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jury

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n jury a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
    • n jury a committee appointed to judge a competition
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A judge in Louisville decided a jury went "a little bit too far" in recommending a sentence of 5,005 years for a man who was convicted of five robberies and a kidnapping. The judge reduced the sentence to 1,001 years.
    • Jury (Law) A body of people, selected according to law, impaneled and sworn to inquire into and try any matter of fact, and to render their true verdict according to the evidence legally adduced. In criminal trials the number of such persons is usually twelve, but in civil cases and in grand juries it may different. See Grand jury under Grand, and Inquest. "The jury, passing on the prisoner's life."
    • Jury A committee for determining relative merit or awarding prizes at an exhibition or competition; as, the art jury gave him the first prize.
    • a Jury (Naut) For temporary use; -- applied to a temporary contrivance.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n jury A certain number of men selected according to law, and sworn to inquire into or to determine facts concerning a cause or an accusation submitted to them, and to declare the truth according to the evidence adduced. Trial by Jury signifies the determination of facts in the administration of civil or criminal justice by the arbitrament of such a body of men, subject to the superintendence of a judge, who directs the proceedings, decides what evidence is proper to be laid before the jury, and determines questions of law. The juries in the ordinary courts of justice are grand juries, petty or petit or common juries, special or struck juries, and sheriff's juries. Of these, the first and last are not trial juries in the proper sense. (See phrases below.) The principle of trial by jury existed in different forms among the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Germans; but it early fell into general disuse. The existing system gradually grew up under the English common law, from which it passed into American use, but has been only partially adopted in modern times by the nations of continental Europe.
    • n jury A body of men selected to adjudge prizes, etc., at a public exhibition or other competition. Often called jury of award.
    • n jury Same as trial jury.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Jury jōō′ri a body of not less than twelve men, selected and sworn, as prescribed by law, to declare the truth on evidence before them: a committee for deciding prizes at a public exhibition
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Fuller
    Thomas%20Fuller
    “A fox should not be of the jury at a goose's trial.”
  • H. L. Mencken
    H.%20L.%20Mencken
    “The penalty for laughing in a courtroom is six months in jail; if it were not for this penalty, the jury would never hear the evidence.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “The jury, passing on the prisoner's life, may have in the sworn twelve a thief or two guiltier than him they try.”
  • Herbert Spencer
    Herbert%20Spencer
    “A jury is composed of twelve men of average ignorance.”
  • Robert Frost
    Robert%20Frost
    “The jury consist of twelve persons chosen to decide who has the better lawyer.”
  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham%20Lincoln
    “A jury too often has at least one member more ready to hang the panel than to hang the traitor.”

Idioms

Judge, jury and executioner - If someone is said to be the judge, jury, and executioner, it means they are in charge of every decision made, and they have the power to be rid of whomever they choose.
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Jury's out - If the jury's out on an issue, then there is no general agreement or consensus on it.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. jurée, an assize, fr. jurer, to swear, L. jurare, jurari,; akin to jus, juris, right, law. See Just,(a.), and cf. Jurat Abjure
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. juré, sworn—jurer—L. jurāre, to swear.

Usage

In literature:

The Court of King's Bench quashed the verdict and tried the murderer before a jury.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
That's how a jury will argue.
"Crooked Trails and Straight" by William MacLeod Raine
Juries may differ in their judgments; but why not?
"G. K. Chesterton, A Critical Study" by Julius West
It's this sort of thing that impresses the jury.
"Woman on Her Own, False Gods & The Red Robe" by Eugène Brieux
The jury is still with us.
"The Cult of Incompetence" by Emile Faguet
You Gentlemen of the Jury, I pray you understand this.
"State Trials, Political and Social" by Various
The jury will no doubt appreciate the reason.
"Fantômas" by Pierre Souvestre
Immediately after the verdict, Miss Anthony, her counsel, her friends, and the jury, passed out together talking over the case.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume II"
Nor did any other member of that Congress propose the right of trial by jury in such cases.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
The release of the Jury had unloosed "The Greater Jury," which always now sits upon the smaller.
"The Big Bow Mystery" by I. Zangwill
We don't want any of them sitting on the jury.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
There was no jury, and the witnesses were warned in 'the most alarming terms' to conceal nothing that made against the accused.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
I don't want to give you false hopes, but I don't think any jury can convict you.
"The Macdermots of Ballycloran" by Anthony Trollope
Much depends upon the jury in such a case.
"Chit-Chat; Nirvana; The Searchlight" by Mathew Joseph Holt
David came up close to the jury and, as he addressed them, he seemed to be oblivious of the presence of any one else in the room.
"David Dunne" by Belle Kanaris Maniates
Why, the qualification for the Grand Jury is L40.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
Once a jury persisted in bringing in a verdict of manslaughter in place of murder.
"The Cariboo Trail" by Agnes C. Laut
He turned to the jury, glancing along either row of solemn faces, on both sides of the long table.
"The Heart of a Woman" by Emmuska Orczy, Baroness Orczy
It is probable that this trial was really the trial by jury, or was allowed as an appeal from a jury.
"An Essay on the Trial by Jury" by Lysander Spooner
A poor, bereaved old mother makes a bad impression on the jury.
"Landolin" by Berthold Auerbach
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In poetry:

The noble lord to her did say,
"Upon the earth you're judg'd this day,
But when all earthly things decay,
Ye must appear;
No jury there with you to sway,
And set you free.
"The Death Of Thomas Stoddart" by Susannah Hawkins
When the verdict was called for, the Jury declined,
As the word was so puzzling to spell;
But they ventured to hope that the Snark wouldn't mind
Undertaking that duty as well.
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
So the Snark found the verdict, although, as it owned,
It was spent with the toils of the day:
When it said the word "GUILTY!" the Jury all groaned,
And some of them fainted away.
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
"Transportation for lift" was the sentence it gave,
"And then to be fined forty pound."
The Jury all cheered, though the Judge said he feared
That the phrase was not legally sound.
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
Our jury they are a mighty mean crew,
Thay will look at a man as if thay would look him through;
The Judge he will prattle, all hell he don't fear,
He will bring you in guilty if you prove yourself clear.
"The Vicksburg Jail" by Anonymous Americas
Sarah Green, another witness, clear did to the jury note
How she saw this honest fellow seize his lady by the throat,
How he cursed her and abused her, beating her into a fit,
Till the pitying next-door neighbors crossed the wall and witnessed it.
"Damages, Two Hundred Pounds" by William Makepeace Thackeray

In news:

One of the co-defendant s in a Lewisburg assault case was found not guilty at the close of a jury trial lasting two and a half days.
Get jury system to come of age .
At the time, the commenter apparently was serving on the jury for that same trial.
Medical Malpractice – Compensable injury is jury issue in loss-of-kidney case.
Placer County Grand Jury Concealed Weapons Report.
The Placer county civil Grand Jury took up the question of the issuance of concealed weapons licenses or CCWs in the county.
"They think he's guilty," Zimmerman's attorney says the jury pool will believe.
A federal jury deemed al-Qaida conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui eligible for the death penalty Monday, saying his lies to FBI agents led to at least one death in the Sept 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
Robert Sciarrino/The Star-Ledger View of the defense table behind a pillar which obstructs the defense's view of the jury in Courtroom 2 at the Warren County Courthouse.
Federal grand jury hands down charges against the wine collector.
The chief executive of Goldman Sachs told a jury at an insider trading trial Wednesday that a former board member violated the company's confidentiality policies when he discussed board secrets with a then-billionaire hedge fund boss.
The woman as responsible as anybody for setting the case of the UC Davis %22sweethearts%22 killings on its path toward resolution told a Sacramento Superior Court jury Wednesday how she did it.
Jury venire had fair and reasonable community cross-section .
On the downside, two NYPD cops were cleared by a jury of rape, as a furious judge slammed them for getting naked with a drunken woman while on duty.
Sexual battery charge against JROTC head sent to grand jury.
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In science:

For the moment, the jury remains out until all new candidates from Massey & Holmes (2002) are spectroscopically observed.
Gemini observations of Wolf-Rayet Stars in the Local Group Starburst Galaxy IC10
Collection of articles in memory of Juri˘ı Vladimiroviˇc Linnik.
Correlation Testing for Affine Invariant Properties on $\mathbb{F}_p^n$ in the High Error Regime
Similarly to Condorcet’s Jury Theorem, we make the simplifying assumption that for each of the questions only one answer is correct.
How To Grade a Test Without Knowing the Answers --- A Bayesian Graphical Model for Adaptive Crowdsourcing and Aptitude Testing
However, once the instability occurs, the final outcome of dynamical evolution of planets will not be largely affected by the initial distribution of planets, as long as the total energy and the angular momentum do not differ much (e.g., Jurić & Tremaine 2008; Nagasawa et al. 2008).
Effects of Dynamical Evolution of Giant Planets on Survival of Terrestrial Planets
However, as emphasized by Jury et al., meaningful tests of scaling are best made not by looking at single data sets but by combining those of different parameter values.
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
Note that, unlike those of Refs. [6,7], all the data sets of Jury et al. do lie very close to our own (Fig.2 inset).
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
The latter could be partly due to finite size effects; to obtain enough data, Jury et al. included results up to L = Λ/2, whereas we reject all data with L > Λ/4.
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
We thank Craig Johnston, Simon Jury, David McComb, Patrick Warren and Julia Yeomans for valuable discussions.
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
Jacek Cicho´n, Andrzej Ros lanowski, Juris Stepr¯ans, and Bogdan W¸eglorz.
n-localization property
The same case is valid for the halo, especially the axis ratios for two fields are exactly equal, κ = 0.45, and close to the one of Juri ´c et al. (2005).
Estimation of Galactic model parameters with the SDSS and metallicity distribution in two fields in the anti-centre direction of the Galaxy
In addition to the work cited above, we adopted the procedure of Juri ´c et al. (2005) in order to remove the scattered point sources in the (r − i)0 − (g − r)0 diagram.
Estimation of Galactic model parameters with the SDSS and metallicity distribution in two fields in the anti-centre direction of the Galaxy
Comparison of our model parameters with the ones of Juri ´c et al. (2005) from which the scalelengths of the thin and thick discs were adopted shows both agreement and differences between two sets of data.
Estimation of Galactic model parameters with the SDSS and metallicity distribution in two fields in the anti-centre direction of the Galaxy
For example, Juri ´c et al. (2005) give κ ∼ 0.5 for the axis ratio of the halo which is almost equal to the value cited in our work.
Estimation of Galactic model parameters with the SDSS and metallicity distribution in two fields in the anti-centre direction of the Galaxy
The scaleheight of the thick disc cited by Juri ´c et al. (2005) reminded us the original value of Gilmore & Reid (1983), H =1-1.4 kpc, however it is rather different than the updated value (cf.
Estimation of Galactic model parameters with the SDSS and metallicity distribution in two fields in the anti-centre direction of the Galaxy
Juri ´c et al. (2005) giv e a local thick-to-thin disc normalization 4 per cent which is 0.25 and 0.40 times of the values cited in our work for the north and south fields respectively.
Estimation of Galactic model parameters with the SDSS and metallicity distribution in two fields in the anti-centre direction of the Galaxy
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