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lap

Definitions

  • 1 Lapped and Strapped
    1 Lapped and Strapped
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v lap wash or flow against "the waves laved the shore"
    • v lap take up with the tongue "The cat lapped up the milk","the cub licked the milk from its mother's breast"
    • v lap pass the tongue over "the dog licked her hand"
    • v lap move with or cause to move with a whistling or hissing sound "The bubbles swoshed around in the glass","The curtain swooshed open"
    • v lap lie partly over or alongside of something or of one another
    • n lap touching with the tongue "the dog's laps were warm and wet"
    • n lap movement once around a course "he drove an extra lap just for insurance"
    • n lap a flap that lies over another part "the lap of the shingles should be at least ten inches"
    • n lap the part of a piece of clothing that covers the thighs "his lap was covered with food stains"
    • n lap the upper side of the thighs of a seated person "he picked up the little girl and plopped her down in his lap"
    • n lap an area of control or responsibility "the job fell right in my lap"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

14 Cross lap 14 Cross lap
15 Middle lap 15 Middle lap
16 End lap 16 End lap
17 End lap with rabbet 17 End lap with rabbet
Eberhard asleep under a tree, his head pillowed on the lap of another man Eberhard asleep under a tree, his head pillowed on the lap of another man
A kitten sits aloof, while a woman sits with a puppy on her lap watching a dog playing A kitten sits aloof, while a woman sits with a puppy on her lap watching a dog playing
With her head in Jo's lap, while the wind blew healthfully over her With her head in Jo's lap, while the wind blew healthfully over her
Mrs. Laurence sitting in her mother's lap Mrs. Laurence sitting in her mother's lap

