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law

Definitions

  • Furred Law Cats Scrambling After the Crowns--5-13-564
    Furred Law Cats Scrambling After the Crowns--5-13-564
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n law the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system "he studied law at Yale"
    • n law a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
    • n law a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature "the laws of thermodynamics"
    • n law the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
    • n law legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity "there is a law against kidnapping"
    • n law the force of policemen and officers "the law came looking for him"
    • n law the collection of rules imposed by authority "civilization presupposes respect for the law","the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Limbs of the Law Limbs of the Law
MR. BONAR LAW PACKS HIS TRUNKS MR. BONAR LAW PACKS HIS TRUNKS
Seeing Ourselves in the Looking-Glass of God's Law Seeing Ourselves in the Looking-Glass of God's Law

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The triangular shape that Toblerone chocolates are packaged in, is protected by law
    • interj Law An exclamation of mild surprise.
    • Law An oath, as in the presence of a court.
    • Law An organic rule, as a constitution or charter, establishing and defining the conditions of the existence of a state or other organized community.
    • Law Any edict, decree, order, ordinance, statute, resolution, judicial, decision, usage, etc., or recognized, and enforced, by the controlling authority.
    • Law Collectively, the whole body of rules relating to one subject, or emanating from one source; -- including usually the writings pertaining to them, and judicial proceedings under them; as, divine law; English law; Roman law; the law of real property; insurance law.
    • Law In arts, works, games, etc.: The rules of construction, or of procedure, conforming to the conditions of success; a principle, maxim; or usage; as, the laws of poetry, of architecture, of courtesy, or of whist.
    • Law In general, a rule of being or of conduct, established by an authority able to enforce its will; a controlling regulation; the mode or order according to which an agent or a power acts. "These are the statutes and judgments and laws, which the Lord made.""The law of thy God, and the law of the King.""As if they would confine the Interminable . . . Who made our laws to bind us, not himself.""His mind his kingdom, and his will his law ."
    • Law In mathematics: The rule according to which anything, as the change of value of a variable, or the value of the terms of a series, proceeds; mode or order of sequence.
    • Law In morals: The will of God as the rule for the disposition and conduct of all responsible beings toward him and toward each other; a rule of living, conformable to righteousness; the rule of action as obligatory on the conscience or moral nature.
    • Law In philosophy and physics: A rule of being, operation, or change, so certain and constant that it is conceived of as imposed by the will of God or by some controlling authority; as, the law of gravitation; the laws of motion; the law heredity; the laws of thought; the laws of cause and effect; law of self-preservation.
    • Law Legal science; jurisprudence; the principles of equity; applied justice. "Reason is the life of the law ; nay, the common law itself is nothing else but reason.""Law is beneficence acting by rule.""And sovereign Law, that state's collected will
      O'er thrones and globes elate,
      Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill."
    • v. t Law Same as Lawe v. t.
    • Law The Jewish or Mosaic code, and that part of Scripture where it is written, in distinction from the gospel; hence, also, the Old Testament. "What things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law . . . But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets."
    • Law Trial by the laws of the land; judicial remedy; litigation; as, to go law . "When every case in law is right.""He found law dear and left it cheap."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Arizona, you cannot Drive past the same place more then 3 times in one hour. Its a law.
    • n law A rule of action prescribed by authority, especially by a sovereign or by the state: as, the laws of Manu; a law of God.
    • n law Specifically— Any written or positive rule, or collection of rules, prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, whether by the people in its constitution, as the organic law, or by the legislature in its statute law, or by the treaty-making power, or by municipalities in their ordinances or by-laws.
    • n law An act of the supreme legislative body of a state or nation, as distinguished from the constitution: as, the constitution, and the laws made in pursuance thereof.
    • n law In a more general sense, the profession or vocation of attorneys, counsellors, solicitors, conveyancers, etc.: as, to practise law.
    • n law Litigation: as, to go to law.
    • n law Collectively, a system or collection of such rules. Specifically— The principles and regulations of human government in their application to property and conduct; those general rules of external human action which are enforced by a sovereign political authority (Holland); the aggregate of rules set by men as politically superior or sovereign, to men as politically subject (Austin); rules of human conduct prescribed by established usage or custom, or by a constitution adopted by the people, or by statutes or ordinances prescribed by a legislative power, or by regulations of judicial procedure, or recognized and enforced by judicial decision. Modern difference of opinion as to the proper definition of law chiefly results from the fact that writers of the analytic school, proceeding by an analysis of the usual mental conception of law under monarchical government, have commonly defined it as in essence command by a superior to an inferior; and as perhaps the larger part of modern law—such, for instance, as the law of negotiable paper and of contracts generally—does not consist of commands or prohibitions, this definition is supported by the argument that what the sovereign permits he commands, or at least indirectly commands, shall not be prevented. Writers of the historical school, on the other hand, tracing government by law back to its early development, have defined law as essentially consisting of what is judicially ascertained to be usual and regular. In either view it is agreed that a true law in the sense of jurisprudence is one which deals with a class of things, acts or omissions, as distinguished from particular commands and awards. Law, as it actually exists in modern society, is the aggregate or system of rules by which a political community or congeries of communities regulates or professes to regulate the conduct and the rights and powers of its members and its own interference with their freedom; and any rule answering this description is, if authoritatively promulgated, a law. Every new judicial decision, also, is part of the law in the sense that it actually regulates conduct, rights, or powers.
