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gum

Definitions

  • A Large Red Gum
    A Large Red Gum
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v gum exude or form gum "these trees gum in the Spring"
    • v gum become sticky
    • v gum grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty "the old man had no teeth left and mumbled his food"
    • v gum cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum "if you gum the tape it is stronger"
    • n gum the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
    • n gum a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing
    • n gum any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
    • n gum wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum
    • n gum cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive
    • n gum any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A Tupelo Gum Slough A Tupelo Gum Slough
Collecting raw rubber gum Collecting raw rubber gum
Black Gum. Pepperidge Black Gum. Pepperidge
"YOU AIN'T NO MORE 'OLD ON THAT SADDLE THAN A STAMP WITH THE GUM LICKED OFF!" "YOU AIN'T NO MORE 'OLD ON THAT SADDLE THAN A STAMP WITH THE GUM LICKED OFF!"

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chewing gum has rubber as an ingredient
    • Gum A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log.
    • Gum A rubber overshoe.
    • Gum A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins.
    • Gum (Bot) See Gum tree below.
    • n Gum The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws.
    • Gum To chew with the gums, rather than with the teeth.
    • v. t Gum To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw). See Gummer.
    • v. i Gum To exude or form gum; to become gummy.
    • Gum To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance. "He frets like a gummed velvet."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Singapore, it is illegal to sell or own chewing gum
    • n gum The soft tissues, consisting of a vascular mucous membrane, subjacent dense connective tissue, and periosteum, which cover the alveolar parts of the upper and lower jaws and envelop the necks of the teeth.
    • n gum Hence The edge of the jaw; the part of one of the jaws in which the teeth are set, or over which the tissues close after the loss of teeth: generally used in the plural: as, the toothless gums of old age.
    • n gum plural The grinders; molars.
    • n gum Insolent talk; “jaw”; insolence.
    • n gum Same as gummer.
    • gum To use a gummer upon; gullet (a saw); widen the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw) by punching or grinding.
    • n gum A product of secretion obtained by desiccation from the sap of many plants. Gum, properly so called, includes such mucilaginous substances as are soluble either in cold water, as gum arabic, or in hot water, as cherry-gum, or soften into a thin viscid mass without true solution, as gum tragacanth. In popular use, however, many very different products are also called gums, as gum elemi and gum copal, which are true resins, gum ammoniacum, which is a gum-resin, and gum elastic (caoutchouc), which differs from all the others. The word includes various aromatic products used in perfumes, incense, etc. See the phrases below.
    • n gum A form of dextrine produced by roasting starch: specifically called artificial or British gum.
    • n gum One of various species of trees, especially of the genera Eucalyptus, of Australia, and Nyssa, of the United States. Of the Australian trees, the apple-scented gum is E. Stuartiana; the blue-gum, E. Globulus, etc. (see blue-gum); the cider-gum, E. Gunnii; the crimson-flowered. E. ficifolia; the flooded, E. decipiens, etc.; the fluted or gimlet, E. salubris; the giant, E. amygdalina; the green-barked, E. stellulata; the gray, E. crebra, etc.; the iron, E. Reveretiana; the lemon-scented, E. maculata; the manna, E. viminalis; the messmate, E. fissilis; the red, E. calophylla, E. rostrata, etc.; the salmon-barked, E. salmonopolia; the scarlet-flowered, E. miniata and E. phœnicia; the spotted or marbled, E. maculata, E. goniocalyx, etc.; the swamp, E. amygdalina, E. paniculata, etc.; the white, E. amygdalina; and the York gum, E. fœcunda. In the United States the black-gum or sour-gum is Nyssa sylvatica (see black-gum); the cotton- or tupelo-gum, N. uniflora; the sweet- or red-gum, Liquidambar Styraciflua. In the West Indies the doctor-gum is Rhus Metopium; the gum-tree of Jamaica, Sapium laurifolium, and of Dominica, Dacryodes hexandra. See cut under Eucalyptus.
    • n gum Same as gumming
    • n gum A bubble; a pimple. Compare red-gum, white-gum.
    • n gum plural India-rubber overshoes: more commonly called rubbers.
    • n gum A section of a hollow log or tree (usually a gum-tree) used to form a small well-curb, or to make a beehive. —
    • gum To smear with gum; unite, stiffen, or clog by gum or a gum-like substance.
    • gum To play a trick upon; humbug; hoodwink: said to be from the fact that opossums and racoons often elude hunters and dogs by hiding in the thick foliage of gum-trees.
    • gum To exude or form gum. See gumming
    • gum To become clogged or stiffened by some gummy substance, as inspissated oil: as, a machine will gum up from disuse.
    • n gum The sorrel-tree, Oxydendrum arboreum.
    • n gum The cider-gum or cider-tree, Eucalyptus Gunnii.
    • n gum The water-tupelo (which see).
    • n gum The sweet gum, Liquidambar Styraciflua.
    • n gum The black- or sour-gum, Nyssa syivatica.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: An American chews an average of 300 sticks of gum in a year
    • n Gum gum the firm fleshy tissue which surrounds the teeth:
    • n Gum gum a substance which exudes from certain trees and plants, and hardens on the surface, including those containing arabin, bassorin, and gum-resins
    • v.t Gum to smear or unite with gum:—pr.p. gum′ming; pa.p. gummed
    • n Gum gum (slang) insolence
    • ***