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Racecar driver Lee Petty once left a pitstop and did a full lap at Nascar with a pit crew member still on the hood
    • Lap (Mach) A piece of brass, lead, or other soft metal, used to hold a cutting or polishing powder in cutting glass, gems, and the like, or in polishing cutlery, etc. It is usually in the form of wheel or disk, which revolves on a vertical axis.
    • Lap (Cotton Manuf) A sheet, layer, or bat, of cotton fiber prepared for the carding machine.
    • Lap An edge; a border; a hem, as of cloth. "If he cuts off but a lap of truth's garment, his heart smites him."
    • Lap In card playing and other games, the points won in excess of the number necessary to complete a game; -- so called when they are counted in the score of the following game.
    • Lap One circuit around a race track, esp. when the distance is a small fraction of a mile; as, to run twenty laps; to win by three laps. See Lap, to fold, 2.
    • Lap That part of any substance or fixture which extends over, or lies upon, or by the side of, a part of another; as, the lap of a board; also, the measure of such extension over or upon another thing.
    • Lap The act of lapping with, or as with, the tongue; as, to take anything into the mouth with a lap .
    • Lap (Steam Engine) The amount by which a slide valve at its half stroke overlaps a port in the seat, being equal to the distance the valve must move from its mid stroke position in order to begin to open the port. Used alone, lap refers to outside lap. See Outside lapbelow).
    • Lap The loose part of a coat; the lower part of a garment that plays loosely; a skirt; an apron.
    • Lap The part of the clothing that lies on the knees or thighs when one sits down; that part of the person thus covered; figuratively, a place of rearing and fostering; as, to be reared in the lap of luxury. "Men expect that happiness should drop into their laps ."
    • Lap The sound of lapping.
    • Lap The state or condition of being in part extended over or by the side of something else; or the extent of the overlapping; as, the second boat got a lap of half its length on the leader.
    • v. i Lap To be turned or folded; to lie partly upon or by the side of something, or of one another; as, the cloth laps back; the boats lap; the edges lap. "The upper wings are opacous; at their hinder ends, where they lap over, transparent, like the wing of a flay."
    • Lap To cut or polish with a lap, as glass, gems, cutlery, etc. See 1st Lap, 10.
    • Lap To fold; to bend and lay over or on something; as, to lap a piece of cloth.
    • Lap To infold; to hold as in one's lap; to cherish. "Her garment spreads, and laps him in the folds."
    • Lap To lay or place over anything so as to partly or wholly cover it; as, to lap one shingle over another; to lay together one partly over another; as, to lap weather-boards; also, to be partly over, or by the side of (something); as, the hinder boat lapped the foremost one.
    • Lap (Carding & Spinning) To lay together one over another, as fleeces or slivers for further working.
    • Lap To make a sound like that produced by taking up drink with the tongue. "I heard the ripple washing in the reeds,
      And the wild water lapping on the crag."
    • Lap To rest or recline in a lap, or as in a lap. "To lap his head on lady's breast."
    • v. t Lap To take into the mouth with the tongue; to lick up with a quick motion of the tongue. "They 'II take suggestion as a cat laps milk."
    • Lap To take up drink or food with the tongue; to drink or feed by licking up something. "The dogs by the River Nilus's side, being thirsty, lap hastily as they run along the shore."
    • Lap To wrap or wind around something. "About the paper . . . I lapped several times a slender thread of very black silk."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Cleveland law forbids you to operate a motor vehicle while sitting in another person's lap.
    • lap To lick up (a liquid, as water, milk, or liquid food); take into the mouth with the tongue.
    • lap To flow against or upon with a sound as of licking up; ripple against; lick or wash.
    • lap To lick up a liquid; drink by licking.
    • lap To make a sound like that produced by taking up water with the tongue.
    • n lap A lick; a lapping; a motion or sound resembling that of lapping.
    • n lap That which is licked up, as porridge. Compare cat-lap.
    • n lap A flap or loosely hanging part of a thing; a loose border or fold.
    • n lap The loose part of a coat; the skirt of a garment; a lappet.
    • n lap The front part of the skirt of a garment: that part of the clothing that lies loosely on the thighs and knees when a person sits down; especially, this part of the clothing, or an apron, as used to hold or contain something.
