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gray

Definitions

  • THE GRAY SQUIRREL
    THE GRAY SQUIRREL
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj gray of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black "the little grey cells","gray flannel suit","a man with greyish hair"
    • adj gray intermediate in character or position "a grey area between clearly legal and strictly illegal"
    • adj gray used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms) "a stalwart grey figure"
    • adj gray showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair "whose beard with age is hoar"-Coleridge","nodded his hoary head"
    • v gray turn grey "Her hair began to grey"
    • v gray make grey "The painter decided to grey the sky"
    • n gray horse of a light gray or whitish color
    • n gray clothing that is a grey color "he was dressed in grey"
    • n gray a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black
    • n gray any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey "the Confederate army was a vast grey"
    • n Gray United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888)
    • n Gray American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806)
    • n Gray English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716-1771)
    • n Gray English radiobiologist in whose honor the gray (the SI unit of energy for the absorbed dose of radiation) was named (1905-1965)
    • n gray the SI unit of energy absorbed from ionizing radiation; equal to the absorption of one joule of radiation energy by one kilogram of matter; one gray equals 100 rad
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Trying to sketch the gray-stone lion's head on the wall Trying to sketch the gray-stone lion's head on the wall
Yellow Birch. Gray Birch Yellow Birch. Gray Birch

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1889, the 1st coin-operated telephone, patented by Hartford, Connecticut inventor William Gray, was installed in the Hartford Bank.
    • Gray A gray color; any mixture of white and black; also, a neutral or whitish tint.
    • Gray An animal or thing of gray color, as a horse, a badger, or a kind of salmon. "Woe worth the chase, woe worth the day.
      That coats thy life, my gallant gray ."
    • Gray any color of neutral hue between white and black; white mixed with black, as the color of pepper and salt, or of ashes, or of hair whitened by age; sometimes, a dark mixed color; as, the soft gray eye of a dove. "These gray and dun colors may be also produced by mixing whites and blacks."
    • Gray gloomy; dismal.
    • Gray Gray-haired; gray-headed; of a gray color; hoary.
    • Gray Old; mature; as, gray experience.
    • Gray (U. S. History) the Confederate army or a soldier in the confederate army; as, a battle between the blue and the gray .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The White House, in Washington DC, was originally gray, the color of the sandstone it was built out of. After the War of 1812, during which it had been burned by Canadian troops, the outside walls were painted white to hide the smoke stains.
    • gray Of a color between white and black, having little or no positive color, and only moderate luminosity; of the color of black hair which has begun to turn white, as seen at some distance.
    • gray Having gray hairs; gray-headed.
    • gray Old; mature: as, gray experience.
    • n gray A gray color or tint; a color having little or no distinctive hue (chroma) and only moderate luminosity. If only about 5 per cent, of the light is reflected, the surface is called black; if as much as 50 per cent, is reflected, it is called white. Pure gray has a slightly bluish appearance, owing to contrast with the color of brightness which enters into the sensation produced by white light. A small admixture of red with gray light makes the modified gray called ashes of roses. A small amount of green light mixed with gray is not noticed, and if the mixture is placed in juxtaposition with pure gray, the latter looks pinkish by contrast, while the former appears of a neutral tint. A larger admixture of green will give a mouse-gray (which properly requires the green to be yellowish), a still larger amount an olive gray, and still more a sage green. The effect of the admixture of violet blue is singularly dependent upon the shade of gray; if it is quite light, the result is a lilac gray or full lilac, or may be even too purple for lilac, while if the gray is darker a French gray or slate-gray results, which needs the addition of red to give lavender gray, although the latter appears bluer than lilac gray. If yellow is mixed with gray, the result is a stone gray or drab gray, or in larger admixture a full drab. All these remarks refer to mixtures of lights, not to mixtures of pigments, the effects of which depend upon the special absorption-spectra of the pigments, and can only be ascertained by direct experiment.
    • n gray An animal of a gray color. Specifically— A badger.
    • n gray A gray horse.
    • n gray The gray duck, or gadwall.
    • n gray The California gray whale; the grayback.
    • n gray A kind of salmon, Salmo ferox.
    • n gray Twilight: as, the gray of the morning, or of the evening.
    • n gray plural A Scottish regiment of cavalry forming the second regiment of dragoons in the British army: so called from the color of their horses. Also Scots Grays.
    • gray To cause to become gray; change to a gray color.
    • gray To depolish, as glass.
    • gray In photography, to give a mezzotint effect by covering the negative during the printing with a glass slightly ground or depolished on one side. Pictures thus treated are sometimes called Berlin portraits.
    • n gray Unbleached cotton fabric; a piece of cotton or worsted cloth, in the natural color of the raw material, as it comes from the loom, before it is dyed or finished.
    • n gray Same as methylene gray.
    • n gray A water-color consisting of carbon-black, lake, and indigo.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Mexican Jumping Bean is not a bean. It is actually a thin-shelled section of a seed capsule containing the larva of a small gray moth called the jumping bean moth (Laspeyresia saltitans).
    • adj Gray grā of a white colour mixed with black: ash-coloured:
    • n Gray a gray colour: an animal of a grayish colour, as a horse, &c
    • v.t Gray to cause to become gray: to give a soft effect to a photograph by covering the negative while printing with a ground-glass plate: to depolish
    • v.i Gray to grow or become gray
    • adj Gray grā (fig.) aged, gray-haired, mature
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton
    Edward%20G.%20Bulwer-Lytton
    “It is not by the gray of the hair that one knows the age of the heart.”
  • Philo
    Philo
    “Gray hairs are signs of wisdom if you hold your tongue, speak and they are but hairs, as in the young.”
  • John Greenleaf Whittier
    John%20Greenleaf%20Whittier
    “O Time and change! -- with hair as gray as was my sire's that winter day, how strange it seems, with so much gone of life and love, to still live on!”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “The glory of young men is their strength, and the beauty of old men is their gray head.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “Gray hairs are death's blossoms.”
  • Greek Proverb
    Greek Proverb
    “Gray hair is a sign of age, not of wisdom.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gray, grey, AS. grǣg, grēg,; akin to D. graauw, OHG. grāo, G. grau, Dan. graa, Sw. grå, Icel. grār,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. grǽg; allied to Ger. grau, and L. ravus, tawny.

