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mandate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v mandate assign authority to
    • v mandate make mandatory "the new director of the school board mandated regular tests"
    • v mandate assign under a mandate "mandate a colony"
    • n mandate the commission that is given to a government and its policies through an electoral victory
    • n mandate a document giving an official instruction or command
    • n mandate a territory surrendered by Turkey or Germany after World War I and put under the tutelage of some other European power until they are able to stand by themselves
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Another law in Helena, Montana, mandates that a woman can't dance on a table in a saloon or bar unless she has on at least three pounds, two ounces of clothing.
    • Mandate (Scots Law) A contract by which one employs another to manage any business for him. By the Roman law, it must have been gratuitous.
    • Mandate (Canon Law) A rescript of the pope, commanding an ordinary collator to put the person therein named in possession of the first vacant benefice in his collation.
    • Mandate (Politics) An authorization to carry out a specific public policy, given by the electorate to their representatives; -- it is considered to be implied by the election of a candidate by a significant margin after that candidate has campaigned with that policy as a prominent element of the campaign platform.
    • Mandate An official or authoritative command, order, or authorization from a superior official to a subordinate; an order or injunction; a commission; a judicial precept. "This dream all-powerful Juno; I bear
      Her mighty mandates, and her words you hear."
    • Mandate Authorization by a multinational body to a nation to administer the government and affairs of a territory, usually a former colony; as, termination of the British mandate in Palestine.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: No man is allowed to make love to his wife with the smell of garlic, onions, or sardines on his breath in Alexandria, Minnesota. If his wife so requests, law mandates that he must brush his teeth.
    • n mandate A command; an order, precept, or injunction; a commission.
    • n mandate An official command addressed by a superior to an inferior, to control his conduct in a specific manner. Specifically
    • n mandate In early Rom. law (before the doctrines of agency were developed), a trust or commission by which one person, called the mandator, requested another, the mandatarius, to act in his own name and as if for himself in a particular transaction (special mandate), or in all the affairs of the former (general mandate). The mandatarius was the only one recognized as having legal rights and responsibilities as toward third persons in the transactions involved. As between him and the mandator, however, the latter was entitled to all benefit, and bound to indemnity against losses, etc.; but the service was gratuitous.
    • n mandate In civil law
    • n mandate A contract of bailment in which a thing is transferred by the mandator to the possession of the mandatory, upon an undertaking of the latter to perform gratuitously some service in reference to it: distinguished from a mere deposit for safe keeping.
    • n mandate A contract of agency by which the mandator confides a matter of business, or his business generally, to an agent called the mandatary. If the authority or appointment be in writing, the mandate is also called procuration. Mandatary qualification exists where a person induces another to repose credit in a third person; it answers somewhat to our modern letter of credit.
    • mandate To command.
    • mandate To commit (a sermon, speech, etc.) to memory by repeating (it) aloud to one's self before delivery.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mandate man′dāt a charge: a command from a superior official or judge to an inferior, ordering him how to act, esp. from the Pope to a legate, &c.: a right given to a person to act in name of another: a rescript of the Pope
    • ***

Quotations

  • Marquis De Sade
    Marquis%20De%20Sade
    “Destruction, hence, like creation, is one of Nature's mandates.”
  • Irwin Edman
    Irwin Edman
    “It is a myth, not a mandate, a fable not a logic, and symbol rather than a reason by which men are moved.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. mandatum, fr. mandare, to commit to one's charge, order, orig., to put into one's hand; manus, hand + dare, to give: cf. F. mandat,. See Manual Date a time, and cf. Commend Maundy Thursday
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. mandat—L. mandātum, mandāremanus, hand, dăre, give.

Usage

In literature:

Or rather, her mandate.
"The Golden Silence" by C. N. Williamson and A. M. Williamson
They therefore refused to obey the king's mandate, and were cited to appear before the court of ecclesiastical commission.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part F. From Charles II. to James II." by David Hume
It was neglected until 1584, when a royal mandate caused the traders of Nombre de Dios to migrate thither.
"On the Spanish Main" by John Masefield
ASSIGNATS AND MANDATS: the Money and the Finances of the French Revolution of 1789.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
The Marquis de Mandat took charge of the defence.
"The French Revolution" by R. M. Johnston
It was from Agatha Geddis, and its wording was a curt mandate.
"Branded" by Francis Lynde
But her eyes were a mandate, and they were also a plea.
"The Way of Ambition" by Robert Hichens
Members of a conquered race, they are meek, and have long ago given up the hope of being able to resist the mandates of official people.
"The Simpkins Plot" by George A. Birmingham
Karna by his warlike valour is of crowned kings the peer, Karna shall be crowned monarch, nations shall his mandate hear!
"Maha-bharata" by Anonymous
Well, I've obeyed your mandate, you see.
"The Eternal City" by Hall Caine
Yesterday, Mr. Thiers received two parliamentarians, freemasons, who declared, however, they had no mandate.
"The Insurrection in Paris" by An Englishman: Davy
Climate governs male and female alike and shapes their habits to its own tyrannical mandates.
"Villa Elsa" by Stuart Henry
I have heard no mandate to yield my glorious empire for my meanest province.
"Alroy The Prince Of The Captivity" by Benjamin Disraeli
Irate, he had issued a mandate that produced the effect Terry had asked.
"Terry" by Charles Goff Thomson
The imperative mandates of our own hearts?
"The Master-Knot of Human Fate" by Ellis Meredith
Up to this point it appeared that the law was going to have it according to its mandate.
"Trail's End" by George W. Ogden
And she who bears children obeys God's mandate and will have her reward.
"A Little Girl in Old Detroit" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
The great cathedral of Mexico was constructed, due to a mandate of Philip II.
"Mexico" by Charles Reginald Enock
A good minister, known to a near relative of mine, always thus "mandated" his sermon, and punctually delivered it word for word.
"To My Younger Brethren" by Handley C. G. Moule
Armed with a mandate from the Foreign Office, Brett could enter upon his task without fear of interference from officialdom.
"The Albert Gate Mystery" by Louis Tracy
***