Quotations

  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “This will never be a civilized country until we expend more money for books than we do for chewing gum.”
  • Dilys Laing
    Dilys Laing
    “Women receive he insults of men with tolerance, having been bitten in the nipple by their toothless gums.”
  • Lyndon B. Johnson
    Lyndon%20B.%20Johnson
    “Jerry Ford is so dumb he can't fart and chew gum at the same time.”
  • Frank Lloyd Wright
    Frank%20Lloyd%20Wright
    “TV -- chewing gum for the eyes.”

Idioms

Up a gum tree - (AU) If you're up a gum tree, you're in trouble or a big mess.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gome, AS. gama, palate; akin Co G. gaumen, OHG. goumo, guomo, Icel. gmr, Sw. gom,; cf. Gr. to gape
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. góma, jaws; Ice. gómr, Ger. gaumen, palate.

Usage

In literature:

We can stitch them neatly; and then gum them over at the joinings.
"The Cliff Climbers" by Captain Mayne Reid
The irritating toxins deposited on the teeth cause inflammation of the tissues at the gum margins.
"Civics and Health" by William H. Allen
It is a gum which exudes from a lofty leguminous tree, having a bark like that of the oak.
"On the Banks of the Amazon" by W.H.G. Kingston
The gums and the inner surface of the lips and cheeks may be red and angry-looking.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume IV. (of IV.)" by Grant Hague
We examined the canoe, and found it in good condition, only requiring to have the seams gummed.
"Snow Shoes and Canoes" by William H. G. Kingston
Den day also gashed de sweet gum fer to git gum to chaw.
"Slave Narratives Vol. XIV. South Carolina, Part 2" by Works Projects Administration
In case it becomes "gummed" a drop of kerosene on the parts that have been oiled will cut the gum.
"Textiles and Clothing" by Kate Heintz Watson
It is carried on by the Bedouin of the Gara tribe, who bring down the odoriferous gum from the mountains on camels.
"Southern Arabia" by Theodore Bent
The gums were sullen, unwholesome-looking.
"The Trail of '98" by Robert W. Service
The lids of his eyes were held fast with the pine gum.
"Stories the Iroquois Tell Their Children" by Mabel Powers
Gum Tragacanth was conveyed principally by the Isfahan-Ahwaz route.
"Across Coveted Lands" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
U. S. Government Gum.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
Pickled the tongues an' sold 'em for three cents apiece, by gum.
"Oh, You Tex!" by William Macleod Raine
To grace his own gums, or of box, or bone.
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
The addition of gums, as recommended in some books, is unnecessary.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
Dey wuz a whole line of gums.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Various
Then I saw a gum-drop.
"Davy and The Goblin" by Charles E. Carryl
There's a silicone gum between the thin double layers, to seal possible meteor punctures.
"The Planet Strappers" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
Two white gums shone among sombrest pines.
"A Tramp's Notebook" by Morley Roberts
Just now I'm a gum hunter.
"The Ranger Boys and the Border Smugglers" by Claude A. Labelle
***

In poetry:

Oh, the breath of the summer morning,
The gleam of dew on the grass,
The incense of white gum blossoms
That strew our path as we pass.
"The First School Day" by Alice Guerin Crist
He brought the deadly gum; with it
he brought some leaves, a withered bough,
while rivulets of icy sweat
ran slowly down his livid brow.
"The Upas Tree" by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
I've seen the paddocks all ablaze
When spring in golden glory comes,
The purple hills of summer days,
The autumn ochres through the gums;
"Come, Sing Australian songs to me!" by John O Brien
Wal, Thanksgivin' do be comin' round.
With the price of turkeys on the bound,
And coal, by gum! Thet were just found,
Is surely gettin' cheaper.
"Ezra on the Strike" by Ezra Pound
A king lies dead, his wafer duly eaten,
His gold-bought masses given;
And Rome's great altar smokes with gums to sweeten
Her foulest gift to Heaven.
"In Remembrance Of Joseph Sturge" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Ah me! too soon the autumn comes
Among these purple-plaintive hills!
Too soon among the forest gums
Premonitory flame she spills,
Bleak, melancholy flame that kills.
"Autumn Sorrow" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

