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mode

Definitions

  • MANNERS AND MODES
    MANNERS AND MODES
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n mode how something is done or how it happens "her dignified manner","his rapid manner of talking","their nomadic mode of existence","in the characteristic New York style","a lonely way of life","in an abrasive fashion"
    • n mode the most frequent value of a random variable
    • n mode any of various fixed orders of the various diatonic notes within an octave
    • n mode verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
    • n mode a classification of propositions on the basis of whether they claim necessity or possibility or impossibility
    • n mode a particular functioning condition or arrangement "switched from keyboard to voice mode"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Mode of Planting a Standard Rose Mode of Planting a Standard Rose
THE MODE OF ENFOLDING THE DEAD THE MODE OF ENFOLDING THE DEAD

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The rickshaw was invented by the Reverend Jonathan Scobie, an American Baptist minister living in Yokohama, Japan, built the first model in 1869 in order to transport his invalid wife. Today it remains a common mode of transportation in the Orient.
    • Mode A kind of silk. See Alamode n.
    • Mode (Metaph) Any combination of qualities or relations, considered apart from the substance to which they belong, and treated as entities; more generally, condition, or state of being; manner or form of arrangement or manifestation; form, as opposed to matter. "Modes I call such complex ideas, which, however compounded, contain not in them the supposition of subsisting by themselves, but are considered as dependencies on, or affections of, substances."
    • Mode Manner of doing or being; method; form; fashion; custom; way; style; as, the mode of speaking; the mode of dressing. "The duty of itself being resolved on, the mode of doing it may easily be found.""A table richly spread in regal mode ."
    • Mode Prevailing popular custom; fashion, especially in the phrase the mode. "The easy, apathetic graces of a man of the mode ."
    • Mode (Gram) Same as Mood.
    • Mode (Logic) The form in which the proposition connects the predicate and subject, whether by simple, contingent, or necessary assertion; the form of the syllogism, as determined by the quantity and quality of the constituent proposition; mood.
    • Mode (Mus) The scale as affected by the various positions in it of the minor intervals; as, the Dorian mode, the Ionic mode, etc., of ancient Greek music.
    • Mode (Gram) the value of the variable in a frequency distribution or probability distribution, at which the probability or frequency has a maximum. The maximum may be local or global. Distributions with only one such maximum are called unimodal; with two maxima, bimodal, and with more than two, multimodal.
    • Mode Variety; gradation; degree.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n mode A manner of acting or doing; way of performing or effecting anything; method; way.
    • n mode Customary manner; prevailing style; fashion.
    • n mode In grammar, the designation, by the form of the verb, of the manner of our conception of an event or fact, whether as certain, contingent, possible, desirable, or the like. The modes of the English verb are the indicative, subjunctive, and imperative; and other verbal phrases are usually called by the name of modes, as potential, conditional, and so on. See these terms. Also commonly, but less properly, mood.
    • n mode The natural disposition or the manner of existence or action of anything; a form: as, heat is a mode of motion; reflection is a mode of consciousness.
    • n mode A combination of ideas. See the quotations.
    • n mode In logic:
    • n mode A modification or determination of a proposition with reference to possibility and necessity.
    • n mode A variety of syllogism. See mood, the more usual but less proper form.
    • n mode The consignificate of a part of speech.
    • n mode An accidental determination.
    • n mode In music:
    • n mode A species or form of scale; a method of dividing the interval of the octave for melodic purposes; an arrangement of tones within an octave at certain fixed intervals from each other. Three great systems of modes are to be distinguished —the ancient Greek, the Gregorian, medieval, or ecclesiastical and the modern. These three were successively derived from each other, but with noteworthy changes of both principle and nomenclature. In the Greek system each mode consisted of two tetrachords (two whole steps and one half-step in each) plus one whole step (the diazeuctie tone). The nature and the name of the mode varied according to the tetrachord used as a basis and according to the position of the diazeuctie tone, or, in other words, according to the relative order of the whole steps and half-steps. When the diazeuctic tone lay between the two component tetrachords, the mode was named simply from the tetrachord used —the mode containing Dorian tetrachords was called Dorian or Doric. etc.; but when it lay below or above both of them, the prefixes hypo- and hyper- respectively were added, as Hypophrygian, Hyperlydian, etc. Below is a table of the nine original modes, reckoned upward, the whole steps being indicated by —, the half-steps by ⌣, the constituent tetrachords by, and the diazeuctic tone by +:
    • n mode These modes were embodied in scales of about two octaves, sometimes called transposing scales, which were more or less susceptible of transposition. By the later theorists fifteen such scales were recognized, each derived from one of the foregoing modes, and beginning at adifferent pitch, each a half-step higher than the preceding. These scales, though not always differing from each other in mode, but only in relative pitch, were also called modes, and were named like the modes themselves. Assuming the lowest tone of the lowest scale to be A, the series of later scales or “modes” would be:
    • n mode Hypodorian, embodying mode IV. above, A.
    • n mode Hypoionian, Hypoiastian, or lower Hypophrygian (mode V.), B♭.
    • n mode Hypophrygian (mode V.), B.
    • n mode Hypoæolian, or lower Hypolydian (mode VI.), C.
    • n mode Hypolydian (mode VI.), C♮.
    • n mode Dorian (mode I.), D.
    • n mode Ionian, Iastian, or lower Phrygian (mode II.), E♭.
    • n mode Phrygian (mode II.), E.
    • n mode Æolian, or lower Lydian (mode III.), F.
    • n mode Lydian (mode III.), F♮.