    • n lap The part of the body covered by the front part of the skirts of one's garments or by an apron, especially when in a sitting posture: often used with special reference to nursing or cherishing: as, to hold a child in one's lap.
    • n lap In textile manufacturing See lapping, 3.
    • n lap Figuratively, anything which supports and cherishes; any retreat in which something rests or reposes; shelter; abode: as, the lap of earth; the lap of luxury.
    • lap To wrap or twist round.
    • lap To wrap or infold; involve.
    • lap To fold; bend and lay one part or fold of over another: as, to lap a piece of cloth.
    • lap To lay in such a way as to cover a part of something underneath; cause to overlap: as, to lap shingles or slates on a roof.
    • lap To feign; invent.
    • lap To cut or polish with a lap: as, to lap a gem. See lap, n., 5.
    • lap To extend over a part of something else; overlap.
    • n lap A covering.
    • n lap The part of one body which lies on and covers part of another; the amount or extent of such covering: as, the lap of a slate in roofing.
    • n lap In the steam-engine, the space over which a slide-valve travels after the closing of the steam-passage to or from the cylinder. The outside lap is the space traversed by the slide-valve after it has passed the inlet-port and cut off the supply of steam from the cylinder, and is intended to cause the engine to do a part of its work by expansion. The inside lap is the space traversed by the valve before the end of the stroke, after it has shut off the exhaust of steam. It leaves a portion of vapor confined within the cylinder to act as an elastic cushion against the down stroke of the piston.
    • n lap A thick roll or sheet of cotton, wool, or the like, in various stages of manufacture.
    • n lap A wheel or disk of lead, copper, wood, leather, or other substance, which, being charged with polishing- or cutting-powder, is used in cutting gems, glass, etc., or in polishing gems and cutlery. In some trades and for some purposes the outer edge or periphery of the wheel is covered with the polishing-powder and applied to the material to be fashioned; in others the face or flat side of the wheel is used.
    • n lap In gun-making, a lead casting made to fit the bore of a rifle, with which the rifling is smoothed and polished.
    • n lap In euchre, a lapping of the count from one game to the next; the carrying of a surplus of points at the end of a game over to the score of the next game: done by agreement, not as a regular feature of the game.
    • n lap A course or round, as in running; a lapping or roundabout run.
    • n lap In walking-matches and similar contests, a single round of the course along which competitors have to go a certain number of times in order to complete a specified distance. Thus, if a course is 440 yards, a pedestrian would have to do four laps or lengths to complete a mile.
    • n lap An obsolete or dialectal (Scotch) preterit of leap.
    • n lap The tops of trees left in the woods in logging. Also lapwood.
    • n lap The act of winding or being wound round a drum; the length of rope necessary to go round it once; also, the length of silk, tape, wire, or the like, necessary to go round anything once.
    • n lap The failure of the valve, when in mid-position, to cut off the exhaust from either end of the cylinder.
    • n lap The distance by which the valve, when in mid-position, fails to cut off the exhaust, or the distance the valve would have to travel from mid-position before the exhaust would be closed.
    • n lap A projection on the valve reaching beyond the outside edge of the steam-port when the valve is in its mid-position. It is designed to close the port before the end of the stroke of the piston, thus utilizing the expansive force of the steam.
    • n lap Same as outside lap. See lap, 3.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Approximately $25 million is spent each year on lap dances in Las Vegas.
    • v.t Lap lap to lick up with the tongue: to wash or flow against
    • v.i Lap to drink by licking up a liquid: to make a sound of such a kind:—pr.p. lap′ping; pa.t. and pa.p. lapped
    • n Lap a motion or sound like lapping
    • n Lap lap the loose or overhanging flap of anything: the part of a substance extending over or partly over the rear of another, or the extent of such extension: the part of the clothes lying on the knees when a person sits down: the part of the body thus covered, esp. with reference to nursing, &c.: a fold: a course or round of the track, as in foot-racing, &c.: at euchre, &c., a carrying over to the next game of a surplus of points from the last: the space over which a steam-engine slide-valve travels after the closing of the steam-passage to or from the cylinder: a rotating disc of lead, copper, leather, &c., charged with an abrasive powder, used in cutting gems, &c
    • v.t Lap to lay over or on
    • v.i Lap to be spread on or over: to be turned over or upon
    • v.t Lap lap to wrap, fold, involve
    • ***

