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nickel

Definitions

  • Fished out a Nickel and Gave It to the Porter 041
    Fished out a Nickel and Gave It to the Porter 041
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v nickel plate with nickel "nickel the plate"
    • n nickel a United States coin worth one twentieth of a dollar
    • n nickel five dollars worth of a drug "a nickel bag of drugs","a nickel deck of heroin"
    • n nickel a hard malleable ductile silvery metallic element that is resistant to corrosion; used in alloys; occurs in pentlandite and smaltite and garnierite and millerite
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first box of Crayola that was ever sold had the same eight colours that are sold in the box today consisting of red, blue, yellow, green, violet, orange, black and brown. The box was sold for a nickel in 1903
    • Nickel (Chem) A bright silver-white metallic element of atomic number 28. It is of the iron group, and is hard, malleable, and ductile. It occurs combined with sulphur in millerite, with arsenic in the mineral niccolite, and with arsenic and sulphur in nickel glance. Symbol Ni. Atomic weight 58.70.
    • Nickel A small coin made of or containing nickel; esp., a five-cent piece.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The United States nickel (five cent piece) is made of 75% copper and 25% nickel.
    • n nickel Chemical symbol, Ni; atomic weight, 58. A metal closely related to cobalt, with which it almost always occurs. The two are, in fact, so much alike that their chemical separation is by no means an easy task. The specific gravity of nickel is given at 8.357 when cast, and 8.729 if rolled; in this and in atomic weight it differs little from cobalt. Nickel and cobalt are also closely allied to iron, which they resemble in color, although slightly whiter than that metal, the former having rather a yellowish tinge, the latter a bluish. They are both magnetic, but in a less degree than iron. Both also stand on a par with that metal in regard to most of those qualities which make it valuable in the arts, namely tenacity, malleability, and ductility, but both are so much scarcer than iron that there is no possibility of their replacing that metal to any considerable extent. The occurrence of nickel (as also of cobalt) in connection with iron in meteorites is interesting and peculiar. (See meteorite.) The native metal of terrestrial origin has been found in only one locality, Fraser river, where it occurs in small flattened grains among the scales of gold. The ores of nickel are somewhat widely disseminated, but nowhere occur in great abundance. The arseniuret (kupfernickel) and the silicate are the principal sources of this metal, the latter having been found within a few years in considerable quantity in New Caledonia, where it is exceptionally free from cobalt. Nickel was discovered by Cronstedt in 1751; but it is only within a few years that it has begun to be of considerable commercial importance. Its value has varied greatly since it came into general use. It is an ingredient of certain valuable alloys and especially of German silver, and is now much experimented with in this direction. It Is largely used for plating iron in order to improve its appearance and preserve it from rusting. It is also somewhat extensively employed in coinage, in the United States, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, and Mexico. Nickel bromide has been used in medicine as an antispasmodic, and the chlorid and sulphate as tonics.
    • n nickel In the United States, a current coin representing the value of five cents, made of an alloy of one part of nickel to three of copper.
    • nickel Consisting of or covered with nickel.
    • nickel To plate or coat, as metal surfaces, with nickel, either by electrolytic processes or by chemical operations.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Nickel nik′el a grayish-white metal related to cobalt, very malleable and ductile
    • v.t Nickel to plate with nickel
    • ***

Quotations

  • Phyllis Mcginley
    Phyllis%20Mcginley
    “Please to put a nickel, please to put a dime. How petitions trickle in at Christmas time!”
  • Yogi Berra
    Yogi%20Berra
    “A nickel isn't worth a dime today.”
  • Flip Wilson
    Flip Wilson
    “You can't expect to hit the jackpot if you don't put a few nickels in the machine.”

