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hammer

Definitions

  • Claw-Hammer. Riveting-Hammer. Upholster's Hammer. Magnetized Hammer. Veneering-Hammer
    Claw-Hammer. Riveting-Hammer. Upholster's Hammer. Magnetized Hammer. Veneering-Hammer
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v hammer beat with or as if with a hammer "hammer the metal flat"
    • v hammer create by hammering "hammer the silver into a bowl","forge a pair of tongues"
    • n hammer the act of pounding (delivering repeated heavy blows) "the sudden hammer of fists caught him off guard","the pounding of feet on the hallway"
    • n hammer a hand tool with a heavy rigid head and a handle; used to deliver an impulsive force by striking
    • n hammer a power tool for drilling rocks
    • n hammer a striker that is covered in felt and that causes the piano strings to vibrate
    • n hammer the part of a gunlock that strikes the percussion cap when the trigger is pulled
    • n hammer a heavy metal sphere attached to a flexible wire; used in the hammer throw
    • n hammer a light drumstick with a rounded head that is used to strike such percussion instruments as chimes, kettledrums, marimbas, glockenspiels, etc.
    • n hammer the ossicle attached to the eardrum
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Pinocchio Threw His Hammer at the Talking-Cricket Pinocchio Threw His Hammer at the Talking-Cricket
Steam hammer Steam hammer
The yellow-hammer The yellow-hammer
Makoma throws his hammer at the fire-eater Makoma throws his hammer at the fire-eater
Nasmyth's Steam-hammer Nasmyth's Steam-hammer

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A glockenspiel is a musical instrument that is like a xylophone. It has a series of metal bars and is played with two hammers
    • Hammer (Athletics) A spherical weight attached to a flexible handle and hurled from a mark or ring. The weight of head and handle is usually not less than 16 pounds.
    • Hammer Also, a person or thing that smites or shatters; as, St. Augustine was the hammer of heresies.
    • Hammer An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like, consisting of a head, usually of steel or iron, fixed crosswise to a handle. "With busy hammers closing rivets up."
    • Hammer Something which in form or action resembles the common hammer
    • Hammer That part of a clock which strikes upon the bell to indicate the hour.
    • Hammer That part of a gunlock which strikes the percussion cap, or firing pin; the cock; formerly, however, a piece of steel covering the pan of a flintlock musket and struck by the flint of the cock to ignite the priming.
    • Hammer The malleus.
    • Hammer The padded mallet of a piano, which strikes the wires, to produce the tones.
    • Hammer To be busy forming anything; to labor hard as if shaping something with a hammer. "Whereon this month I have been hammering ."
    • Hammer To beat with a hammer; to beat with heavy blows; as, to hammer iron.
    • Hammer To form in the mind; to shape by hard intellectual labor; -- usually with out. "Who was hammering out a penny dialogue."
    • Hammer To form or forge with a hammer; to shape by beating. "Hammered money."
    • Hammer To strike repeated blows, literally or figuratively. "Blood and revenge are hammering in my head."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The most expensive book or manuscript ever sold at an auction was The Codex Hammer, a notebook belonging to Leonardo da Vinci. It sold for $30.8 million.
    • n hammer An instrument consisting of a solid head, usually of metal, but sometimes of wood or of stone, set crosswise to the handle, used for beating metals, driving nails or spikes, dressing or breaking stones, etc.; hence, a machine in which a heavy block of metal is used for such a purpose. See steam-hammer, tilt-hammer, trip-hammer. The head of the hammer is made in various forms, according to the use to which it is to be put. Hammers of stone are found among the remains of antiquity, and are still in use among barbarous races. The hammer has also been used as a weapon of attack in war. See martel-de-fer.
    • n hammer Something which resembles the common hammer in form, action, or use. The piece in a clock which strikes upon the bell to indicate the hour; the striker.
    • n hammer A door-knocker.
    • n hammer In anatomy, the malleus.
    • n hammer The head of a sphyrnid or hammer-headed shark.
    • n hammer Figuratively, an aggressive and destructive foe: as, a hammer of heretics (Latin malleus hœreticorum).
    • n hammer Same as fylfot.
    • n hammer A pendent ornament, usually of silver, found among relics of the prehistoric iron age in the north of Europe. It has somewhat the shape of a mallet, and is undoubtedly intended to represent a hammer as weapon or utensil.
    • hammer To beat or drive with or as if with a hammer; pound; beat: as, to hammer iron or steel; to hammer one with the fist.
    • hammer To fasten with a hammer by nailing or otherwise; construct by the use of the hammer.
    • hammer To form or forge with a hammer; shape by beating: often with out.
    • hammer To work upon in the mind; contrive by intellectual labor; excogitate: usually with out: as, to hammer out a scheme.
    • hammer To strike something repeatedly with or as if with a hammer.
    • hammer To work industriously or persistently; be very busy; labor in contrivance: as, to be hammering away at an invention.
    • hammer To be working or in agitation; keep up an excited action or state of feeling.
    • hammer To stammer.
    • n hammer A yellowhammer or bunting. As used in the following passage the meaning of the word is uncertain. See etymology.
    • n hammer In athletics, a 16-pound weight (or a 12-pound weight for school-boys), attached by ball-bearing to a wire handle, which competitors, standing in a marked circle, endeavor to throw as far as possible. The old-fashioned hammer had an ordinary stiff wooden handle.
    • hammer To declare (a member) to be in default, after notice by hammering three times on the rostrum.
    • hammer To beat down or depress (price or the market); bear.
    • hammer To make a knocking noise, as a steam-pipe when steam is let on and a water-hammer is produced. See water-hammer, 2.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The side of a hammer is a cheek.
    • n Hammer ham′ėr a tool for beating metal or driving nails: a striking-piece in the mechanism of a clock or piano: that part of the lock of a firearm which falls with a sharp blow and causes the discharge of the piece: the baton of an auctioneer, a knock from which signifies that an article is sold: a small bone of the ear, the malleus
    • v.t Hammer to drive, shape, or fashion with a hammer: to contrive by intellectual labour, to excogitate (with out): to declare (a person) a defaulter on the Stock Exchange: to beat down the price of (a stock), to depress (a market)
    • ***

