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lute

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n lute chordophone consisting of a plucked instrument having a pear-shaped body, a usually bent neck, and a fretted fingerboard
    • n lute a substance for packing a joint or coating a porous surface to make it impervious to gas or liquid
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Lute (Chem) A cement of clay or other tenacious infusible substance for sealing joints in apparatus, or the mouths of vessels or tubes, or for coating the bodies of retorts, etc., when exposed to heat; -- called also luting.
    • Lute A packing ring, as of rubber, for fruit jars, etc.
    • Lute (Brick Making) A straight-edged piece of wood for striking off superfluous clay from mold.
    • n Lute (Mus) A stringed instrument formerly much in use. It consists of four parts, namely, the table or front, the body, having nine or ten ribs or “sides,” arranged like the divisions of a melon, the neck, which has nine or ten frets or divisions, and the head, or cross, in which the screws for tuning are inserted. The strings are struck with the right hand, and with the left the stops are pressed.
    • v. t Lute To close or seal with lute; as, to lute on the cover of a crucible; to lute a joint.
    • v. t Lute To play on a lute, or as on a lute. "Knaves are men
      That lute and flute fantastic tenderness."
    • v. i Lute To sound, as a lute.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lute A medieval musical instrument, the type of the class which has strings stretched over a resonant body and a long fretted neck, and which is played by twanging or snapping the strings with the fingers. The back of the body was either flat, as in the modern guitar, or, more often, rounded or pear-shaped, like that of a mandolin. The front of the body, or belly, had one or more sound-holes. The strings were usually of catgut, arranged in pairs of unisons, and divided into two groups, one of which lay over the finger-board, so as to be stopped upon the frets, while the other lay beside the finger-board, so as to be played unstopped for the bass. The number of strings varied considerably, as did the tuning or accordatura; a common tuning for the six upper pairs of strings was and for the bass strings The frets were arranged so as to yield semitones. The tone was sweet, but light and incapable of much variation. The construction of the instrument was not strong enough to make the tuning sure or stable. In the effort to obtain varied and striking effects, many modifications were attempted, such as the archlute, the chitarrone, the harplute, and the theorbo, in which the number of strings was increased, the bass strings attached to a second neck above the first one, or metal strings introduced. A group or family of lutes of different sizes was also elaborated for concerted music; but the mechanical and acoustical feebleness of the type prevented the results from being permanently satisfactory. Great care was often expended, however, upon the wood and the decoration of lutes, so that many of them were very beautiful in appearance. Music for the lute was written in a peculiar system of letters or numerals called tablature. Historically the lute is connected with the Egyptian nefer, and perhaps with the Hebrew nebel, and it continued in use in Europe till about 1750; its existing relatives are the guitar, the mandolin, and the banjo.
    • lute To play on or as on a lute.
    • lute To play the lute.
    • lute To sound sweetly, like a lute.
    • n lute A composition of clay or other tenacious substance used for stopping the joints of vessels, as in chemical operations or in founding, so closely as to prevent the escape or entrance of air.
    • n lute An external coating of clay, sand, or other substance applied to a glass retort, to enable it to support a high temperature without fusing or cracking.
    • n lute A brickmakers’ straight-edge, a tool used to strike off surplus clay from a brick-mold, and to level the molding-floor.
    • n lute A rubber packing-ring compressed between the lip and the lid of a jar to exclude the air.
    • lute To close or coat with lute; smear with any adhesive substance for the purpose of closing cracks or joints. A glass retort is said to be luted when it is smeared over with clay to enable it to resist more perfectly the effects of heat, and thus guard it against fusion.
    • lute A Middle English form of lite .
    • lute A Middle English form of lout .
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Lute lūt a medieval stringed instrument of music like the guitar
    • v.i Lute to play on the lute
    • n Lute lūt a composition used to exclude air, as round pipe-joints: a brickmaker's straight-edge scraper: a rubber packing-ring for a jar
    • v.t Lute to close or coat with lute
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. leut, F. luth,; skin to Pr. laút, It. liúto, leúto, Sp. laúd, Pg. alaude,; all fr. Ar. al‘ūd,; al, the + ‘ūd, wood, timber, trunk or branch of a tree, staff, stick, wood of aloes, lute or harp

