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over

Definitions

  • Bridge over the Mole, Cobham
    Bridge over the Mole, Cobham
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj over having come or been brought to a conclusion "the harvesting was complete","the affair is over, ended, finished","the abruptly terminated interview"
    • adv over over the entire area "the wallpaper was covered all over with flowers","she ached all over","everything was dusted over with a fine layer of soot"
    • adv over throughout a period of time "stay over the weekend"
    • adv over at or to a point across intervening space etc. "come over and see us some time","over there"
    • adv over throughout an area "he is known the world over"
    • adv over beyond the top or upper surface or edge; forward from an upright position; "a roof that hangs over"
    • n over (cricket) the division of play during which six balls are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Duquesne Victorious over Ruyter—446a Duquesne Victorious over Ruyter—446a
Dad Rolled off over the Bowsprit 128 Dad Rolled off over the Bowsprit 128
Queen Victoria sent over some things Queen Victoria sent over some things
TO THINK IT OVER SHE WENT INTO THE WOOD TO THINK IT OVER SHE WENT INTO THE WOOD
The fortress on the hillside over the river The fortress on the hillside over the river
OVER THE ROCKY BRIDGE OVER THE ROCKY BRIDGE
Si Thinks It over 057 Si Thinks It over 057
OLD BRIDGE OVER PAWTUCKET FALLS OLD BRIDGE OVER PAWTUCKET FALLS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Over 80% of the brain is water
    • n Over (Cricket) A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the fielders changing places.
    • Over Above in authority or station; -- implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; -- opposed to under. "Thou shalt be over my house.""I will make thee rules over many things.""Dost thou not watch over my sin ?""His tender mercies are over all his works."
    • Over Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head, over his shoes.
    • Over Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the bill was passed over the veto.
    • Over Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; -- opposed to under; as, clouds are over our heads; the smoke rises over the city. "The mercy seat that is over the testimony.""Over them gleamed far off the crimson banners of morning."
    • Over Above; -- implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value; as, the advantages which the Christian world has over the heathen.
    • Over Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of; as, to keep anything over night; to keep corn over winter.
    • Over Across; from side to side of; -- implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it; as, a dog leaps over a stream or a table. "Certain lakes . . . poison birds which fly over them."
    • Over Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition; as, to do the whole work over . "So over violent.""He that gathered much had nothing over ."
    • Over Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it cost over five dollars. "Over all this."
    • Over Completed; at an end; beyond the limit of continuance; finished; as, when will the play be over?. "Their distress was over .""The feast was over ."
    • Over Excessive; too much or too great; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overwork, overhaste, overreaction.
    • Over From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything; as, to look over accounts, or a stock of goods; a dress covered over with jewels.
    • Over From inside to outside, above or across the brim. "Good measure, pressed down . . . and running over ."
    • Over From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; -- used with verbs of motion; as, to sail over to England; to hand over the money; to go over to the enemy. "We will pass over to Gibeah."
    • Over From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise; as, a board, or a tree, a foot overi. e., a foot in diameter.
    • Over In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top; as, to turn (one's selfover; to roll a stone over; to turn over the leaves; to tip over a cart.
    • Over Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.
    • Over Upper; covering; higher; superior; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overshoes, overcoat, over-garment, overlord.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Antarctica is visited by over 10,000 tourists a year.
    • over In a place or position higher than, and in a vertical direction from (the object); above in place, position, authority, etc. Directly above in place or position: as, the roof over one's head; clouds hang over the lake; a lamp burned over the altar.
    • over Hence — Overlooking or overhanging.
    • over Above in authority or in the exercise of power, government, supervision, or care.
    • over Above in strength, dignity, excellence, value, or charm: expressing eminence or superiority as ascertained by comparison, contest, or struggle, and hence implying overcoming, victory, triumph, exultation: as, victory over temptation.
    • over Above in height, extent, number, quantity, or degree; higher, deeper, or more than; upward of: as, over head and ears in debt or in love; over a thousand dollars.
