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labor

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v labor undergo the efforts of childbirth
    • v labor strive and make an effort to reach a goal "She tugged for years to make a decent living","We have to push a little to make the deadline!","She is driving away at her doctoral thesis"
    • v labor work hard "She was digging away at her math homework","Lexicographers drudge all day long"
    • n labor productive work (especially physical work done for wages) "his labor did not require a great deal of skill"
    • n labor any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted "he prepared for great undertakings"
    • n Labor the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913
    • n labor a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages "there is a shortage of skilled labor in this field"
    • n Labor a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and formerly the socialization of key industries
    • n labor an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement
    • n labor concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child "she was in labor for six hours"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City
    • Labor A measure of land in Mexico and Texas, equivalent to an area of 1771/7 acres.
    • Labor (Mining) A stope or set of stopes.
    • Labor Any pang or distress.
    • Labor Intellectual exertion; mental effort; as, the labor of compiling a history.
    • Labor Physical toil or bodily exertion, especially when fatiguing, irksome, or unavoidable, in distinction from sportive exercise; hard, muscular effort directed to some useful end, as agriculture, manufactures, and like; servile toil; exertion; work. "God hath set Labor and rest, as day and night, to men
      Successive."
    • Labor That which requires hard work for its accomplishment; that which demands effort. "Being a labor of so great a difficulty, the exact performance thereof we may rather wish than look for."
    • Labor (Naut) The pitching or tossing of a vessel which results in the straining of timbers and rigging.
    • Labor To be in travail; to suffer the pangs of childbirth; to be in labor.
    • Labor To be oppressed with difficulties or disease; to do one's work under conditions which make it especially hard, wearisome; to move slowly, as against opposition, or under a burden; to be burdened; -- often with under, and formerly with of. "The stone that labors up the hill.""The line too labors, and the words move slow.""To cure the disorder under which he labored .""Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest."
    • Labor To belabor; to beat.
    • Labor To exert muscular strength; to exert one's strength with painful effort, particularly in servile occupations; to work; to toil. "Adam, well may we labor still to dress
      This garden."
    • Labor To exert one's powers of mind in the prosecution of any design; to strive; to take pains.
    • Labor To form or fabricate with toil, exertion, or care. "To labor arms for Troy."
    • Labor (Naut) To pitch or roll heavily, as a ship in a turbulent sea.
    • Labor To prosecute, or perfect, with effort; to urge strenuously; as, to labor a point or argument.
    • Labor To work at; to work; to till; to cultivate by toil. "The most excellent lands are lying fallow, or only labored by children."
    • Labor Travail; the pangs and efforts of childbirth. "The queen's in labor,
      They say, in great extremity; and feared
      She'll with the labor end."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Charles Dickens grew up in extreme poverty. At the age of 10, his father was sent to debtor's prison, his mother forced into menial labor, this brothers and sisters worked in factories, and Dickens himself had to tie and label sacks of lamp black. He would later draw on these experiences in his novels.
    • n labor Work done by a human being or an animal; exertion of body or mind, or both, for the accomplishment of an end; effort made to attain useful results, in distinction from exercise for the sake of recreation or amusement.
    • n labor Specifically, bodily toil; physical exertion for the sake of gain or reward; the use of muscular strength for the satisfaction of wants, in distinction from purely mental exertion and from the productive use of capital. Skilled labor is that employed in arts and handicrafts which have to be learned by apprenticeship or study and practice; unskilled labor is that requiring no preparatory training. Nearly all work of both classes is included in the phrase manual labor.
    • n labor Work done or to be done; that which requires exertion or effort; a work; a performance; an achievement: as, the twelve labors of Hercules.
    • n labor The laboring class; productive work as represented by those devoted to it: as, the claims or rights of labor; the labor -market.
    • n labor The pangs and efforts of childbirth; parturition; travail. The first stage of labor is from the beginning to the complete dilatation of the os uteri; the second stage consists in the expulsion of the child, and the third in that of the afterbirth.
    • n labor (Sp. pron. lä-bōr′ ). In the quicksilver-mines of California, any place where work has been or is going on; especially, in the plural, those parts of the mine from which ore is being extracted in some quantity; workings.
    • n labor Synonyms Toil, Drudgery, etc. (see work); effort, pains.
    • labor To make a physical or mental effort to accomplish some end; exert the powers of body or mind for the attainment of some result; work; strive. The word often implies painful or strenuous effort.
    • labor Specifically, to exert the muscular power of the body for the attainment of some end; engage in physical or manual toil.
    • labor To be burdened; be oppressed with difficulties; proceed or act with difficulty: used absolutely, or followed by under or (formerly) of.
    • labor To suffer the pangs of childbirth; be in travail.
    • labor To move forward heavily and with difficulty; specifically, of a ship, to roll and pitch heavily in a seaway, or in such a manner as to bring a dangerous strain upon the masts, rigging, and hull.
    • labor Synonyms To struggle, plod, drudge, slave, suffer.
    • labor To cause to work; exercise.
    • labor To work at; specifically, to till; cultivate.
    • labor To produce by labor; make or work out with effort; expend labor on; strive for.
    • labor To urge; labor with.
    • labor To beat; belabor.
    • n labor A Mexican land-measure, equal to 177 acres.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “Difficulties strengthen the mind, as labor does the body.”
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Jean%20Jacques%20Rousseau
    “Temperance and labor are the two real physicians of man.”
  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne
    Michel%20Eyquem%20De%20Montaigne
    “We only labor to stuff the memory, and leave the conscience and the understanding unfurnished and void.”
  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “Your labor only may be sold, your soul must not.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “Life gives nothing to man without labor.”
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley
    Percy%20Bysshe%20Shelley
    “There is no real wealth but the labor of man.”