Quotations

  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “A rich child often sits in a poor mothers lap.”
  • John Milton
    John%20Milton
    “How gladly would I meet mortality, my sentence, and be earth in sensible! how glad would lay me down, as in my mother's lap! There I should rest, and sleep secure.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “We lie in the lap of immense intelligence.”
  • Max Stirner
    Max Stirner
    “Whoever will be free must make himself free. Freedom is no fairy gift to fall into a man's lap. What is freedom? To have the will to be responsible for one's self.”

Idioms

Drop into your lap - If something drops into your lap, you receive it suddenly, without any warning. ('Fall into your lap' is also used.)
***
In the lap of luxury - People in the lap of luxury are very wealthy and have have everything that money can buy.
***
Lap dog - A lap dog is a person who is eager to please another at the expense of his or her own needs in order to maintain a position of privilege or favor.
***
Lap of the gods - If something is in the lap of the gods, it is beyond our control and fate will decide the outcome.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lappen, lapen, AS. lapian,; akin to LG. lappen, OHG. laffan, Icel. lepja, Dan. lade, Sw. läppja, L. lambere,; cf. Gr., W. llepio,. Cf. Lambent
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M. E. wlappen, being a form of wrap.

Usage

In literature:

All was very quiet and still in the bay; the gentle lapping of the waves as the tide rose was the only sound.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
One small, white, ungloved hand rests on Violet's lap.
"Floyd Grandon's Honor" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
But remorse overcame her immediately so she placed the little form across her lap and gently stroked his fur.
"The Black Phantom" by Leo Edward Miller
The Girl smiled down into her lap.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1902 to 1903" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
He could almost have fancied the dark red flowers in her white lap.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
She then lifted up a stone, and put it into her lap, which she lifted a second time.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 3, July, 1851" by Various
Theresa let her hands fall in her lap, and looked down at the floor: "All that nice money, that nice money," she cried.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
The under part of the body follows the edge of the lower lap of the envelope from front to hind leg.
"Little Folks' Handy Book" by Lina Beard
The other was of a woman with a tired look and a baby on her lap.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
She spoke quietly, with her hands clasped nervously in her lap.
"The Fire People" by Ray Cummings
Her head was bent over the square frame she held in her lap, her fingers busy with the strands of flax.
"The Girl Scouts in Beechwood Forest" by Margaret Vandercook
He laid his hands in her lap.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
Then she took up the little comb which had dropped to her lap, and set herself busily to her task again.
"Five Little Peppers at School" by Margaret Sidney
As it was, he fell almost into her lap and everybody shrieked with uncontrollable laughter.
"A Spoil of Office" by Hamlin Garland
I laid it open like that in Mr. Willard's lap.
"Fairy Prince and Other Stories" by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
Joan was sitting in the far corner near the open window, a book on her lap.
"To Love" by Margaret Peterson
Beezy, from her sanctuary in Judith's lap, viewed him with contemptuous disfavour.
"Judith of the Cumberlands" by Alice MacGowan
Her yellow bowl looked as if Deborah had lapped it dry.
"Clematis" by Bertha B. Cobb
Their mother and the biggest brother occupied the hind seat and looked after the piccalilli and pies, which they held on their laps.
"The Biography of a Prairie Girl" by Eleanor Gates
The figure sat cross-legged with its heavy hands folded in its lap.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
***

In poetry:

At last one day it felt a thrill
It had never known before,
As it reached the brow of a lofty hill,
And saw the wave-lapped shore.
"Stream And Sea" by John Lawson Stoddard
"What stream is this so dark and deep
That laps me to the chin?" . . .
Oh, that is the river of men's blood
Who perished by your sin.
"The Ballad Of The Hun King's Dream" by Cicely Fox Smith
They smile, the wee wrinkled women
They creep to her pinafore;
And lay in her lap strange treasures
Trolls brought from the ocean's floor.
"Adventure" by Laura Benet
Faith once stole down a distant kiss.
Now love cleaves to the cheek of bliss:
Beyond the fears of more mishap
We gladly rest in glory's lap.
"The Believer's Soliloquy; Especially in Times of Desertion, Temptation, Affliction, &c." by Ralph Erskine
So all night long the water dark,
Creeps past us with embraces chill,
And laps and laps against my bark,
Each wavelet splashes then is still.
"Night On The River" by R S Ward
Till, lapped in sunset skies of hope,
In sunset lands by sunset seas,
The Young World's Premier treads the slope
Of sunset years in calm and peace.
"California's Greeting To Seward" by Francis Bret Harte

In news:

Racecar driver and television personality Justin Bell hot laps the Aston Martin V -12 Vantage at Willow Springs Raceway.
And for Merry-Go-Round, home is where the lap is.
It's time for your victory lap, South Sounders.
The Valenti Modified Racing Series will visit for the 100-lap feature race, led by points leaders Jon McKennedy and Rowan Pennink.
Yamaha rider Jorge Lorenzo sealed his second MotoGP title by cruising to a runner-up finish at the Australian Grand Prix on Sunday after Dani Pedrosa, his only challenger to the title, crashed out of contention on the second lap.
In-flight entertainment, items allowed on laps, other decisions left to pilots.
Greg Corey – Lap Steel.
Neel Jani, Andrea Belicchi and Nicolas Prost won the Petit Le Mans on Saturday, racing to a three-lap victory in the season-ending 1,000-mile event at Road Atlanta.
Tiffany Bugos/Special to Gold Country News ServiceTrevor Cristiani (90) dominated the Airport Auto Brokers Late Model Series main event Saturday night at All American Speedway until he was taken out in a crash on the 75th and final lap.
Is anyone really surprised, after all those laps.
Ford jobs on track, LAP can adjust to market demands.
Once a third shift starts in September, the 1300 additional workers will bring the LAP payroll to 4200 hourly employees.
Courtesy of Jeannie BroussalLincoln's Tony Hunt took the lead on lap 9 and went on to win the USAC Sprint Car 50-lap main event Saturday night at All American Speedway in Roseville.
Not to say he was wishing he had just strapped on his spikes for two quick laps around the track that encompasses Cobourn Field.
Two early caution periods in the first two laps saw some wild and wacky action at the Speedbowl.
***

In science:

After addressing possible observational or astrophysical caveats like galaxy bias and redshift uncertainties, we forecast in particular how well one can predict the lensing signal from a cosmic shear survey using an over-lapping galaxy survey.
A step towards testing general relativity using weak gravitational lensing and redshift surveys
They were lapped with specially selected low contamination polishing compound.
Review of double beta experiments
Because of the ubiquitousness of structure functions, the activities of the subgroup had significant and productive over lap with several other subgroups, and were focused in a number of different directions.
Structure Function Subgroup Summary
LAP) to reconstruct the tra jectories of the Local Group galaxies, and the assumption that the mass is concentrated around the galaxies.
Dark Matter and Structure Formation in the Universe
Although comparison with Ω = 1 N-body simulations showed that the LAP often succeeds in qualitatively reconstructing the tra jectories, the mass is systematically underestimated by a large factor by the LAP method (Branchini & Carlberg 1994).
Dark Matter and Structure Formation in the Universe
Shaya, Peebles, and Tully (1995) have recently attempted to apply the LAP to galaxies in the local supercluster, again getting low Ω0 .
Dark Matter and Structure Formation in the Universe
The LAP approach should be more reliable on this larger scale, but the method still must be calibrated on N-body simulations of both high- and low-Ω0 models before its biases can be quantified.
Dark Matter and Structure Formation in the Universe
The proof of the limiting absorption principle (LAP) and the rigorous and self-contained development of the plane wave scattering theory by periodic structures is also of interest for broad audience.
Modified Rayleigh Conjecture for scattering by periodic structures
If the Neumann boundary condition is imposed on SL, then, even in the absence of the obstacle D0, it is not known if LAP holds, because the proof of Lemma 2.2 is not valid for the Neumann boundary condition on SL .
Modified Rayleigh Conjecture for scattering by periodic structures
Price, Nonspherical Perturbations of Relativistic Gravitational Col laps. I.
The Cauchy Problem for the Wave Equation in the Schwarzschild Geometry
To each such map one can assign a shape ǫ ∈ {+, −} which describes whether f is increasing or decreasing on its first lap.
Monotonicity of entropy for real multimodal maps
Note that if T has touching plateaus, then it is constant on some lap(s) of S, and T is d-modal only in a degenerate sense.
Monotonicity of entropy for real multimodal maps
In this case, the semi-conjugate map will have slope ±3 and will have 5 laps, see Figure 10, and neither of J± is collapsed..
Monotonicity of entropy for real multimodal maps
The entropy of ˜T is still log 3, but by computing the growth of the lap number of ˜T it is not hard to show that ˜λ(J+ ) becomes a point and that ˜F will only have 3 laps (each with slope ±3).
Monotonicity of entropy for real multimodal maps
To make the analogy precise, consider a track of length L and let the F1 car do several laps along the circuit, always in the same way (braking on the same positions, accelerating on the same positions, etc.).
Comment on 'A one-way speed of light experiment'
***