    • n law The Mosaic system of rules and ordinances.
    • n law Hence— The books of the Bible containing this system; the books of the law.
    • n law The preceptive part of the Bible, especially of the New-Testament, in contradistinction to its promises.
    • n law A proposition which expresses the constant or regular order of certain phenomena, or the constant mode of action of a force; a general formula or rule to which all things, or all things or phenomena within the limits of a certain class or group, conform, precisely and without exception; a rule to which events really tend to conform. A mere empirical formula which satisfies a series of observations sufficiently, but would not hold in extreme cases, is not considered as a law. A special fact is not a law; but a subordinate principle, as that planets revolve in ellipses, is or is not a law according to the shade of meaning with which that word is used.
    • n law One of the rules or principles by which anything is regulated: as, the laws of the turf; the laws of versification.
    • n law A rule according to which anything is produced: as, the mathematical law of a curve.
    • n law An allowance in distance or time granted to an animal in a chase, or to a weaker competitor in a race or other contest; permission given to one competitor to start a certain distance ahead of, or a certain time before, another, in order to equalize the chances of winning.
    • n law Custom; manner.
    • n law that the quantity of an electrolyte decomposed in a given time is proportional to the strength of the current;
    • n law that the weights of the elements separated are proportional to their chemical equivalents; and.
    • n law that the strength of the electrolytic action is the same for cells in any part of the same circuit.
    • n law Aryan (Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, etc.).
    • n law low German (Gothic, Scandinavian, Anglo-Saxon, English, etc.).
    • n law High German (Old High German, Middle High German, New High German). For example, Skt. pitri (pitar) = Gr. patēr = Latin pater = Goth. fadar = OHG. vatar = English father; Skt. tvam = Gr. τύ = Latin tu = Goth, thu = OHG. du - E. thou; Skt. jānu (for *gānu) = Gr. γόνυ = Latin genu = Goth, kniu = OHG. chniu, chneo = English knee, etc. In the application of Grimm's law numerous in consistencies and anomalies appear, due to interference, conformation, particular position or sequence of sounds, variations of accent, and other causes explained by other philological laws, or remaining in small part occult. The most important of these other laws is Verner's law (which see, below). See also the articles on the separate letters.
    • n law The orbits of the planets are ellipses having the sun at one focus.
    • n law The areas described by their radiivectores in equal times are equal.
    • n law The squares of their periodic times are proportional to the cubes of their mean distances from the sun.
    • n law At any junction-point in a network of conductors the sum of all the currents which flow toward the junction is equal to the sum of all the currents which flow away from the junction (called the condition of continuity).
    • n law In any complete electric circuit the sum of the electromotive forces, reckoned in order round the circuit, is equal to the sum of the products of the current through and the resistance of each conductor forming the circuit.
    • n law The established law of a country.
    • n law More specifically, a law relating directly to the raising of the income of the government, as distinguished from one incidentally imposing fees, etc.
    • n law Synonyms Right, Equity, etc. (see justice); Law, Common Law, Statute, Enactment, Edict, Decree, Ordinance, Regulation, Canon. Law is the generic word, covering not only what is commanded by competent authority, but modes of action and orders of sequence: as, the Salic law; a law of rhetoric or logic; a law of nature; a law of character. Common law is that rule of action which has grown up from old usage and the decisions of judges. Statutes and enactments are laws made by legislative bodies; the slight difference between them is implied in their derivations. Edicts and decrees, on the other hand, are not legislative, but personal or executive acts, an edict being generally the command of a sovereign, and especially of an autocrat, while a decree is generally the order of an executive body or a court. Ordinance is very broad in its use, being applied to statutes (especially those of great importance: as, the ordinance of 1787), to decrees, to the local laws passed by city governments, etc. A regulation is a limited, subordinate, or temporary law or rule, perhaps applying to details of management or behavior, and often without expressed penalty for violation: as, army regulations; the regulations in a constitution. Canon is in this connection strictly an ecclesiastical term.
    • law To make a law; ordain.
    • law To apply the law to; enforce the law against.
    • law To give law to; regulate; determine.
    • law In old English forest usage, to cut off the claws and balls of the fore feet of (a dog); mutilate the feet of, as a dog; expeditate.
    • law To go to law; litigate.
    • law To Study law.
    • law An obsolete or dialectal (Scotch) form of low.
    • n law A dialectal form of low.
    • law A variation of la, or often of lord. Also laws.
    • n law In acoustics, the law that “any vibrational motion of the air in the entrance to the ear, corresponding to a musical tone, may be always, and for each case only in a single way, exhibited as the sum of a number of simple vibrational motions, corresponding to the partials of this musical tone.”
    • n law Same as Kelvin's law.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The state law of Pennsylvania prohibits singing in the bathtub.
    • n Law law a rule of action established by authority: statute: the rules of a community or state: a rule or principle of science or art: the whole jurisprudence or the science of law: established usage: that which is lawful: the whole body of persons connected professionally with the law: litigation: a theoretical principle educed from practice or observation: a statement or formula expressing the constant order of certain phenomena:
    • v.t Law (coll.) to give law to, determine
    • v.i Law (obs.) to go to law
    • n Law law (theol.) the Mosaic code or the books containing it
    • ***