In poetry:

To him the simple spell who knows
The spirits of the ring to sway,
Fresh power with every sunrise flows,
And royal pursuivants are those
That fly his mandates to obey.
"Birthday Verses" by James Russell Lowell
Father! at whose awakening nod
The early day-break gilds the hills;
'Tis Thine almighty mandate, God!
Which mountain, valley, sea and sod,
With light and joy and glory fills.
"Summer: Wednesday Morning" by John Bowring
"He will not know that still the hour I mourn,
When death all hopes of pardon snatch'd away;
That still this heart by sad remembrance torn,
Repeats the dreadful mandate of that day.
"The Daughter" by Matilda Betham
Glory we count of lesser worth
Than wife and babe and hearth and home;
Theirs is the mandate speeding forth
Our steps of thunder on the foam;
For them we fight, for them we stand,
Yea, and for faith 'twixt land and land.
"The Man Forsworn " by William Watson
They have heard the call of infinite Death,
The ordering of his word,
"Arise, go forth and conquer where ye can;
For that is the only law ye know,
Its mandate men have heard,
Let them beware when they your path would span.
"The Sea-Armies" by Cale Young Rice
The mandate came.—
Marco must go. What! leave the dear ones all
Alone. The gray-haired sire sunning himself
Without the cottage door? The little wife in
Blooming womanhood? The cherub who in
Human form had come to bless his home?
"Uranne" by Mary Weston Fordham

In news:

The Guardian and I were delighted, after fighting PG&E since 1969 to enforce the public power mandates of the federal Raker Act, to see the SF Board of Supervisors finally start the process rolling on a veto-proof 8-3 vote.
A Vermont, US state Senate bill that was preliminarily approved this week would mandate the purchase of higher-efficiency appliances within the state.
Keep Obamacare's Individual Mandate in Proper Perspective.
I think there were plausible alternatives to the individual mandate that could have addressed free-ridership in healthcare.
Biofuel mandate worsens drought's effect.
Western Growers moves to mandate safety.
16 mandate for high-BAC, first-time offenders.
A quarter of Americans expect to pay individual mandate tax.
One researcher wants to mandate including this substance in all salt.
Mandated review may determine how best to update chemical health effects database.
The Plain Dealer Home values in Chagrin Falls increased 9 percent in this year's state-mandated reappraisal.
As people vote in the Sudan election, a recent report says that $700 million – perhaps much more – may have been underpaid to South Sudan since a 2005 peace agreement mandated the sharing of oil revenues with Khartoum in the North.
Notre Dame, Dioceses Sue Over Obama Mandate.
Dozens of Roman Catholic dioceses, schools and other institutions are suing the Obama administration over a mandate that most employers provide birth control coverage.
Washington should mandate the tweak.
***

In science:

Binary black holes in close orbit around each other are highly relativistic and mandate the inclusion of higher PN order terms in their description.
Probing the non-linear structure of general relativity with black hole binaries
We now turn to the modification of the axioms mandated by the implementation of corners.
Two-dimensional quantum Yang-Mills theory with corners
Isothermal Electrons Equation (96) mandates that the perturbed electron temperature must remain constant along the perturbed field lines.
Astrophysical gyrokinetics: kinetic and fluid turbulent cascades in magnetized weakly collisional plasmas
The success of this effort mandates significant additional investment in theoretical resources in terms of focused collaborative initiatives.
Phases of QCD: Summary of the Rutgers Long Range Plan Town Meeting
Fagan inspection mandates team inspection rather than individual inspection.
Recommended Practices for Spreadsheet Testing
To set the stage, let us briefly recall how the cancellations for the cross section mandated by the optical theorem work at leading order.
Collinear Singularities and Running Coupling Corrections to Gluon Production in CGC
Thus, building effective histogram or wavelet synopses for such collections of possible-world data distributions is a challenging problem that mandates novel analysis and algorithmic approaches.
Histograms and Wavelets on Probabilistic Data
Next-to-minimal MSSM (NMSSM): A global Z3 symmetry mandates mS = tS = 0, but could lead to cosmological domain walls .
Status of Constraints on Supersymmetry
The mandate of the group is to compile measurements and perform averages of all available quantities related to B decays to charmed particles, excluding CP related quantities.
Averages of b-hadron and c-hadron Properties at the End of 2007
The suppression of doubly occupied sites mandated by the Gutzwiller pro jector is effected by creating an up spin on sites where a down spin has already been annihilated.
Variational wave functions for frustrated magnetic models
The official mandate for participating in the review. Is reviewing required? Is submitting work to be reviewed required? The benefits associated with completing a review. This could include class credit, recognition, etc.
Exploring Peer Review in the Computer Science Classroom
In full QCD, there are several types of corrections, including also some perturbative ones, that go beyond this framework, such as small-x effects and multiple parton interactions, both of which mandate the introduction of objects that go beyond the scope of collinear-factorized PDFs.
QCD for Collider Physics
Space platforms allow for (and in some situations, mandate) relative motion between a pair of observers at different locations with considerably less restriction than on Earth.
Fundamental quantum optics experiments conceivable with satellites -- reaching relativistic distances and velocities
Their reduction mandates higher order calculations.
Inclusive Heavy Flavor Hadroproduction in NLO QCD: the Exact Analytic Result
Moreover, in nearly singular examples the certified homotopy is bound to show bad performance due to steps being minuscule at the end of paths, which is mandated by (3.6).
Certified numerical homotopy tracking
***