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margin

Definitions

  • III. LEAF MARGINS
    III. LEAF MARGINS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n margin a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
    • n margin an amount beyond the minimum necessary "the margin of victory"
    • n margin the blank space that surrounds the text on a page "he jotted a note in the margin"
    • n margin (finance) the net sales minus the cost of goods and services sold
    • n margin the amount of collateral a customer deposits with a broker when borrowing from the broker to buy securities
    • n margin the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Margin of Frog's Web Margin of Frog's Web

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On December 17 1991, the Cleveland Cavaliers beat the Miami Heat 148-80, the largest margin of victory in an NBA game
    • Margin A border; edge; brink; verge; as, the margin of a river or lake.
    • Margin (Brokerage) Collateral security deposited with a broker to secure him from loss on contracts entered into by him on behalf of his principial, as in the speculative buying and selling of stocks, wheat, etc. It is usually less than the full value of the security purchased, in which case it may be qualified by the portion of the full value required to be deposited; as, to buy stocks on 50% margin .
    • Margin Something allowed, or reserved, for that which can not be foreseen or known with certainty.
    • Margin Specifically: The part of a page at the edge left uncovered in writing or printing.
    • Margin (Com) The difference between the cost and the selling price of an article.
    • Margin To enter in the margin of a page.
    • Margin To furnish with a margin.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Books on religion outnumbered works of fiction by a 2 to 1 margin in 1870 England. Sixteen years later, novels surpassed religious works.
    • n margin A bordering or bounding space; a border; a space between one edge or line and another, as that along a river between the edge of the water or of its bed and a real or imaginary outer line, or the like, or that between the edges of a leaf or sheet of paper and those of the printing or writing on it. In some plants the leaf (then called marginate) has a distinct margin or border of different formation or coloration from the main body. In the case of a book, margin alone usually means the clear space between the print and the outer edge of the leaf, called distinctively the front margin; the head or top margin is at the top of the page, the tail or bottom margin at the foot, and the back margin on the inner side against the back. Parts of these margins, especially at the sides, may be occupied by marginal notes, remarks, or the like. An opened margin is one where the leaves have been opened or separated, as with a folder, but not trimmed; an uncut margin has not been cut anywhere; a rough-cut margin has only the more protruding ragged edges cut off with scissors; in a cropped margin too much paper has been cut away; in a bled margin part of the print has been cut away.
    • n margin Specifically— In an engraving, the paper left blank outside the plate-mark.
    • n margin In entomology, properly, the outer part of a surface or distinct portion of the integument, as distinguished from the central part or disk. In this sense margin is not to be confounded with edge, which is used to denote the extreme boundary of a part: but where distinction is unnecessary, the two terms are often used synonymously.
    • n margin In conchology, the edge or entire outline of a bivalve shell.
    • n margin In botany: The edge. A distinct border, different from the body of the organ, as the membranous expansion surrounding some seeds or seed-vessels; a narrow wing.
    • n margin In joinery, the flat part of the stiles and rails of framed work. Doors which are made in two widths or leaves are called double-margined, in consequence of the stiles being repeated in the center; and so are also those doors which are made to imitate two-leafed doors.
    • n margin Latitude, scope, or range; freedom from narrow restriction or limitation; room or provision for enlarged or extended action.
    • n margin Allowance made, security given, or scope afforded for contingencies, as profit or loss in trade, error of calculation, change of circumstances, diversity of judgment or opinion, etc.
    • n margin In speculative dealings on the exchanges: The sum in money, or represented by securities, deposited by a speculator or trader with his broker as a provision against loss on transactions made on account. This margin is usually reckoned at 10 per cent, of the par value of stocks or bonds, and 10 cents per bushel or barrel on grain or oil. If the price rises or falls to a satisfactory extent, a sale or purchase is made, and the gain is the customer's profit, less the broker's charges; if the price falls below or rises above the margin furnished, and the purchase is to be protected in expectation of a future rise or fall, the customer is required to furnish (“put up”) more margin to cover the difference.
    • n margin This mutual deposit (usually of 5 per cent.) is made in some bank or trust company agreed upon, and remains subject only to a joint check or draft during the continuance of the contract upon which it has been called.
    • margin To furnish with a margin; form or constitute a margin to; border.
    • margin To enter in the margin, as a note in a book.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Self-made millionaire Cyrus Field championed the idea of a telegraph from England to Newfoundland. Britain quickly agreed to subsidize. Congress went along by a one-vote margin. That was in 1856. Laying cable was tough. It kept breaking. The first line - two years later - died almost immediately. But 10 years later, there were two working lines. Communications changed forever.
    • n Margin mär′jin an edge, border: the blank edge on the page of a book: something allowed more than is needed, in case of unforeseen things happening: a sum of money, or its value in securities, deposited with a broker to protect him against loss on transactions made on account: a deposit made by each of two brokers, parties to a contract, when one is 'called up' by the other
    • v.t Margin to furnish with margins, enter on the margin
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bill Russell
    Bill Russell
    “Concentration and mental toughness are the margins of victory.”
  • Michel Foucault
    Michel%20Foucault
    “The lyricism of marginality may find inspiration in the image of the outlaw, the great social nomad, who prowls on the confines of a docile, frightened order.”
  • H. R. Haweis
    H. R. Haweis
    “Give God the margin of eternity to justify himself.”
  • William S. Burroughs
    William%20S.%20Burroughs
    “Black magic operates most effectively in preconscious, marginal areas. Casual curses are the most effective.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Revenue is vanity... margin is sanity... cash is king.”
  • Arnold Bennett
    Arnold%20Bennett
    “A first-rate Organizer is never in a hurry. He is never late. He always keeps up his sleeve a margin for the unexpected.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. margine, margent, L. margo, ginis,. Cf. March a border, Marge