Usage

In literature:

I recall meeting him one day on the street wearing, as usual, a long, gray plaid ulster with enormous pockets at the sides.
"A Daughter of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
Gray wondered briefly what Caron intended to do in case he, Gray, made good his escape.
"A World is Born" by Leigh Douglass Brackett
The roaring of the storm became the thunder of the Gern cruisers as they disappeared into the gray sky.
"Space Prison" by Tom Godwin
One foreign rose-plant, pink of bloom, in a blue-gray jar, had been pruned and trained into a beauty that no western rose-bush ever knew.
"The Dragon Painter" by Mary McNeil Fenollosa
It lay all over the gray-tiled floor in roses and sunflowers of pink and gold.
"The Best Short Stories of 1919" by Various
He had changed to gray street clothes and carried a suitcase.
"The Thing from the Lake" by Eleanor M. Ingram
Gray had promised to give other security, but his promise had proved worthless.
"The Hoosier School-boy" by Edward Eggleston
The soft gray head and the gray paws looked rather queer out of the long white dress.
"A Little Girl in Old New York" by Amanda Millie Douglas
Now and again tears blinded his gray eyes, but he blinked them back resolutely.
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
The agreement which Mr. George made with Mrs. Gray was not so difficult to understand.
"Rollo in Naples" by Jacob Abbott
Far against the horizon the clouds were beginning to spread, dark and gray and strange, over the northern hills.
"The Snowshoe Trail" by Edison Marshall
The young girl-figure in gray, with the gray feathered hat, seemed specially to excite their notice.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
At the end of the street upon a rise of ground stood the Old Gray House.
"The Girl Scouts in Beechwood Forest" by Margaret Vandercook
Any two gray values unite to form a gray midway between them.
"A Color Notation" by Albert H. Munsell
Gray Lady slipped back to her own place between the other two young people and began to ask them about the adventure which had delayed them.
"Dorothy on a Ranch" by Evelyn Raymond
The second man looked just exactly like young Derry Willard except that he had on a gray beard and a gray slouch hat.
"Fairy Prince and Other Stories" by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
The =pileus= is white or gray, brownish gray or buff, smooth, dry, the flesh white.
"Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc." by George Francis Atkinson
And then, still with that strange, gray look in his face, he turned to Nada.
"The Country Beyond" by James Oliver Curwood
Miss Gray just told me.
"Highacres" by Jane Abbott
The basis of gray, under all his vivid hues.
"Modern Painters Volume I (of V)" by John Ruskin
***

In poetry:

On the gray sea-sands
King Olaf stands,
Northward and seaward
He points with his hands.
"Tales Of A Wayside Inn : Part 1. The Musician's Tale; The Saga of King Olaf XVIII. -- King Olaf And " by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
MY people are gray,
pigeon gray, dawn gray, storm gray.
I call them beautiful,
and I wonder where they are going.
"My People" by Carl Sandburg
Yet some maintain that to this day
She is a living Child,
That you may see sweet Lucy Gray
Upon the lonesome Wild.
"Lucy Gray [or Solitude]" by William Wordsworth
When she was old, her heart not cold,
A youthful beauty lay,
A light most wondrous to behold!
Upon her tresses gray.
"The Holy Lady" by James Avis Bartley
Winter and Spring and Summer
Came each with a load of cares;
And Autumn to her brought only
A harvest of gray hairs.
"The Martyr" by Victor James Daley
Till the thin clouds wear away
Into threads of purple-gray,
And the sudden stars between
Brighten in the pallid green;
"Sunset" by Archibald Lampman

In news:

MTB's singer Doug Gray is still searchin' For a rainbow.
2010 Gray Colt Holy Roman Emperor (IRE).
Vincent Gray and then-fellow candidate Sulaimon Brown talk during a debate in June 2010.
Gray ' cronyism ' hearing in progress.
For Gray, cronyism issue cuts 2 ways.
Vincent Gray's first DC mayoral race TV ad attacks Adrian Fenty for ' cronyism '.
He has a beautiful shade of gray fur, which makes him a stud in the feline world.
Jocelyn Gray, left, talks with Ana Martinez about a friend: "She was having trouble with her parents," Jocelyn says.
Instead of solemn gray rows of tombstones, Palm Royale has glossy spans of granite mausoleum crypts tucked inside sand-colored stucco walls.
Visiting the spirits of our Knoxville predecessors at Old Gray Cemetery.
Gray Ghost can be used to fish for sea-run cutthroat trout.
Wearing a baggy gray sweatshirt, looking like a small, shy Buddha, Andrew Branch sat on the clean hardwood floor.
Also surviving are his son Don (wife Judi Gray) Shobe of Hobart.
Police say a passer-by found the 53-year-old victim slumped in the driver's seat of a gray sedan on Pine Street just before 3 pm Wednesday.
The moment has come for Governor Gray Davis to ride that snake — seven miles long, old and his skin cold — and head for the lake.
***

In science:

This scenario, however, would require such a ‘runaway’ pulsar or X-ray binary to have a transverse velocity ∼> 2, 000 km s−1 which is considered unlikely (Gray 1994).
OH Zeeman Magnetic Field Detections Toward Five Supernova Remnants Using the VLA
As the packing fraction is increased, the hard-core interaction prevents access to the most random configurations of sphere centers (gray region).
Is Random Close Packing of Spheres Well Defined?
All structures at a given packing fraction φ, must lie between the upper and lower bounds (white region); gray region is inaccessible.
Is Random Close Packing of Spheres Well Defined?
It has also been argued by Dine, Echols, and Gray (2000), however, that terms arise in a three-loop matrix theory calculation which cannot correspond to third order gravitational effects.
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
Indeed, it was argued by Dine, Echols, and Gray (1998) that even in the N = 2 theory terms of order v8 and higher should experience higher loop corrections.
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
Solid dots are data from 1000 particles when α = 0.3 and grayed line is diagonal line.
Mechanism of synchronization in a random dynamical system
Aguirre is not completely gray, having a minimum size of about 0.1 µm.
Einstein's Biggest Blunder? High-Redshift Supernovae and the Accelerating Universe
The distribution of θc remaining after cuts is displayed in dark gray.
Experimental study of a proximity focusing Cherenkov counter prototype for the AMS experiment
The level of gray represents the result of the cuts.
Experimental study of a proximity focusing Cherenkov counter prototype for the AMS experiment
The medium gray pixels are accepted AGL photons, while the light gray pixels have been rejected as background.
Experimental study of a proximity focusing Cherenkov counter prototype for the AMS experiment
The dash-dotted lines in A mark the significance level of 5 % for the linear correlation between x and y, the gray bands in B, C and D mark the 2σ margin of the distributions of the measures gained from the 500 realizations.
Nonlinear analysis of bivariate data with cross recurrence plots
The gray bands mark the 2σ margin of the distributions of the measures gained from the 500 realizations; only the 2σ margins for RR+, DET+ and L+ are shown.
Nonlinear analysis of bivariate data with cross recurrence plots
The gray bars represent the locations of the planes.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
The intensity is shown by gray scale along the vertical axis.
Anomaly in Spin Excitation Spectrum of Double-Exchange Systems with Randomness
The gray curves are the spin wave dispersion in the pure case.
Anomaly in Spin Excitation Spectrum of Double-Exchange Systems with Randomness
***