Quotations

  • Aleister Crowley
    Aleister%20Crowley
    “Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law.”
  • Justinian
    Justinian
    “Safety of the state is the highest law.”
  • Thomas Fuller
    Thomas%20Fuller
    “The more laws, the more offenders.”
  • Maxim Gorky
    Maxim Gorky
    “Every new time will give its law.”
  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “The law is reason, free from passion.”
  • Ward Becker
    Ward Becker
    “Laws are not masters, but servants, and he rules them, who obeys them.”

Idioms

Law of unintended consequences - Events and/or actions that result from the implementation of a law or rule that the makers of the law did not expect.
***
Law unto yourself - If somebody's a law unto themselves, they do what they believe is right regardless of what is generally accepted as correct.
***
Lay down the law - If someone lays down the law, they tell people what to do and are authoritarian.
***
Sod's law - Sod's law states that if something can go wrong then it will.
***
Spirit of the law - The spirit of the law is the idea or ideas that the people who made the law wanted to have effect.
***
Word of the law - The word of the law means that the law is interpreted in an absolutely literal way which goes against the ideas that the lawmakers had wished to implement.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie,: akin to OS. lag, Icel. lög, Sw. lag, Dan. lov,; cf. L. lex, E. legal,. A law, is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere, to make to stand. See Lie to be prostrate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M. E. lawe—A.S. lagu, from licgan, to lie; Ice. lōg.

