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motion

Definitions

  • Link motion
    Link motion
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v motion show, express or direct through movement "He gestured his desire to leave"
    • n motion the act of changing location from one place to another "police controlled the motion of the crowd","the movement of people from the farms to the cities","his move put him directly in my path"
    • n motion a change of position that does not entail a change of location "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise","movement is a sign of life","an impatient move of his hand","gastrointestinal motility"
    • n motion the use of movements (especially of the hands) to communicate familiar or prearranged signals
    • n motion a formal proposal for action made to a deliberative assembly for discussion and vote "he made a motion to adjourn","she called for the question"
    • n motion a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
    • n motion an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object "the cinema relies on apparent motion","the succession of flashing lights gave an illusion of movement"
    • n motion a state of change "they were in a state of steady motion"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first theatre to show motion pictures was the Nickelodeon on June 19, 1905 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was opened by Harry Davis on Smithfield Street
    • Motion A proposal or suggestion looking to action or progress; esp., a formal proposal made in a deliberative assembly; as, a motion to adjourn. "Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion ."
    • Motion A puppet show or puppet. "What motion 's this? the model of Nineveh?"
    • Motion (Law) An application made to a court or judge orally in open court. Its object is to obtain an order or rule directing some act to be done in favor of the applicant.
    • Motion Change in the relative position of the parts of anything; action of a machine with respect to the relative movement of its parts. "This is the great wheel to which the clock owes its motion ."
    • Motion (Mus) Change of pitch in successive sounds, whether in the same part or in groups of parts. "The independent motions of different parts sounding together constitute counterpoint."
    • Motion Direction of movement; course; tendency; as, the motion of the planets is from west to east. "In our proper motion we ascend."
    • Motion Movement of the mind, desires, or passions; mental act, or impulse to any action; internal activity. "Let a good man obey every good motion rising in his heart, knowing that every such motion proceeds from God."
    • Motion Power of, or capacity for, motion. "Devoid of sense and motion ."
    • Motion The act, process, or state of changing place or position; movement; the passing of a body from one place or position to another, whether voluntary or involuntary; -- opposed to rest. "Speaking or mute, all comeliness and grace
      attends thee, and each word, each motion, forms."
    • Motion To direct or invite by a motion, as of the hand or head; as, to motion one to a seat.
    • Motion To make a significant movement or gesture, as with the hand; as, to motion to one to take a seat.
    • Motion To make proposal; to offer plans.
    • Motion To propose; to move. "I want friends to motion such a matter."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first toilet being flushed in a motion picture was in the movie "Psycho."
    • n motion Change of place; transition from one point or position in space to another; continuous variation of position: used both concretely, for a single change of position, and abstractly, to denote such change considered as a character belonging to the moving body, and also generally for a class of phenomena.
    • n motion The power of moving; ability to change one's position.
    • n motion Style or manner of moving; carriage.
    • n motion In astronomy, angular velocity; amount of angular movement, especially the rate of movement of a heavenly body in longitude: as, the mean daily motion of the sun is 3548″.
    • n motion In mech., any mechanism for modifying the movement in a machine, or for making certain parts change their positions in certain ways; also, the action of such mechanism: as, the slide-valve motion of an engine; heart-motion in spinning-machines, etc.
    • n motion A puppet, or a similar figure mechanically moved; also, a puppet-show.
    • n motion In philosophy, any change: a translation of κίνησις. There are four kinds of motion, according to Aristotelians —generation and corruption, alteration, augmentation and diminution, and change of place. Bacon distinguishes nineteen kinds of simple motions, which seem to be something like elementary forces.
    • n motion A natural impulse, as of the senses, but especially of the mind or soul; tendency of desires or passions; mental agitation.
    • n motion Animal life; the faculty of automatic movement and sensation or feeling; the exercise of such faculty; something which usually belongs equally to soul and body, though occasionally confined to one or the other.
    • n motion Inclination; disposition; impulse; will: as, of one's own motion.
    • n motion Proposal; instigation; incitement.
    • n motion A proposal or proposition formally made; specifically, a proposal formally submitted in a deliberative assembly, with a view to its discussion and adoption; also, the act of submitting such a proposal: as, the motion to appoint a committee was carried.
    • n motion In law:
    • n motion An application to a court or judge, usually in the course of a legal proceeding. Whatever is asked of a court by a suitor is asked by a motion.