    • over In heraldry, resting upon and partly covering. Thus, a lion over a fesse means that the lion is charged upon the fesse, either contained within its borders or projecting beyond them, as distinguished from above, which means placed higher on the escutcheon.
    • over About or upon, so as to cover; upon and around.
    • over On; upon; to and fro or back and forth upon, expressing relation of repeated or continued movement or effort; through or in all parts of (often with all): as, to ramble over the fields; to pore over a book; to think over a project; to search all over the city.
    • over About; concerning; in regard to; on account of: as, to cry over spilt milk; to fret over a trifle.
    • over Across. From side to side of: implying a passing above a thing, or on the surface of it: as, to leap over a wall; to fly over a lake; to sail over a river.
    • over On the other side of.
    • over Across, in such a way as to rest on and depend from: as, to carry a cloak over one's arm.
    • over During the continuance or duration of; to the end of and beyond: as, to keep corn over the winter; to stay over night or over Sunday.
    • over While engaged in or partaking of: as, they discussed the matter over a bowl of punch, or over a game of billiards.
    • over From the other side of: as, from over the sea.
    • over In the measurement of ships, machinery, and, in general, of objects which have overhanging or projecting parts (as the bowsprit of a vessel, the flywheel of an engine, etc.), in a straight line between the most widely separated extremities, inclusive of such parts or projections.
    • over Synonyms Over, Above. Above expresses greater elevation, but not necessarily in or near a perpendicular direction; over expresses perpendicularity or something near it: thus, one cloud may be above another, without being over it. Over often implies motion or extension where above would not; hence the difference in sense of the flying of a bird over or above a house, the hanging of a branch over or above a wall. In such uses over seems to represent greater nearness.
    • over On the top or surface; on the outside.
    • over In all parts; in all directions; throughout: often with all. See all over, under all.
    • over From side to side; in extent or width; across.
    • over Across from this or that side (to the other); across an intervening space to the other side.
    • over Yonder; in the distance; in a direction indicated: as, over by the hill; over yonder.
    • over By actual and complete transference into the possession or keeping of another: as, to make over property to one; to deliver over prisoners; to hand over money.
    • over So as to reverse (something); so as to show the other or a different side: as, to roll or turn a stone over.
    • over Above the top, brim, rim, or edge: as, the pot boils over.
    • over Throughout; from beginning to end; thoroughly.
    • over In excess; beyond that which is assigned or required; left; remaining: as, nineteen contains five three times and four over.
    • over In or to an excessive degree; too; excessively: as, to be over careful; over hot; over hasty: in this sense commonly written as in composition, with a hyphen.
    • over Again; once more: as, I will do it over.
    • over In repetition or succession: as, he is rich enough to buy and sell you twice over.
    • over At an end; in a state of completion or cessation; in the past: as, all is over; is the meeting over?
    • over Very; in great measure or degree: as, he is not over and above well.
    • over See the verbs. [Over is much used as the first element in compounds, denoting either a going or passing over, through, across, etc., as in overcast, overthrow, etc., or as a preposition with a noun, as overboard, oversea, etc., or denoting, with a verb, excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome, etc. In the last use it may be joined with almost any verb. Only a few, comparatively, of such compounds are entered in this work. As a prefix, as well as when a distinct word, over is often poetically contracted into o'er.]
    • over Upper.
    • over Superior.
    • over Outer; serving as or intended for an outer covering: as, overshoes; an overcoat.
    • n over In cricket, the number of balls delivered between successive changes of bowlers; also, the part or section of the game played between such changes. When the prescribed number of balls (four in first-class matches in England before 1889, five from that date) have been bowled, the umpire at the bowler's end calls out “Over!” another bowler takes his place at the other wicket, and the fielders change their places to suit the change of bowling.
    • n over An excess; the amount by which one sum or quantity exceeds another.
    • over To go over; leap or vault over, as in the game of leap-frog.
    • over To go, pass, or climb over.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the year 1763, there were over 200 coffee shops in Venice.
    • prep Over ō′vėr higher than in place, rank, value, &c.: across: on the surface of: upon the whole surface of: through: concerning: on account of: longer than
    • adv Over on the top: above: across: from one side, person, &c. to another: above in measure: too much: in excess: left remaining: at an end: completely
    • adj Over upper or superior (often used as a prefix, as in overcoat, overlord, &c.): beyond: past
    • n Over the number of balls delivered at cricket between successive changes of bowlers: an excess, overplus
    • v.t Over to go, leap, or vault over
    • v.i Over to go over
    • ***

