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inheritance

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n inheritance hereditary succession to a title or an office or property
    • n inheritance any attribute or immaterial possession that is inherited from ancestors "my only inheritance was my mother's blessing","the world's heritage of knowledge"
    • n inheritance (genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents
    • n inheritance that which is inherited; a title or property or estate that passes by law to the heir on the death of the owner
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Tibet there is actually a practice called 'polyandry' where many men, usually brothers, marry a single woman. This takes place so that only one set of children will inherit the land.
    • Inheritance A permanent or valuable possession or blessing, esp. one received by gift or without purchase; a benefaction. "To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away."
    • Inheritance (Law) A perpetual or continuing right which a man and his heirs have to an estate; an estate which a man has by descent as heir to another, or which he may transmit to another as his heir; an estate derived from an ancestor to an heir in course of law. "Men are not proprietors of what they have, merely for themselves; their children have a title to part of it which comes to be wholly theirs when death has put an end to their parents' use of it; and this we call inheritance ."
    • Inheritance Possession; ownership; acquisition. "The inheritance of their loves.""To you th' inheritance belongs by right
      Of brother's praise; to you eke 'longs his love."
    • Inheritance That which is or may be inherited; that which is derived by an heir from an ancestor or other person; a heritage; a possession which passes by descent. "When the man dies, let the inheritance Descend unto the daughter."
    • Inheritance The act or state of inheriting; as, the inheritance of an estate; the inheritance of mental or physical qualities.
    • Inheritance (Biol) Transmission and reception by animal or plant generation.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n inheritance The act of inheriting, in any sense of that word: as, the inheritance of property or of disease.
    • n inheritance In law, the estate cast upon the heir by law immediately on the death of the ancestor (Broom and Hadley); a legal right to real property not limited by years or the owner's life, so that it will pass by descent; an estate inuring to a person and his heirs; real estate. See estate of inheritance, under estate.
    • n inheritance That which is or may be inherited; the immovable property passing in a family by descent; in a more general sense, any property passing by death to those entitled to succeed; a patrimony; a heritage.
    • n inheritance A possession received by gift or without purchase; a permanent possession.
    • n inheritance Possession; ownership; acquisition.
    • n inheritance According to Galton's law of ancestral inheritance, the two parents contribute between them, on the average, one half of each inherited faculty, each of them contributing one quarter of it; the four grandparents contribute between them one quarter, or each of them one sixteenth; and so on.
    • n inheritance According to Pearson's law, the contribution of the grandparents and great-grandparents is greater than Galton's law calls for, and the difference increases rapidly for more remote generations. Parental characteristics are sometimes strongly hereditary, sometimes slightly or not at all so; and while Galton and Pearson assume that these differences will, on the average, balance each other, the facts of inheritance show that this is not the case, and that the statistical laws, while no doubt useful for statistical purposes, are compiled from data some of which are date of inheritance and some not, and that they are of little value to the breeder who deals with individuals, or to the student of inheritance who seeks to distinguish hereditary from non-hereditary characters. So far as a parent resembles collateral relatives, such as brothers, sisters, and cousins, the resemblances are often transmitted to descendants with nearly or quite four times the frequency which these laws require.
    • n inheritance Mendel's law of ancestral inheritance. In 1865 Gregor Johann Mendel (1822–84), an Austrian priest, published an account of experiments which he had undertaken for the purpose of determining the numerical value of parental characters in inheritance. Having obtained seed from the cross-breeding of two races or varieties of the garden pea which differed from each other in some one characteristic (for example, those with round and those with wrinkled seeds), he found that the cross-bred plants raised from these seeds manifested only one of the characteristics (roundness of seed, for example), which he called the dominant
    • n inheritance (D), to the total or almost total exclusion of the other (irregularity of seed, for example), which he called recessive
    • n inheritance (R). The second generation, produced from the crossbred plants which were allowed to fertilize themselves, instead of being uniform like their parents, broke into the two original forms in the average ratio of three dominants to one recessive. The recessives are themselves pure, and, if allowed to fertilize themselves, give rise to recessives only, for many generations. One third of the dominants are also pure, while the other two thirds produce descendants of which two thirds are dominants and one third pure recessives. Each successive generation consists of dominants and recessives in the ratio, for each 100, of 25 dominants of pure blood, 25 recessives of pure blood, and 50 dominants which produce descendants in the ratio of three dominants to one recessive. This result is expressed by Mendel in the formula, for each successive generation. 25 DD; 50 DR; 25 R; but it may also be expressed as x + 2xy + y and the result of cross-breeding with any number of characters conforms closely to the algebraical binomial theorem, or the expansion of (a + b + c + …. x). More recent study tends to show that Mendel's results hold good pretty generally, but by no means universally, in similar cases. Experiments and observations for the purpose of discovering the structural equivalent for the numerical law tend to support Mendel's opinion that there are, for two characters, four sorts of germ-cells in the reproductive organs of the cross-bred individuals—dominant ova, recessive ova, dominant male cells, and recessive male cells—and that, these are, on the average, equal in number, so that one quarter of the descendants are born from dominant ova fertilized by dominant male cells and are pure dominants; one quarter are born from recessive ova fertilized by recessive male cells, and are pure recessives; and one half are born from the union of an ovum of one sort with a male cell of the other sort, and are able to produce pure dominants, pure recessives, and cross-bred descendants in the original ratio.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Inheritance that which is or may be inherited: an estate derived from an ancestor: hereditary descent: natural gift: possession
    • ***