    • n mode Hyperdorian, or Mixolydian (mode VII.), G.
    • n mode Hyperionian, Hyperiastian, or higher Mixolydian (mode VII.), G♮.
    • n mode Hyperphrygian, or Hypermixolydian (mode VIII.), A.
    • n mode Hyperæolian, or lower Hyperlydian (mode IX.), B♭.
    • n mode Hyperlydian (mode IX.), B.
    • n mode The fact that the term mode has been applied from very early times both to the ideal octave-forms, or true modes, and to the practical scales or tonalities based upon them has led to great confusion. Furthermore, the extant data of the subject are fragmentary and obscure, so that authorities differ widely. (The summary here given is taken chiefly from Alfred Richter.) The esthetic and moral value of the different modes was much discussed by the Greeks, and melodies were written in one or other of the modes according to the sentiment intended to be expressed.
    • n mode The Gregorian, medieval, or ecclesiastical system was originally intended partly to follow the ancient system. Several of the old modes wore retained, but subsequently received curiously transposed names. The system was initiated by Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, in the latter part of the fourth century, perfected by Gregory the Great about 600, and still further extended between the eleventh and sixteenth centuries. It exercised a deep influence upon the beginnings of modern music, and is still in use in the Roman Catholic Church. The ecclesiastical modes differ from each other both in the relative position of their “finals” or key-notes and in the order of their whole steps and half-steps. They are authentic when the final is the lowest tone of the ambitus or compass, and plagal when it is the fourth tone from the bottom. Four authentic modes were established by Ambrose, the four corresponding plagal modes were added by Gregory, and six others were subsequently appended, making fourteen in all. In each mode certain tones are regarded as specially important — the final, on which every melody must end, and which is nearly equivalent to the modern key-note; the dominant, or principal reciting-note; and the mediant and participant, on which phrases (other than the first and last) may begin and end: these are generically called modulations. All the modes are susceptible of transposition. Assuming the final of the first mode to be A, the full series is as follows (finals are marked F, dominants D,) and mediants M):
    • n mode *Not used, on account of the tritone between B and F.
    • n mode In the modern system only two of the historic modes are retained — the major, equivalent to the Greek Lydian and the medieval Ionian, and the minor (in its full form), equivalent to the Greek and medieval Æolian. These modes differ from each other in the order of their whole steps and half-steps, as follows:
    • n mode See major, minor, and scale.
    • n mode In medieval music, a term by which the relative time-value or rhythmic relation of notes was indicated. Two kinds of modes were recognized: the great, fixing the relation between the notes called “large” and “long,” and the less, fixing that between those called “long” and “breve”; and each of these kinds might also be perfect, making the longer note equal to three of the shorter, or imperfect, making it equal to two of the shorter.
    • n mode Measure; melody; harmony.
    • n mode In lace-making:
    • n mode An unusual decorative stitch or fashion, characteristic of the pattern of any special sort of lace; especially, a small piece of such decorative work inserted in the pattern of lace. Hence, because such decorative insertions are more open than the rest of the pattern, mode is used as equivalent to jour.
    • n mode The filling of openwork meshes or the like between the solid parts of the pattern.
    • n mode A garment for women's wear, apparently a mantle with a hood, worn in England in the eighteenth century.
    • n mode plural In the philosophy of Locke. See def. 5
    • n mode Synonyms Method, Way, etc. (see manner), process.
    • mode To conform to the mode or fashion: with an indefinite it.
    • n mode A Middle English form of mood.
    • n mode In mathematics:
    • n mode The most frequent measure; the class with greatest frequency.
    • n mode The point at which a curve, indicating frequencies of occurrence of a variable event, reaches its maximum. In the normal frequency curve (see Quételet's curve), the average is at the same time the mode, while in skew curves the average and mode do not coincide.
    • n mode In a table of frequencies which gives a list of the different quantities appearing, with a statement of the number of times that each appeared, the one which occurs most often.
    • n mode In biom., that statistical value of a character which is most prevalent in a group of organisms.
    • n mode In petrography, in the quantitative classification of igneous rocks (see rock), the actual mineral composition of a rock in distinction from the norm, with which it may or may not coincide.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mode mōd manner of acting, doing, or existing: rule: custom: form: that which exists only as a quality of substance: a form of the verb, same as mood: in lace-making, a small decorative piece inserted in a pattern: the openwork between the solid parts of a pattern: a woman's mantle with a hood:
    • n Mode mōd (mus.) the method of dividing the octave for melodic purposes according to the position of its steps and half-steps
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “The mode in which the inevitable comes to pass is through effort.”
  • Charles Caleb Colton
    Charles%20Caleb%20Colton
    “There are three modes of bearing the ills of life, by indifference, by philosophy, and by religion.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “One who limits himself to his chosen mode of ignorance.”
  • Ezra Pound
    Ezra%20Pound
    “A man of genius has a right to any mode of expression.”
  • Paul De Man
    Paul De Man
    “Curiously enough, it seems to be only in describing a mode of language which does not mean what it says that one can actually say what one means.”
  • Paul De Man
    Paul De Man
    “Literature exists at the same time in the modes of error and truth; it both betrays and obeys its own mode of being.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. modus, a measure, due or proper measure, bound, manner, form; akin to E. mete,: cf. F. mode,. See Mete, and cf. Commodious Mood in grammar, Modus
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. modus.

