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instrument

Definitions

  • The boys play their 'instruments' in the band
    The boys play their 'instruments' in the band
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v instrument address a legal document to
    • v instrument write an instrumental score for
    • v instrument equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling
    • n instrument the means whereby some act is accomplished "my greed was the instrument of my destruction","science has given us new tools to fight disease"
    • n instrument a device that requires skill for proper use
    • n instrument any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or sounds
    • n instrument the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process
    • n instrument (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
    • n instrument a person used by another to gain an end
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A few items unearthed at Jamestown which were used by doctors and apothecaries. Included are drug jars, ointment pot, bleeding bowl, mortar and pestle fragments, glass vials, and portions of surgical instruments A few items unearthed at Jamestown which were used by doctors and apothecaries. Included are drug jars, ointment pot,...
Roberts-Mackensen bee insemination instrument, 1944 Roberts-Mackensen bee insemination instrument, 1944
Morse's pendulum instrument Morse's pendulum instrument
Electric cautery instrument Electric cautery instrument
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER
The First Telegraphic Instrument, as Exhibited in 1837 by Morse The First Telegraphic Instrument, as Exhibited in 1837 by Morse
Morse Making his own Instrument Morse Making his own Instrument
11. Italian harpsichord (1693): Full view of instrument in outer case 11. Italian harpsichord (1693): Full view of instrument in outer case

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The designated instrument for the city of Detroit is the accordion
    • Instrument A contrivance or implement, by which musical sounds are produced; as, a musical instrument . "Praise him with stringed instruments and organs.""But signs when songs and instruments he hears."
    • Instrument (Law) A writing, as the means of giving formal expression to some act; a writing expressive of some act, contract, process, as a deed, contract, writ, etc.
    • Instrument One who, or that which, is made a means, or is caused to serve a purpose; a medium, means, or agent; as, their army was primarily an instrument of oppression. "Or useful serving man and instrument,
      To any sovereign state."
      "The bold are but the instruments of the wise."
    • Instrument That by means of which any work is performed, or result is effected; a tool; a utensil; an implement; a device; as, the instruments of a mechanic; astronomical instruments. "All the lofty instruments of war."
    • Instrument To furnish or equip with instruments; to attach instruments to; as, the fighter planes were heavily instrumented; the patient was instrumented to monitor him remotely.
    • Instrument To perform upon an instrument; to prepare for an instrument; as, a sonata instrumented for orchestra.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Cat gut, used in tennis rackets and strings for musical instruments does not come from cats, but from sheep.
    • n instrument Something that serves as a means to the effecting of an end; anything that contributes to the production of an effect or the accomplishment of a purpose; a means; an agency.
    • n instrument Specifically Something used to produce a mechanical effect; a contrivance with which to perform mechanical work of any kind; a tool, implement, utensil, or machine.
    • n instrument Specifically In music, a mechanical contrivance or apparatus for producing musical sounds—that is, for setting up, either in a solid body or in a confined body of air, vibrations sufficiently rapid, regular, and definite to produce tones systematically related to one another. An instrument involves a vibration-producing agency, a vibratile body, usually a resonator of some kind, and various appliances for regulating the pitch, the force, the duration, and often the quality of the tones produced. Instruments may be grouped by reference to any one of these characteristics. Thus, with respect to the vibration-producing agency, they are— inflatile, blown by the breath, as a flute; by mechanically compressed air, as an organ or a concertina; or by the wind, as an æolian harp;
    • n instrument One who is used by another; a human tool.
    • n instrument In law, a writing given as the means of creating, securing, modifying, or terminating a right, or affording evidence, as a writing containing the terms of a contract, a deed of conveyance, a grant, a patent, an indenture, etc.
    • n instrument See the adjectives. Synonyms Implement, Utensil, etc. See tool.
    • instrument In music, to compose or arrange for instruments, especially for an orchestra; score.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The anemometer is an instrument which measures the force, velocity, or pressure of the wind.
    • n Instrument in′strōō-ment a tool or utensil: a machine producing musical sounds: a writing containing a contract: one who, or that which, is made a means
    • ***