    • n motion More narrowly, an application which is incidental to the progress of a cause, as distinguished from the trial or investigation of the issue: as, a motion for an injunction; a motion to open a default. Still further distinctions are made in common parlance. Thus, applications on the trial incidental to its progress, such as to strike out testimony or to grant a non-suit, are called motions, though, being on the trial, and the result being included in the judgment, they are not motions within the rules regulating the formalities required for making motions, the record of the decision, the award of costs, or the mode of review.
    • n motion In some of the United States, the paper drawn up by the attorney of the moving party, saying, “now comes the plaintiff (or defendant),” etc., “and moves,” etc. (much in the same way that an application to the court would be entered in the minutes), and filed with the clerk in advance of applying to the court, and usually also served on the other party.
    • n motion In music:
    • n motion The melodic change of a voice or voice-part from one pitch to another; melodic progression. It is concrete, conjunct, or conjoint when it consists of a single step, discrete or disjunct when of a skip.
    • n motion The melodic progression of any two voice-parts in harmonic writing in relation to each other. It is similar when both voice-parts rise or fall at the same time, parallel when they together rise or fall by the same interval, contrary or opposite when one rises and the other falls, oblique when one rises or falls while the other remains stationary, and mixed when all varieties occur at once in several parts. In general, between important or conspicuous parts, contrary motion is sought. Parallel motion in perfect fifths or octaves is regularly forbidden; and similar motion to a perfect fifth or octave is employed sparingly.
    • n motion In the fine arts, the change of place or position which, from the attitude represented, a figure is portrayed as making. It can only be implied from the attitude which prepares the subject for the given change, and therefore differs from action.
    • n motion In medicine, evacuation of the intestine; alvine discharge.
    • n motion In military tactics, one of the stages into which each movement prescribed in the manual of arms is divided to facilitate instruction.
    • n motion In music. See direct.
    • n motion In music. See def. 14 .
    • n motion The mode of motion of such a machine.
    • n motion By a popular abuse of the term, a movement or machine which could go on indefinitely by its own self-generated power. Thus, if a man should pretend to have a wheel which turned upon its bearings without resistance, so that it would go on moving indefinitely, or to have a fluid which, though viscous, was frictionless, so that its motion, though continually decreasing, never came to rest, neither claim would be a claim to a perpetual motion, nor (however unfounded) would it violate any fundamental principle of mechanics. On the other hand, a machine (such as has actually been proposed) which would not go on moving of itself forever, but would require a little external force to overcome friction, but which with that little force should be capable of doing an indefinite amount of work, would, properly speaking, be a perpetual motion.
    • n motion Synonyms Motion, Movement, Move. Motion may be considered separate from that which moves; movement is always connected with the person or thing moving: hence we speak of the laws of motion; of heat as a mode of motion; and of perpetual motion — not of movement in any of these cases; hence, also, motion is the more scientific and technical term. Motion is more general and more voluntary; movement, more particular and occasional: hence we speak of a motion with the hand; a movement of troops; involuntary movements; the movements of the heavenly bodies: the rate of motion or of movement. The figurative uses of the two correspond to the literal. The chief uses of move are founded upon the idea of moving a piece, in chess or a similar game, for winning the game.
    • motion To guide by a significant motion or gesture, as with the hand or head: as, to motion a person to a seat.
    • motion To propose; move.
    • motion To make a significant movement or gesture, as with the hand or head: as, to motion to one to take a seat.
    • motion To make a proposal; offer plans.
    • n motion In geometry, a reversible unique transformation of the aggregate of all points into itself.
    • n motion A forward and backward motion, used in connection with something that has a distinct, front and rear.
    • n motion A motion parallel to the keel of a vessel.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ballistics is the science that deals with the motion of projectiles.
    • n Motion mō′shun the act or state of moving: a single movement: change of posture: gait: power of moving or of being moved: angular velocity—direct when from west to east; retrograde when from east to west: excitement of the mind: any natural impulse, instigation: proposal made, esp. in an assembly: an application to a court, during a case before it, for an order or rule that something be done, esp. something incidental to the progress of the cause rather than its issue: evacuation of the intestine:
    • v.i Motion to make a significant movement, to offer a proposal
    • v.t Motion to guide by a gesture, &c.: to move
    • n Motion mō′shun (pl., B.) impulses
    • ***

Quotations

  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “Everything is in motion. Everything flows. Everything is vibrating.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “Allow motion to equal emotion.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Two-thirds of promotion is motion”
  • Vladimir Nabokov
    Vladimir%20Nabokov
    “There are aphorisms that, like airplanes, stay up only while they are in motion.”
  • John Sterling
    John Sterling
    “Colors answer feeling in man; shapes answer thought; and motion answers will.”
  • George Meredith
    George%20Meredith
    “A human act once set in motion flows on forever to the great account. Our deathlessness is in what we do, not in what we are.”

