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heavy

Definitions

  • the Heavy Infantry of The Princes Of SiÛt, Armed With Lance and Buckler
    the Heavy Infantry of The Princes Of SiÛt, Armed With Lance and Buckler
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj heavy in an advanced stage of pregnancy "was big with child","was great with child"
    • adj heavy darkened by clouds "a heavy sky"
    • adj heavy (used of soil) compact and fine-grained "the clayey soil was heavy and easily saturated"
    • adj heavy (of sleep) deep and complete "a heavy sleep","fell into a profound sleep","a sound sleeper","deep wakeless sleep"
    • adj heavy lacking lightness or liveliness "heavy humor","a leaden conversation"
    • adj heavy characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort "worked their arduous way up the mining valley","a grueling campaign","hard labor","heavy work","heavy going","spent many laborious hours on the project","set a punishing pace"
    • adj heavy requiring or showing effort "heavy breathing","the subject made for labored reading"
    • adj heavy usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it
    • adj heavy full of; bearing great weight "trees heavy with fruit","vines weighed down with grapes"
    • adj heavy sharply inclined "a heavy grade"
    • adj heavy dense or inadequately leavened and hence likely to cause distress in the alimentary canal "a heavy pudding"
    • adj heavy of comparatively great physical weight or density "a heavy load","lead is a heavy metal","heavy mahogany furniture"
    • adj heavy large and powerful; especially designed for heavy loads or rough work "a heavy truck","heavy machinery"
    • adj heavy marked by great psychological weight; weighted down especially with sadness or troubles or weariness "a heavy heart","a heavy schedule","heavy news","a heavy silence","heavy eyelids"
    • adj heavy unusually great in degree or quantity or number "heavy taxes","a heavy fine","heavy casualties","heavy losses","heavy rain","heavy traffic"
    • adj heavy (physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with greater than average atomic mass or weight "heavy hydrogen","heavy water"
    • adj heavy of great intensity or power or force "a heavy blow","the fighting was heavy","heavy seas"
    • adj heavy slow and laborious because of weight "the heavy tread of tired troops","moved with a lumbering sag-bellied trot","ponderous prehistoric beasts","a ponderous yawn"
    • adj heavy of the military or industry; using (or being) the heaviest and most powerful armaments or weapons or equipment "heavy artillery","heavy infantry","a heavy cruiser","heavy guns","heavy industry involves large-scale production of basic products (such as steel) used by other industries"
    • adj heavy of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious thought "grave responsibilities","faced a grave decision in a time of crisis","a grievous fault","heavy matters of state","the weighty matters to be discussed at the peace conference"
    • adj heavy given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors "a hard drinker"
    • adj heavy full and loud and deep "heavy sounds","a herald chosen for his sonorous voice"
    • adj heavy prodigious "big spender","big eater","heavy investor"
    • adj heavy made of fabric having considerable thickness "a heavy coat"
    • adj heavy of relatively large extent and density "a heavy line"
    • adj heavy permitting little if any light to pass through because of denseness of matter "dense smoke","heavy fog","impenetrable gloom"
    • adj heavy (of an actor or role) being or playing the villain "Iago is the heavy role in `Othello'"
    • adv heavy slowly as if burdened by much weight "time hung heavy on their hands"
    • n heavy a serious (or tragic) role in a play
    • n heavy an actor who plays villainous roles
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

HEAVY GOLD PINS HEAVY GOLD PINS
Si's Load Begins to Get Heavy 023 Si's Load Begins to Get Heavy 023
A Jamestown sentry on duty shouldering his heavy matchlock musket. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) A Jamestown sentry on duty shouldering his heavy matchlock musket. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
REVERENTLY SHE LAID THE HEAVY CALF-BOUND VOLUME ACROSS HER KNEES REVERENTLY SHE LAID THE HEAVY CALF-BOUND VOLUME ACROSS HER KNEES
"A SWIFT, HEAVY CAR WAS PLUNGING TOWARD THE OPEN DOOR." "A SWIFT, HEAVY CAR WAS PLUNGING TOWARD THE OPEN DOOR."
The elephant carries a heavy barrel The elephant carries a heavy barrel
Heavy French frigate of 1780 Heavy French frigate of 1780
He felt the net very heavy; and lifted it out quickly, with Tom all entangled in the meshes He felt the net very heavy; and lifted it out quickly, with Tom all entangled in the meshes

