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neutralize

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v neutralize make chemically neutral "She neutralized the solution"
    • v neutralize make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of "Her optimism neutralizes his gloom","This action will negate the effect of my efforts"
    • v neutralize make incapable of military action
    • v neutralize get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing "The mafia liquidated the informer","the double agent was neutralized"
    • v neutralize make politically neutral and thus inoffensive "The treaty neutralized the small republic"
    • v neutralize oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions "This will counteract the foolish actions of my colleagues"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Capsaicin, which makes hot peppers "hot" to the human mouth, is best neutralized by casein, the main protein found in milk.
    • Neutralize To destroy the peculiar properties or opposite dispositions of; to reduce to a state of indifference or inefficiency; to counteract; to render ineffective; as, to neutralize parties in government; to neutralize efforts, opposition, etc. "Counter citations that neutralize each other."
    • Neutralize (Chem) To render inert or imperceptible the peculiar affinities of, as a chemical substance; to destroy the effect of; as, to neutralize an acid with a base.
    • Neutralize To render neutral; to reduce to a state of neutrality. "So here I am neutralized again."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Running cold water over the onion and the knife will keep you from crying when you cut it, because water neutralizes the chemical that makes you cry.
    • neutralize To render neutral; reduce to a state of neutrality between different parties Or opinions. Specifically— To bestow by convention a neutral character upon (states, persons, and things Which would or might otherwise bear a belligerent character); declare non-belligerent, To prohibit hostilities within the limits of, as territory or waters.
    • neutralize In chem., to destroy or render inert or imperceptible the peculiar properties of, by chemical combination. See neutralization, 1.
    • neutralize To render inoperative; invalidate; nullify; counterbalance: as, to neutralize opposition.
    • neutralize Also spelled neutralise. Synonyms Annul, Nullify, Annihilate, Neutralize. These words agree in meaning the bringing of a thing to nothing, causing it to cense to be absolutely, or us to some special relation. Annul represents an official or authoritative act: as, to annul an edict. (See abolish.) Nullify, to render invalid or of no avail, is more general and less often official: a law may be illegally nullified by inert resistance. To annihilate is to reduce to nothing, and should be used only where absolute putting out of existence is meant; such expressions as “his army was literally annihilated” are manifestly improper; “his army was annihilated” would be proper by strong hyperbole, if the army was so broken up that no parts of it were ever gathered together again. To neutralize is to bring to nothing in respect to some special relation, or to render inoperative or inefficacious in respect to certain other agencies or forces, by a contrary or counter balancing force: as, to neutralize an acid; his efforts were neutralized by the influence of his opponent. That which is neutralized would naturally have force in itself; hence we should not speak of neutralizing a law or a command.
    • neutralize In motor-racing, to give a neutral character to (a town or to a specified part of a road), that is, to arrange that the time used in passing through or over it is not to be counted in the race.
    • ***

Quotations

  • David Puttnam
    David Puttnam
    “My belief is that no movie, nothing in life, leaves people neutral. You either leave them up or you leave them down.”
  • William James
    William%20James
    “Our esteem for facts has not neutralized in us all religiousness. It is itself almost religious. Our scientific temper is devout.”
  • William O. Douglas
    William%20O.%20Douglas
    “The constitution is not neutral. It was designed to take the government off the backs of people.”
  • Alexander Hamilton
    Alexander%20Hamilton
    “Even to observe neutrality you must have a strong government.”
  • King Jr. Martin Luther
    King%20Jr.%20Martin%20Luther
    “The hottest place in Hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in times of great moral conflict.”
  • Booker T. Washington
    Booker%20T.%20Washington
    “There is no power on earth that can neutralize the influence of a high, simple and useful life.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. neutraliser,

Usage

In literature:

It is often happy for nations that they are able to call in neutral navigation.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. I. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
What but that motive led her, in 1858, to demand the Manchurian seacoast as the price of neutrality?
"The Awakening of China" by W.A.P. Martin
This lie, with variations, has spread beyond the Rhine and gained currency in certain of the neutral nations.
"Out To Win" by Coningsby Dawson
In October 1805 a treaty of neutrality between France and Naples was carried into effect.
"Drake, Nelson and Napoleon" by Walter Runciman
I knew that the British authorities discouraged, as far as they could, neutrals travelling to and fro between England and Germany in war-time.
"The Man with the Clubfoot" by Valentine Williams
Rights and Duties of Neutral Nations; Contraband Goods; Blockade; Right of Search; Safe Conducts and Passports; Truces; Treaties of Peace.
"The Government Class Book" by Andrew W. Young
Pennsylvania was usually neutral.
"American Eloquence, Volume I. (of 4) Studies In American Political History (1896)" by Various
Venice, too, remained in formidable neutrality, the spectator of the Visconti's conquests.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volume 1 (of 7)" by John Addington Symonds
She uses no effective means of discriminating between neutral and enemy vessels.
"New York Times Current History: The European War, Vol 2, No. 1, April, 1915" by Various
These communications contain matters of grave importance to neutral nations.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 2, May, 1915" by Various
No protest was made by the United States or any neutral.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 3, June, 1915" by Various
The violation of Belgian neutrality?
"Getting Together" by Ian Hay
The Argentine government under Mitre proclaimed its neutrality.
"The South American Republics Part I of II" by Thomas C. Dawson
The light gray-violet of the snow is shown in a light gray or neutral value in the picture on this page.
"Text Books of Art Education, Book IV (of 7)" by Hugo B. Froehlich
He gave all his influence to have the Choctaws take a neutral position.
"The American Indian as Slaveholder and Seccessionist" by Annie Heloise Abel
Peiffer had been caught outside the gates and within a hundred yards of the neutral zone.
"The Four Corners of the World" by A. E. W. (Alfred Edward Woodley) Mason
Do I understand you to imply that there will be a neutral policy, as it were, towards the South?
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 8 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Interviews" by Robert G. Ingersoll
Towards dusk we approached the last Imperialist station, between which and the first Ti-ping outpost stretched a neutral ground of a few miles.
"Ti-Ping Tien-Kwoh" by Augustus F. Lindley
Rays numerous, long, neutral.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
Anxious to have Switzerland neutral he made overtures, which were rejected.
"The Story of Switzerland" by Lina Hug
***

In poetry:

Yet living here,
As one between two massive powers I live
Whom neutrality cannot save
Nor occupation cheer.
"The Conflict" by Cecil Day Lewis
What will you do with Jesus?
neutral you cannot be;
some day your heart will be asking,
"What will he do with me?"
"What Will You Do with Jesus?" by Albert Benjamin Simpson
By pure Alliteration
You may trace this curious nation,
And respect this somewhat scattered Principality;
When you see a B in Both
You may take your Bible oath
You are violating Belgian neutrality.
"The Latest School" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
But these maneuverings to avoid
The touching of hands,
These shifts to keep the eyes employed
On objects more or less neutral
(As honor, for time being, commands) Will hardly prevent their downfall.
"Love's Strategems" by Donald Justice
"They ask us, in their pride,
To idly stand aside,
To be false to our allies, and neutral in this war;
They think that Indian men
Will never think again
Of wrongs by Yengee spoilers, how false their treaties are.
"Tecumthe" by Nora Pembroke
Now those who say the bush is dull are not so far astray,
For the neutral tints of station life are anything but gay;
But, with all its uneventfulness, I solemnly deny
That the bush is unendurable along with rabbit pie.
"My Other Chinee Cook" by James Brunton Stephens

In news:

Deep purple skinnies amp up an otherwise neutral look.
On November 23, 1982, the Americas Watch published the report Human Rights in Guatemala: No Neutrals Allowed.
INTERVIEWS Neutral Milk Hotel Banjo Hawked on Kickstarter for $3,000.
Will AT&T's Pirate-Sniffing Proposal End the Net Neutrality Standoff.
Hewlett-Packard Cut to Neutral From Buy by ISI Group >HPQ.
Wisconsin would like to use long, time-consuming drives to keep Oregon's offense in neutral.
The Best Neutral Nail Polish.
Gidget, likes to sit and look out the window so I chose pieces in a neutral woven fabric to hide the dog hair?
The company set a short-term goal of being carbon neutral by 2010 for its stores and other facilities it operates, as well as for employee travel.
'Net Neutrality' Rules to Take Effect in Nov. You're logged in as.
How To Tone Down Neon With Neutrals.
Extremely soft feel and snug midfoot, with the Ride for underpronators and the Guide for neutral runners and slight overpronators.
Ancestry .com Cut to Neutral From Overweight by Piper Jaffray >ACOM.
Ancestry .com Cut to Neutral From Buy by Goldman Sachs >ACOM.
Birmingham — Some well-known male chefs are getting behind a New Jersey girl's call for Hasbro to make a gender-neutral Easy- Bake Oven.
***

