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metabolism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n metabolism the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
    • n metabolism the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1815 French chemist Michael Eugene Chevreul realized the first link between diabetes and sugar metabolism when he discovered that the urine of a diabetic was identical to grape sugar.
    • Metabolism The act or process, by which living tissues or cells take up and convert into their own proper substance the nutritive material brought to them by the blood, or by which they transform their cell protoplasm into simpler substances, which are fitted either for excretion or for some special purpose, as in the manufacture of the digestive enzymes. Hence, metabolism may be either constructive (anabolism), or destructive (catabolism).
    • Metabolism (Biol) The series of chemical changes which take place in an organism, by means of which food is manufactured and utilized and waste materials are eliminated.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n metabolism In theology, the consensus of views of some of the early fathers in regard to the eucharist, favoring an objective union of the sensible with the supersensible, or the real with the symbolical presence.
    • n metabolism In poetry, a change from one meter into another.
    • n metabolism In entomology, metamorphosis; transformation; metaboly; transition from larva to pupa, or from pupa to imago.
    • n metabolism In biology: The sum of the chemical changes within the body, or within any single cell of the body, by which the protoplasm is either renewed or changed to perform special functions, or else disorganized and prepared for excretion. Thus, the formation of the colorless blood-corpuscles, the elaboration of the digestive ferments, and the breaking up of proteids into urea and other products are examples of metabolism. Compare anabolism, catabolism.
    • n metabolism Especially, retrograde metamorphosis; catabolism.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Metabolism me-tab′o-lizm a general term for the chemical changes of living matter: retrograde metamorphosis, catabolism: complete metamorphosis, as in Diptera, &c
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. metabolē, change.

Usage

In literature:

He need no longer weigh mere surface gentility against the stern demands of an active metabolism.
"Merton of the Movies" by Harry Leon Wilson
Our metabolism was designed around them.
"The Pirates of Ersatz" by Murray Leinster
It is apparently effective only on the family Gramineae, producing a constitutional metabolic change.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
There was no way to study his metabolism without his co-operation unless we were willing to risk killing him.
"Anything You Can Do ..." by Gordon Randall Garrett
Kroger said that the Martian metabolism must be like Terran (Earth-type) metabolism, only with no pancreas to make insulin.
"The Dope on Mars" by John Michael Sharkey
I've speeded up your metabolism so you'll build muscle faster.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
The result would be a metabolic explosion.
"Bolden's Pets" by F. L. Wallace
The metabolism of the methyl purins, of which group caffein is a member, appears to vary with the quantity ingested.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
They also have a much different metabolism.
"Be It Ever Thus" by Robert Moore Williams
I could give it stronger muscles in the arm, but that may throw off the metabolism of the whole body.
"Vital Ingredient" by Charles V. De Vet
Their metabolic cycle seems to be timed about the same as yours, sir.
"The Asses of Balaam" by Gordon Randall Garrett
The metabolism of fat is rather simple, but this may be disturbed by bad habits.
"Psychotherapy" by James J. Walsh
Very little is known about the pigments of freshwater sponges, and even less about the direct products of metabolism.
"Freshwater Sponges, Hydroids & Polyzoa" by Nelson Annandale
C. brought about harmful metabolic activity.
"Preservation of Bull Semen at Sub-Zero Temperatures" by N. L. VanDemark
Her metabolism was a marvel.
"The Argus Pheasant" by John Charles Beecham
There is not, of course, in all the complex marvel of human metabolism, such an anomaly as a purely physical function.
"Feminism and Sex-Extinction" by Arabella Kenealy
The pathology of gout is discussed in the article on METABOLIC DISEASES.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 3" by Various
This was probably due to increased metabolism, by the mice, to keep warm.
"Comparative Ecology of Pinyon Mice and Deer Mice in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado" by Charles L. Douglas
We cannot have activity without something to act, we cannot have metabolism without stuff.
"Herbert Spencer" by J. Arthur Thomson
Metabolism, 23, 127, 271.
"Disease in Plants" by H. Marshall Ward
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In news:

1 Malinow Mr, McLaughlin P. Effects on cholesterol metabolism.
Interactions that affect TKI metabolism are discussed.
A study in the Journal of Nutrition has shown that polyphenols, the antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables, could have a beneficial effect in men with high blood pressure associated with metabolic syndrome.
Dramatically increase your metabolism and endurance with this 5 round circuit routine.
If you're looking to get lean and boost endurance, metabolic conditioning circuits better be in your workout routines.
The words " metabolic conditioning" are thrown around quite a bit in the fitness industry.
The Ultima CardiO2 metabolic stress testing system was created through a partnership between Angeion Corp.
A relatively unfamiliar term, metabolic syndrome is caused by insulin resistance and increases a person's risk for cardiovascular disease and premature death.
Some defend metabolic syndrome's clinical value.
This power-packed 2 minutes in the kitchen will easily kill 80-100 calories right at the start of your day, AND rev up your metabolism to burn more calories as you move through it.
The workout with a metabolic conditioning movement, an Olympic lift and a gymnastic-influenced movement all in one.
The reasons are easy to understand: Your metabolism converts calories into energy.
Lack of sleep can slow your metabolism .
Depression, anxiety, attention-deficit and post-traumatic stress can cause changes in appetite, energy and metabolism.
1 Step up your metabolism on Thanksgiving morning in the.
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In science:

It is suggested that the degree distribution for networks of the cell-metabolism for simple organisms reflects a ubiquitous randomness.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
This implies that the evolutionary pathway of the cellmetabolism, when projected onto a metabolic network representation, has remained statistically random with respect to a complete set of network states.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
We demonstrate that the empirically observed degree distributions for networks of the cellular metabolism for simple organisms are good approximations of this random structure.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
And greigite’s metabolic potential plays a key role in the mound scenario of Russell and coworkers-an expansion of which is suggested for including magnetism.
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
At the same time, such a magnetic albeit locally confined ancestor, maintained close-toequilibrium, would also have the potential for coupling with non-equilibrium energy sources (such as pH or redox gradient) -the ’metabolic’ wing of lifeproducing energy rich molecules (Russell and Arndt 2005).
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
Betweenness studies of real world networks suggests that the nodes connecting the different communities are the most important ones, which has been verified in the metabolic networks by Amaral et. al..
Random matrix analysis of localization properties of Gene co-expression network
Since then other methods have been added, in particular Petri nets (see, e.g., ) as models for metabolic and molecular regulatory networks.
A Mathematical Framework for Agent Based Models of Complex Biological Networks
Fell, D.A., Sauro, H.M.: Metabolic control and its analysis - additional relationships between elasticities and control coefficients.
Generalized modeling of ecological population dynamics
Reznik, E., Segr`e, D.: On the stability of metabolic cycles.
Generalized modeling of ecological population dynamics
Steuer, R.: Computational approaches to the topology, stability and dynamics of metabolic networks.
Generalized modeling of ecological population dynamics
The largescale organization of metabolic networks.
Typical rank of coin-toss power-law random matrices over GF(2)
Networks coming from protein-protein interactions, transcriptional regulation, signaling, or metabolism may appear to have “unusual” properties.
Randomizing genome-scale metabolic networks
The reaction degree distribution P(k) gives the probability that a randomly selected reaction has exactly k substrates in it. We use the bipartite graph representation of the metabolic network to compute the reaction degree and degree distribution.
Randomizing genome-scale metabolic networks
Similarly communities in the World Wide Web might reflect the sub ject matter of pages, communities in metabolic, neural, or software networks might reflect functional units, communities in food webs might reflect subsystems within ecosystems, and so on.
The structure and function of complex networks
Motifs and modules have been found in transcriptional regulation networks, and modules have been found across all scales in metabolic networks .
The Emergence of Modularity in Biological Systems
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