Quotations

  • Heinrich Heine
    Heinrich%20Heine
    “Mark this well, you proud men of action! you are, after all, nothing but unconscious instruments of the men of thought.”
  • Samuel Lover
    Samuel Lover
    “Circumstances are the rulers of the weak; they are but the instruments of the wise.”
  • Washington Irving
    Washington%20Irving
    “The tongue is the only instrument that gets sharper with use.”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “The fibers of all things have their tension and are strained like the strings of an instrument.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “The intellect is not a serious thing, and never has been. It is an instrument on which one plays, that is all.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “Language is only the instrument of science, and words are but the signs of ideas.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. instrument, L. instrumentum,. See Instruct
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. instrumentuminstruĕre, to instruct.

Usage

In literature:

A tiny bell rang inside the dash, behind the instruments.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
First mention of this instrument in New England.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
But the imperfection of the modern instruments of Heuristic is quite unnecessary.
"Introduction to the Study of History" by Charles V. Langlois
The fast destroyer required a different instrument to the slow-moving trawler.
"Submarine Warfare of To-day" by Charles W. Domville-Fife
Minkiewicz again placed himself before the instrument and played, but with silent fingers.
"Melomaniacs" by James Huneker
An interior siren-call was on the instrument panel near him.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
The instrument was in working order.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
With the speed of thought the Xoranian flung his own body over to shield his fragile instruments.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science January 1931" by Various
Whenever the person in charge of the cow is convinced that gas has ceased to issue from the cannula the instrument should be removed.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
This is beginning at the end; this is making an instrument of a result.
"Émile" by Jean Jacques Rousseau
The scientist, who carried in his metal-belt, instead of a ray-tube a compact case of instruments, surveyed them as though in curiosity.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
Chet had no radio-news; no instrument had been installed in the shop; they had depended upon the one in Harkness' own ship.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
The greatest master of instrumental style in these early days was the Italian, Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757).
"Music: An Art and a Language" by Walter Raymond Spalding
I was glad you made her play so much, for having no instrument at her grandmother's, it must have been a real indulgence.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
Any one manufactured instrument begins its career as a maximum-rent instrument and ends it as a no-rent one.
"Essentials of Economic Theory" by John Bates Clark
The veto was one of the instruments that had been used to defend the people's rights .
"History of the Constitutions of Iowa" by Benjamin F. Shambaugh
With a sharp little instrument, carefully sterilized, Craig pricked a vein in the man's arm.
"The Social Gangster" by Arthur B. Reeve
Never for a moment did he forget the instrument.
"The Master's Violin" by Myrtle Reed
Mr Galpin has written an admirable book on old musical instruments.
"Springtime and Other Essays" by Francis Darwin
The magistrates went with the instruments of torture to the prisoner, who seemed the least resolved.
"Bartholomew Sastrow" by Bartholomew Sastrow
***

In poetry:

How shall his vengeance be done?
How, when his purpose is clear?
Must he come down from his throne?
Hath he no instruments here?
"God's Vengeance" by John Hay
O THOU of whom I am the instrument,
O secret Spirit and Nature housed in me,
Let all my mortal being now be blent
In Thy still glory of divinity.
"Surrender" by Aurobindo Ghose
Louisa, while thy pliant fingers trace
The solemn beauties of the prospect round,
Or, on thy instrument, with touching grace,
Awaken all the witcheries of sound:
"To Miss Rouse Boughton" by Matilda Betham
And vision, and feeling, and sound, and scent,
Were the strings of a sensitive instrument,
That silently, patiently, watched and waited,
And unto my soul reverberated.
"The Poet And The Muse" by Alfred Austin
But the Musician shook his head;
"No tale I tell to-night," he said,
"While my poor instrument lies there,
Even as a child with vacant stare
Lies in its little coffin dead."
"Tales Of A Wayside Inn : Part 3. Interlude VI. " by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Thus, in the bosom of some winding grove,
Where oft the pensive melodist retires,
From his sweet instrument, the note of love,
Charms the rapt ear, but, as it charms, expires.
"Lines _To The Memory Of Mrs. A.H. Holdsworth_," by Sir John Carr

