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glass

Definitions

  • THE GLASS MOUNTAIN
    THE GLASS MOUNTAIN
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v glass become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance "Her eyes glaze over when she is bored"
    • v glass put in a glass container
    • v glass enclose with glass "glass in a porch"
    • v glass scan (game in the forest) with binoculars
    • v glass furnish with glass "glass the windows"
    • n glass a small refracting telescope
    • n glass a container for holding liquids while drinking
    • n glass glassware collectively "She collected old glass"
    • n glass a mirror; usually a ladies' dressing mirror
    • n glass an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
    • n glass the quantity a glass will hold
    • n glass a brittle transparent solid with irregular atomic structure
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

GLASS VESSELS GLASS VESSELS
ANCIENT GLASS VESSELS ANCIENT GLASS VESSELS
GLASS BROACH GLASS BROACH
It took ten million feet of glass thread, and Eulaly will look real sweet in it It took ten million feet of glass thread, and Eulaly will look real sweet in it
Blowing glass at Jamestown in 1608. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) Blowing glass at Jamestown in 1608. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
The Glass-Maker The Glass-Maker
WHERE BEER WAS ONLY FIVE CENTS PER GLASS WHERE BEER WAS ONLY FIVE CENTS PER GLASS
The Master-Maid with the Glass Axe The Master-Maid with the Glass Axe