Usage

In literature:

He would then take up purchases to exceed it by a moderate margin, saying that he liked to keep his name on the Company's books.
"A Labrador Doctor" by Wilfred Thomason Grenfell
We are on the margin of this slope now.
"Rollo in Switzerland" by Jacob Abbott
Beneath the tower of Rolandseck, near the margin of the water, is a row of three or four houses, two of which are hotels.
"Rollo on the Rhine" by Jacob Abbott
By the lone Mankayana's margin gray, vol.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
The second line of the inside address should be set in a little from the margin.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
He would like to have no wasteful margins and no extreme in the size of type.
"The Booklover and His Books" by Harry Lyman Koopman
Care must also be taken to cut the margins evenly, at right angles, avoiding any crooked lines.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
In the inner margin each line is numbered down the page.
"The Book-Hunter at Home" by P. B. M. Allan
Plantings, whether large or small, are likely to be made on low-priced marginal land needing good care.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Thirty-Eighth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
You've got to leave a margin.
"John Gayther's Garden and the Stories Told Therein" by Frank R. Stockton
Nevertheless the fact remained that more margin must be deposited and where was Kent's share of that margin coming from?
"Fair Harbor" by Joseph Crosby Lincoln
It forms a firm, rounded swelling, usually near the margin of the lid, which suppurates and bursts in four or five days.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
He could only hold a very slim hope of some trace along its margin.
"Ride Proud, Rebel!" by Andre Alice Norton
The irregular margin of the lake is fringed with pines of magnificent growth.
"Flamsted quarries" by Mary E. Waller
Parallel lines of different width; serrate margin 707 282.
"Archeological Expedition to Arizona in 1895" by Jesse Walter Fewkes
The plumage of the former is dark brown, tinged with blue, each feather having a pale margin.
"Birds of the Indian Hills" by Douglas Dewar
The fourth glume and its palea adhere together by their margins.
"A Handbook of Some South Indian Grasses" by Rai Bahadur K. Ranga Achariyar
Not a breath of air stirs the surface of the woodland pond, and the trees about the margin are reflected unbroken in its surface.
"The Log of the Sun" by William Beebe
This left the bottom margin blank and the top margin cut through.
"Gambia" by Frederick John Melville
Crooked plates should usually be made straight by judicious trimming of the margins.
"Bookbinding, and the Care of Books" by Douglas Cockerell
***

In poetry:

The faded face of my young wife
With roses yet shall bloom,
And joy shall light my mother's eyes
On the margin of the tomb.
"Signing The Pledge" by Frances Ellen Watkins
And the white birches wading in the margin,
Each one a naked and a radiant god,
Dazzled me; and the foam was flung by currents
Where no feet trod.
"The Ancient Gods" by Mary Webb
To margins wide of the woodland pools,
Where the wild birds troll their songs,
Where the lilies laugh and the willows wave,
And the pleasures dance in throngs!
"Away, Away, From The Sultry Ways" by Freeman Edwin Miller
The beck grows wider, the hands must sever.
On either margin, our songs all done,
We move apart, while she singeth ever,
Taking the course of the stooping sun.
"Divided" by Jean Ingelow
A bright stream may shrink in summer's hot fire,
Flowers on her margin may droop and expire;
Her channel be dry, her soft gushing tone,
The voice of the stream be silent and gone.
"Be Hopeful: III -- The Stream" by Janet Hamilton
The lovely Maine lingers in flowing through
The peaceful place that was my childhood's home,
Myriads of shamrocks on its margin grew,
Was it from these thy sisters thou hast come?
"Lines To A Shamrock" by Nora Pembroke

