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inferior

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj inferior falling short of some prescribed norm "substandard housing"
    • adj inferior of or characteristic of low rank or importance
    • adj inferior of low or inferior quality
    • adj inferior having an orbit between the sun and the Earth's orbit "Mercury and Venus are inferior planets"
    • adj inferior written or printed below and to one side of another character
    • adj inferior lower than a given reference point "inferior alveolar artery"
    • n inferior a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or slightly below and to the side of another character
    • n inferior one of lesser rank or station or quality
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Inferior A person lower in station, rank, intellect, etc., than another. "A great person gets more by obliging his inferior than by disdaining him."
    • Inferior (Astron) Below the horizon; as, the inferior part of a meridian.
    • Inferior (Min) Junior or subordinate in rank; as, an inferior officer.
    • Inferior Lower in place, rank, value, excellence, etc.; less important or valuable; subordinate; underneath; beneath. "A thousand inferior and particular propositions.""The body, or, as some love to call it, our inferior nature.""Whether they are equal or inferior to my other poems, an author is the most improper judge."
    • Inferior (Astron) Nearer the sun than the earth is; as, the inferior or interior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus.
    • Inferior (Bot) On the side of a flower which is next the bract; anterior.
    • Inferior Poor or mediocre; as, an inferior quality of goods.
    • Inferior (Bot) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • inferior Lower in space; situated below or in a lower position; subjacent: as, the inferior maxillary bone; the inferior limb of the moon.
    • inferior Lower in grade or in any scale of reckoning; less important or valuable; of smaller consideration; subordinate: as, goods of inferior quality; a man of inferior rank.
    • inferior In botany, growing below some other organ. An inferior calyx is one that is inserted below the ovary, or free; an inferior ovary is one with adnate or superior calyx. Compare superior.
    • inferior In astronomy: Situated or occurring between the earth and the sun: as, the inferior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury and Venus.
    • inferior Lying below the horizon: as, the inferior part of a meridian.
    • inferior In music, lower in pitch.
    • inferior In entomology, pertaining to the lower or ventral surface of an insect; below; nearer the ventral surface than other parts.
    • inferior In printing, occupying the lower part of the shank of the type; standing below other type in the same line: as, the inferior figures used in chemical notation.
    • inferior A court the proceedings or determinations of which are subject to the supervision or review of another court, of general jurisdiction, of the same state. Few phrases in law are more indeterminate than this. It is a well-settled maxim that jurisdiction is presumed in favor of the proceedings of superior, but not those of inferior, courts. The rule originated in England, where the courts of Chancery, Queen's (or King's) Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer, all having an ancient common-law existence, and general, though not identical, jurisdiction, were known as the superior courts; and the distinction between them and inferior courts of special or limited jurisdiction was clear. In American law the term is variously used, without an exact meaning, except as afforded by the context.
    • n inferior A person who ranks below another; one who holds a lower place; a subordinate: as, an inferior in qualifications or experience; the inferiors in a great household.
    • inferior In anatomy, lying on the ventral side of the body; farther from the dorsal line, or back, than some other organ or part of an organ.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Inferior in-fē′ri-ur lower in any respect: subordinate: secondary
    • n Inferior one lower in rank or station: one younger than another
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Butler Yeats
    William%20Butler%20Yeats
    “I think you can leave the arts, superior or inferior, to the conscience of mankind.”
  • Lord Chesterfield
    Lord%20Chesterfield
    “Most people enjoy the inferiority of their best friends.”
  • William M. Thackeray
    William%20M.%20Thackeray
    “There is no good in living in a society where you are merely the equal of everybody else. The true pleasure of life is to live with your inferiors.”
  • Lord Chesterfield
    Lord%20Chesterfield
    “Inferiority is what you enjoy in your best friends.”
  • Jose Ortega Y Gasset
    Jose%20Ortega%20Y%20Gasset
    “Rancor is an outpouring of a feeling of inferiority.”
  • Jean De La Fontaine
    Jean%20De%20La%20Fontaine
    “One often has need of one, inferior to himself.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., compar. of inferus, that is below, underneath, the lower; akin to E. under,: cf. F. inférieur,. See Under

Usage

In literature:

The sense of inferiority was branded upon her.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
The coverings of the head and the feet are important and should by no means be inferior to the rest of your apparel.
"How To Behave: A Pocket Manual Of Republican Etiquette, And Guide To Correct Personal Habits" by Samuel R Wells
Inferior to white pine or spruce, yet often mixed and sold with these species in the lumber market.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
Nor need we want examples, among the inferior creatures, of dissoluteness, as well as resoluteness, in government.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
To San Agustin is attached the once eminent but now very inferior college of San Ildefonso.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
The inferior extremities, quite to the groins, were oedematous.
"Cases of Organic Diseases of the Heart" by John Collins Warren
Now that I am myself, it is my ambition to be known, if it is not too presumptuous to say so, as Thomas the Inferior.
"The Old Tobacco Shop" by William Bowen
This restriction was an attempt to reduce the amount of inferior tobacco at harvest time.
"Tobacco in Colonial Virginia" by Melvin Herndon
In respect of total population it is inferior to Soerabaia, the eastern capital, which has 140,000 inhabitants.
"A Visit to Java" by W. Basil Worsfold
Why don't you say inferiors, at once?
"Woman on Her Own, False Gods & The Red Robe" by Eugène Brieux
Two townships of land, (46,080 acres,) though of inferior quality, have been given to the Ohio University.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
The "other" or "uncertain" authors, though interesting enough for purposes of literary comparison, are very inferior to Wyatt and Surrey.
"A History of English Literature" by George Saintsbury
Accordingly, the great mass of mankind are raised but little above inferior animals.
"Popular Education" by Ira Mayhew
He meant to say inferiors, but the aspect of the Perpetual Curate checked him.
"The Perpetual Curate" by Mrs [Margaret] Oliphant
The papers read by the women, in style and argument, were in no way inferior to those of the men present.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume I"
And what conclusion, after all, can be drawn from mere inferiority?
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
It is because the greater good is effected; not only to man but to the inferior animals themselves.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Truly we credit Nature with an absurd blunder do we accept this inferiority of the female half of life.
"The Truth About Woman" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
The wages of the producer of the inferior article are somewhat better.
"Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern" by Rosa Belle Holt
The inferior, or lower ribs, are, however, very flat.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
***

In poetry:

We know there's much to be forgiven—
Our meaner thoughts of earthly birth;
We know we cannot hope for heaven
In these inferior realms of earth.
"Forgive, as we hope to be forgiven" by John Bowring
The years rolled by, yet Jehan rested not,
Tho' hope, so long delayed, engendered gloom,
Content to live himself in any cot;
But no inferior hand must touch her tomb.
"The Taj Of Agra" by Joseph Horatio Chant
"Good-night, old Turnip-top, good-night!
When I am gone, perhaps
They'll send you some inferior Sprite,
Who'll keep you in a constant fright
And spoil your soundest naps.
"Phantasmagoria Canto VI ( Dyscomfyture )" by Lewis Carroll
There see a noted river rise,
Swelled by continual supplies
From far inferior streams:
In Piedmont it has its source, The Adriatic ends its course,
And with fresh beauty beams.
"Enigma XLIX." by Elizabeth Hitchener
"Much less mean we to trace
The fortune of inferior gems,
Preferred to some proud face,
Or perched upon feared diadems:
Crowned heads are toys. We go to meet
A worthy object, our Lord's feet."
"Saint Mar Magdelene; or, The Weeper" by Richard Crashaw
Or, if from these you fear to quote,
Take authors of inferior note:
This plan, well-manag'd, snug you lie--
To find you out is vain to try.
No more can they your authors mark
Than find a needle in the dark.
"Receipt To Make A Priest" by William Hutton

In news:

Critics of Merlot often say that California Merlots in particular are not very good, and that even many French Merlots are inferior, especially when compared to Cabernet.
Montevideo may be overshadowed by its flashier neighbors, Punta del Este and Buenos Aires, but Uruguay's capital does not suffer from an inferiority complex.
But really, it's been a week since Tom Golisano unveiled his Web site and he still, apparently, thinks government employees need to comfort private sector workers about their inferior wages.
LAS VEGAS – You could get an inferiority complex about the televisions and appliances you own after attending this week's International Consumer Electronics Show.
The property owner at 9041 State Highway 7 in St Bonifacius will tell you that PVC is inferior to copper when it comes to a water service line.
Retrievable inferior vena cava filters.
Five years ago, Robert Watson urged leaders at Florida Atlantic University to help the school shed its inferiority complex by seeking the national spotlight that comes with hosting a presidential primary debate.
Player's degree of desirability scale, a Sunday 1 pm home game against a seemingly inferior opponent ought to be something close to the pinnacle.
"The Citizens product is an inferior product by design," Barry Gilway said at the Florida Chamber of Commerce Insurance Summit in Orlando.
The Taleban says Kiwi troops are easier targets than other Coalition forces because of their inferior weaponry.
Retrievable inferior vena cava filters.
Apple 's maps application proved to be far inferior to Google's, turning what was supposed to be a setback for Google into a vindication.
Apple 's maps application proved to be far inferior to Google's turning what was supposed to be a setback for Google into a vindication.
Apple 's maps proved to be far inferior to Google's.
" "IFS stands for 'inferior front suspension.
***

In science:

Thermal rectification is a phenomenon that the heat flux runs preferentially along one direction and inferiorly along the opposite direction[1–14].
Heat conduction in graphene flakes with inhomogeneous mass interface
Figure 3.14: The figure displays scalp plots for the LDA and sLDA solutions for the sub ject whose improvement was most inferior using sLDA (sub ject no.71).
Two Projection Pursuit Algorithms for Machine Learning under Non-Stationarity
This suggests that the evaluation of social intelligence could possibly be performed against other agents of inferior degree of intelligence.
On the influence of intelligence in (social) intelligence testing environments
Table 1 shows that the ATV test outperforms the KS and CvM tests in the case of complex pairing, while Table 2 confirms that the ATV test is inferior in case of the commonly used pairings of Figure 1.
An asymptotic total variation test for copulas
Combining Tables 1 and 2, we see that, for the t-distribution with 3 degrees of freedom, Brown’s statistic is much more efficient than Noether’s statistic but has only slightly inferior design sensitivity, so Brown’s statistic could have higher power for quite large I .
An exact adaptive test with superior design sensitivity in an observational study of treatments for ovarian cancer
Specifically, from the location of the inner edge of the planetary semi-major distribution one can infer a inferior limit for the dissipation factor.
Effect of the stellar spin history on the tidal evolution of close-in planets
Measures which summarise the profile of the curve, such as the maximum first derivative approximation, are strongly correlated with the readings at 90 hours and so provide similar, but inferior, measures of the total rfu increase.
Optimal diagnostic tests for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease based on support vector machine classification of RT-QuIC data
To be sure, the user of the blinded non-inferiority reestimation does not get to see the realized value of ¯x11 − ¯x12, but nevertheless it has the described impact on the modified sample size n2 .
Some Notes on Blinded Sample Size Re-Estimation
Accounting exhaustively for the variety of a natural language in a grammar is likely to fail for the purposes of analysing running text; therefore the grammarbased approach will be inferior [Sampson,  a]. .
Three studies of grammar-based surface-syntactic parsing of unrestricted English text. A summary and orientation
This figures imply a disk heating only slightly inferior to what was found by Quinn et al (1993), and completely within the variations expected from the nature of the satellite (dense or diffuse).
Tidally-triggered disk thickening. II. Results and interpretations
The spirals rotate at a speed that is slightly inferior to the rotational velocity of the turntable.
Optical Tests of a 2.5-m diameter Liquid Mirror: Behavior under External Perturbations and Scattered Light Measurements
However, we stress once again that this profile provides a fit to the data that is inferior to that of a King or Hubble profile (see also paper VII).
The Fundamental Plane of clusters of galaxies
Especially the last three advantages can cause a mediumband survey to reach even deeper than a broad-band survey in terms of classification and redshift estimation, althoug h its nominal flux detection limits might have suggested inferior performance to the intuitive judgement.
Object Classification in Astronomical Multi-Color Surveys
Let us denote by E an intrinsic energy scale of the system and introduce N> and N< as the number of modes with energy superior or inferior of E .
Projection method for rapid ab initio calculations of metals
In many respects for observatories, the surface of the Moon is substantially inferior to free space – in low Earth orbit (LEO), Sun-Earth L2 (EL2), or elsewhere.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
***