In science:

With so many uncertainties, it is not possible to reach definite quantitative estimates for the photodesorption force, but Weingartner & Draine (2001b) evaluate one plausible set of assumptions; results are shown in Fig. 33 for grains in the “warm neutral medium” and the “cold neutral medium”.
Astrophysics of Dust in Cold Clouds
However, collisions with neutral or negatively charged grains can be more important than radiative recombination for neutralization of metal ions for conditions typical of the diffuse interstellar medium (Weingartner & Draine 2001d).
Astrophysics of Dust in Cold Clouds
Coupling of the magnetic field to the gas is due to the force exerted on moving charges; in regions of low fractional ionization, the neutral gas will be unaffected by the magnetic field unless the charged species are collisionally coupled to the neutral atoms and molecules.
Astrophysics of Dust in Cold Clouds
In its most natural explanation the HM events suggest neutrinos to be fundamentally neutral particles in the sense of Ma jorana .1 However, fundamental neutrality of particles is not a neutrino specific property.
Extended set of Majorana spinors, a new dispersion relation, and a preferred frame
There are four neutralinos, each of which is a linear combination of the R = −1, neutral fermions1 : the wino ˜W 3, the partner of the 3rd component of the SU (2)L gauge boson; the bino, ˜B, the partner of the U (1)Y gauge boson; and the two neutral Higgsinos, ˜H1 and ˜H2 .
Sugra Dark Matter
The hot radiation ionizes a fraction of the neutral giant’s wind, but can also be Raman and Rayleigh scattered by its neutral particles.
The role of ionization in symbiotic binaries
In many supersymmetric models, the LSP is the lightest neutralino, a mixture of the superpartners of the photon, Z and neutral higgs bosons, and is electrically neutral, colorless and a viable dark matter candidate .
Searching For Dark Matter with Neutrino Telescopes
Temperature fluctuations of several hundred degrees could play a ma jor role in the chemistry of many species because of the inverse temperature dependence of radiative association and the range of activation energies for collisional dissociation, neutral-neutral reactions, and some ion-molecule reactions.
Interstellar Turbulence II: Implications and Effects
Neutral-neutral reactions may be important even in dark clouds (Bettens et al. 1995).
Interstellar Turbulence II: Implications and Effects
The validity of the fluid approximation for neutrals is also questionable at these scales (see Interstel lar Turbulence I), although MHD turbulence in the ionic component could enhance the ion-neutral collision rate.
Interstellar Turbulence II: Implications and Effects
These reactions are practically the sole sources of Energetic Neutral Atoms of cometary origin since all other elements in the solar wind are highly ionized and cannot produce a neutral even if they exchange charge with a cometary neutral atom.
Are the sungrazing comets the inner source of pickup ions and energetic neutral atoms?
The CP even sector consists of: the light neutral Higgs h, the heavier neutral Higgs H, the CP even sneutrino ˜ν+ .
Neutrino masses and R-parity violation
There are four neutralinos, each of which is a linear combination of the R = −1, neutral fermions : the wino ˜W 3, the partner of the 3rd component of the SU (2)L gauge boson; the bino, ˜B, the partner of the U (1)Y gauge boson; and the two neutral Higgsinos, ˜H1 and ˜H2 .
Dark Matter Candidates in Supersymmetric Models
One further sees that this decay is just the time reversed electron capture decay of the 2.3 keV state of neutral 205Pb leading to the ground state of neutral 205Tl. This, on the other hand, is the inverse of the neutrino capture we are interested in.
The Neutrino - Its Past, Present and Future
Therefore, in the annulus amplitude, apart from the same neutral strings, whose multiplicities do not depend from m and ¯m, now we have also a “dipole” term, with multiplicity m ¯m, also neutral, and charged terms with multiplicities proportional to m, ¯m, m2 and ¯m2 .
Issues on tadpoles and vacuum redefinitions in String Theory
***