Quotations

  • James R. Adams
    James R. Adams
    “Advertising is the principal reason why the business person has come to inherit the earth.”
  • Isadora Duncan
    Isadora%20Duncan
    “The finest inheritance you can give to a child is to allow it to make its own way, completely on its own feet.”
  • Abram Sacher
    Abram Sacher
    “We have inherited new difficulties because we have inherited more privileges.”
  • Native American Proverb
    Native American Proverb
    “We do not inherit the land from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “We have inherited the past; we can create the future.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “Heaven will be inherited by every man who has heaven in his soul.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. OF. enheritance,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. enhériter—Low L. hereditāre, to inherit—L. in, in, heres, an heir.

Usage

In literature:

The grandmother and mother have robbed the son, and kept him out of his rightful inheritance.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. XII. (of XII.)" by Edmund Burke
Inheritance and adaptation, says Haeckel, are sufficient to account for all the variety of animal and vegetable forms on the earth.
"The Breath of Life" by John Burroughs
Let me begin with that part of my ideal which has been inherited from Diana.
"Modern Eloquence: Vol III, After-Dinner Speeches P-Z" by Various
Our inheritance comes from all of them and from each of them.
"The Science of Human Nature" by William Henry Pyle
None the less, the Hebrew God is a Transcendent God and Christianity inherits from that.
"Modern Religious Cults and Movements" by Gaius Glenn Atkins
They are physically brave, for it is the inheritance of all who live in mountains.
"Sergeant York And His People" by Sam Cowan
This would be throwing away our social inheritance and returning to barbarism.
"How to Live" by Irving Fisher and Eugene Fisk
In 1874 he inherited the family estates.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
He is suggestible, and here are the suggestions; he is made to inherit and he inherits.
"The Story of the Mind" by James Mark Baldwin
Sometimes they were allowed to inherit movable property of a certain sort, probably largely the result of their own handiwork.
"Woman's Work in Music" by Arthur Elson
The Inherited Family Order Demands New Social Adjustments.
"The Family and it's Members" by Anna Garlin Spencer
All inherited defects are regrettable, but practically no one is free from them in some minor form.
"The Good Housekeeping Marriage Book" by Various
Certainly from somewhere Sir John had inherited an imagination which was not insular.
"The Best Short Stories of 1917" by Various
The son appears to have inherited the spirit of his father.
"History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia" by Charles Campbell
There is such a thing as an inheritance of moral weakness or perversity which passes to men without their fault and without their knowledge.
"St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, Vol. I" by Charles Gore
No portion had been entailed within the memory of man, and the whole had very frequently descended simply by inheritance.
"Trevethlan: Volume 1" by William Davy Watson
He knew mining by instinct and inheritance from his father.
"Comrades" by Thomas Dixon
A tax on inheritance, graduated according to the size of the inheritance and the degree of kinship.
"Socialism and Democracy in Europe" by Samuel P. Orth
You're my partner and my son, and you'll inherit the business.
"Three Plays by Granville-Barker" by Harley Granville-Barker
I rejoice not that my son has taken thine inheritance.
"The Orange Girl" by Walter Besant
***

In poetry:

In thee, Jesus, Godhead-stored,
All things we inherit,
For thou art the very Word
And the very Spirit!
"The Word of God" by George MacDonald
Heavenwards, Homewards! till they win
That blest inheritance, wherein
Is no more sorrow, no more sin.
"Lententide. A Meditation" by Samuel John Stone
Is it Man alone who merits
Immortality or death?
Each created thing inherits
Equal air and common breath.
"Legend Of The Canadian Robin" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
She is not dead, her spirit,
Too pure to dwell with clay,
Has gone up to inherit
The realms of endless day.
"On The Death Of Miss Eleanora Henderson" by David John Scott
Then let his pride advance,
And boast of all his store;
The Lord is my inheritance,
My soul can wish no more.
"Psalm 17" by Isaac Watts
An ample stock of beauty we
Inherited, you'd own;
But then the looker-on might see--
That stock was her's alone.
"Mutation" by William Hutton