Quotations

  • French Proverb
    French Proverb
    “It is better to be the hammer than the anvil.”
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Henry%20Wadsworth%20Longfellow
    “In this world a man must either be anvil or hammer.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Some people are born hammers, others anvils.”
  • German Proverb
    German Proverb
    “Between the anvil and the hammer.”
  • German Proverb
    German Proverb
    “One must either be the hammer or the anvil.”
  • Kalan
    Kalan
    “Give a small boy a hammer and he will find that everything he encounters needs pounding.”

Idioms

Go under the hammer - If something goes under the hammer, it is sold in an auction.
***
Hammer and tongs - If people are going at it hammer and tongs, they are arguing fiercely. The idiom can also be used hen people are doing something energetically.
***
Mad as a bag of hammers - Someone who is as mad as a bag of hammers is crazy or stupid. ('Daft as a bag of hammers' is also used.)
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. hamer, AS. hamer, hamor,; akin to D. hamer, G. & Dan. hammer, Sw. hammare, Icel. hamarr, hammer, crag, and perh. to Gr. 'a`kmwn anvil, Skr. açman, stone

Usage

In literature:

It works short under the hammer.
"The Armourer's Prentices" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Directly afterwards Mr Shobbrok lowered down a hammer and a large bag of nails.
"The South Sea Whaler" by W.H.G. Kingston
If you could have seen pa's hammer, you would have seen something worth looking at.
"Slave Narratives Vol. XIV. South Carolina, Part 2" by Works Projects Administration
Nevertheless they plied the hammer and bellows unceasingly.
"The Lighthouse" by R.M. Ballantyne
One, a big, broad-shouldered man named Dan, was seated on a wooden box hammering at the rock with tremendous energy.
"Personal Reminiscences in Book Making" by R.M. Ballantyne
The sweat blinded me; a bright steel pain throbbed in my head; my heart seemed to hammer.
"The Trail of '98" by Robert W. Service
One blow of a hammer may ruin it.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
The revolver clicked; the hammer was up again.
"Laramie Holds the Range" by Frank H. Spearman
Her name is Frieda Hammer.
"The Girl Scouts' Good Turn" by Edith Lavell
Moreover, there was something wrong with the hammer of his gun.
"The Camp in the Snow" by William Murray Graydon
The hammer of Roosevelt's Winchester was broken.
"Roosevelt in the Bad Lands" by Hermann Hagedorn
Myrtle Combs was a hammer-and-tongs printer.
"Land of the Burnt Thigh" by Edith Eudora Kohl
Then when Brock's eyesight came back to him he saw a great hammer, a hammer all of iron.
"The Children of Odin" by Padraic Colum
In leather loops on the door he found saw, ax, chisel, and hammer.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
Eric gave a holy hammer to Harald, and it was like the hammer of Thor.
"Viking Tales" by Jennie Hall
What are our hammers made of?
"The Tree-Dwellers" by Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
One bending iron is inserted and this iron is struck with another iron or hammer.
"Elements of Plumbing" by Samuel Dibble
He opened at 4 to 1, went up to 6, and they've hammered him down to 2 to 1 now.
"Old Man Curry" by Charles E. (Charles Emmett) Van Loan
Looking closer, he realized that it was a colossal steam hammer!
"The Pygmy Planet" by John Stewart Williamson
She ran over, smashed the glass with the small hammer, and took out the heavy ax.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
***

In poetry:

Till a stranger, he said unto him
As he hammer'd the stone one day"
"Guido Sebaldi the mason,
Hark to the words I say!"
"Guido Sebaldi" by Cicely Fox Smith
Give me pick and hammer; you
Stand aside; the deed I'll do.
Yes, in truth, I have small skill,
But the best thing is the will.
"Death and Birth" by George MacDonald
There shine upon the second shield
A hammer and pincers bright;
Them carries Vidrik Verlandson,
Ne’er gives he quarter in fight.
"The Tournament (From The Old Danish)" by George Borrow
And there, in the golden weather,
He stitched and hammered and sung;
In the brook he moistened his leather,
In the pewter mug his tongue.
"Cobbler Keezar's Vision" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The blacksmith pois'd his hammer high;
And swift as bolt from louring sky,
With Vulcan's force and fury swung,
Upon the Luddite's helm it rung.
"The Watch And Ward." by Samuel Bamford
“And a strange sound heard, my masters all,
At sea, in the fog and the rain,
Like shipwrights’ hammers tapping low,
Then loud, then low again.
"Winstanley" by Jean Ingelow

In news:

What to watch for in the hammer throw .
An East Kentwood athlete demonstrates the Hammer Throw (Aug.
Pitassi claims state hammer throw title.
Triton Pitassi of Camas won the state hammer throw championship for high school boys.
The Camas High School junior threw the 12-pound hammer 191 feet and 4 inches to win the competition held on May 27 in Centralia.
The hammer-throw, the event in which McInturff set the record, is not an allowable high school track event but is common at the collegiate level.
The hammer is basically a handle that is connected to a swiveling shot put by about 38 inches of wire.
Dan Tolsma, a senior on the South Dakota men's track and field squad, continues to break records in the hammer throw .
'Hammer And Tongs,' Work By Jaclyn Conley, At Artspace Torrington.
Torrington, presents "Hammer and Tongs," an exhibit of work by Jaclyn Conley, until Friday, Dec 21.
Romney Calls Latest Jobs Numbers a 'Hammer Blow' to the Middle Class.
Jobs report 'hammer blow' to middle-class.
Romney calls economic numbers a 'hammer blow' to middle class.
2 a hammer blow to weakening group.
Rare talent whose loss is hammer blow to Ulster.
***

In science:

These graphs, first defined in 1973 by Chv´atal and Hammer, also have several other equivalent characterizations, which led to their occasional “rediscovery” through the following two decades.
Further Properties of Random Threshold Graphs
In Hammer et al.’s Studies in Integer Programming, North-Holland, 1977.
Further Properties of Random Threshold Graphs
Hammer, B., Gisbrecht, A., Hasenfuss, A., Mokbel, B., Schleif, F., Zhu, X.: Topographic mapping of dissimilarity data.
On-line relational SOM for dissimilarity data
Hammer, B., Hasenfuss, A., annd Strickert M.
On-line relational SOM for dissimilarity data
Rossi, F., Hasenfuss, A., Hammer, B.: Accelerating relational clustering algorithms with sparse prototype representation.
On-line relational SOM for dissimilarity data
For the description of chemical reactions, in particular of transition states, where the breaking of old bonds and making of new bonds occurs, the GGA is in fact mandatory, i.e., the LDA often gives even qualitatively incorrect results (see for example Hammer et al., 1994, and references therein).
Theory of Adsorption on Metal Substrates
The fact that LIRGs are more numerous at z > 0.4 (15%) than today (∼ 1%) has been interpreted in terms of recent formation (in the second half of the universe) of the bulk of stars in intermediate-mass galaxies (Hammer et al 2005).
Secular Evolution of Galaxies
After the discovery of the mathematical formation of quantum mechanics in 1925-26, Niels Bohr, together with Heisenberg and others, hammered out the “Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics” which was to remain the dominant way to think about quantum mechanics for a long time.
Hidden Variables, Non Contextuality and Einstein-Locality in Quantum Mechanics
Hammer: We don’t even know if there is a Schmidt law at z ∼ 0.6.
Panel discussion I: Star formation in galaxies: how do we continue?
Hammer, Student resources for introductory physics, Am. J.
Analyzing Problem Solving Using Math in Physics: Epistemological Framing via Warrants
Alliy, M., & Brown, P., (2008), “Spreadsheets: Aiming the Accountant's Hammer to Hit the Nail on the Head”, Proc.
End User Computing in AIB Capital Markets: A Management Summary
Various three-body universality aspects and the E fimov effect itself are discussed in great detail in the advanced review article by Braaten and Hammer .
The ^4He trimer as an Efimov system
Hammer, and U. van Kolck: The three-boson system with short-range interactions.
The ^4He trimer as an Efimov system
Hammer: Universality in the three-body problem for 4He atoms.
The ^4He trimer as an Efimov system
Along with this line, this paper will investigate different determinants of the adherence rate based on MEMS data from an AIDS clinical trial study [Hammer et al. (2002)] and compare their performance for predicting a virological response.
A dynamic Bayesian nonlinear mixed-effects model of HIV response incorporating medication adherence, drug resistance and covariates
***