Idioms

Labor of love - A labor of love is a project or task undertaking for the interest or pleasure in doing it rather than the reward, financial or otherwise.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. labour, OF. labour, laber, labur, F. labeur, L. labor,; cf. Gr. lamba`nein to take, Skr. labh, to get, seize

Usage

In literature:

Furthermore the country was new and labor scarce.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
It was a frequent complaint that these men were as effective as labor agents in urging negro laborers to go north.
"Negro Migration during the War" by Emmett J. Scott
Wherever there has been a development of labor industry calling for unskilled labor he has found a place.
"The Negro Farmer" by Carl Kelsey
This laboring day after day, during the specified number of years, constitutes the "hard labor" in the meaning of the court.
"The Prison Chaplaincy, And Its Experiences" by Hosea Quinby
The hygiene of pregnancy, labor and its sequels, is of the highest importance.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
Labor was despised, and a laborer was considered but little above a beast.
"The Ghosts" by Robert G. Ingersoll
As he labored, he wrote; and his discoveries and meditations all found lodgment in his sole confidant, his journal.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Those laborers are no good.
"Calumet 'K'" by Samuel Merwin
The laborer can live on less; and, if we can manufacture at less cost, we shall be all right again.
"Hope Mills" by Amanda M. Douglas
So I think in regard to laborers, were they trained to it.
"Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and by Experience in All Ages" by William Andrus Alcott
Factories were necessary to give the laborers a chance to labor.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
You could get labor laws enacted that would put forward the cause of labor.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
Twelve negro slaves responded to his nod; he had a large corps of bounded apprentices and dependant laborers.
"History of the Great American Fortunes, Vol. I" by Myers Gustavus
Teaching, of all kinds of labor, is that in which labor-saving and time-saving methods are of the greatest moment.
"In the School-Room" by John S. Hart
You have not labored in vain and you have the satisfaction of knowing that your good work will follow you.
"The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (Volume 2 of 2)" by Ida Husted Harper
He makes the net by mere labor, but he catches the fish by means of labor and the net.
"Essentials of Economic Theory" by John Bates Clark
Wage-labor rests exclusively on competition between the laborers.
"Manifesto of the Communist Party" by Karl Marx
You have, moreover, a number of warm friends who also command a host of laborers and mechanics.
"The Progressionists, and Angela." by Conrad von Bolanden
Child labor is exploited there, a matter which is now being dealt with by the National Child Labor Committee.
"The Modern Woman's Rights Movement" by Kaethe Schirmacher
The tired laborer's pipe fell to the floor.
"A Yankee from the West" by Opie Read
***

In poetry:

Labor with what zeal we will,
Something still remains undone,
Something uncompleted still
Waits the rising of the sun.
"Something Left Undone. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The Second)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
He shall do no labor; he never shall know
The touch of spur or rein;
Nor shall his back be ever crossed
By living rider again
"Miles Keogh's Horse" by John Hay
His labors,--will they ever cease,--
With hand and tongue and pen?
Shall wearied Nature ask release
At threescore years and ten?
"To James Freeman Clarke" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Can it be true that all my love,
Of which I so proudly boast,
Is drift-wood on the restless sea
And my task, "Love's labor lost?"
"Love's Labor Lost" by Frank Barbour Coffin
I would be a torch unto your hand,
A lamp upon your forehead, Labor,
In the wild darkness before the Dawn
That I shall never see…
"Dedication" by Lola Ridge
Let distant times and nations raise
The long succession of thy praise,
And unborn ages make my song
The joy and labor of their tongue.
"Psalm 145" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Dick Meister, former labor editor of the SF Chronicle and KQED-TV Newsroom, has covered labor and politics for a half-century.
Dick Meister, former labor editor of the SF Chronicle and KQED-TV Newsroom, has covered labor and politics for more than a half century.
Labor leaders and teachers are always looking for an effective film with which to introduce labor history.
MPR's Dan Kraker discusses the labor negotiations going into Labor Day weekend.
Serious labor rights abuses against foreign workers were common, and there were reported cases of trafficking for labor purposes.
View full size Thomas Boyd/The Oregonian Federal labor investigators stopped shipments of valuable blueberries while investigating labor practices at Oregon farms.
Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows an unmistakable decline in the Labor Force Participation Rate under President Obama.
The Labor Department said the jobless rate dropped over the month, to 8.1% from 8.3% in July, but that came as many people dropped out of the labor market.
Larry Itliong,a Filipino labor leader who played a pivotal role in the farm labor movement, continues to reside in history's shadows.
Larry Itliong was a Filipino labor leader whose pivotal role in the farm labor movement has gone largely unrecognized.
BURLINGAME – CTA President Barbara E Kerr issued this statement on the passing of California labor leader Miguel Contreras, the executive secretary-treasurer of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor.
Labor leaders on Sunday mourned the death and celebrated the life of Dennis O'Neil, a stalwart in the labor movement who was well known for his advocacy at the state Capitol.
Dick Meister, former labor editor of the SF Chronicle and KQED-TV Newsroom, has covered labor and politics for a half century.
City employee labor union sues city, claiming Broadnax's budget plan violates contracts, labor laws.
Considering how few legislative victories there have been for labor in the past two years and with a new Republican-dominated House of Representatives, things are looking grim for labor groups.
***

In science:

This notion of specialization diverges from easy quantification not only due to the ad hoc nature of measuring “specialized knowledge,” but also that specialization implies a division of labor of Wikipedian tasks, as discussed in section 3.4.
A Wikipedia Literature Review
Thomas W¨ohner and Ralf Peters (2009), “Assessing the quality of wikipedia articles with lifecycle based metrics,” in The Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Wikis and Open Col laboration.
A Wikipedia Literature Review
When UniTESK is applied for control subsystems of RTES, it is less labor intensive to measure the coverage of the source code of the model.
Model-Based Testing of Safety Critical Real-Time Control Logic Software
This reduces the time and labor required for testing.
Semi-Quantitative Group Testing: a General Paradigm with Applications in Genotyping
Yet each of these models labors under the assumption that the integration of processing necessarily goes hand in hand with the integration of the knowledge sources.
Having Your Cake and Eating It Too: Autonomy and Interaction in a Model of Sentence Processing
Rel  on only four of the twenty tasks; for the smallest data set (labor, with  cases), however, the trees produced by Rel  are substantially less accurate.
Improved Use of Continuous Attributes in C4.5
Single spin asymmetry in inclusive pion production p↑ + p → π0± + X measured by the E704 Col laboration and shown for two subregions of pT .
Summary of Physics Prospects for Polarized Nucleon-Nucleon Scattering at HERA-N
We found this an excellent way to summarize the event: it does not demand excessive labor from the authors, yet it provides a lot of useful information.
HadAtom99
The ALEPH col laboration has recently reported a result based on 1, 039 ± 33Do tag → K π events, not listed in the table to save space.
Charm Results on CP Violation and Mixing
With what frequency are apparently intractable problems difficult? Technical Report MIT/LCS/TM-126, MIT Laborator y for Computer Science, Cambridge, MA, 1979.
Computing Complete Graph Isomorphisms and Hamiltonian Cycles from Partial Ones
Taking the one-half the sum of the two forms we finally obtain, after much labor, Eq .
Classical Radiation of a Finite Number of Photons
From the above physical model and the corresponding results, we can get a more deeply understanding about the labor division.
Division of Labor as the Result of Phase Transition
In this paper, we focus on the formation of labor division.
Division of Labor as the Result of Phase Transition
Roughly speaking, an economic organizational pattern is said to involve the division of labor if it allocates the labor of different individuals to different activities.
Division of Labor as the Result of Phase Transition
Hence the specialization of individuals and the number of professional activities are two sides of division of labor.
Division of Labor as the Result of Phase Transition
***