural literature.
"Select Masterpieces of Biblical Literature" by Various
Both armies lay in the plain, the two lines roughly parallel.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
It is separated from the Hudson by a dam which runs parallel with the river.
"Alida" by Amelia Stratton Comfield
Take now the European parallel.
"The Salvaging Of Civilisation" by H. G. (Herbert George) Wells
This defeat of the Americans had no parallel during the war.
"Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution" by L. Carroll Judson
How are we to account for the parallels and for the discrepancies?
"Beowulf" by R. W. Chambers
On the third night the batteries of the first parallel were completed so as to fire in concert at daybreak.
"Annals of a Fortress" by E. Viollet-le-Duc
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In poetry:

Thy will such a strange distance is,
As that to it
East and West touch, the poles do kisse,
And parallels meet.
"The Search" by George Herbert
Then answered Jove, "God of the billowy sea!
That one should ere be found more blest than I
Fate nevermore permits,
My treasures with thine own run parallel.
"The Heroic Enthusiasts - Part The Second =Fifth Dialogue=." by Giordano Bruno
Such are thy secrets, which my life makes good,
And comments on thee: for in ev'ry thing
Thy words do finde me out, and parallels bring,
And in another make me understood.
"The Holy Scriptures" by George Herbert
I sought the City and the hopes it held:
With smoke and brooding vapors intercurled,
As the thick roofs and walls close-paralleled
Shut out the fair horizons of the world—-
"The Need To Love" by Alan Seeger
Yea, thus having tasted all love with thy lips,
And having the warmth of thy hand in mine own,
Is it well that we wander, like parallel ships,
With the silence between us, aloof and alone?
"Cui Bono?" by Henry Kendall
The angels had looked long and far
The happy scene to parallel,
When through the sanctuary door
Were carried gifts from shop and store,
The treasures of the rich bazaar,
To give--but not to sell.
"Christmas At Church" by Hattie Howard

In news:

A four-point plan from the (self-proclaimed) best parallel parker on Earth.
An intriguing SDMA exhibition examines the artistic, psychological parallels between Matta and son.
Our interests often run parallel.
AutoCAD Tip – Fillet Parallel Lines.
Place pretzels parallel to each other on wax paper.
Doosan's DL200TC tool carrier with parallel-lift linkage system.
South Dakotan families in parallel: The O'Connors and the McGoverns.
The LPD6G series is a miniature stepping motor with parallel planetary gearhead.
There's no need to dig up old Twilight Zone episodes to glimpse a parallel universe.
Instead of paying these guys these ridiculous sums of money, maybe they should just tell people to learn how to swim parallel to shore when they're in a rip-tide.
The image of 12 year-old Tarana Akbari taken by Massoud Hossaini draws parallels to Edward Munsch's famous painting, "The Scream" (CBS News/Massoud Hossaini).
The Silverado Trail runs north/south on the eastern side of Napa Valley and parallels the more traveled Highway 29 that is home to many well-known wineries that put Napa on the map.
WASHINGTON — There are striking parallels between Barack Obama's re-election victory last week and that of George W Bush in 2004.
Apparently, they could shift into a parallel universe.
Set your feet underneath your shoulders, parallel to the target line (an imaginary line from the target through the golf ball).
***

In science:

While some PRNGs are easily parallelized, others cannot be parallelized at all.
Random Numbers in Scientific Computing: An Introduction
At separations beyond 10 µm, the mirror can be parallel transported once it is aligned parallel by fixing it on a dual flexure stage.
Precision studies of Casimir force and short-range gravity employing prototypes of interferometric gravitational wave detectors
In the case that ˆl is parallel to a vector of the standard orthonormal basis of Rd this result was also established in . A stronger result can be deduced from the proof in, ; namely, that when ˆl is parallel to a vector of the standard orthonormal basis of Rd, the value β0 is independent of λ .
Strong disorder in semidirected random polymers
Procedure of the parallel transport provides the customary single-variant equivalence of vectors at different points, although the result depends on the path of the parallel transport. (As a result essentially the equivalence of two vectors at different points appears to be multivariant).
Monistic conception of geometry
As we follow the annuli around T, we see that they must all be parallel to the same component of L, and so T must be boundary parallel.
Layered models for closed 3-manifolds
Moreover, if one takes two parallel copies of a disk bounded by ℓ and attaches them by a band in the complement of the annulus between the boundaries of two disks, the resulting disk has boundary parallel to the puncture in the torus.
Layered models for closed 3-manifolds
For any two parallel arrows f, g : A → B we shall define their superposition, f + g : A → B, that corresponds to the quantic operation that performs both f and g, so to speak in parallel.
Concrete Foundations for Categorical Quantum Physics
If RNGs are not suitably parallelized, running them on a parallel architecture could result in every substream outputing the same exact sequence of pseudo-random numbers, thus rendering useless the parallel architecture or its resulting correlated streams.
Using graphics processing units to generate random numbers
Two main categories of parallelization can be used for generating non-correlated streams on a parallel architecture: those that split a given generator into multiple substreams and those that generate multiple independent streams .
Using graphics processing units to generate random numbers
In writing out algorithms and circuit constructions we will use the notation introduced earlier for series and parallel connections, i.e. xy and x + y will denote series and parallel connections respectively.
Generating Probability Distributions using Multivalued Stochastic Relay Circuits
In contrast to evaluating a given instance of a Boolean circuit, which may be easy or hard to accomplish in parallel, it is always easy to sample in parallel evaluated instances chosen from a random ensemble —that is, (instance, solution ) pairs.
Parallel Complexity of Random Boolean Circuits
Parallel pseudorandom number generation algorithms have been developed and parallel hardware pseudorandom number generation methods based on cellular automata have been demonstrated [11–13].
Scalable parallel physical random number generator based on a superluminescent LED
This tetrad formalism shows, that the matrix theory can be regarded as generalization of the ”teleparallel” approach (also called ”distant parallelism” or ”absolute parallelism”) of tetrad gravity.
Matrix theory of gravitation
We can think of the points (xν )1≤ν≤k of a decreasing axis-parallel walk as lying on a sequence of consecutive axis-parallel line segments.
Coloring random graphs online without creating monochromatic subgraphs
Kumaran et al., Massively Parallel Simulations of ATM Systems, 10th Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Simulations (PADS’96).
Why The Results of Parallel and Serial Monte Carlo Simulations May Differ
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