In news:

A hookah is an instrument generally used for smoking flavored tobacco.
Astronomers use a variety of instruments to study the signature of the Big Bang.
The finding was made with a balloon-borne instrument over Antartica.
Understanding the operation of CCC instruments.
Other benefits of higher g-level CCC instruments.
Oregon physician Peter Goodwin used the law he was instrumental in creating to end his own life.
Douglas Ewart and one of his homemade instruments.
Variations of the instrument of Christ's death are rich in history and symbolism.
Chuck Sanna, Product Marketing Engineer, Texas Instruments.
It's a well-nigh perfect instrument: portable, cheap and low-tech, with no moving parts.
Spaceflight-compatible clinical laboratory instruments developed at the NASA Johnson Space Center.
He began playing musical instruments at the age of 5.
So, you're thinking of using light scattering instrumentation.
Available for Syncrolite Series 2 and Series 3 instruments.
Walter Trout leads a fierce but controlled instrumental attack on Lonely, our Pick of the Week from his 21st album, Blues for the Modern Daze, out today.
***

In science:

This effect cannot be removed by instrumental means but can only be reduced by observations at a high radio frequencies.
The Effelsberg Search for Pulsars in the Galactic Centre
Clearly, the details of the z-distribution cannot yet be quantified with precision, this will likely require new instrumentation (mm interferometers – e.g.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
The EPIC instruments are therefore ideally suited to investigate the absorbing matter in the dense cores of nearby galaxies by observing AGN behind the galaxies.
AGN in the XMM-Newton first-light image as probes for the interstellar medium in the LMC
The field was observed five times with the EPIC-PN instrument in January 2000 using different optical light blocking filters and slightly different pointing positions (Tab. 1).
AGN in the XMM-Newton first-light image as probes for the interstellar medium in the LMC
Gamma-ray luminosity versus spin-down luminosity for seven pulsars (filled dots) detected with the CGRO instruments.
Neutron Stars as Sources of High Energy Particles - the case of RPP
Natara jan; he was instrumental in my taking up this pro ject.
Monte Carlo: Basics
These measurements provide useful ‘control samples’ and may be used to estimate the instrument thermal noise from the data.
Observing the CMB with the AMiBA
In Fig. 3, the pedestal subtracted and gain equalized spectrum of a Tb Xray source measured for an FPIX0-instrumented detector is shown.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
This may be in part due to instrumental effects such as the charge losses near the pixel boundaries of the p-spray devices.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
The multiphot routine gives the magnitudes transformed to the standard system as well as instrumental magnitudes.
Determination of the Distance to M33 Based on the Tip of the Red Giant Branch and the Red Clump
It will be operated using the same instrumental peripheral environment as in the present work.
Experimental study of a proximity focusing Cherenkov counter prototype for the AMS experiment
All the squares were instrumented at the 1997 test beam, as well as the single fibers at the center of the squares, as indicated (the shaded squares are those instrumented at the BNL test ).
The CDF MiniPlug Calorimeters
The instrument has been modeled using the GEANT package and all the required instrument parameters (energy thresholds and resolution, spatial resolution, light-trigger efficiency etc .) have been measured independently, while the livetime fraction of the DAQ system is computed on-line.
The LXeGRIT Compton Telescope Prototype: Current Status and Future Prospects
This ensures that the instrumental spectral broadening is the same for the template stars and the galaxy spectrum, and we need not know the underlying instrumental line profile.
The central parsecs of Centaurus A: High Excitation Gas, a Molecular Disk, and the Mass of the Black Hole
The other fundamental benefit is the extremely low thermal background, particularly for a mid-infrared instrument, obtained with the instrument being placed at L2.
The Molecular Hydrogen Explorer H2EX
***