Usage

In literature:

Thus it is evident that there is an attractiveness in this mode of preaching, which gives it peculiar advantages.
"Hints on Extemporaneous Preaching" by Henry Ware
She liked him, his manners, his character, his ways, his mode of life, and after a fashion she liked his person.
"The Vicar of Bullhampton" by Anthony Trollope
Or does the mode of distribution in any wise affect the nature of the riches?
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
It is then a mode of destroying the attraction of aggregation.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
The mode in which he escaped will show you his perfect self-possession.
"The Adventures of Daniel Boone: the Kentucky rifleman" by Uncle Philip
To remedy this imperfection Mr. Stephenson devised a new chair, with an entirely new mode of fixing the rails therein.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
There are different accounts of the mode which he adopted for accomplishing his purpose.
"Darius the Great" by Jacob Abbott
A boy's mode of dress, even, may be influenced by his love for a girl, and still more by his love for another boy.
"The Sexual Life of the Child" by Albert Moll
One of such ways would be a faulty mode of spelling.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
One has given to this mode of activity the name of mutualism.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
And now compare this ruffian's mode of travelling with that of Milo.
"The Life of Cicero" by Anthony Trollope
Those who use much of this article, will find the following mode of preparing it both useful and economical.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
The pileus is fleshy but thin, convex; often irregular, sometimes eccentric from its mode of growth; whitish, flesh whitish, taste mild.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Hanging was the usual mode of capital punishment with the Anglo-Saxons.
"Bygone Punishments" by William Andrews
The reader will operate in one of two basic modes or in a third special mode.
"Preliminary Specifications: Programmed Data Processor Model Three (PDP-3)" by Digital Equipment Corporation
In our eagerness to find a new voice and a fresh mode of music, we have forgotten how beautiful Echo may be.
"A Critic in Pall Mall" by Oscar Wilde
But at all times the abusive style is the easiest mode of writing, and the surest of sympathy.
"The Claims of Labour an essay on the duties of the employers to the employed" by Arthur Helps
There are all gradations between the two modes.
"The Elements of Botany" by Asa Gray
The oral method offers a better avenue for all vigorous modes of expression than the reading book.
"Special Method in Primary Reading and Oral Work with Stories" by Charles Alexander McMurry
It is the perfection that is inherent in every mode of life and toward which every mode of life quickens.
"Miscellaneous Aphorisms; The Soul of Man" by Oscar Wilde
***

In poetry:

Men and modes and matters change
With a panoramic range,
As in visions passing strange,
Lord! Thou knowest;
"Thou Knowest" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
for that is now your mode.
Only by chance tripping on stairs
do you repeat the dance, and
then, in the perfect variety of
"Jane Awake" by Frank O Hara
Thus, as thy various needs require,
In various modes like these,
The help that suits thy heart's desire,
Thy Husband's name conveys.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter II." by Ralph Erskine
O God, Who didst Thy will unfold
In wondrous modes to saints of old,
By dream, by oracle, or seer,
Wilt Thou not still Thy people hear?
"O God, Who didst Thy will unfold" by Josiah Conder
Another wise Solomon cries, as he passes —
"There, let him alone, and the fit will soon cease;
The beast has been fighting with other jack-asses,
And this is his mode of "transition to peace"."
"The Donkey and His Panniers" by Thomas Moore
The man supposed himself at first
The prey of some new mode of smelting:
His pulses were about to burst,
His every limb seemed slowly melting,
And, as the heat began to numb him,
He cast the ulster wildly from him.
"The Impetuous Breeze And The Diplomatic Sun" by Guy Wetmore Carryl