Quotations

  • Yiddish Proverb
    Yiddish Proverb
    “If you want your dreams to come true, don't over sleep.”
  • Moorish Proverb
    Moorish Proverb
    “He who is afraid of a thing gives it power over him.”
  • Titus Maccius Plautus
    Titus%20Maccius%20Plautus
    “It is easy to rule over the good.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Vitality shows not only in the ability to persist, but in the ability to start over.”
  • Hester i Thrale
    Hester i Thrale
    “A physician can sometimes parry the scythe of death, but has no power over the sand in the hourglass.”
  • Alexander Hamilton
    Alexander%20Hamilton
    “Power over a man's subsistence amounts to power over his will.”

Idioms

All over bar the shouting - When something is all over bar the shouting, the outcome is absolutely certain.('All over but the shouting' is also used.)
***
All over Hell's half acre - (USA) If you have been all over Hell's half acre, you have been traveling and visiting many more places than originally intended, usually because you were unsuccessful in finding what you were looking for. It can also be used to mean everywhere.
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All over the map - (USA) If something like a discussion is all over the map, it doesn't stick to the main topic and goes off on tangents.
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All over the place - If something is completely disorganised or confused, it is all over the place.
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All over the shop - If something is completely disorganised or confused, it is all over the shop.
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All over the show - If something is all over the show, it's in a complete mess.An alternative to 'All over the shop'.
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Bend over backwards - If someone bends over backwards, they do everything they can to help someone.
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Don't cry over spilt milk - When something bad happens and nothing can be done to help it people say, 'Don't cry over spilt milk'.
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Go over like a lead balloon - (USA) If something goes over like a lead balloon, it will not work well, or go over well.
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Haul someone over the coals - If you haul someone over the coals, you reprimand them severely.
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Head over heels in love - When someone falls passionately in love and is intoxicated by the feeling has fallen head over heels in love.
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In over your head - If someone is in over their head, they are out of the depth in something they are involved in, and may end up in a mess.
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It ain't over till the fat lady sings - This idiom means that until something has officially finished, the result is uncertain.
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It's no use crying over spilt milk - This idiom means that getting upset after something has gone wrong is pointless; it can't be changed so it should be accepted.
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Kick over the traces - Kicking over the traces is wild rebellious behaviour or being out of control. It comes from when a horse in harness got a rear leg over the traces, which attach it to the vehicle, it started pulling and became uncontrollable.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. ofer,; akin to D. over, G. über, OHG. ubir, ubar, Dan. over, Sw. öfver, Icel. yfir, Goth. ufar, L. super, Gr. "ype`r, Skr. upari,. √199. Cf. Above Eaves Hyper- Orlop Super- Sovereign Up

Usage

In literature:

The longing, lingering love, the good night said over and over, the lover who cannot make parting seem possible, who turns again and again.
"Floyd Grandon's Honor" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
Some of the canal concrete work has had to be dynamited out and done over and over again.
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
They went down together, rolling over and over.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
I walked up and down by it and said your name over and over again.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1905 to 1906" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
But when the service was over Mary Isabel was dismayed to see that the sky had clouded over and looked very much like rain.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1907 to 1908" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
The days that followed were full of emotion for these two people, who were perhaps always over-serious, over-sensitive.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
I ran over to where Mercer was bending over his fallen foe.
"The Fire People" by Ray Cummings
He looked round over his shoulder to see what kind of creature it was that could thus introduce itself without his knowledge.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
The boy and girl followed, their horses stumbling blindly over the ridges between which the corn was growing.
"The Wind Before the Dawn" by Dell H. Munger
When "it was over, over there," perhaps it would be over everywhere.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
The change that then came over her seemed to have given her a new control over herself.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
Swinging her leg over her mare's back, she slid down, rushed over to the girl, and put her arms around her.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Some of us over and over again.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
She watches over the night, as the sun does over the day.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
We slid over like water slides over a rock.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
At the sound of his name the pup rolled over on his back and played dead, his only trick.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
Both streets were now given over to what is termed decayed gentility.
"Hope Mills" by Amanda M. Douglas
He had that unofficial duty to think on, which was enough and over.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
Wot'd the Pope do if he had to play the same tune over and over and over and over?...
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Goodness, how life kept distributing the same old roles over and over.
"The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Various
***

In poetry:

Jump–jump–jump–
Over the sea;
What wonderful wonders
We shall see.
"The Little Jumping Girls" by Kate Greenaway
How thoughts rush over my soul
As the waves walk over the sea!
Their forms flee soon and the sorrows roll
In the deep distress that is over me.
"Discontent" by Freeman Edwin Miller
"Winter is over, and the spring is coming!"
Glad is thy message, little page in black--
"Winter is over, and the spring is coming--
The spring is coming back!"
"The Crow" by Virna Sheard
"Winter is over and the spring is coming!"
Sweet are thy tidings, little page in black--
"Winter is over and the spring is coming--
The spring is coming back!"
"The Crow" by Virna Sheard
The light is like a spider.
It crawls over the water.
It crawls over the edges of the snow.
It crawls under your eyelids
And spreads its webs there—
Its two webs.
"Tattoo" by Wallace Stevens
Over and over again I dream a dream,
I am coming home to you in the starlit gloam;
Long was the day from you and sweet 'twill seem
The day is over and I am coming home.
"The Dream: (For my Father)" by Katharine Tynan

In news:

When something seems too good to be true it usually is, which is a lesson that the Pulaski County government keeps learning, ruefully, over and over.
Over the last six years, the city of Oak Harbor has spent about $400,000 in a bid to take over sewer and water systems from Whidbey Island Naval Air Station.
He monitors them all day, he said, hitting refresh over and over on both (he doesn't use desktop clients to manage the services, and he says he doesn't like real-time streaming feature on Friendfeed).
So far this summer, over 100,000 acres of forest have burned in Colorado, along with over 600 homes.
Some people can listen to the same CD over and over again.
He rented movies, playing one about a Colorado football team over and over.
As tensions over a defiant Iran and its nuclear program escalate, the debate in Washington over preemptive military strikes heats up, even as Israel warns the US it may attack Tehran's nuclear facilities.
There was confusion over what went out over the airwaves.
In our last Daily Duel, Urban gathered over 56% of the vote in his win over the latest from Randy Houser, 'How Country Feels.
Over the next 20 years the number of people over 65 is expected to double.
"OUR LONG national nightmare is over," Gerald Ford declared when he took office as president a little over 32 years ago.
Goya Foods, America's largest Hispanic-owned food company, donates over 300,000 pounds of Goya products and over 25,000 meals to victims of Hurricane Sandy in New York and New Jersey.
Imagine you are sitting in a world where you hear the same Christmas song over and over again -- and you can't escape.
Angel's grandmother Marianne Stephens chanted through her tears over and over when she finally got to see Angel at her home in Madison, Wis.
With over 80 bands and comedians performing in Birmingham's Historic Loft District over two days in May, people sometimes have a difficult time choosing which emerging acts to see.
***

In science:

I is over admissible k -plets, the sum over W is over normalized k -plets, and the sum over σ is over injective maps as described above.
Random incidence matrices: moments of the spectral density
Since Rw is the character of a virtual representation defined over Ql, it follows that ρ is defined over Ql . (Here l is any prime 6= p.) Using the Hasse principle it is then enough to show that ρ is defined over R.
Rationality properties of unipotent representations
The multivelocity bundle is the (first-order) jet bund le J Y, the affine bundle over Y whose fiber over y ∈ Y consists of linear maps γy : TπX Y (y)X → Ty Y satisfying πX Y ∗ ◦ γy = Id TπX Y (y )X . A section of J Y over Y can be identified with an Ehresmann connection on πX Y : Y → X .
A Frame Bundle Generalization of Multisymplectic Momentum Mappings
Here the average E contains the averages over the external noise Jij, appearing in ΩK, over the variables η and κ, and over K .
About the cavity fields in mean field spin glass models
Here we will primarily average over the perturbation V, thereafter over H0, if we consider an ensemble, and finally over initial states, if these are random.
A random matrix formulation of fidelity decay
Collapse all of the other hyperedges over v down onto their remaining vertices so that, for example, a 4-edge over {u, v, w, x} becomes a 3-edge over {u, w, x}.
Critical random hypergraphs: The emergence of a giant set of identifiable vertices
By [T2], the only such groups are SL(n) over number fields or SL(m) over central division algebras over number fields.
Generators for Arithmetic Groups
If the group G ⊗k L has split rank 1, for an extension L/k, then the corresponding Albert algebra over L can be described as the algebra of 3 × 3 hermitian matrices over an octonion algebra, say C, defined over L.
Arithmetic of algebraic groups
If the group G ⊗k L has split rank 1 for an extension L/k, then the corresponding Albert algebra over L can be described as the algebra of 3 × 3 hermitian matrices over an octonion algebra, say C, defined over L.
Arithmetic of algebraic groups
Let A be a sheaf of Azumaya algebras over X or more generally, a torsion free coherent sheaf of algebras over X whose generic fiber Aη is a central simple algebra over the function field of X .
Moduli schemes of generically simple Azumaya modules
However, in this case the integral over SU (Nc ) is not over the color degrees of freedom but rather over the flavor degrees of freed om, and g−2 is replaced by mV Σ/2 with Σ the chiral condensate, m the quark mass and V the volume of space time.
QCD, Chiral Random Matrix Theory and Integrability
Let N be a manifold, H a Lie group and P a H -principal bundle defined over N, a P -gerbe defined over N, is a gerbed defined over N bounded by the sheaf of automorphisms of P .
Connective structure for principal gerbes
Then the formula D(x) = Vn i=1 rv(xi ) = ai generates a complete type over A(a), and indeed over any RV ∪ Γ-generated structure A′′ over A.
Integration in valued fields
To compute the averaged diffusion front over the samples (or equivalently over the initial conditions), it is then enough to study the distribution of M over the samples [53, 54].
Random walks and polymers in the presence of quenched disorder
Equivalently, X is an equivariant compactification of G × G/G. A split over F semi-simple group G of adjoint type has a canonical (wonderful) compactification, constructed over an algebraically closed field in and over arbitrary fields (and over Z) in and .
Rational points on compactifications of semi-simple algebraic groups
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