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: One grape vine produce can produce about 20 to 30 glasses of wine
    • Glass A drinking vessel; a tumbler; a goblet; hence, the contents of such a vessel; especially; spirituous liquors; as, he took a glass at dinner.
    • Glass A hard, brittle, translucent, and commonly transparent substance, white or colored, having a conchoidal fracture, and made by fusing together sand or silica with lime, potash, soda, or lead oxide. It is used for window panes and mirrors, for articles of table and culinary use, for lenses, and various articles of ornament.
    • Glass A looking-glass; a mirror.
    • Glass A vessel filled with running sand for measuring time; an hourglass; and hence, the time in which such a vessel is exhausted of its sand.
    • Glass A weatherglass; a barometer.
    • Glass An optical glass; a lens; a spyglass; -- in the plural, spectacles; as, a pair of glasses; he wears glasses.
    • Glass (Chem) Any substance having a peculiar glassy appearance, and a conchoidal fracture, and usually produced by fusion.
    • Glass Anything made of glass.
    • Glass To case in glass.
    • Glass To cover or furnish with glass; to glaze.
    • Glass To reflect, as in a mirror; to mirror; -- used reflexively. "Happy to glass themselves in such a mirror.""Where the Almighty's form glasses itself in tempests."
    • Glass To smooth or polish anything, as leater, by rubbing it with a glass burnisher.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: To make one glass of orange juice, 50 glasses of water are needed to grow enough oranges to make the juice
    • n glass A substance resulting from the fusion of a combination of silica (rarely boracic acid) with various bases. See vitreous. It is usually hard, brittle, has a conchoidal fracture, and is more or less transparent, some kinds being entirely so, while other substances to which the name of glass is commonly given are, iu consequence of the impurity of the material or imperfection in the manufacture, only slightly translucent. Glass is an inorganic substance, as would naturally be inferred from its being the result of fusion, but some organic substances are called vitreous. Some rocks have a vitreous structure, like that of artificial glass, as, for instance, obsidian, which is often called volcanic glass. (See obsidian and lava.) The slags produced in furnace operations are vitreous substances, but usually only translucent, and not transparent, because the vitrification is incomplete, and also because they are too deeply colored by metallic oxids. Glass, as the word is generally understood, is an artificial product, and one of the most important of manufactured articles. Its valuable qualities are: the ease with which it can be made to take any desired shape; cheapness, the result of the small cost of the materials of which it is made; durability, and especially resistance to decomposition by acids and corrosive substances generally; transparency, a quality of the utmost importance, as evidenced by its use for windows and in optical and chemical instruments; and the beautiful luster of those kinds which are used for ornamental purposes. Almost the only drawback to these good qualities of glass is its brittleness. The bases used in glass-manufacture are chiefly soda, potash, lime, alumina, and oxid of lead, and the quality of the article produced depends on the nature and amount of the basic material united with the silica. The combinations of silica with a simple alkaline base, either potash or soda, are soluble in water, and are known as water-glass. (See soluble glass, below.) They are useful substances, but very different in their properties from what is ordinarily known as glass. In addition to the alkaline base there must be an alkaline earth or a metallic oxid. The cheapest glass is that used for bottles; in this the basic material is chiefly lime, with some potash or soda, and alumina. Glass for medicine-bottles differs from ordinary bottle-glass in containing more potash than the latter, and also in the greater purity of the material used. Window-glass usually contains both soda and lime: here absence of any tinge of color is important, except in the most inferior qualities. Potash and soda render the glass more fusible; alumina diminishes its fusibility; lime makes it harder; lead gives luster, fusibility, and high refractive power. Hence, in glass which is to be cut and polished, where beauty is of prime importance, the base is chiefly oxid of lead, which amounts in some cases to half the weight of the material used. Glass in which lead is the essential base is called crystal or flint-glass. (See these words.) The finer kinds of glass without lead are called crown-glass. The tools employed by the glass-blower are simple, but require dexterity for their use. The process of manufacture depends on the fact that, at a very high temperature, glass is a liquid which can be readily cast; at a full red heat it is soft, ductile, and easily welded; when cold, it is hard and brittle. Glass to be serviceable must be annealed after the desired form has been given to it. This is done by heating it nearly to the melting-point, and then allowing it to cool very slowly in an annealing-chamber. By the action of hydrofluoric acid, which combines readily with the silica in glass, etching can be done on a glass surface. When cold, glass can be ground or cut upon a wheel, scratched by a diamond-point (by which means sheets of glass are readily divided or shaped, as they will break easily along the lines of such scratches), cut and depolished, or “ground” by a sand-blast, and brought to an exceedingly high polish. Specimens of Egyptian glass are in existence which can be dated back to about 2400 B. c.; in Egyptian sculptures of 4000 b. c. glass bottles are undoubtedly represented; and among the bas-reliefs of Beni Hassan, about 2000 b. c., various operations of glass-blowing are portrayed. In historical Egyptian, Phenician, and Roman antiquity, glass was in familiar use. The great quantities of examples of ancient glass vessels which have been exhumed from tombs, etc., formerly clear and transparent, are now as a rule characterized by a brilliant iridization like that of mother-of-pearl. This iridization is due to the imperfect composition of the glass, which has thus become affected by moisture during its stay under ground. Though well known to the Greeks, glass was in less common use among them, owing to the perfection of their ceramic ware. In Europe the most artistic manufactures of glass have been, since the middle ages, those of Venice, characterized by great elegance of form and lightness and thiuness of substance, and those of Bohemia, of later date than the Venetian, and especially notable not only for grace of form, but for enameling, cutting, and engraved decoration.
    • n glass A plate, screen, vessel, instrument, etc., made of glass.
    • n glass A plate or pane of glass inserted in the frame of a window, picture, clock, hotbed, etc., to admit the light or permit a view, while excluding wind, rain, dust, or other interference.
    • n glass A looking-glass; a mirror. It was formerly fashionable for ladies to carry a looking-glass hanging from the girdle.
    • n glass A glass vessel filled with running sand for measuring time, called specifically an hour-glass; hence, the time in which a glass is exhausted of its sand; specifically (nautical), the time in which a half-hour glass is emptied of its sand.
    • n glass A vessel made of glass: as, a jelly-glass; a finger-glass. Especially—
    • n glass A drinking-vessel made of glass; hence, the quantity which such a vessel holds, and figuratively what one drinks, especially strong drink: as, fond of his glass.
    • n glass An observing-instrument made of glass, or of which the main or most important part is of glass. A lens; a telescope; a field-glass. A barometer. A thermometer. An eye-glass: usually in the plural eye-glasses or spectacles.
    • n glass Glass having a lime base instead of a lead base, in this sense including nearly all the ornamental glassware, vessels, etc., of the best periods and styles, Venetian Spanish, and others.
    • n glass A kind of glass which is quite colorless, hard, difficultly fusible, and less readily acted upon by chemicals than any other kind of glass. Mirrors are often made of it, and it is largely used for the manufacture of chemical apparatus. It is made from ground quartz, purified potash, and lime.
    • n glass A musical instrument consisting either of glass tubes or glass bowls, graduated in size, which can be played by the friction of the moistened finger. Also called glass harmonica.
    • n glass Glass made ornamental by the application of a white metallic film to the unexposed side, giving it a silvery luster.
    • n glass Less properly, same as enameled glass. See glass-painting.
    • n glass Glass that has been heated and then suddenly cooled, under the process of F. Siemens. When the articles to be made are such as are generally molded, the molten glass is run into suitable molds and squeezed while it is highly heated, the mold cooling it sufficiently without the liquid bath.
    • glass [Attrib. use of the noun. The older adj. is glazen, q. v.] Made of glass; vitreous: as, a glass bottle.—
    • glass To case in glass; cover with or as if with glass; protect by a covering of glass.
    • glass To make glassy; give a glazed surface to; glaze or polish.
    • glass To reflect, as a mirror or other reflecting surface; show or observe a reflection of.
    • n glass In petrography, glass is the natural product of the rapid cooling of igneous magmas, and in large masses is known as obsidian, pitchstone, and pumice. It may be colorless or of various colors, as white, yellow, orange, red, green, and black. It forms the ground-mass of many volcanic rocks, being sometimes recognizable by the unaided eye, but often only microscopically. Glass base to the name given to it when it forms the matrix for microscopic crystals in the ground-mass of a rock.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: During the Gold Rush in 1849, some people paid as much as $100 for a simple glass of water
    • n Glass glas a combination of silica with some alkali or alkaline earth, such as lime, &c., used for window panes, mirrors, lenses, &c.: anything made of glass, esp. a drinking-vessel, a mirror, &c.: the quantity of liquid a glass holds: any fused substance like glass, with a vitreous fracture:
    • adj Glass made of glass
    • v.t Glass to case in glass
    • n Glass glas (pl.) spectacles
    • ***