Usage

In literature:

St. Paul, like the rest of mankind, found a law in his members warring against the law which was in his heart.
"Bunyan" by James Anthony Froude
These two laws are two aspects of the same law.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
But before we can work successfully within the law we must know that the law really exists.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
Gradually the reign of customary law gave way to the laws framed by the people.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
For he promised and bestowed that as a gift, before the Law or merit through the Law had any existence.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. III" by Martin Luther
But, law, I suppose they can get along without me once in a lifetime.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
Our common law rests upon the Roman law, which, recognized persons only as property-holding beings.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
WHERE the common law and a statute differ, the common law gives place to the statute; and an old statute gives place to a new one.
"Commentaries on the Laws of England" by William Blackstone
These were all the basic laws that he needed and these laws did not change.
"History of the Great American Fortunes, Vol. I" by Myers Gustavus
Laws and Courts and Constitutions would not be impediments in the way of Yankees resolved upon our subjugation.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
It is the law against every other law of nature, and Nature herself calls for its destruction.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
But that statute of the Dark Ages was held good law in 1731; and it seems to be thought good law in 1855!
"The Trial of Theodore Parker" by Theodore Parker
Really, there are two laws of recency, the one being a {391} law of retention, the other a law of momentary warming up through exercise.
"Psychology" by Robert S. Woodworth
When determined that the foreign law shall have effect, the municipal law of the State retires, and gives place to the foreign law.
"Report of the Decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the Opinions of the Judges Thereof, in the Case of Dred Scott versus John F.A. Sandford" by Benjamin C. Howard
For the laws of teaching rest upon the laws of the soul.
"Training the Teacher" by A. F. Schauffler
If physical power be the fountain of law, then law and force are synonymous terms.
"The Unconstitutionality of Slavery" by Lysander Spooner
Under the Roman empire the matters thus dealt with became regulated by law, or by usages sometimes styled laws.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
These attended the parliament of Scotland in person till 1428, when a law of James I.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
The laws regulating the legal status of woman have been influenced by German laws.
"The Modern Woman's Rights Movement" by Kaethe Schirmacher
He's not on very good terms with our cruisers; for, in sooth, he doesn't quite understand our revenue laws.
"Old Farm Fairies:" by Henry Christopher McCook
***

In poetry:

They tell me, too, that few they are who own
God's law and love;
That thousands, living for this earth alone,
Look not above;
"A Christmas Chant" by Abram Joseph Ryan
The Church can tear my soul from me,
The Law can wield its throng;
But they shall know that, even so,
I'll still retain my song.
"Ballad Of A New Villon" by Benjamin Musser
Men came around him, hailing him as one
Who saw
The clearer uplands of this life, that shun
The nether mist. His word was as a law
"The Veiled Memnon" by Alexander Anderson
When vengeance seems, for broken laws,
To light on thee with dread;
Let Christ be umpire of thy cause,
Thy Husband well can plead.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter I." by Ralph Erskine
The law may rouse me from my sloth,
To faith and to repentance both:
And though the law commandeth each,
Yet neither of them can it teach;
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
The law great room for boasting makes,
But grace my pride and boasting breaks;
Yet all my boast the law does kill,
And grace make room to boast my fill.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine

In news:

