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marble

Definitions

  • Saw the Marble Coffins in Which George and Martha 050
    Saw the Marble Coffins in Which George and Martha 050
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v marble paint or stain like marble "marble paper"
    • n marble a small ball of glass that is used in various games
    • n marble a sculpture carved from marble
    • n marble a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

English redware with marbled slip decoration, 1625-50 period or earlier, unearthed at Jamestown English redware with marbled slip decoration, 1625-50 period or earlier, unearthed at Jamestown
MARBLES MARBLES
The Resting‑place of Overbeck in the Church of San Bernardo, Rome, is marked by a Cross of white marble bordered with black, and bearing the inscription: 'JOANNES FRIDERICUS OVERBECK—IN PACE The Resting‑place of Overbeck in the Church of San Bernardo, Rome, is marked by a Cross of white marble bordered with...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ticks can be as small as a grain of rice and grow to be as big as a marble
    • Marble A little ball of glass, marble, porcelain, or of some other hard substance, used as a plaything by children; or, in the plural, a child's game played with marbles.
    • Marble A massive, compact limestone; a variety of calcite, capable of being polished and used for architectural and ornamental purposes. The color varies from white to black, being sometimes yellow, red, and green, and frequently beautifully veined or clouded. The name is also given to other rocks of like use and appearance, as serpentine or verd antique marble, and less properly to polished porphyry, granite, etc.
    • Marble A thing made of, or resembling, marble, as a work of art, or record, in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as, the Arundel or Arundelian marbles; the Elgin marbles.
    • Marble Cold; hard; unfeeling; as, a marble breast or heart.
    • Marble Made of, or resembling, marble; as, a marble mantel; marble paper.
    • v. t Marble To stain or vein like marble; to variegate in color; as, to marble the edges of a book, or the surface of paper.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There is air in space, but very little of it. In fact, it is equivalent to a marble in a box 5 miles wide. Most of the gas is captured by the gravitational pull of other celestial bodies.Thanx M.Lerner
    • n marble Limestone in a more or less crystalline or crystalline-granular condition. Any limestone, however, even if very compact or showing only traces of a crystalline structure, may be called marble if it is capable of taking a polish, or if it is suitable or desirable for ornamental and decorative purposes. The presence of magnesium carbonate associated with the calcium carbonate, forming dolomitic limestone or even pure dolomite, does not in any way influence the nomenclature of the rock; indeed, such presence cannot usually be known except from chemical analysis. Marble is a material of great importance in architecture, not only for exterior use, but for interior decoration in large, costly monumental structures. Thirty-three varieties of ornamental stone are used in the interior of the Grand Opera House in Paris, and a large proportion of these may be classed as marbles. The value and beauty of marble depend largely on its coloration. Perfectly pure carbonate of lime, dolomitic limestone, and dolomite are all colorless, and white marbles—or at least such as are only slightly tinged with color—are very abundant. White marble such as is used for statuary (for which purpose it must be obtained in large blocks free from flaws or defects of any kind, and perfectly uniform in tint) is extremely rare. Among the finest statuary-marbles are those used in the masterpieces of Greek sculpture, of which that from the island of Paros is generally admitted to surpass all others, especially in the possession of a certain amount of translucence by which the artistic effect of the work is heightened. The Parian quarries seem, however, to have been practically exhausted. The Pentelican marble, obtained from quarries near Athens, stood next to the Parian in ancient times, and its quarries are still apparently inexhaustible. At the present time the artistic world is supplied with statuary-marble from quarries in the Apennine mountains overlooking the Bay of Spezia, and in the vicinity of Carrara, Massa, and Serravezza. From this marble were carved the finest works of Michelangelo. These quarries, which have been extensively worked for 2,000 years, furnish, in addition to the white, a large amount of variegated marble, especially of the variety known as bardiglio. The number and variety of colored and variegated marbles used for various artistic and architectural purposes is very great. Entirely black marble capable of taking a fine polish is rare; much more common are varieties irregularly shaded with gray, bluish-gray, or dove-colored tints. Bright colors—red, yellow, green, and blue—are much rarer than the less brilliant shades, but they are seen in some marbles, and are occasionally so blended and interbanded as to produce extremely beautiful effects. These brilliant colorations are chiefly due to the presence of iron in various combinations; dark and grayish shades are generally caused by the presence of a greater or less amount of organic matter. In many varieties of marble the presence of organic remains embedded in the rock adds greatly to its attractiveness. Joints and stems of encrinites, as well as many other kinds of fossils, occur in this way, and by contrast of their color with that of the material in which they are inclosed, as well as by the gracefulness of their forms, produce a very fine effect. Fragments of shells embedded in calcareous rocks sometimes exhibit a brilliant display of iridescent coloration: such marbles are known as lumachelles, or, sometimes, fircmarbles. A beautiful effcct is occasionally produced as the result of deposition of the calcareous material in stalagmitic form, so that when cut and polished the marble exhibits concentric zones of various tints; varieties having this structure are frequently called