Quotations

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Samuel%20Taylor%20Coleridge
    “Some men are like musical glasses; to produce their finest tones you must keep them wet.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “A blind man will not thank you for a looking-glass.”
  • William Davenant
    William Davenant
    “Calamity is the perfect glass wherein we truly see and know ourselves.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Commit a crime, and the earth is made of glass.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “People who live in glass houses should take out insurance.”
  • Swinnock
    Swinnock
    “Knowledge without practice is like a glass eye, all for show, and nothing for use.”

Idioms

Don't throw bricks when you live in a glass house - Don't call others out on actions that you, yourself do. Don't be a hypocrite.
***
Glass ceiling - The glass ceiling is the discrimination that prevents women and minorities from getting promoted to the highest levels of companies and organisations.
***
Heart of glass - When someone has a heart of glass, they are easily affected emotionally.
***
People who live in glass houses should not throw stones - People should not criticize other people for faults that they have themselves.
***
Rose-colored glasses - If people see things through rose-colored (coloured) glasses, they see them in a more positive light than they really are.
***
Rose-tinted glasses - If people see things through rose-tinted glasses, they see them in a more positive light than they really are.
***
Talk a glass eye to sleep - Someone who could talk a glass eye to sleep is very boring and repetitive.
***
Walking on broken glass - When a person is punished for something. e.g. 'She had me walking on broken glass.'
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. glas, gles, AS. glæs,; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw. glas, Icel. glas, gler, Dan. glar,; cf. AS. glær, amber, L. glaesum,. Cf. Glare (n.) Glaze (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. glæs; Dut., Ger., and Sw. glas; cog. with glow, gleam, glance, glare.