The hail fell in small marble to large gum-ball sized balls.
Competing vending companies began to infiltrate local stores with gum-ball machines that offered tiny prizes.
A penny in the slot could yield a gum ball, a trinket, both or nothing.
Money woes may gum up highway projects.
Don't Gum Up the Works.
Ethanol additive can gum up boat engines.
Butler won't gum up the works.
Not only is this gum packed with germs, it is flat out disgusting.
How can we overcome the gum.
Justin Gum, 28, had been ruled incompetent to stand trial on the murder charge.
After all, we live in a place where fried seafood is almost as readily available as a pack of gum.
ID gum from Kraft Foods will be available this summer in three flavors: Peppermint, BerryMelon & Spearmint.
The reliever with the least major-league service time must carry all the gum, seeds, candy, lotion, etc… to the 'pen each game in a backpack.
Some of those sound pretty good…and I definitely remember being young and having lip balm s with flavors from fruit to popular sodas to bubble gum.
Star says she can't live without gum and spends most of her free time trolling.
***

In science:

The ob ject with dense contours to the left of the sun is the Gum Nebula.
The interstellar clouds of Adams and Blaauw revisited: an HI absorption study - I
By way of gumming up the works, Ma et al. (2006) present a 12.4 Gyr old cluster in M31 which, if bound (as its age would seem to require) has a total mass near 3 × 107 M⊙ and a normal IMF.
Astrophysics in 2006
Based on Cuzick-Edwards k-NN tests (i.e., Tk ), water tupelos and black gums exhibit significant segregation since all Tk values are significant.
New Tests of Spatial Segregation Based on Nearest Neighbor Contingency Tables
Wide dashed lines around 1 (which is the theoretical value) are the upper and lower (pointwise) 95 % confidence bounds for the L-functions based on Monte Carlo simulations under the CSR independence pattern. W.T. = water tupelos, B.G. = black gums and C.A. = Carolina ashes.
New Tests of Spatial Segregation Based on Nearest Neighbor Contingency Tables
For example, for black gum as the base species and Carolina ash as the NN species, the cell count is 26 which is 13 % of the 205 black gums (which is 28 % of all trees), and 15 % of the 171 times Carolina ashes serves as NN (which is 23 % of all trees).
Class-Specific Tests of Spatial Segregation Based on Nearest Neighbor Contingency Tables
T /T, one in a region of the sky µ Peg, the second near GUM.
Modern Cosmology and Structure Formation
T /T, one in a region of the sky µ Peg, the second near GUM.
Formation of Structure in the Universe
The data from most of the scans are in good agreement but the scan of the µ-Pegasi region is significantly lower than the rest. A combination of all the data seems to be coming out at an intermediate value between GUM and µ-Pegasi regions and may all be consistent with coming from a single parent population .
The Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy Experiments
The center of the scan is the same for the three observations of GUM (the star Gamma Ursae Minoris) but the relative geometry is such that the three scans made bow-tie patterns which cross at the star.
The Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy Experiments
The regions of enhanced electron density (ne ) are also thought to be plausible sites for enhanced scattering (e.g. the Gum Nebula), though the exact relationship between these two is not clearly known.
Pulsar Scintillation in the Local ISM: Loop I and Beyond
While this work has concentrated on Loop I, our most prominent such neighbor, other nearby examples include the Eridanus bubble, the Gum Nebula and possibly radio Loops II and III.
Pulsar Scintillation in the Local ISM: Loop I and Beyond
The Vela supernova remnant has been shown to be embedded in a hot bubble confined by the shell of the Gum Nebula (Aschenbach, Egger & Tr¨umper 1995).
Pulsar Scintillation in the Local ISM: Loop I and Beyond
That is, for example 82 % of black gums have NNs from black gums, and remaining NNs of black gums are from bald cypresses.
On the Use of Nearest Neighbor Contingency Tables for Testing Spatial Segregation
The percentage values are also suggestive of segregation, especially for black gum trees.
On the Use of Nearest Neighbor Contingency Tables for Testing Spatial Segregation
Observe also that black gums and bald cypresses are significantly segregated for distances up to t ≈ 42 m ( bL12 (t) − t is below the lower confidence bound), for larger distances their interaction does not deviate significantly from CSR independence.
On the Use of Nearest Neighbor Contingency Tables for Testing Spatial Segregation
***