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galley

Definitions

  • Portion of a Phœnician galley. About 700 b.c
    Portion of a Phœnician galley. About 700 b.c
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n galley the area for food preparation on a ship
    • n galley the kitchen area for food preparation on an airliner
    • n galley (classical antiquity) a crescent-shaped seagoing vessel propelled by oars
    • n galley a large medieval vessel with a single deck propelled by sails and oars with guns at stern and prow; a complement of 1,000 men; used mainly in the Mediterranean for war and trading
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Fragment of a Greek galley showing absence of deck. About 550 B.C Fragment of a Greek galley showing absence of deck. About 550 B.C
Roman galley. About 110 A.D Roman galley. About 110 A.D
FLiburnian galley. Conjectural restoration FLiburnian galley. Conjectural restoration
Stem and stern ornaments of galleys Stem and stern ornaments of galleys
Venetian galley. Fourteenth century Venetian galley. Fourteenth century

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Galley (Naut) A large vessel for war and national purposes; -- common in the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century.
    • Galley (Naut) A light, open boat used on the Thames by customhouse officers, press gangs, and also for pleasure.
    • Galley (Naut) A name given by analogy to the Greek, Roman, and other ancient vessels propelled by oars.
    • Galley (Print) A proof sheet taken from type while on a galley; a galley proof.
    • Galley A vessel propelled by oars, whether having masts and sails or not
    • Galley (Chem) An oblong oven or muffle with a battery of retorts; a gallery furnace.
    • Galley (Print) An oblong tray of wood or brass, with upright sides, for holding type which has been set, or is to be made up, etc.
    • Galley (Naut) One of the small boats carried by a man-of-war.
    • Galley The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel; -- sometimes on merchant vessels called the caboose.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n galley A sea-going vessel propelled by oars, or using both oars and sails. The earliest ships of all nations were of this class, and were at first confined chiefly to coasting or to the navigation of narrow seas. The war-galley of the Greeks originally had a single mast carrying one square sail amidships, and later two masts, but depended primarily upon its oars, ranged in a single line on each side, and each handled by one rower. It was rated according to the whole number of these. The principal sizes were the triaconter, of thirty oars, and the penteconter, of fifty. Ships of this form continued to be used as vessels of burden, but were early superseded for war by galleys rated according to the number of banks of oars or ranks of rowers, as the bireme (a two-banked vessel), trireme, quadrireme, etc. Greater numbers of banks are mentioned, up to forty banks of oars in a vessel of enormous size built for Ptolemy Philopator of Egypt. How these numerous banks of oars were arranged is not definitely known; it is probable that not more than three could have been placed one above another. The first recorded Roman fleet consisted wholly of triremes, and this was always the most common armament. The ancient naval vessels were long, sharp, and narrow in model, like a modern steamer, were capable of great speed, and carried large crews. Full decks, or several decks, were in time substituted for the primitive half-deck, or the short decks at the stem and stern; and rams, towers, and other means of offense and defense were added. Galleys continued in use in the Mediterranean and other seas till late in the seventeenth century, ordinary ones in later times having from five to twenty-five oars on a side in a single row, each oar worked by several men, with two or three masts and triangular sails; and indeed they may be considered as not yet entirely obsolete, being represented by the feluccas and boats of similar model on the Mediterranean and neighboring seas. Larger vessels were called galleasses. (See galleass.) The labor of rowing was from an early date assigned to mercenaries, and afterward to slaves and prisoners of war; and in some countries, especially France, nearly all criminals were condemned to service on the galleys of the state, and were hence called galley-slaves. See trireme.
    • n galley A state barge; a large boat, especially one used in display; in a special use, an open boat formerly employed on the Thames in England by custom-house officers and press-gangs, and for pleasure.
    • n galley A boat, somewhat larger than a gig, appropriated for the captain's use on a war-ship. [Eng.]
    • n galley The cook-room, kitchen, or caboose of a merchant ship, man-of-war, or steamer; also, the stove or range in the galley.
    • n galley In printing, an oblong shallow tray of brass or wood, rarely of zinc, on which the compositor deposits his type. The galley of wood (now little used) is usually flanged only on the lower side and at the top. Brass galleys, and also some wooden galleys, are flanged on both sides, and on these the type can be locked up for taking proofs. See proof-galley and slice-galley.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Galley gal′i a long, low-built ship with one deck, propelled by oars: a state barge: the captain's boat on a war-ship: the place where the cooking is done on board ship: a kind of boat attached to a ship-of-war:
    • n Galley gal′i (print.) a flat oblong tray in which the compositor places the type he has set up
    • ***

Quotations

  • St. Francis De Sales
    St.%20Francis%20De%20Sales
    “There are no galley-slaves in the royal vessel of divine love -- every man works his oar voluntarily!”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Leadership is like the old galley ships. 100s are rowing, but only one (the captain) knows where they are going”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gale, galeie,cf. OF. galie, galée, LL. galea, LGr. ; of unknown origin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. galie—Low L. galea.