In news:

Available in simplex, duplex, and up to 24-pair fan-out construction with SC, LC, and ST connector options, the cables are made using single-mode or multimode fiber.
FFT Secure Point™, the newest product within the FFT family of fiber optics for scalable end-to-end PIDS solutions, is a low-cost single mode all- fiber .
In shutter-priority mode, for example, you can dial up a fast shutter speed to freeze action.
In this case, the Sony's 10-frames-a-second burst mode really helps.
Why wait for Bike to Work Day to jump on a fun, self-powered mode of transportation.
On the one hand, commercial aviation remains the safest mode of transportation in this country.
Through this new mode of action from the SDHI class of fungicides, sedaxane provides disease protection that aids root health, which Syngenta calls Rooting Power.
(Photo: Gerald R Ford Library) 6 of 10 fullscreen mode.
Flashback storytelling mode gets cumbersome.
There are two kinds of gyros available for model use: rate control (also known as normal mode) and heading hold.
Teams don't have to be in rally mode to use the no-huddle these days.
Patent no 20120281850 describes a way to create "Dual Mode Headphones " that can be operated either as standard headphones or in a speaker position, to share your tunes with those around you.
A sensor within the headphones would detect the current position of the headphones to know which mode it was in.
Mitsubishi debuts plug-in hybrid SUV that can travel 34 miles in EV mode.
Consensus group provides recommendations on mode choices for single- versus dual-chamber devices.
***

In science:

As was discussed in Ref. 12, in a short system, the first lasing mode will suppress all other modes, so we observe only one lasing mode even for a large pumping rate.
Localized Random Lasing Modes and a New Path for Observing Localization
In the cyclic phase, where boson “trios” condense into a spin-singlet state, the spectrum is characterized by two Goldstone modes, one singleparticle mode having a magnetic-field-independent energy gap, and a gapless single-particle mode that becomes massless in the absence of magnetic field.
Theory of spin-2 Bose-Einstein condensates: spin-correlations, magnetic response, and excitation spectra
This result shows that the eigenmodes are classified into three categories: the m = 0 mode, the coupled m = ±1 modes, and the coupled m = ±2 modes.
Theory of spin-2 Bose-Einstein condensates: spin-correlations, magnetic response, and excitation spectra
D, ni = iλpq aD† −n |vac; pqi. 9 The other 4 bosonic impurities correspond to Dµ · insertions. 10 αn, an and a−n oscillators are associated with exponential Fourier modes, cos modes and sin modes respectively.
Open+Closed String Field Theory From Gauge Fields
In the multi-mode approach presented here, the preparation and collection modes can be thought of as spatially filtering or selecting the multi-mode input light.
Measurement of Coupling PDC photon sources with single-mode and multimode optical fibers
In the twisted theory, while the non-zero modes of the Φi multiplets continue to be paired up just as in the untwisted theory, the zero modes of the fermions no longer pair up with the φi zero modes.
A-Model Correlators from the Coulomb Branch
Therefore, if the EPR state ρAB is a two-mode Gaussian state, then any single-mode Gaussian input is teleported as a single-mode Gaussian output.
Entanglement and Teleportation of Gaussian States of the Radiation Field
There are two operators for each n because there are two such oscillation modes, which can be thought of as sin and cos modes or as right- and left- moving modes.
String Field Theory
Each mode can be a laser mode, depending on the decay time (also referred to as dwell time) of that mode and the gain time of the sample.
Intrinsic fluctuations in random lasers
If the decay time of a certain pseudo mode is longer than the gain time of the system, that pseudo mode is a laser mode.
Intrinsic fluctuations in random lasers
As already mentioned, we take a common spectral index for the adiabatic and the isocurvature mode, ns, and we analyse separately the three scenarios where only one of the isocurvature modes is non– zero, in addition to the adiabatic mode.
The isocurvature fraction after WMAP 3-year data
We have experimentally studied the distribution of the spatial extent of modes, and the crossover from essentially single-mode to distinctly multi-mode behavior inside a porous gallium phosphide random laser.
Spatial Extent of Random Laser Modes
If the spatial extent of the modes is small, and the modes do not spatially overlap, the laser effectively consists of a collection of single-mode lasers.
Spatial Extent of Random Laser Modes
In contrast, spatially overlapping modes inside the random laser lead to distinctly multi-mode behavior, such as mode competition .
Spatial Extent of Random Laser Modes
P is the distribution of the mode spacing x of the modes, ∆ the mean mode spacing, and C a scaling factor.
Spatial Extent of Random Laser Modes
***