In news:

For years, when liberals would accuse conservatives of cutting taxes for the rich, our main argument was that low marginal tax rates on high earners were good for the economy.
Still a margin of error contest.
1 Up With the Birds Margin: 3½ TrueNicks: B+ $149,745.
Drive out costs, focus on core business strategies, and increase sales and margins by outsourcing to a third-party provider.
It's the day he'll discover whether the seven-vote margin providing the money to pay many school system bills holds up.
Montcalm County Sheriff Bill Barnwell hopes the margin was close enough for another try.
LANSING, MI – A controversial bill to expand the number of virtual charter schools passed by the narrowest of margins in the state House on Thursday.
There are more ways to increase margins.
Washington's Nick Young, nursing a sore left knee, scored just 15 points as the Wizards were unable to establish offensive consistency throughout the lineup in falling behind by a huge margin early.
But Samsung's margins of 17 percent on its handsets were dwarfed by Apple's 35 percent margins for the quarter.
Margin Call Occupies Wall Street.
Doheny says poll shows him "within the margin of error ".
Mitt Romney, Barack Obama in ' margin-of-error race,' Chris Christie says.
Product rollouts slash first-quarter cash-flow margins to 16.
Safety and opportunity, like risk and return, are two sides of the margin-of-safety coin.
***

In science:

Let ν (p) be the marginal distribution of ν corresponding to the first p coordinates of [0, ∞)N.
Invariant subspaces of Voiculescu's circular operator
It follows from the general theory in that the 1-dimensional marginal probability converges weakly to the equilibrium measure.
Non-intersecting Paths, Random Tilings and Random Matrices
Although the scaling theory of localization for twodimensional disordered systems generally predicts the absence of extended states, we have some examples of nonlocalized states in two dimensions which are marginally allowed to appear.
Numerical Replica Limit for the Density Correlation of the Random Dirac Fermion
Only a marginal effect is observed at the far end.
Studies of Prototype CsI(Tl) Crystal Scintillators for Low-Energy Neutrino Experiments
So there exists an exactly marginal deformation which connects the above two theories.
Closed String Tachyons in Non-supersymmetric Heterotic Theories
However, even in two dimensions, delocalized states are also marginally allowed to appear when systems possesses some special symmetries.
Singular Density of States of Disordered Dirac Fermions in the Chiral Models
Therefore, we assign no physical significance to the marginal difference in scatter.
A Synthesis of Data from Fundamental Plane and Surface Brightness Fluctuation Surveys
Metastable configurations have each spin pointing in the direction of its local field, i.e. they are stable (or marginally stable) against single-spin flips.
Metastable configurations of spin models on random graphs
The condition for a (marginally) metastable configuration is that at each site i the local field hi = Pj Cij sj obeys hisi ≥ 0.
Metastable configurations of spin models on random graphs
Nevertheless the marginally stable states could be excluded easily by considering only configurations with non-zero local magnetic field.
Metastable configurations of spin models on random graphs
Only in the marginal case (γ = γc ; d = 2 for SR disorder) we find a line of fixed points of (9) with ζ = (2 − d)/2.
Functional renormalization group at large N for random manifolds
The FRG and its continuation to m < mc are consistent with the main results of the full and the marginal one step RSBsolutions of MP.
Functional renormalization group at large N for random manifolds
This trick doesn’t affect the marginal condition of the stability (Ω = 0), since C0 doesn’t contain any imaginary term.
The Effect of the Random Magnetic Field Component on the Parker Instability
The discrete symmetry defining the classes plus the global invariance under the symmetry group should ensure that for each class the effective field theory is perturbatively renormalizable, i.e. no additional marginal operators beyond those dual to the coupling constants are generated by the renormalization procedure.
A Classification of random Dirac fermions
Louis Witten: “BH Quantization in Canonical Gravity” Witten started from the observation that the Schwarzschild black hole can be viewed as a special case of the marginally bound LeMaitre-Tolman-Bondi models of dust collapse corresponding to a constant mass function.
GR16: Quantum General Relativity
***