Idioms

Don't take any wooden nickels - (USA) This idiom is used to advise people not to be cheated or ripped off.
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If I had a nickel for every time - (USA) When someone uses this expression, they mean that the specific thing happens a lot. It is an abbreviation of the statement 'If I had a nickel for every time that happened, I would be rich'
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Nickel tour - (USA) If someone gives you a nickel tour, they show you around a place. ('Fifty-cent tour' is also used.)
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Not have two nickels to rub together - (USA) If a person doesn't have two nickels to rub together, they are very poor.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
G., fr. Sw. nickel, abbrev. from Sw. kopparnickel, copper-nickel, a name given in derision, as it was thought to be a base ore of copper. The origin of the second part of the word is uncertain. Cf. Kupfer-nickel Copper-nickel

Usage

In literature:

Regular baseballs were sold, four shots for a nickel.
"School, Church, and Home Games" by George O. Draper
In the first one sat Constable Zeburee Nute, his obtrusive nickel badge on his overcoat.
"The Skipper and the Skipped" by Holman Day
He nickeled himself to death in doing it.
"Biltmore Oswald" by J. Thorne Smith, Jr.
Nickel-plating should not be exposed to dampness, and must be kept bright by wiping with a soft rag.
"Golden Days for Boys and Girls, Vol. XIII, Nov. 28, 1891" by Various
Of soap holders there are innumerable designs: nickel plated or rubber.
"The Complete Home" by Various
If he's gone, I'll give the nickel back.
"The Pride of Palomar" by Peter B. Kyne
I know a very seedy individual, going around begging a living of whomsoever will give him a dime or a nickel.
""Say Fellows--"" by Wade C. Smith
He wouldn't be worth a nickel to us if he wasn't cute.
"Skyrider" by B. M. Bower
In this way remove the shell from the space about the size of a nickel.
"The First Book of Farming" by Charles L. Goodrich
In that storm of brick-chips, split sandbags and dented nickel, you could not move or reply.
"Indiscreet Letters From Peking"
So in this case nickel is used.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
So he fitted into our audit department like a nickel into a slot machine.
"On With Torchy" by Sewell Ford
I wish I could 'arn a nickel.
"From the Valley of the Missing" by Grace Miller White
Father gives me a nickel a week, and I generally spend it for candy.
"Prudence of the Parsonage" by Ethel Hueston
I does 'member seein' dem paper nickels, dimes, and quarters what us chillun played wid atter de war.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
Gold, Silver, and Nickel Plater wants situation.
"Scientific American, Volume 40, No. 13, March 29, 1879" by Various
I got through this time without forgetting to get a nickel first.
"Homeburg Memories" by George Helgesen Fitch
A nickel, now an' then.
"Mary Louise in the Country" by L. Frank Baum (AKA Edith Van Dyne)
He could not find nickel in it.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
When he had extracted all the change that pocket contained he found that he was the owner of three nickels and five copper cents.
"John Gayther's Garden and the Stories Told Therein" by Frank R. Stockton
***

In poetry:

Tyrant of the tenement,
Take thy card and flee!
Not a nickel, not a cent
Dost thou get from me.
"Christmas Cards" by Franklin Pierce Adams
The bottom from stocks may fall out,
My bonds may get below par;
Then surely, I seldom could spare you
A nickel, to buy a cigar.
"The Coming Woman" by Mary Weston Fordham
"A nickel in a poor boy's hat!"
You, minion of a grubbing grocer,
You dare, indeed, to ask me that?
Bold and relentless, say I, "No, sir!"
"Christmas Cards" by Franklin Pierce Adams
He was the worst bronco I've seen on the range
He could turn on a nickel and leave you some change
While he was buckin' he squalled like a shoat
I tell you that outlaw, he sure got my goat.
"The Strawberry Roan" by Curley Fletcher
Now when he kenned Sir Launcelot in armor clad, he quod,
"Another put-a-nickel-in-and-see-me-work, be god!"
But when that he was ware a man ben standing in that suit,
Ye straunger threw up both his hands, and asked him not to shoote.
"A Proper Trewe Idyll Of Camelot" by Eugene Field
Little Ann was very red in the face. "But I can't go on," she said. She
intended to say also, "There's nothing to go on with," but just as she
said "There's," a little nickel clock called five very clearly, and she
remarked, instead:--
"August" by Nancy Byrd Turner

In news:

(L-R) Danny Scheie, Cody Nickell, and Kate Eastwood Norris in Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew at Folger Theatre.
Stephen Nickel, community assistance forester from the state Division of Forestry, assesses the condition of trees outside city hall on Nov 2, 2012 in Sitka, Alaska.
Obama's small change : Less nickel in the nickel.
Mall Change and his "Nickel and Dime Radio".
And while I have your attention, can't we please keep that nickel and dime stuff in stock.
For starters, he is expected to compete for the nickel corner job, currently occupied by Joselio Hanson.
The company is currently working on a similar steam chest, this one having 1.5-in.-thick pure nickel, and has submitted several quotes, one of which is for a first effect steam chest .
During the campaign, Nickell said he would use his experience as a manager at ReMax to streamline tax office operations.
Ten percent of men and 17 percent of women are allergic to nickel, a common component of cellphones and jewelry.
Nickell Golf Course plans three-phase renovation process.
COLUMBIA — Since it was built about 25 years ago, the clubhouse at L.A. Nickell Golf Course has never seen a renovation.
Molina Healthcare's CEO on the Economy and the Value of a Nickel.
If you had a nickel for every bottle sold in a day, you'd have a small fortune.
A big girl and her pack came up to me and asked me for a nickel.
Nickels cites a flood of emails from the public asking to let the murals stand.
***

In science:

In their paper, Davisson and Germer reported their analysis of the angular distribution of electrons scattered from nickel.
Quantum interference of molecules -- probing the wave nature of matter
They showed that the electron beam was scattered by the surface atoms on the nickel crystal at the exact angles that had been predicted for the diffraction of x-rays by Bragg’s formula, with a wavelength given by the de Broglie equation (1).
Quantum interference of molecules -- probing the wave nature of matter
For nickel, a = 0.215nm. A peak in the electron intensity at an agle φ = 500 for m = 1 gives the electron wavelength as 0.165nm.
Quantum interference of molecules -- probing the wave nature of matter
We present a method which allows to include narrow-band correlation effects into the description of both valence and core states and we apply it to the prototypical case of nickel.
On-site correlation in valence and core states of ferromagnetic nickel
Quasi-particle band structure of nickel along the high symmetry directions of the Brillouin Zone.
On-site correlation in valence and core states of ferromagnetic nickel
Therefore we expect that the above conclusion is generally valid; for example, instability of ferromagnetism in the situation appropriate to metallic nickel will be caused by the individual-particle excitation since the filling n ∼ 0.2 per band is far from being critical for the metal-insulator transition.
Spin Wave Instability of Itinerant Ferromagnet
The Brookhaven AGS delivers up to 7 × 1012 protons per bunch, with energies of 24 GeV, onto a water-cooled, rotating nickel target.
The Muon Anomaly: Experiment and Theory
As discussed in these three papers, quantitative conclusions are sensitive to the details of the macroscopic mixing of the hydrogen, helium, and nickel.
Optical Spectra of Supernovae
Using a simple radioactive model, Sollerman et al. could fit the data with ∼0.3 M⊙ of ejected 56Ni, which can be regarded as a lower limit to the amount of ejected nickel in SN 1998bw.
Optical and near-IR observations of SN 1998bw
The peak luminosity of a type Ic supernova is determined by its Nickel yield. A fainter SNe corresponds to a lower Nickel production.
GRB 020410: A Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglow Discovered by its Supernova Light
The supernova associated with GRB 020410 is only ∼ 15 % as bright and is as such the faintest SNe yet seen associated with a GRB, this would correspond to a Nickel yield of ∼ 0.05 M⊙ .
GRB 020410: A Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglow Discovered by its Supernova Light
Nickel, in Phase Transitions: Cargese 1980, edited by M.
Updated tests of scaling and universality for the spin-spin correlations in the 2D and 3D spin-S Ising models using high-temperature expansions
This is also true below TC, where the spin dependence of the spectra is more pronounced for the satellite region in Nickel than for that of the quasiparticle bands near the Fermi level.
Electronic Structure and Magnetic Properties of Solids
The resonant photoemission experiments109 reflect the presence of local–moment polarization in the high–energy spectrum above the Curie temperature in Nickel, while the low–energy angle resolved photoemission investigations110 results in non–magnetic bands near the Fermi level.
Electronic Structure and Magnetic Properties of Solids
McK.: Neutron-scattering measurement of the spin-wave spectra for nickel.
Electronic Structure and Magnetic Properties of Solids
***