Usage

In literature:

Only a few, however, sing; or there is one voice accompanying the lute and one for each other instrument.
"Ideal Commonwealths" by Various
On a bank of reindeer moss, at the foot of a great white birch, a mouse-colored donkey sat playing a lute.
"The Wit and Humor of America, Volume III. (of X.)" by Various
Yet on closer investigation there seems a rift within the lute.
"Shakespeare and the Modern Stage" by Sir Sidney Lee
And then he rose, and saying that he would not be tedious, put the lute aside, and they went out quietly together.
"The Isles of Sunset" by Arthur Christopher Benson
Within the lute of this prosperity, however, there was one little rift.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
He has no patience with those who object to his beloved lute that it is out of fashion.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 117, July, 1867." by Various
As oft the west wind touched her trembling lute.
"The Poetical Works of William Lisle Bowles, Vol. 1" by William Lisle Bowles
I would that my words were as sweet as those of a song, and my lute well tuned!
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 22. July, 1878." by Various
I can play the lute, and you can beat the drum.
"Household Stories by the Brothers Grimm" by Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm
It was into a room below that Lute Johnson stumbled long after midnight on most unsteady legs.
"A Pagan of the Hills" by Charles Neville Buck
The only rifts in our lute, Jack, have been little threads of jealousy that have snapped sometimes!
"The Girl with the Green Eyes" by Clyde Fitch
So I threw him a shilling just to mend his broken head, and have brought the lute to its own home again.
"The Loyalists, Vol. 1-3" by Jane West
The first string of my lute was severed by God's decree when he called William P. Melvin to a higher life.
"Sixty Years of California Song" by Margaret Blake-Alverson
But the Virginals and the Lute ... agree not so well.
"Shakespeare and Music" by Edward W. Naylor
Then there came the ripple of a lute from the outer room, played not unskilfully.
"By What Authority?" by Robert Hugh Benson
Come along, Lute, and put them blushes in your pocket to keep yer hands warm in cold weather.
"Cape Cod Folks" by Sarah P. McLean Greene
I will play the lute, and you shall beat the drum.
"The Fairy Book" by Dinah Maria Mulock (AKA Miss Mulock)
In another place Dioneo with lute and Fiametta with viol play a dance.
"Some Forerunners of Italian Opera" by William James Henderson
Thou lute, sole companion of my woes, let us join our voices of complaint.
"The Pacha of Many Tales" by Frederick Marryat
Lute had to come back home and settle up the estate.
"The Holy Cross and Other Tales" by Eugene Field
***

In poetry:

Thou art my lute, by thee I sing,--
My being is attuned to thee.
Thou settest all my words a-wing,
And meltest me to melody.
"Thou Art My Lute" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Oh think not to waken the measure
Of joy on a ruined lute--
Think not to waken pleasure,
Where grief sits mourning and mute.
"The Broken Heart" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich
But now, this dainty lute is dead--
Or answers but to sigh and wail,
Echoing the voices of the fled,
Passing before me dim and pale!
"Remembrance" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich
And taking up a lute straitwaye,
Upon the same I strove to play;
And sweetly to the same did sing,
As made both hall and chamber ring.
"The Lady Turned Serving-Man" by Anonymous British
But when I laid my lute aside to dream,
Half seen before the eye
Sweet rural things, as bright as some stray beam,
Would gently wander by.
"In Tempe" by Alexander Anderson
You bid the minstrel strike the lute,
And wake once more a soothing tone--
Alas! its strings, untuned, are mute,
Or only echo moan for moan.
"Remembrance" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich

In news:

M aybe there really is a newsworthy story in the appointment of General Lute as special assistant to the President for Iraq and Afghanistan.
Lute Olson denied today he has Parkinson's disease.
Richard Stone will play 18th-century German music for the lute in a recital at the New York Public Library at Lincoln Center on Wednesday at 3 pm The program will include works by Bach, Sylvius Leopold Weiss, B J. Hagen and Richard Straube.
Viennese lutenist Bernhard Hofstötter plays two sonatas, a prelude and a courante by the lute master of Bach's time.
Grammy-nominated lute player Ronn McFarlane works to bring lute music to everyone.
This all-in-one, radiopaque encapsulated luting cement, seT, is now available in syringes.
Funny or Die and Abso Lutely presentation.
Of the great classical arts — lute strumming, urn decorating and so forth — it's the fine art of oratory that most rouses Man Overboard.
For example, Houdini: The Handcuff King by Jason Lutes and Nick Bertozzi did little for me.
Staff photo by Paul Lutes Devon Suiter, of Mannington, puts the finishing touches on her cow Daffodil on Wednesday afternoon.
Staff photo by Paul Lutes An old building on the corner of East Broadway and Keasbey Street in Salem City was recently torn down and the lot cleaned and filled.
Ngoni Ba is a string band with four sizes of ngoni, a four-stringed African lute.
For Thursday, Midnight Music (Midnight Lute) debuts at Gulfstream, and Curly Top (Curlin) makes his second start at Hollywood Park.
Hudson was born to Elmer and Gertie Lutes on April 24, 1921, in Riverside, Texas.
Castaneda, De La Rosa, Lutes in control in City Council races.
***

In science:

Since the concept of temperature can be derived from energy and entropy [9, 10] and related to the ideal gas [11, 12], it is possible to consider temperature a derived and not essent ial concept and also eliminate the tautological association between the Kelvin temperature and the ideal gas abso lute temperature.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
The channel coefficient is a complex number, the squared abso lute value of which will be denoted throughout this paper by h.
Jamming in Fixed-Rate Wireless Systems with Power Constraints - Part I: Fast Fading Channels
T4 is the ab so lute tem per a ture of the am bi ent res er voir (T4 = const.).
Research Note on a Parabolic Heat-Balance Integral Method with Unspecified Exponent: An Entropy Generation Approach in Optimal Profile Determination
Plucking is normally used in playing guitar, lute, harp, banjo, mandolin, either with a finger or by some type of plectrum.
Music in Terms of Science
Readers can refer to Lute Maleki’s article in this volume for details on a proposed space–based variation on gravitational redshift measurements.
Principles of Equivalence: Their Role in Gravitation Physics and Experiments that Test Them
Fig. 3: The ratio of the fitted background normalization and the abso lute prediction of the conventional GALPROP model (Strong, Moskalenko & Reimer 2004) as function of latitude and longitude.
EGRET Excess of Diffuse Galactic Gamma Rays as Tracer of Dark Matter
Krisher, T.P., Maleki, L., Lutes, G.F., Primas, L.E., Logan, R.T., Anderson, J.D., and Will, C.M., “Test of the isotropy of the one-way speed of light using hydrogen-maser frequency standards”, Phys.
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
However, there were models of a time machine which allow dispensing abso lutely without the exotic substance [7, 9].
The Universal Arrow of Time III-IV:(Part III) Nonquantum gravitation theory (Part IV) Quantum gravitation theory
Figure 1: Artist’s rendering of (left) the Lunar Ultraviolet Telescope Experiment (LUTE) concept circa-1993, and (right) the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX).
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
LUTE was conceived as a small-field transit instrument operating on the lunar surface, while GALEX is an all-sky survey mission in LEO.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
Autonomously deployed lunar reference designs, e.g. the Lunar Ultraviolet Telescope Experiment (LUTE – see figure 1), and the Lunar Transit Telescope (LTT) have been examined in this context, and 1 m-class aperture zenith survey telescopes there have been found to be feasible .
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
LEO (see Figure 1), is in the process of mapping the ultraviolet sky to a depth similar to what LUTE would have done, and is a highly economical approach to that science.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
As a result, small telescopes (of 1-2 m sizes comparable to that of lunar concepts LTT and LUTE) are of limited value for far-infrared work, and large cold telescopes on the Moon are not at all conducive to autonomous deployment.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
We followed a similar procedure for estimating the effect of the uncertainty in the absolute efficiency of the optical modules. A 10% uncertainty in the abso lute efficiency results in a change of 3% in the number of signal events in the triggered analysis and a 5% change in the rolling analysis.
Search for neutrino-induced cascades from gamma-ray bursts with AMANDA
Migdall, ”Correlated-photon metrology without abso lute standards,” Phys.
Absolute Calibration of Analog Detectors by using Parametric Down Conversion
***