onyx marble. The vicinity of the Mediterranean is the classic region of marbles. Italy, France, and Spain are rich in beautiful varieties, and these are seen in the greatest number and to the best advantage in the architectural works of ancient and modern Rome. For this reason many of the rarest and most attractive marbles are best known by Italian names, and these names are frequently applied to varieties occurring far away from the Mediterranean, from either real or fancied similarity to the Italian marbles. Some of the best-known and most highly prized classic variegated marbles are the following. Africano, from the island of Chios, is a lumachelle, or shellmarble, exhibiting a great variety and brilliancy of coloration, reddish and purplish tints predominating. Bardiglio is common in the Apennine quarries, of a grayish- or bluish-white color, traversed by darker veins of the same. Brocatel and brocatellone are extremely variegated marbles, with numerous interlacing veins of yellow, violet, and crimson tints, on a yellowish ground; marble bearing these designations has been and still is quarried in various places. and especially near Tortosa in Spain. Cipollino is a marble with more or less of a concretionary structure, of many tints and much variety in their arrangement, with corresponding names, such as cipollino verde, mandorlato(having almond-shaped patches of color), rosso, etc.; a fine example of this marble may be seen in the columns of the Braccio Nuovo of the Vatican. Fior di persico is an exquisitely beautiful marble, with a reddish and crimson shading on a white base: called by the ancients marmor Molossium, because coming from the region inhabited by the Molossi, in what is now Albania, on the eastern coast of the Adriatic. Giallo antico or Numidian marble is an extremely beautiful marble quarried in northern Africa; it was highly esteemed and extensively used by the Romans. The tints are variable, red and yellow predominating; the different varieties were designated by names indicating the prevailing tints. Giallo di Siena is a beautiful yellow marble of various depths of color, with darker veins, in which violet hues predominate: when these veins are very numerous the marble becomes a brocatel. Pavonazzo and pavonazetto are various red and purplish marbles and breccias, some of the latter being also true marbles, but having a more or less brecciated character. The most beautiful pavonazetto is that called by the Romans marmor Synadicum or Phrygian marble, from the locality where it was obtained; it is characterized by a very irregular venation of dark-red with bluish and yellowish tints, ramifying through a translucent alabaster-like base, which is sometimes almost opaline in its play of colors. Rosso antico is a marble of very deep red color, sometimes of various shades, occasionally streaked or clouded with dark-purple or whitish tints. The original locality of the classic rosso antico has not been discovered, but some modern red marbles closely resemble this variety. Some of the most highly prized French colored marbles bear names peculiar to France. (See griotte, portor, sarrancolin.) The Devonian and Carboniferous of England and Ireland furnish a considerablé number of ornamental marbles. Devonshire and Derbyshire are the counties in which the best-known English varieties are obtained. The finest Irish variegated marbles are quarried near Armagh, and at various localities in county Cork, also at Killarney. and on the islands of the Kenmare river; and marble called Siena is obtained from several places in King's county and near Shannon Harbor in Galway. The most important quarries of white and grayish marble in the United States are those in the Lower Silurian of Vermont and western Massachusetts. There are very extensive marble-works at Rutland in Vermont, at Lee in Massachusetts, and at many other points in the same geological formation. Some of the variegated marbles found on the islands and near the shores of Lake Champlain are very handsome, but they are not extensively worked. The most popular colored marble in the United States at the present time is the Tennessee, a light-grayish stone beautifully mottled with shades of pinkish red. This marble has been extensively employed in the capitols at Washington and Albany.
    • n marble A piece of sculptured or inscribed marble, especially if having some interest as an object of study or curiosity, and more particularly if ancient; any work of art in marble: as, the Elgin marblcs. -
    • n marble A little ball of marble or other stone, or of baked clay, porcelain, or glass, used by children in play; an alley. -
    • n marble In glassblowing, a block or thick piece of wood in which are formed hemispherical concavities, used in the manufacture of flasks, etc., to shape the fused glass gathered upon the end of the glass-blower's pipe into an approximately spherical form by pressing and turning it over in the concavities preparatory to the blowing. See marver. [In this sense improperly spelled marbel.] -5. Marble-silk.
    • n marble plural A venereal disease, probably bubo.
    • marble Consisting of marble: as, a marble pillar.
    • marble Veined or stained like marble; variegated in color; marbled.
    • marble Resembling or comparable to marble in some particular; hard and cold, crystalline, frigid, insensible, etc.
    • marble To give an appearance of marble to; stain or vein like variegated marble: as, to marble paper; a book with marbled edges. See marbling, 3. Specifically, in bookbinding, to marble is to apply to paper or book-edges variegated colors in imitation of colored marble, or in any other irregular form.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Until the time of Michelangelo, many sculptors colored their statues, and most from ancient Greece and Rome at one time had been painted or "polychromed." Over the course of years, rain washed the colors off the marble.
    • n Marble mär′bl any species of limestone taking a high polish: that which is made of marble, as a work of art: a little ball used by boys in play
    • adj Marble made of marble: veined like marble: hard: insensible
    • v.t Marble to stain or vein like marble
    • ***