Usage

In literature:

The mate choked, and his eye sought the galley.
"Short Cruises" by W. W. Jacobs
By dinner-time his faintness had passed, and he sniffed with relish at the smell from the galley.
"Light Freights, Complete" by W. W. Jacobs
Have you ever seen the departure of the galley-slaves from Bicetre?
"The Son of Monte-Cristo, Volume I (of 2)" by Alexandre Dumas père
Robeckal was condemned to death by strangulation, and Fanfaro to the galleys for life.
"The Son of Monte-Cristo, Volume II (of 2)" by Alexandre Dumas père
Not only were there ports in abundance for the shelter of galleys, but the land behind was all that could be desired.
"The Story of the Barbary Corsairs" by Stanley Lane-Poole
Every one was busy, from the captain down to the galley-boy.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Over the centre waved the black galley of Lorne on a gold standard.
"John Splendid" by Neil Munro
Go for'ard and tell that crew in the galley, or the fo'castle, or wherever they are, to lay aft here.
"Fair Harbor" by Joseph Crosby Lincoln
Join me to your galley-oars.
"The False Chevalier" by William Douw Lighthall
A Roman Galley, about 110 A.D. .
"A Book of Discovery" by Margaret Bertha (M. B.) Synge
He goes in the fo'c's'le to-morrow, an' this hyar lout of a stooard shall take his place in the galley.
"The Island Treasure" by John Conroy Hutcheson
He was accordingly condemned to the galleys, a fearful fate!
"John Deane of Nottingham" by W.H.G. Kingston
They were large galleys, propelled by sixty oars, with a deck above that part where the rowers sat.
"How Britannia Came to Rule the Waves" by W.H.G. Kingston
When the storm burst upon the vessel, he retired to the galley.
"The Coming Wave" by Oliver Optic
Thus, all night long the galley, and till dawn Had brighten'd into day, cleaved swift the flood.
"The Odyssey of Homer" by Homer
It was on the first day of June that Don Pedro de Melinza arrived in the galley from San Augustin, and our captivity took on a new phase.
"Margaret Tudor" by Annie T. Colcock
Some were condemned to the pillory, others to the galleys, and the least guilty to fine and imprisonment.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
Perhaps four boatmen have been out all night looking for a job in their galley punt.
"Heroes of the Goodwin Sands" by Thomas Stanley Treanor
Their forecastles and the galley and carpenter shop were wide open.
"The Grain Ship" by Morgan Robertson
Four were hanged, twelve were sent to the galleys, many more were flogged, and a heavy fine was levied on the entire village.
"The Huguenots in France" by Samuel Smiles
***

In poetry:

Telling how the Count Arnaldos,
With his hawk upon his hand,
Saw a fair and stately galley,
Steering onward to the land;--
"By The Seaside : The Secret Of The Sea" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
In each sail that skims the horizon,
In each landward-blowing breeze,
I behold that stately galley,
Hear those mournful melodies;
"By The Seaside : The Secret Of The Sea" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
What profit that our galleys ride,
Pine-forest-like, on every main?
Ruin and wreck are at our side,
Grim warders of the House of pain.
"Ave Imperatrix" by Oscar Wilde
Dark, with shrouds of mist surrounded.
Rise the mountains from the shore,
Where the galleys of the Islesmen
Stand updrawn, their voyage o'er.
"Loch Buy" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
O Sea!… 'Tis I, risen from death once more
To hear the waves' harmonious roar
And see the galleys, sharp, in dawn's great awe
Raised from the dark by the rising and gold oar.
"To Helen" by Delmore Schwartz
THE noon was as a crystal bowl
The red wine mantled through;
Around it like a Viking's beard
The red-gold hazes blew,
As tho' he quaffed the ruddy draught
While swift his galley flew.
"A Harvest Song" by Isabella Valancy Crawford

In news:

Treats from the galley .
Russia's Putin: ' Galley slave ' or Persian Gulf monarch.
Russia's Putin: 'Galley slave' or Persian Gulf monarch.
Experiment with your galley staples to call this cookie recipe your own.
Making the most out of a small space is a key ingredient in the recipe for fun and stress-free RVing – especially in the galley.
0 T he future author of Don Quixote, Miguel de Cervantes, served on one of the Christian galleys in what he called the greatest naval sea battle in history and the most important to that time for the safety of Europe.
Rush's floor galleys cut late tray wait time significantly.
Photo galley of Minnesota Vikings, Tennessee Titans game, in Minneapolis, Oct 7m, 2012.
CHEP Aerospace Solutions has acquired Frankfurt, Germany-based eps-Aircraft Services GmbH, a cargo and galley equipment repair services provider.
Matt Hall hanging a painting in ROTA Galley and Studios at 50 Margaret St Photo by Stephen Bartlett.
After losing their rudder while 650 miles from land, these South Pacific cruisers use perseverance, ingenuity, and even some rice from the galley to help them sail to safety.
National RV's Sea Breeze fifth-wheel series features large, functional galley spaces complemented by Corian tops, wood-plank floors, and a 27-inch television and theater surround-sound system.
C&M Galley preview, Good Foods growth, incoming eateries + more.
As growing numbers of business jets include refrigerator/freezers as part of galley equipment, new products are introduced to enhance the dining experience.
When you are trying to limit cooking fuel use or time in the galley, a thermos can be your best friend.
***

In science:

This version contains some further corrections discovered at the galley proof-reading stage.
Algorithms for the Split Variational Inequality Problem
Galley’s paper in the chemistry education literature (figure 13) in a quiz early in the second term of the class.35 An O-P bond in ATP is referred to as a "high energy phosphate bond" because: (choose all correct answers.) A.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
Our students did a bit better than the chemistry class reported by Galley – but not much.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
Galley, “Exothermic bond breaking: A persistent misconception,” J.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
Our sample size is too small to draw meaningful conclusions from a more detailed breakdown of the quantitative data. We bring this result primarily to show that our class is broadly comparable to Galley’s results, in which 87% of students chose C.
Students' Interdisciplinary Reasoning about "High-Energy Bonds" and ATP
In the last few years also some non-proprietary systems got attention, as Galley or PVFS, which also focused cluster architectures.
Cluster Computing White Paper
***