Usage

In literature:

Bough nodded, and pushed another glass of liquor across the bar.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
But in the north the glasses have brought the ridges and peaks a sight nearer.
"The Great Sioux Trail" by Joseph Altsheler
Little Pye put up his glass.
"Hurricane Island" by H. B. Marriott Watson
Let it boil up, then stir in half a wine glass of wine if you like.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
Our first object is to see if the optician has given us a good glass.
"Pleasures of the telescope" by Garrett Serviss
Silver, glass, and china, should all be of the brightest.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
The glass thus coated is a common looking-glass.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Ja Ben selected a large hollow hemisphere of crystal glass and placed it upon a smooth sheet of flat glass.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
Let it stew over a very slow stove, and add a glass of champagne.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
He sat with a glass of iced drink at his side.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
Well, you place these three feet against the pane of glass, thus putting the base of the instrument in a plane parallel to the pane of glass.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
Gorman was pleased to see that he was becoming more ponderous as he drank glass after glass of brandy.
"The Island Mystery" by George A. Birmingham
Exide Farm lighting Batteries are made with sealed glass jars, open glass jars, and sealed rubber jars, each of which will be described.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Glass is elastic; you know how you can bounce a glass marble.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
From the room they went on into a wide, crowded hall, beyond which was another room, enclosed in glass, where there were tables and palms.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
For half an hour he moved the glass about and then spoke in a guarded tone.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
I wish to goodness they had been discs of glass instead of stone.
"The Vast Abyss" by George Manville Fenn
Then there are also the saloons, with gilded signs, frosted windows, and showy looking glasses.
"With the Children on Sunday" by Sylvanus Stall
That made the woman in the glass another personality.
"The Time Mirror" by Clark South
A chair was overturned, and glasses and decanters upset, as if from a struggle.
"Blind Policy" by George Manville Fenn
***

In poetry:

As long as it takes to pass
A ship keeps raising its hull;
The wetter ground like glass
Reflects a standing gull
"Neither Out Far Nor In Deep" by Robert Frost
I LOOK into my glass,
And view my wasting skin,
And say, "Would God it came to pass
My heart had shrunk as thin!"
"I Look Into My Glass" by Thomas Hardy
So I got a pair of glasses,
And straight to work I went,
And never stopped till I could read
The hymns and Testament.
"Learning To Read" by Frances Ellen Watkins
As the image in the glass
Answers the beholder's face,
Thus unto my heart appear;
Print Thine own resemblance there.
"Ask What I Shall Give Thee (I)" by John Newton
Half down, half up, which of the two
In kindnesses surpass;
You hack the Presbyterians through,
He offers them a glass.
"To The Corpulent Counsellor W--" by William Hutton
I love the windows of thy grace,
Through which my Lord is seen,
And long to meet my Savior's face
Without a glass between.
"Hymn 145" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Have you ever had that feeling when you pour a glass of wine and the aromas out the of the glass absolutely rock your boat.
Silhouette Glass Mosaic in XCM001 recycled glass by Hirsch Glass Corp 732-329-8988.
In this combination of images made from the Google group's "Project Glass" video launched earlier this week on YouTube, the viewer looks through an early prototype of Google's futuristic Internet-connected glasses.
The way to do that, the hardware giant says, was as clear as glass: scratch-resistant glass covering the 3.8-pound portable's lid and palm rest, as well as its screen and touchpad.
The Open Half Frame fits over prescription glasses, safety glasses or laser safety glasses and offers 2.5X and 3.5X magnification.
Given an unframed tempered-glass window on an acquired vehicle for training, the rescuer will break the tempered glass while controlling the movement of the unframed glass shards.
There is glass, and then there is Tiffany glass .
Glass bricks, toughened glass,saint gobain glass,one way glass,glass doors in pondicherry, puducherry, villupuram, cuddalore, madurai, coimbatore, chen.
Glass bricks, toughened glass, saint gobain glass,one way glass,glass doors in pondicherry, puducherry, villupuram, cuddalore, madurai, coimbatore, chen.
In 35mm adapters, the ground glass often moves in order to simulate a film grain look, and to minimize the presence of the ground glass texture in your image.
Get your reading glasses, just not your Aero Glasses.
After weeks of hype, teasing and a few public appearances here and there, Google's finally come clean on just how much augmentation its Project Glass HUD glasses will provide.
Designed for use with Philips CosmoPolis lamps, Estilo roadway luminaires are available with flat glass or sag glass optics to provide IES Type I and II with full cutoff, cutoff, and semi-cutoff distributions.
Introduced the glass Tri-Coater for spandrel glass or transparent glass production that offers controllable, high-quality coat thickness.
Pilkington North America, Toledo, introduced a glass sample kit with a complete product line, performance data and a convenient IG viewer for every glass combination desired.
***