In news:

Mitt Romney defended Bush in 2004 over inherited dicey economy.
In 1952, Ella Suydam inherited the house from her mother, and lived there another 37 years with her sister Anna, who died in 1987.
I lost my inheritance to the doomsday prophet.
To the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
Comely, independent, willful young lass returns to collect family inheritance in rural England, drives the local men wild, makes several misalliances, and inadvertently precipitates a catastrophe before nature finally takes its course.
SCIENTISTS have linked a gene to an inherited heart disorder that kills young and otherwise robust people without warning.
Edwards in July in a deal valued at $1.7 billion, inherited the seven-year-old Quest user group, but has backed out of the Quest Midwest Conference.
Gay partners have right to inheritance.
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University say they have perfected a new gene therapy that could block the transmission of many inherited diseases from mother to child.
In Australia's rural west, Miranda Fox, the old maid daughter of a miserly millionaire, goes to battle with her siblings after being cheated out of her father's inheritance.
Leaving an inheritance far more complicated than many assume .
Already, he's begun the process, installing his dribble drive motion offense, while evaluating the players he inherits from Billy Gillispie.
Author offers advice about inherited wealth.
Different takes on inheritance tax.
President Obama has said from day one that he inherited a bad situation created by the former administration.
***

In science:

This partitioning is prescribed there in such a way that our (free) choice of an overall normalization coefficient entering the right eigenstate |En, σi is unambiguously inherited by its single-channel components |ϕn i via eq. (33).
Coupled-channel version of PT-symmetric square well
By the cell decomposition theorem K contains an open subset V ⊂ K (in the topology inherited from G) definably homeomorphic to an open subset of M m (take a cell of dimension m in the intersection of K with a local chart of G).
Zero-groups and maximal tori
If the spacetime (V, γ ) is symmetric, so that a compact Lie group acts on V by isometries, then CMC hypersurfaces in V inherit the symmetry.
Geometric Analysis and General Relativity
The homology of an S-filtered chain complex inherits a natural Zℓ filtration.
Holomorphic disks and link invariants
We consider this ξ ’s as new random variables on E whose independence is inherited from the product structure of µ.
Transient random walks on 2d-oriented lattices
Consider e.g. µ to be a (shift-invariant) Markovian measure on [0, 1]Z whose correlations are inherited from the shift via (2.2), with a stationary distribution π .
Transient random walks on 2d-oriented lattices
One of the interesting aspects of topos theory is that the ob jects in a topos can inherit structure from the ob jects in the category which is its site.
Categorical Geometry and the Mathematical Foundations of Quantum General Relativity
Ob jects in this topos inherit a notion of differential and integral calculus.
Categorical Geometry and the Mathematical Foundations of Quantum General Relativity
In subsection 4.2 it is proven that the 2-calibrated foliations that inherit any two regular fibers of the pencil are related by a sequence of generalized Dehn surgeries.
A higher dimensional generalization of taut foliations
This surgery construction can be extended to regular Poisson manifolds, where the submanifold we glue along is of codimension two and inherits (i) the same Poisson structure with compact symplectic leaves from both embeddings and (ii) opposite normal bundles (see for definitions and results).
A higher dimensional generalization of taut foliations
The boundary component M L inherits a canonical structure of 2-calibrated foliation equivalent to the one coming from proposition 2.
A higher dimensional generalization of taut foliations
The hypersurface inherits a cosymplectic structure (H, α, ω ), where α is the closed 1-form iY Ω|H and ω := Ω|H : the annihilator of Y w.r.t. Ω integrates into a codimension one foliation D of P, which is by construction transversal to H .
A higher dimensional generalization of taut foliations
Therefore H1,r (resp. H µL is transversal to H1,r (resp. H µL r ) inherits a cosymplectic structure.
A higher dimensional generalization of taut foliations
One can hope that some property of Ln,1 are inherited from Ln .
Extension of Bernstein Polynomials to Infinite Dimensional Case
Time reversal symmetry is a symmetry that should be inherited from the microscopic time reversal symmetry of purely Hamiltonian dynamics.
A fluctuation theorem in a random environment
***