Pryor Says Obama Health Care Law Is Flawed But Lawful, Boozman Says It's Unconstitutional.
Eastman is the Henry Salvatori professor of law and community service and former dean at Chapman University of Law in Orange County, Calif.
Editor, the Tribune: Decades ago, as a law student, I was taught that our highest court, through its decisions, represented what was considered the supreme law of the land.
Hosted a field trip at its Newark office for students of the NJ Law and Education Empowerment Project (NJ LEEP ) Summer Law Institute NJ LEEP helps urban youth from underserved neighborhoods in northern NJ.
On July 16 the firm hosted a field trip at its Newark office for students of the NJ Law and Education Empowerment Project's (NJ LEEP ) Summer Law Institute NJ LEEP helps urban youth from underserved neighborhoods in northern NJ.
This year, a new law removed an exemption for political signs in Fairfax County, though Fairfax still isn't sure who will actually enforce this law.
She was also preceded in death by her mother and father in law Angela and Mariano Cipriani of Follansbee, and sister in law Margaret (Joe) Desirio of Wellsburg.
She was predeceased by her mother-in-law and father-in-law in Australia.
The law would require state and local officers to check status of those they lawfully stop and 'reasonably' suspect of being illegal immigrants.
Seventy-six attorneys, academics, and journalists attended the 2011 Media Law Conference held at Stetson University College of Law's Tampa Law Center campus April 15.
The Editor interviews John J Farmer, Jr. Dean, Rutgers Law School and Andrew Gimigliano, Editor-in-Chief, Rutgers Law Review.
As a law professor for the University Of Memphis Cecil C Humphreys School Of Law for more than 25 years, Barbara Kritchevsky has contributed her knowledge of the law by serving as the school's associate dean and now director of advocacy.
And, Civil Law vs Moral Law .
David Canales, a 2006 valedictorian of Thurgood Marshall School of Law in Houston, led recently ousted Court-at-Law No.
Aaron Sandusky is a medical marijuana dispensary owner caught between California law that says it is legal and federal law that says it is not.
***

In science:

If this scale exists then the law (3) is not specific to flows in pipes but may be a general law for wall-bounded shear flows at large Reynolds numbers.
A Note on the Intermediate Region in Turbulent Boundary Layers
Poisson laws for m ∈ N and the free Poisson law for m = ∞ (see ).
Filtered random variables, bialgebras and convolutions
We show below that the law of ˜H− (h), which is identical to the law of H− (h), is uniform on [0, h].
Aging properties of Sinai's model of random walk in random environment
Aizenman, M., Chayes, J.T., Chayes, L., Fr¨ohlich, J., Russo, L.: On a sharp transition from area law to perimeter law in a system of random surfaces.
Rigidity of the interface for percolation and random-cluster models
For every n ∈ N∗, the law of ψn is the conditional law of a ˜ψm with respect to the event { ˜ψm 6= 0}.
Random walks on randomly oriented lattices
Jerzy Lukierski a ∗ † and Francesco Toppan b ‡ aInstitute for Theoretical Physics, University of Wroc law, 50-204 Wroc law, pl.
Generalized Space-time Supersymmetries, Division Algebras and Octonionic M-theory
Theorem 5 The conditional law of {(A(t), S (t)), t ≥ 0} given that A(t) ≤ S (t) for al l t ≥ 0 is the same as the unconditional law of {Γ2(A, S )(t), t ≥ 0}.
Random matrices, non-colliding processes and queues
Theorem 7.1 The law of M = Γ(k) (N ) under Ro is the same as the law of N under So .
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
Hence the vector-space of elements z := x ⊢ y − x ⊣ y is a right-nilpotent space for the law ⊢ and a left nilpotent space for the law ⊣.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
Clearly, the law of {Xn } under Q ⊗ P coincides with its law under Po .
A law of large numbers for random walks in random mixing environments
They have been often referred to as “universal multifractals” because αstable laws are fixed points of infinitely divisible laws under a suitable renormalization procedure.
Multifractal stationary random measures and multifractal random walks with log-infinitely divisible scaling laws
Using the same kind of arguments on finite dimensional laws, one can also prove that the finite dimensional laws of the process Xl (t) converge to those of the subordinated process B (M (t)).
Multifractal stationary random measures and multifractal random walks with log-infinitely divisible scaling laws
Though one observes the expected power law behaviour of the viscosity in many liquids (Taborek et al 1986), accurate dielectric data in salol show a temperature dependence of the power law exponent of τα even well above Tc (Stickel et al 1995).
Energy landscape - a key concept for the dynamics of glasses and liquids
Before converging to the law of large numbers asymptotics, the typical sum may deviate strongly from this law.
Broad distribution effects in sums of lognormal random variables
But we use to consider this ”law” as an empirical fact that must be demonstrated from more primitive and elementary laws. b.- Weak interactions.
The cosmological origin of time-asymmetry
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