In science:

Le Doussal, ibid. For the spin glass case see J.
Energy landscapes in random systems, driven interfaces and wetting
Virasoro, Spin Glass Theory and Beyound (World Scientific, Singapore, 1987); K.
Energy landscapes in random systems, driven interfaces and wetting
The value of xc for the transition to dipole glass state is a prediction of the theory.
Random field based model of mixed ferroelectrics phase diagram
Kirkpatrick, “Solvable model of a spin glass”, Phys.
Fluctuations of the free energy in the REM and the p-spin SK models
The volume V of open pores in the Vycor glass (about 40% of the total volume of the Vycor glass) is about 1 cm3 .
Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity of dilute Bose gas in a random potential
This suggests that MCT should be tested as a theory that describes the dynamics of glass-forming liquids at rather low viscosities, far above the glass transition, in a slightly supercooled or thermodynamically stable state.
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
For example, it has been know for a long time that for a large class of models — namely, those which have a glass transition where x → 1 — the dynamic and static glass transition temperatures are different [39,42,43].
Embedding a Native State into a Random Heteropolymer Model: The Dynamic Approach
Nishimori, Statistical Physics of Spin Glasses and Information Processing: An Introduction Oxford, 2001. For a review on the work of mathematicians on spin glass systems see: A.
Replica bounds for optimization problems and diluted spin systems
For a review, see Chapter 4 of Dattagupta and Puri . Young A. P., Spin glasses and random fields (World Scientific, Singapore) 1997. Kawashima N. and Rieger H., cond-mat, 0312432 (.) A logarithmic R dependence of barriers was also proposed for spin glasses, see Rieger H., J.
Domain Growth in Random Magnets
It was shown to have the same form as that of the random-bond Ising spin glass, demonstrating that the RAM can have a spin glass phase.
Critical properties of random anisotropy magnets
But this spin glass solution later was shown to be unstable . A stable spin glass phase for d < 4 was obtained avoiding the replica method .
Critical properties of random anisotropy magnets
However, the dynamics of spin glass order parameter for the RAM showed an instability of the spin glass phase .
Critical properties of random anisotropy magnets
These results found their confirmation in the mean field treatment of the m → ∞ limit, where the spin glass phase appeared only as a feature of this limit and no spin glass phase was obtained for finite m.
Critical properties of random anisotropy magnets
After briefly describing the present status of the spin glass theory, we present a conjecture on the exact location of the multicritical point in the phase diagram of finite-dimensional spin glasses.
Possibly Exact Solution for the Multicritical Point of Finite-Dimensional Spin Glasses
Since the spin glass phase has finite q > 0 and vanishing m = 0, it immediately follows that the spin glass phase, if it exists, cannot have the NL in it, and is most likely to lie below it as displayed in Fig. 1.
Possibly Exact Solution for the Multicritical Point of Finite-Dimensional Spin Glasses
***