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1947, heavy snow blanketed the Northeast, burying New York City under 25.8 inches of snow in 16 hours; the severe weather was blamed for some 80 deaths.
    • Heavy Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the sky.
    • Heavy Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other liquors.
    • a Heavy Having the heaves.
    • Heavy Heaved or lifted with labor; not light; weighty; ponderous; as, a heavy stone; hence, sometimes, large in extent, quantity, or effects; as, a heavy fall of rain or snow; a heavy failure; heavy business transactions, etc.; often implying strength; as, a heavy barrier; also, difficult to move; as, a heavy draught.
    • adv Heavy Heavily; -- sometimes used in composition; as, heavy-laden.
    • Heavy Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey; -- said of earth; as, a heavy road, soil, and the like.
    • Heavy Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with care, grief, pain, disappointment. "The heavy sorrowing] nobles all in council were.""A light wife doth make a heavy husband."
    • Heavy Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder. "But, hark! that heavy sound breaks in once more."
    • Heavy Not agreeable to, or suitable for, the stomach; not easily digested; -- said of food.
    • Heavy Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive; hard to endure or accomplish; hence, grievous, afflictive; as, heavy yokes, expenses, undertakings, trials, news, etc. "The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod.""The king himself hath a heavy reckoning to make.""Sent hither to impart the heavy news.""Trust him not in matter of heavy consequence."
    • Heavy Not raised or made light; as, heavy bread.
    • Heavy Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid; as, a heavy gait, looks, manners, style, and the like; a heavy writer or book. "Whilst the heavy plowman snores.""Of a heavy, dull, degenerate mind.""Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it can not hear."
    • Heavy Strong; violent; forcible; as, a heavy sea, storm, cannonade, and the like.
    • v. t Heavy To make heavy.
    • Heavy With child; pregnant.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The heavy tea tax imposed on the colonies in 1773, which caused the "Boston Tea Party," resulted in America switching from tea to coffee. Drinking coffee was an expression of freedom.
    • heavy Hard to heave or lift; having much weight or gravity; ponderous: as, a heavy load.
    • heavy Having much weight in proportion to bulk; dense in substance or texture; of high specific gravity, absolutely or relatively: as, the heavy metals; a heavy silk or paper; water is heavier than oil.
    • heavy Of great volume, force, intensity, etc.; of unusual amount or bulk: used of things: as, a heavy fall of rain; a heavy sea; heavy sleep; a heavy meal; a heavy order for goods.
    • heavy Acting, operating, or affected in a large way; doing or suffering something to a great extent or amount: used of persons: as, a heavy dealer in stocks; a heavy buyer.
    • heavy Exceptionally dense in substance or quality, as a fluid; specifically, not properly raised or leavened, as bread; having much body or strength, as wine or beer; thick or viscid, as an oil; loaded with moisture or vapors, as the air; oppressive or producing languor, as an odor.
    • heavy Having comparatively much breadth or thickness; coarse; thick: as, a heavy line in drawing; a heavy scar.
    • heavy Lacking lightness or brightness; without cheerfulness or interest; dull, stupid, weari-some, or depressing: as, a heavy countenance; a heavy book or style.
    • heavy Dull or sluggish; without animation, activity, or briskness of movement: as, a heavy gait; a heavy market.
    • heavy Obstructive; clogging or hindering passage or progress: as, a heavy road or track; heavy soil; his debts are a heavy drag upon him.
    • heavy Weighed or bowed down as with a burden; oppressed, physically or mentally: as, eyes heavy with sleep; a heavy heart.
    • heavy Hard to bear or endure; burdensome; oppressive; afflicting; severe: as, a heavy pain; a heavy reckoning; heavy penalties.
    • heavy Difficult of accomplishment; hard to do or perform; hard to fulfil or discharge: as, a heavy task or undertaking.
    • heavy Sober; serious; relating or pertaining to the representation of didactic or somber parts: as, the heavy father; the heavy villain; the piece has much heavy business.
    • heavy Milit., same as heavy-armed: as, heavy cavalry (meaning cuirassiers and the like).
    • heavy Theat., those who play heavy parts. See def. 12. People who are heavy.
    • heavy To make heavy; grieve.
    • heavy To become heavy or sad.
    • heavy Having the disease called heaves: as, a heavy horse.
    • n heavy The heavy part in a theatrical representation in which the dignity and self-importance of successful middle life are portrayed.
    • n heavy The actor who takes this part.
    • n heavy A member of the heavy cavalry or artillery: usually in the plural.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The phrase "raining cats and dogs" originated in 17th Century England. During heavy downpours of rain, many of these poor animals unfortunately drowned and their bodies would be seen floating in the rain torrents that raced through the streets. The situation gave the appearance that it had literally rained "cats and dogs" and led to the current expression.
    • adj Heavy hev′i weighty: not easy to bear: oppressive: afflicted: inactive: dull, lacking brightness and interest: inclined to slumber: violent: loud: not easily digested, as food: miry, as soil: having strength, as liquor: dark with clouds: gloomy: expensive: :
    • adj Heavy hev′i (B.) sad
    • adj Heavy hev′i (theat.) pertaining to the representation of grave or serious parts
    • ***