Quotations

  • Caesar Augustus
    Caesar Augustus
    “I found Rome brick, I left it marble.”
  • Joseph Addison
    Joseph%20Addison
    “What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to an human soul.”
  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “Write your injuries in dust, your benefits in marble.”
  • Jean De La Bruyere
    Jean%20De%20La%20Bruyere
    “The court is like a palace of marble; it's composed of people very hard and very polished.”
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
    Nathaniel%20Hawthorne
    “Life is made up of marble and mud.”
  • Persian Proverb
    Persian Proverb
    “The best memory is that which forgets nothing, but injuries. Write kindness in marble and write injuries in the dust.”

Idioms

Lose your marbles - If someone has lost their marbles, they've gone mad.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. marbel, marbre, F. marbre, L. marmor, fr. Gr. ma`rmaros, fr. marmai`rein to sparkle, flash. Cf. Marmoreal

Usage

In literature:

We chillun sung lots of songs and we played marbles, mumble peg, and town ball.
"Slave Narratives, Oklahoma" by Various
It has the look and touch of marble.
"Anecdotes of Painters, Engravers, Sculptors and Architects, and Curiosities of Art, (Vol. 2 of 3)" by Shearjashub Spooner
Oxford Street was the ancient Tyburn Road, and the gallows stood opposite the Marble Arch.
"Mayfair, Belgravia, and Bayswater" by Geraldine Edith Mitton
In 1607 a large grey marble slab was discovered buried in the church.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Abbey Church of Tewkesbury" by H. J. L. J. Massé
Marbles will swear that here it lies.
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
We were marching over quantities of marble fragments and beautiful crystals, which shone like diamonds in the sun.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
But a marbled edge presents a far more handsome appearance, and should harmonize in color and figure with the marbled paper of the end leaves.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
What marbles and bronzes of Rodin stolen from Paris!
"The Blot on the Kaiser's 'Scutcheon" by Newell Dwight Hillis
Mr. George Lander had the first Tombstone Marble yard in Fayetteville on Hay Street on the point of Flat Iron place.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Various
Throughout the building the Purbeck marble shafts have been most carefully preserved and repolished.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Salisbury" by Gleeson White
It can still boast some marble churches, a marble palace, and a marble bridge.
"Fair Italy, the Riviera and Monte Carlo" by W. Cope Devereux
I can't carry a heavy marble image all that way!
"The Tinted Venus" by F. Anstey
Samphire sprouts between the blocks of marble, and in sheltered nooks the caper hangs her beautiful purpureal snowy bloom.
"New Italian sketches" by John Addington Symonds
At last the pleasure boat halted at a flight of marble steps that touched the water.
"Mizora: A Prophecy" by Mary E. Bradley
A marble quarry is even more interesting than a granite quarry.
"Diggers in the Earth" by Eva March Tappan
My grandfather and Mike Marble were as dear to each other as if they had been brothers.
"Mike Marble" by Uncle Frank
It shows, on a base of gray marble, a sarcophagus of white marble between two figures of Time and Eternity.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Rochester" by G. H. Palmer
The floor is of tiles and marble, and all along the south wall runs a bench entirely covered with beautiful tiles.
"Portuguese Architecture" by Walter Crum Watson
The Derbyshire marbles are quarried all about, and mosaic manufacture is carried on.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
Not a black trance like the toad's, buried in marble; nor a long, slow death like yours in Briarfield rectory.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
***

In poetry:

Mary, ah me! gentle Mary,
Can it be you're lying there,
Pale and still, and cold as marble,
You that was so young and fair.
"Mary's Death" by Nora Pembroke
Straight I beheld a marble city,
Built upon wayward slopes,
Along whose paths, as if for pity,
Ran tight—drawn golden ropes.
"Two Visions" by Alfred Austin
The sheriff sleeps in a marble vault,
The king in a shroud of gold;
And upon the air with a chanted pray'r
Mingles the mock of mould.
"The Death Of Robin Hood" by Eugene Field
'Those sparkling eyes, that blessed me so,
Are dim with weeping now;
And blighted hope and burning woe
Have ploughed that marble brow.
"Mirth and mourning" by Anne Bronte
And never shall the watcher seek
His tender human loves again;
For marble-white, with singing lips,
The woodmaids glimmer through his brain.
"Half Moon" by Robin Hyde
Yet, shame upon this senseless age,
Which blindly worships guilty gold,
No votive marble shows the tomb,
Whose vault received his ashes cold.
"Montpelier, Orange County, VA" by James Avis Bartley

In news:

I loves me some Jenna Marbles, "My Drunk Kitchen" is like that, but drunk.
The marble shooters, boys and girls, age 8 to 14, are playing for scholarships, prizes and props in the national marble community (Yes, there really is such a thing.
Marbling drives value-based beef marketing.
The Marrowbone Marble Company By Glenn Taylor Ecco 368 pp.
The Marrowbone Marble Company by Glenn Taylor, published by Ecco.
Uruguay returns independence hero to 'cold marble' of mausoleum built by dictatorship.
Trustees of the New York Marble Cemetery allow events to be held there in order to help pay for repairs.
An underground railway project in Rome could bring Michelangelo 's iconic David tumbling down because of weak marble around its ankles.
Accent Granite and Marble in Odessa TX.
Marbled Murrelets are seabirds, but they nest in old growth.
View full size The Associated Press The marbled murrelet, a rare seabird, is listed as threatened on state and federal endangered species lists.
In a first, Oregon officials have suspended timber sales on hundreds of acres amid a legal battle with conservation groups over the threatened marbled murrelet .
The Grandview Heights Marble Cliff Historical Society's 2012 annual meeting will feature a program with a focus on French history.
Marbles Under The Red Oak Tree .
Poinsettias will be available in red or marble in 4-, 6- and 8-inch sizes.
***

In science:

In addition, with a set of lead, iron, marble and plastic targets1 placed in the neutrino beam ratios of CC total crosssections are being determined.
MC generators in CHORUS
Marble at the University of Arizona), which makes use of the non-linear, least-squares, curve fitting IDL package MPFIT (Markwardt 2009).
Additional Massive Binaries in the Cygnus OB2 Association
The setup was mounted on a marble opticalbench, itself placed on a rail that allowed it to be moved into the active area of a 1.4 Tesla Spectrometer Magnet.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
We begin with the startling fact, following basically from Newton’s law of gravitation, that if all matter (and radiation) on earth were to be squeezed into an ordinary marble of a couple of centimetres in diameter, the gravitational field of this marble would be so strong as to render it invisible (or ‘black’).
Black hole entropy: classical and quantum aspects
In more familiar terms, if the entire AGB star envelope were reduced to 1km in diameter then the core which powers it would be the size of a marble, or 1cm across.
AGB Stars: Summary and Warning
So varied, nicely complementary and intertwining were these lines that the comparison with the construction of a temple of Pentelic marble occurred to me as a suitable analogy.
Report to Anaximander: A Dialogue on the Origin of the Cosmos in the Cradle of Western Civilization
It looks like that the s-quark marble is just 100 MeV heavier than the u, d quark marbles.
Challenges in Hadron Physics
Translucent materials, such as human skin, marble, wax, fruits, more scatter light than absorb it.
Surface Curvature Effects on Reflectance from Translucent Materials
Figure 1 above shows visualization of light reflection from spheres having a radius of 1 cm in two cases - a potato, on the left, and marble, on the right.
Surface Curvature Effects on Reflectance from Translucent Materials
Figure 1: A spherical potato (left) and a marble sphere (right) illuminated with a stencil beam, which enters at the image center, normally to the image plane.
Surface Curvature Effects on Reflectance from Translucent Materials
However, our investigation shows that this underestimation is small when curvature radiuses are of the scale of several centimeters and more for such materials as marble, potato, human tissue.
Surface Curvature Effects on Reflectance from Translucent Materials
If we consider an ensemble of identically prepared systems, i.e., of identical marbles all prepared in exactly the same state (x0, v0 ), at time t = 0, and perform on each of them the same position measurement at time t = 1, the outcome will always be x1 .
Quantum dice
In other words, even though we have an ensemble of experiments, we only have a single outcome! Different from the quantum case, the state of a marble, when we consider it in relation to a position measurement, cannot be described as a superposition of different possible outcome.
Quantum dice
Of course, one can ob ject that there is no fundamental difference between a rolling experiment with a die and our previous description of the marble moving rectilinearly on the table.
Quantum dice
Indeed, also the die, like the marble, follows a deterministic tra jectory, which is just more complicated.
Quantum dice
***