Idioms

Go through the motions - When you go through the motions, you do something like an everyday routine and without any feelings whatsoever.
***
Poetry in motion - Something that is poetry in motion is beautiful to watch.
***
Set the wheels in motion - When you set the wheels in motion, you get something started.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. motio, fr. movere, motum, to move. See Move
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L.,—movēre, mōtum, to move.

Usage

In literature:

Rob made motions to the two native oarsmen that they should head the dory inshore.
"The Young Alaskans" by Emerson Hough
But the two motions which the two luminaries raise will not appear distinguished but will make a certain mixed motion.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
Our voyageurs, instead of desisting, again set the canoe in motion, and continued the hunt.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Ned motioned to the boatman to return to the dock.
"Boy Scouts in the North Sea" by G. Harvey Ralphson
A cogged contrivance in machinery by which a rotatory motion is converted into a reciprocating motion.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
A motion to make the admission of Maine a separate question was also defeated.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
The connexion of the motions of the stomach with irritative ideas, or motions of the organs of sense, in vertigo, is shewn in Sect.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
It was of the kind known as a "rocking-chair," and its motions displayed the fine proportion and outlines of her form.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
But the author, blinded by ambition, set in motion a machinery such as none could long resist.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Beginners should master the three motions of the flag, exaggerating the figure 8 motion before they attempt to make letters.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
She responded with sucking motions to the first touch of the nipple on her lips.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
It controls the motions of the planets by its immense gravitative power.
"Astronomy of To-day" by Cecil G. Dolmage
He opened a workbench built into one wall and brought out a motion-picture camera.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
This is an entire misconception, since the new planet was detected by its physical appearance, and not by its motion.
"Sir William Herschel: His Life and Works" by Edward Singleton Holden
Vibratory motion of the matter becomes undulatory motion in the ether.
"The Machinery of the Universe" by Amos Emerson Dolbear
Lennox motioned at the bundle.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
Every action must be caused by motion.
"Thoughts on Art and Life" by Leonardo da Vinci
There was not a motion which she could distort into a recognition of her existence.
"The Vision of Elijah Berl" by Frank Lewis Nason
He motioned to Scotty, who was watching and listening from outside.
"The Golden Skull" by John Blaine
A whirl of violet grew almost golden in sudden motion; Chet knew it for an invisible monster of space.
"Brood of the Dark Moon" by Charles Willard Diffin
***

In poetry:

Though to each star they give a name,
Its size and motions teach;
The truths which all the stars proclaim,
Their wisdom cannot reach.
"The Book Of Creation" by John Newton
Turnin or steppin alang, Nannie,
Liftin and layin doon,
Settin richt what's aye gaein wrang, Nannie,
Yer motion's baith dance and tune!
"Nannie Braw" by George MacDonald
"Think you I do not feel my every drop
Of blood is as an ocean
In which are surging and will never stop
All things your hope gave motion?
"The Strong Man To His Sires" by Cale Young Rice
Shine, Lord; shine me thy shadow still;
The brighter I, the more thy shade!
My motion be thy lovely moveless will!
My darkness, light delayed!
"Shadows" by George MacDonald
Behold the semblance of thy flower!
I could not fill its leaves with dew,
Shew its tints varying with the hour,
Its motion as the zephyrs blew.
"Vignette - XV" by Matilda Betham
Like the tide—knocking at the hollowed cliff
And running into each green cave as if
In the cave's night to keep
Eternal motion grave and deep;—
"The Caves" by John Freeman

In news:

Portescap, A Danaher Motion Company.
Leap Motion – The Future of Computer Interaction.
On others, lifelong relationships are set in motion.
The motion was opposed by all 12 Republicans on the board, but supported by all 15 Democrats.
A motion filed by a Saginaw group seeking to find the Department of Human Services in contempt of court for failing to restore some welfare benefits is scheduled to be heard by a Genesee Circuit Court Judge this morning.
A motion for continuance was filed in Marion County Court on June 15th on behalf of Patrick Edouard and is awaiting a ruling from a District Court Judge on Friday.
Representatives of the Writers Guild of America and the Alliance of Motion.
The last time YCharts checked in on Prem Watsa, aka Warren Buffett of the North, the Canadian billionaire was buying shares in Research in Motion (RIMM).
Among the most sanitary and gentle, horizontal motion conveyors are replacing belt conveyors in many food processing ...
Dunkermotoren acquires Copley Motion Systems.
COTA buses get Poetry in Motion.
The project called, "Setting Six Miles In Motion," has a completion date set for the fall 2014.
Southern Baptists meeting in San Antonio, Texas, recently for their annual convention approved a motion made by an Enid pastor that is the first step in creating a database of ministers.
For years coaches have used high-speed motion pictures as training aids.
Get set for Motion City Soundtrack.
***

In science:

Green potential operator G of the individual particle motion and its powers G2, G3, and by the growth as t → ∞ of the operator Gt = R t 0 Tsds and its powers, where Tt is the semigroup of the motion.
Occupation Time Fluctuations in Branching Systems
We present measurements along the line of sight (radial velocities), which are complementary to the proper motions and help define the space motion of these ob jects.
Radial-Velocity Monitoring of Members and Candidate Members of the TW Hydrae Association
These two equations of motion are essentially the same as the Euler-Lagrange equations of motion which we have obtained before.
Gauge Theory of Gravity
So, Eqs. of motion become classical Eqs. of motion in the chosen reference system.
Can the notion of a homogeneous gravitational field be transferred from classical mechanics to the Relativistic Theory of Gravity ?
This model is moreover a simple analogue of other examples of nonlinear interactions of rapid oscillations with a slower global motion like the piston problem : averaging technics could be applied to the fast motion of gas particles in a piston which itself has a slow motion .
Out-of-equilibrium states as statistical equilibria of an effective dynamics
The first of these problems is related to the motion of superconductor flux lines in a sample with columnar defects, the second to the motion of a self-repelling polymer chain and other interesting problems (see the cited references).
Random Matrices close to Hermitian or unitary: overview of methods and results
By use of the skew-symmetric property of the Nambu bracket and the equation of motion (8), we find that the Hamiltonians K and H are constants of motion.
Cubic Matrix, Nambu Mechanics and Beyond
The Lagrangian density of Kemmer Hamiltonian was separated into radial and angular parts by using the spin space rotation operators of SO (3) group in the action principle and then the radial equations of motion are obtained by using Euler-Lagrange equations of motion.
Exact Solutions of Kemmer Equation for Coulomb Potential
Galileo argued that only relative motion was observed but not absolute motion.
General Relativity Requires Absolute Space and Time
However, to fix motion he considered it as necessary to have not only relative motion, but also absolute motion .
General Relativity Requires Absolute Space and Time
With accurate parallaxes and proper motions from Hipparcos (ESA 1997), the data on open clusters, such as number of confirmed members, mean proper motions and parallaxes has vastly improved (e.g.
A revised calibration of the Mv-W(OI 7774) relationship using Hipparcos data: Its application to Cepheids and evolved stars
The eigenvalues correspondent to the motions in the 2-dimensional subspaces are al l 2π except the one of the plane ortoghonal to the rotation that is c(ω ); since c(ω ) < 2π the motion is a planar circle on the rotating plane.
Action minimizing orbits in the n-body problem with simple choreography constraint
However, a random walk motion from i to j is not symmetric with the motion in the opposite direction.
Random Walks on Complex Networks
The dynamics provided by the null or regularized Hamiltonian (25) is particularly simple in the separable case: the two motions in the separating coordinates X and Y decouple and the general motion is given by a superposition with independent arbitrary initial conditions.
Non-Integrability of a weakly integrable Hamiltonian system
In particular, we have limited the analysis to systems admitting bound motion, but in the class of systems studied above, it is easy to construct potentials allowing the coexistence of limited and unlimited motions.
Non-Integrability of a weakly integrable Hamiltonian system
***