Quotations

  • Chinese Proverb
    Chinese Proverb
    “If your strength is small, don't carry heavy burdens. If your words are worthless, don't give advice.”
  • Jose Ortega Y Gasset
    Jose%20Ortega%20Y%20Gasset
    “To rule is not so much a question of the heavy hand as the firm seat.”
  • Max Muller
    Max Muller
    “No burden is so heavy for a man to bear as a succession of happy days.”
  • Thomas Kempis
    Thomas%20Kempis
    “Love makes everything that is heavy light.”
  • Alexandre Dumas
    Alexandre Dumas
    “The chain of wedlock is so heavy that it takes two to carry it -- and sometimes three.”
  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “Procrastination is one of the most common and deadliest of diseases and its toll on success and happiness is heavy.”

Idioms

A light purse is a heavy curse - Life is difficult when you don't have much money.
***
Heavy-handed - If someone is heavy-handed, they are insensitive and use excessive force or authority when dealing with a problem.
***
With a heavy hand - If someone does something with a heavy hand, they do it in a strict way, exerting a lot of control.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hevi, AS. hefig, fr. hebban, to lift, heave; akin to OHG. hebig, hevig, Icel. höfigr, höfugr,. See Heave
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hefighebban, to heave; Old High Ger. hebîg.

Usage

In literature:

Heavy mist and rain-clouds, heavy and sultry atmosphere.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
Soon in all towns each family owned fire-buckets made of heavy leather and marked with the owner's name or initials.
"Home Life in Colonial Days" by Alice Morse Earle
The melting snow lay heavy upon the sloping thatch of the roof, which was battened secure by heavy logs.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
That which will most cheaply restore heavy clover growths to the land is the form of lime to be desired.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
Brick twisted out of the heavy garment and sped on.
"The Camp in the Snow" by William Murray Graydon
The life is a very rough one: hard work and hard beds, heavy eating and heavy drinking.
"A Boy's Voyage Round the World" by The Son of Samuel Smiles
Grown people often forget a heavy loss.
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
There had been heavy fighting at Tamines, on the Sambre, in which French troops had been worsted.
"1914" by John French, Viscount of Ypres
The sky was still full of snow, dark flakes against the gray sky, and the clouds were sullen and heavy.
"The Snowshoe Trail" by Edison Marshall
In another half hour the last shower came and passed, but the forest was still heavy with dripping waters.
"The Eyes of the Woods" by Joseph A. Altsheler
He saw before him thick forest, so heavy and dark that the moon did not light it up.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Yet was her heart heavy, and she could not refrain from weeping.
"Traditions of Lancashire, Volume 2 (of 2)" by John Roby
The rainfall is very heavy.
"Two Years with the Natives in the Western Pacific" by Felix Speiser
Then he caught the stick man signaling they had a heavy winner.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
Do not let a child walk too soon, especially a heavy child.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
The heavy bullet smashed into the wall an inch from the dwarf's hand and he started back.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
His heavy bent pipe hung loosely from the corner of his mouth.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
His brows grew heavy, his eyes threatening and alarming beneath their heavy lids.
"The Fifth Queen" by Ford Madox Ford
Before him, under a hooded light, was a heavy lens.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
At the physician's words a heavy burden had fallen upon her which she could not shake off.
"The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Various
***

In poetry:

What mean ye by this print so rare?
Ye wits, of Eton jealous:
Behold! your rivals soar in air,
And ye are heavy-fellows!
"Epigram" by George Canning
Drearily blows the north-wind
From the land of ice and snow;
The eyes that look are weary,
And heavy the hands that row.
"The Red River Voyageur" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"The lead is wondrous heavy, mither,
The well is wondrous deip;
A keen pen-knife sticks in my hert,
A word I dounae speik.
"The Jew's Daughter" by Anonymous British
His love she neither saw nor heard,
So heavy was her shame;
And tho' the babe within her stirred
She knew not that he came.
"The Other Man" by Rudyard Kipling
The night is old, and all the world
Is wearied out with strife;
A long gray mist lies heavy and wan
Above the house of life.
"Night" by Duncan Campbell Scott
No word he spoke to any on board,
And his step was heavy and slow,
And all men deemed that an evil life
He had led in Mexico.
"The Old Man's Story" by Mary Botham Howitt

In news:

Dutch oven or large, heavy-bottomed pot.
Syria presses heavy air bombardment of rebels.
The thick shelves will not sag even under a heavy load of books.
DNA Variant May Make Heavy Boozing a Team Sport.
Hurricane Isaac is expected to bring heavy winds, large amounts of rain, and potential tornadoes to non-coastal areas of Mississippi.
A four-day cease-fire in the neighboring Congo Republic collapsed today as Government forces and a militia loyal to a former dictator traded heavy-weapons fire.
Comedian Jim Breuer On Heavy Metal Family Man Tour.
Here's a taste of what Jim will bring on his Heavy Metal Comedy Tour to the Orion Music + More Festival at Bader Field in Atlantic City June 23 & 24th.
Most restaurants are heavy-handed with the fried coating, which fills us up after we eat just a few.
A heavy-lidded boy slings his arm around his girl.
Australia was pummeled by a 'superstorm' Saturday, as extreme lightning and heavy winds left more than 29,500 homes without power.
Expect heavy traffic for Cardinals game.
Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd president Yasuyuki Yoshinaga has become a market darling for something he failed to do: build a factory in China.
The case load handled by the Barry County Prosecutor's Office remained heavy in 2005.
Swift-moving storms brought howling winds and heavy rains across Vermont and New York Saturday.
***

In science:

Over the last eight years, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has been providing heavy ion collisions in the attempt to create the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) within the laboratory.
Elucidating Jet Energy Loss in Heavy Ion Collisions
In accordance with the notation of previous sections, we will generically call our two heavy Ma jorana neutrinos as χ1 and χ2 (with χ1 being the heavy state).
Natural fourth generation of leptons
However, for the masses considered in the Table 1, significant enhancements would occur only for parameters values where Higgs is heavy enough to produce two neutrinos and, at the same time, neutrinos are heavy enough to decay to the on-shell W and Z.
Natural fourth generation of leptons
In particular, we show that if one records an anisotropy signal produced by heavy nuclei of charge Z above an energy Ethr, one should record an even stronger (possibly much stronger) anisotropy at energies > Ethr/Z due to the proton component that is expected to be associated with the sources of the heavy nuclei.
Anisotropy vs chemical composition at ultra-high energies
Note that in the more extreme case in which protons and heavy nuclei had similar maximal energies, the composition at ultra-high energies > Ethr would be dominated by protons, and therefore the anisotropy would be due to those protons since they have a higher rigidity than the heavy nuclei of a same energy.
Anisotropy vs chemical composition at ultra-high energies
Strictly speaking, this test demonstrates that the anisotropic part of the signal cannot be due to heavy nuclei but one cannot exclude that the isotropic background is made up of heavy nuclei.
Anisotropy vs chemical composition at ultra-high energies
We will in particular concentrate on heavy-tailed deformations of the probability measure of the Wishart ensemble which are applicable to the statistical multivariate analysis of heavy tailed data.
Heavy-tailed random matrices
Marchesini and Webber.30 In addition, parton emission from heavy particles results in a dead-cone effect, where emissions in the direction of the heavy particle are suppressed.
Computational Tools for Supersymmetry Calculations
For the case of heavy quark scattering, the separation scale Q can be taken to be the transferred energy or the mass of heavy quark.
$R_{AA}$ of $J/\psi$ near mid-rapidity in heavy ion collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV
But in the case of heavy quarkonium, the separation scale is the binding energy of heavy quarkonium.
$R_{AA}$ of $J/\psi$ near mid-rapidity in heavy ion collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV
The only difference is that perturbative QCD approach has diagrams where one gluon is absorbed at a heavy quark or antiquark line and the other gluon is emitted at the other heavy antiquark or quark line as shown in diagrams (3) and (4) of Fig. 6 in, but the approach of quasifree particle doesn’t have such diagrams.
$R_{AA}$ of $J/\psi$ near mid-rapidity in heavy ion collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV
In particular, for a heavy tailed distribution Q we obtain the heavy tailed asymptotic distribution for Dn .
The largest component in an inhomogeneous random intersection graph with clustering
In this paper the question of the extent to which truncated heavy tailed random vectors, taking values in a Banach space, retain the characteristic features of heavy tailed random vectors, is answered from the point of view of the central limit theorem.
Central Limit Theorem for truncated heavy tailed Banach valued random vectors
Clearly, the natural model for phenomena like this is a truncated heavy-tailed distribution - a distribution that matches a heavy-tailed one till a specified limit and after that it decays significantly faster or simply vanishes.
Central Limit Theorem for truncated heavy tailed Banach valued random vectors
For heavy nuclei some properties of the spectrum, like eigenvalues’ spacing statistics, seemed to have some regularity (e.g., repulsions) common for all heavy nuclei.
Dimers and orthogonal polynomials: connections with random matrices
***